History Of American Ed Final Flashcards

Terms Definitions
*Richmond
??
Cortes
Founded Florida
HUAC
congress created this
explicit
clear, detailed, obvious
US Navy missile program
Vanguard
suffrage
the right to vote
Franklin D Roosevelt
James' running mate.
detente
flexible policy (willingness to negotiate and ease tensions) nixon and kissinger
Mechanical Reaper
Device that cuts grain.
Allied PowersCh. 21
-France-Russia-Great Britian-Italy (switched 1915)
Stereotype
________ is a exaggerated or oversimplified description of reality.
When Union General Carl Schurz undertook a fact-finding mission to the ex-Confederate states in the summer of 1865, he determined that newly freed balcks would need
A) jobs, access to an unbiased judicial system, and voting rights.
B) economic, social, an
C
William Bennett
(RR) attention on educatio reform
Progressivism
A political attitude favoring or advocating changes or reform through governmental action
Often viewed in opposition to conservative or reactionary ideologies
Yorktown
where the British surrendered in January 1781 after an American siege
iran-contra affair
government was leaning toward communism we supported
"Bossism"
big political machines that provided services to the immigrants in order to get them to vote their way; gave away money and jobs; in urban areas; huge webs of corruptions
Grover Cleveland
democratic president, elected in 1884 as a result of the dirtiest electiion in US history
Francisco Pizarro
Spanish explorer who conqured the Incas
What was the Al-queda group?
Muslim terrorist group
Pocahontas
native American said to have saved John Smith from death by her father
remigration
40% of immigrants went back and forth
Great Plains
the grassland extending through the west-central portion of the United States
Transcontinental RR
needed for postal and military needs,
heavily subsidised 2 companies to build it
Reagonomics
Supply side economics of low taxes, spending; failed economically, worked politically
Seneca Falls Convention
Kicked off the equal-rights-for-women campaign led by Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony (1848)
An action or decision that later serves as an example is a ___.
precedent
True
T/F: Andrew Carnegie used his wealth to help fund public libraries all over the world.
Rationalism
The emphasis on logic and reasoning that was proposed by the Enlightenment thinkers.
William Seward
secratary of state aquired aquisition of Alaska (became American territory)
what date did WWI start?
july 28, 2009
National Market
The major reasons for businesses to use R.R.'s were: create a ____________-
Transcontinental Railroad
railroad ran across America coast to coast
Little Rock Nine
nine African American students who first integrated Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas, in 1957
bull moose
what was the new progressive party Roosevelt created?
Spanish American War
war between America and Spanish. Americans won
steerage
a large open area beneath a ship's deck in which many poor immigrants traveled
What state was added at the Convention of 1818? (Madison)
FLorida
Railroad Colonization
This was a program developed by various railroad companies in the late 19th century to settle groups of people on the Great Plains and thereby create potential customers for their services.
Ford's Theater
D.C. theatre where Lincoln was fatally shot by john Wilkes booth in April 1865
John Paul Jones
He was the first lieutenant commissioned in the Continental Navy. He sailed in British waters raiding merchant's ships. His most famous accomplishment was when he captured one of Britain's most powerful ships named the Serapis in a battle in the North Sea.
James Meredith
allowed to enroll in University of Mississippi
Oregon Country
Huge region west of the Rocky Mountains. (Today includes - Oregon, Washington, Idaho, parts of Wyoming, Montana & Canada.
House Un-American Activities Committee
Investigated communism in hollywood; ex: propaganda in films
Manifest Destiny
Phrase coined to describe beliefs of ardent expressionists-Where did we extend to in 1850? PACIFIC OCEAN!
What was Stephenson convicted of?
- Kidnapping- Raping- Murder
Hiroshima and Nagasaki
nuclear attacks during World War II against the Empire of Japan by the United States of America at the order of U.S. President Harry S. Truman
Noah Webster
thought equality was the soul of a republic
Georges Clemenceau
French Premier during World War I; he was a member of the Big Four at the Paris Peace Conference after World War I.
The willingness to go to the brink of war to combat communism
brinkmanship
What was Prohibition?
The Illegalization era of Alchohol and Liquor.
JP Morgan
bought out Carnegie for $400M to Form U.S Steel father or interlocking directorates
Panic of 1873
when the Cooke's banking firm went bankrupt setting off financial failures
henry cabot lodge
the most powerful opponent of the ratification of the treaty was
town meeting
a gathering in which residents meet to make decisions for the community
Union Shop
can't work in an industry unless you are a member of the union
whig party
the political party formed in 1834 to oppose the policies of Andrew Jackson
What was the court case that established the Supreme Court's power to declare a law unconstitutional?
Marbury vs. Madison
Ulysses S. Grant
west point loved to ride, low ranking officer, gets 2nd chance with civil war, commander of all union troops civil war, leaves west
What were roosevelts Three R's to end the Depression?
relief, reform, recovery
Reconstruction Finance Corporation
RFC was an independant agency of the United States government. It granted over 2 billion dollars to the local and state governments. It was charted under the Herbert Hoover administration.
Battle of Antietam
1862 Civil War battle in which 23,000 troops were killed or wounded in one day
Which class is most wealthiest? What does this mean?
planters, most political power
U.S.S Maine
The ship that was sank in Cuba that started off the Spanish-American war. The U.S. blamed Spain for blowing up the ship but they had not been involved.
When and How WW2 began
September 1, 1939 when germany invaded poland
Payne Aldrich Tariff
(WT) 1909, , Signed by Taft in March of 1909 in contrast to campaign promises. Was supposed to lower tariff rates but Senator Nelson N. Aldrich of Rhode Island put revisions that raised tariffs. This split the Repulican party into progressives (lower tariff) and conservatives (high tariff).
Dred Scott case
Scott was a black slave who had lived with his master for five years in Illinois and Wisconsin territory. He sued for his freedom on the basis of his long residence in free territory. The court decision was handed down by the Supreme Court on March 6,1857. The Supreme Court ruled that Dred Scott was a black slave and not a citizen. Hence, he could not sue in a federal court.
Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC)
blacks who tried to get equality with nonviolence in 1960, 1966 they became more agressive
Why did Northerners lose interest in Reconstruction in the 1870s?
The Northerners lost interest because they felt it was time for the South to solve their own problems by themselves. There was still racial prejudice, and they were tired, so they just gave up.
What were the effects of the stock market crash?
Loss of money, jobs, etc.
What is the Americans with Disablities Act?
An act that forbade discrimination in work places and public places agaisn't people who were physically or mentally challenged.
What was the name of the king who started the church of England?
Henry VIII(say: Henry the eighth)
Why did people criticize the New Deal?
Women - NRA permitted lower wages for women and job prefereneces were given to men (head of families
African Americans - reinforced racial segregration and they were not given any skilled labor jobs = poor pay
Rich - thought it pushed socialism and since it taxed wealthy they didn't like it
American Liberty League - New Deal limits individual freedom and is unconstitutional
Said Roosevelt tried to "pack the court" by trying to increase the number of Supreme Court Judges
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