History World War One Test Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Kaiser
German emperor.
Falkenhayn
sent Christmas letter
Abdicate
give up power
Reparations
payment for war damages
dissent
the act of protesting
Triple Entente
Britain Russia France
Leninism
Lenin's interpretation of Marxism. This included his belief that workers alone cannot organize a revolution; they need professional revolutionaries to give them a "shove" (inspiration), as well as his belief that sometimes a revolution must be slowed or reversed to ensure that power can be maintained by the proletariat. And finally, this made clear his belief that revolution can occur at any time, in any place, and not just in an advanced capitalist nation. This three points justified the need for Lenin and the Bolsheviks, the NEP, and all this occuring in Russia respectively.
Mobilize
prepare military forces for war.
Blank Check
When Austria-Hungary approached Germany asking if they would support them in a war against Russia and Serbia, the Germans gave them a blank check; unwavering support
Czar/Tsar Nicholas II
Leader of Russia
Blackshirts
mussolini and his follower call blackshirts after their uniform color , march on rone and took over the city
Propaganda
Using media to support a cause
The Versailles Treaty.
What ended the war?
Triple Alliance
...military alliance between Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy; became the Central Powers in World War One
rasputin
Siberian peasant monk who was religious advisor in the court of Nicholas II
socialist
person who believes industries should be publicy owned and run by the government rather than by private individuals
April 1898
US declared war on Spain
Bernard Baruch
was an American financier, stock-market speculator, statesman, and political consultant. After his success in business, he devoted his time toward advising U.S. Presidents Woodrow Wilson and Franklin D. Roosevelt on economic matters
Allah
Muslim name for the one God.
Neutrality
the state of not taking sides, especially in a war or dispute
nationalism
pride in devotion to one's own country
Lusitania
128 Americans died aboard this British boat, which was torpedoed by a German U-Boat.
Zimmerman Note
telegram sent by German foreign minster to German ambassador in Mexico, suggesting alliance that promised Mexico if war w/U.S. broke out, Germany would give Mexico back the territory they lost
Central Powers
Germany and Austria-Hungary, known as the central powers because they were located in the center of Europe
the allies
France, Britain, Russia, Italy, U.S, 20 other countries
Casualties of both sides
Dead and injured soliders
armistic
a temporary peace agreement that ends fighting
181
The number of Japanese fighters and bombers involved in the attack:
The Spark
the assasination of archduke Franz Ferdinand heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne by Serbian nationalist Gavrilo Princip
WIB
The War Industry Board created by Bernard Baruch. It can fix prices, require conversion of nonessential industry to war time production, and control conservation - must standardize the product
armistice
agreement to end fighting in a war
Armed Camps
10 or 15 years before war
Militarism
a political orientation of a people or a government to maintain a strong military force and to be prepared to use it aggressively to defend or promote national interests
pan-slavism
movement to unify all of the slavic people
Imperialism
A policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries politically, socially, and economically.
Schlieffen Plan
The German plan for a two-front war
that called for a military thrust westward towards Paris at the first sign of Russian mobilization in the east. Its logic helped to precipitate World War 1.
"New" Military Technology
Tanks, gas masks, airplanes, hand grenades, heavy artillery, and submarines were developed before and used during WWI.
Total War
the channeling of a nation's entire resources into a war effort
autocracy
a government in which one person has unlimited power
Zimmerman telegram
instructed the german minister to tell mexico to attack the united states if the united states declared war on germany
Franco-Prussian War
war in 1870 against Germany, Germany won, caused a loss of national pride.
self-determination
right of national groups to have their own territory and forms of government
Draft
a law requiring people of a certain age to serve in the military
Indian Nationalism
Formed the Indian National congress - to demand more power for Indian leaders to help solve the food shortages where millions died during the 1800's
rationing
act of setting limits on the amount of scarce foods people can buy
germany, austria-hungary, ottoman empire, bulgaria
who are the new central powers?
armistice day
11am november 11 1918 (11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month of 1918)
the Arabic Pledge
pledge issued by Germany after Arabic ship was sunk (2 americans dead), which promises that no more passenger ships will be sunk without warming and without providing for rescue of passengers - pledged on Sept. 1, 1915
Civilian
Person who is not enrolled in any of the armed forces.
Trench warfare
the primary tactic of foot soldiers in WWI. Soldiers would dig trenches about five feet deep and stand in them while firing at their enemy. (the trenches were often wet and did not allow an easy escape if overrun by their enemy.)
the legay of bitterness and economic depressin in germany was
war guilyt clause
Why did the war hit home?
The bombing of Lusitania
expansion eastward led to a ...
multi national empire
(absorbing several nations)
eastern front
1,100 miles from riga, lativa to the black sea- germans vs. russians
Battle of Plassey
British won over France. Both were fighting for control over the India trade. France had the French East India company and the British had the East India Company. Since British won, they expanded trade and controlled most of India by 1857.
the powder keg
what was a nickname of the Balkans because of all the differnt types of people living in such a small area
National War Labor Board
board created to ensure the production of vital war materials
convoy system
used for the first time during WWI; a strategy that used warships to escort groups of merchant ships across the Atlantic
"race to the sea"
both sides were building trenches to get around each other to shoot each other from the back and their battle lines of trenches ended at the sea
what was the month and date of when the war started
september 1914
war of attrition
A war based on wearing the other side down by constant attacks and heavy losses
Was the war inevitable?
No, Germany had war plans since 1905, alliances had been formed, just took one domino to fall and create a big effect
The Arab Revolt
A revolt by the arab tribes (led by the famous T.E Lawrnce) in Arabia against the Turkish forces.
what did the temporary government focus on?
committed to fighting the war, keeping order, and organizing a new democratic political system
the revolution of 1911
this was led by Sun Yat-Sen and during it the empress was overthrown and a republic was established in china
1st and 2nd German naval laws
1, ordered the building of 41 ships and 60 cruisers, and a Naval League to encourage the Navy
How did the Mandate System of the Treaty of Versailles make nations feel?
Powerless, and be trailed by the system.
3 things that were included in the treaty of versailles & What us gov. didnt want to sign the treaty?
1. League of nations 2. Lost land 3. Germany will have to pay repearations & Senate
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