History -Vocab Terms Flashcards

Terms Definitions
servants
sudra

New York

Albany
Shari'a
sacred Islamic law
1200
pope innocent III
aggression
The cause of WWII
"Miracle Man"
aka Henry Kaiser
Poison gas
Germany introduced in WWI
Genocide
The systematic and planned extermination of an entire national, racial, political, or ethnic group.
Robert Walpole
1st English Prime Minister
etruscan
pertaining to Etruria, its inhabitants, civilization, art, or language.
William Lloyd Garrison
1805-1879. Prominent American abolitionist, journalist and social reformer. Editor of radical abolitionist newspaper "The Liberator", and one of the founders of the American Anti-Slavery Society.
Viracucha
Supreme creation god of the Incas.
Aristocracy
Government headed by a privileged minority or upper class.
Gheorghiu-Dej
-Communist leader of Romania from 1948-1965-against Destalinization
Enclosure
*English landlords, seeking profits in the woolen trade, fenced off lands traditionally used as common pasture for villagers in order to probide grazind lands for their sheep. *Caused by New World inflation which made price of European goods to rise steeply. *155-1650.
Stalin dies
1953
-Chance for something different to happen in Cold War, but not taken advantage of
robber barons
19th century, extraordinarily wealthy businessmen unfair business practices
The ____ Act made interlocking directorates illegal
Clayton Antitrust
Mahabharata
(Hinduism) a sacred epic Sanskrit poem of India dealing in many episodes with the struggle between two rival families
Muslims
those who practice the religion of Islam
Fundamentalism
Conservative beliefs in the Bible and that it should be literally believed and applied
Victoriano Huerta
a government general betrayed Madero and seized contol of mexico's govenment
19th Amendment
Women received the right to vote
Eisenhower Doctrine
Eisenhower proposed and obtained a joint resolution from Congress authorizing the use of U.S. military forces to intervene in any country that appeared likely to fall to communism. Used in the Middle East.
boomtown
mining camps that popped up overnight during the gold rush, often filled with disorder and violence
Great Compromise
offered a two-house congress to satisfy both small and large states
lijia system
better-off families assigned in each community were responsible for assessing and collecting taxes
Strict Constitution
Belief held by reflection and Democratic-Repulicans
Believed constitution should be read literally
If read loosely, opens the door for the rights of the people to be infringed upon
Tycho Brahe
_______ __________ was a brilliant astronomer and scientist of his time, and has had a big significance on the development of astronomy, science in general, and our view of the world. He is especially famous for two particular things, his damaged nose, and his death. HE believed that the earth was fixed in the center of the world. Around the earth circulated the moon and the sun. Around the sun orbited the rest of the planets. He based this view mostly on measurements of the apparent movement of Mars, and he did not think it was explained by the traditional ptolemaic geocentric world system, where the earth was in the center and everything orbited around the earth.
Even if ________ _________ world system was not widely accepted, it was important because used accurate observations to prove his theory, and this helped Kepler to be able to make his famous laws of planetary motion.
Theravada Buddism
"Way of the lesser vehicle"; strict; most followers are Buddist Monks.
Jackson's Bank War
Andrew Jackson, pres., tries to decrease power of federal bank; withdraws $ from federal banks and puts them in state banks
Memphis
Capital city of the Old Kingdom of Egypt
Homestead Strike 1892
Violent strike at Carnegie steel plant, broke the union
depression
a sharp drop in business activity and employment
Susan B. Anthony
social reformer who campaigned for womens rights, the temperance, and was an abolitionist, helped form the National Woman Suffrage Assosiation
Literacy Tests
Blacks couldn't read so they couldn't vote
christopher columbus
itlian explorer who landed in the americas
Minimum age to become a Senate member
30 y/o
political culture
a distinctive and patterned way about thinking about how politics and economic life ought to be carried out
Glasnost
1989 & the Collapse of the Soviet Union (Lecture)Characteristics-End of censorship-Encouragement to dissidents-Political Reform
English king who was defeated by William of Normandy in the Battle of Hastings
King Alfred
Bull Moose Party
Roosevelt started this party after dissenting with his old party, the Republicans; he claimed he was strong as a bull moose
what is the definition of manifest destiny?
obvious fate
Stephen A. Douglas
senator from Illinois who ran for president against Abraham Lincoln; wrote the Kansas-Nebreaska Act and the Freeport Doctrine
Three rivers of china
Chang Jiang (Yangtze) River
Huang He (Yellow) River
xi jiang
bronze age
widespread use of bronze from 3000 to 1200 bc
Gentlemen's Agreement
San Francisco needed to end its school policy and for Japan to stop issuing passports to laborers
The key to the Allied victories in Europe and Asia was
Industrial capacity
Union of Utrecht
Alliance of 7 northern provinces that declared its independence from Spain and formed the United Provinces of the Netherlands.
Arjuna
WHO: In the Bhagavad Gita, he is the archer who wishes not to fight.
 
WHERE/WHEN: India, ~2nd Century BCE
 
WHY IMPORTANT: He is the main character of the Bhavagad Gita
island hopping
a strategy used during ww2 that called for attacking and capturing key islands.
isthmus of panama
a republic in S Central America. 2,693,417; 28,575 sq. mi. (74,010 sq. km).
Brown v. Board of Education
banned racial segregation in the nation's schools
What effect did the American Revolution have on other countries?
it caused the French Revolution
"Peace with Honor"
phrase used by richard nixon in a speech to describe the Paris Peace Accord to end the Vietnam war
“East Asia Co-Prosperity sphere”
the desire to create a self-sufficient "bloc of Asian nations led by the Japanese and free of Western powers" Great propoganda campaign. Symbol: momotaro who weras the rising sun headband.
Overthrow of Etruscan government
590 B.C. Defining moment in Roman history, Patrician members of Senate overthrew "tyrants and despots".
Prussia and Austria
Were the 2 most powerful states in HRE in the 1700's
The Interpretation of Dreams
Book by Sigmund Freud. He said that people have "drives" to do things, and that these "drives" are in the unconscious mind.
Nathan Leopold Jr. and Richard Loeb
Both from wealthy families, two were lovers who were inseparable, try to plan the perfect murder, both convicted
Santa Anna ordered his troops in Texas to ....
burn every town and settlement.
Name two things the Cherokee did to become more Americanized.
1. dressing differently 2. their language
What was the goal of the Puritan movement?
The Puritans wanted to purify the Church of England and get rid of all the traditions.
What two things did Pope Urban II want?
get the Holy Land backget back the trade routes
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