colonialism vocabulary Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Georgia
1732
SC
1663
Delaware
1638
9th colony
virgina
1653-
North Carolina
Massachusetts
New England
Timer
Dutch/Portuguese 1975 Asia
Massachusetts founder
Plymouth-William Bradford
COLONIAL PLANTATIONS (SLAVERY) accomplished the EXTRACTION of _______s to bring to HOME COUNTRY (to enrich royalty, precapitalism)
RESOURCES
Chile
Spanish 1818 South America
Massachusetts
founded by John Winthrop
who founded maryland?
lord baltimore
who founded Georiga?
James Oglethorpe
sundry
various or diverse; miscellaneous objects
John Locke
person from North Carolina
Lord Baltimore founded what colony?
Maryland
Lord Balitmore founded what colony?
Maryland
Propound
to propose, put forth for consideration or analysis; set forth
local governments
ran entirely by colonists themselves
John Smith, 1607, trade + profit
Virginia
What colony did Thomas Hooker found?
Conn.
the POWER of government over society is _______ in INDIRECT RULE (colonial)
ARBITRARY
indirect rule
the traditional local power structure, or at least part of it, is incorporated into the colonial administrative structure
Charter colony
colonists were essentially members of a corporation and, based on an agreed-upon charter, electors among the colonists would control the government
House of Burgesses
first representative government in America
Rhode Island - Reason settled
Reason settled-Religious freedom
extenuate
to make lighter, to soften (the harshness of a crime)
John Winthrop and the Puritans also founded what colony that was part of the Massachusetts Bay Colony?begins with M
Maine
Name the colony founded by James Oglethorpe that gave deptors from England a chance for a new start in life.
Georgia
name the to proprietary colonies that were founded by english nobles?
carolinas
who founded the massachusettes bay colony?
john winthrop
The people in Lord Baltimore's colony were mostly of what religion?
Catholic
the people in lord baltimores colony were mostly what religion
catholic
what were the 2 proprietary colonie that were ruled by 8 english nobles to grow tobacco and get rich?
carolinas
imperialism
refers to a policy of extending the rule of a nation or empire over foreign nations and of taking and holding foreign colonies
salutary neglect
Prime minister of GB Robert Walpole's policy toward the colonies; he was more concerned with British affairs and decided unrestricted trade would be more profitable for both colonies
aristocracy
* people in the highest social class, who usually have the most power
Pennsylvania
Which colony was started by a member of the Society of Friends (Quakers)?
French
Who was the friendliest to the Native Americans
Colony # 8University of Massachusetts, Dartmouth
April 22nd, 2008
The Quakers founded and lived in what colony?
Pennsylvania
the duke of york founded what colony
New York
What famous document did Thomas Hooker write in 1636 for Connecticut?
Fundamental Orders
wat famous document did thomas hooker write in 1636 for connecticut?
fundamental orders
why did the putitans leave england?
king persescuted them
Name the colony that was founded by Captain John Smith who set up a tobacco economy.
virginia
name the colony that had the first elected representative government called the house of burgesses
virginia
What colony did penn create from part of Pa?
Delaware
reasons for establishing colonies
..., market for mothercountry's goods, extend boundaries to ward off other colonial powers from the the same thing
what state is the colony of Roanoke on?
North Carolina
colonies in Parliment
had the right to summarize colonial affairs and had the right to review colonial legislatures
King Charles II
owed money to William Penn's father, paid back by giving William Penn land in N. America
Most of the people that lived in the massachusetts bay colony belonged to what religion?
puritan
Willima Penn's parents loaned money to whom in England?
King Charles II
William penn's parents loaned money to what famous person in England and got land to pay it off
King Charles II
Christopher Columbus
Set out on an adventure to "Asia" and ended up in the Carribeans of America.
John Smith, Gentleman farmers
Who was the govenor? Who settled there?
who bought a piece of lands from the indians and named the colony Rhode Island
Roger Williams
What two colonies wanted to establish a colony for economic Venture reasons?
The Roanoke and the Jamestown colonies
1674 Became west jersey, 1682 Sold it, 1702 became a royal colony?
What were historical events in NJ
Virgina
Southern
GA
1732
avaricious
greedy
1688
Glorious Revolution
COLONIALISM = _________
EXTRACTAVISM
Bechuanaland
British 1966 Africa
South
commerce with England
succor
help, relief, aid, assistance
to be colonised by
dijajah
Philadelphia
William Penn planned it
who founded P.A.?
William Penn
Virginia Company
Authorized a two-house company.
Tidewater
Low-lying land along a coast
Lord Baltimore founded what colony
maryland
prudence
caution with regards to practical measures, discretion
Puritanism
Christian group that settled in Colonial America
toleration
recognition of the rights of individuals and groups to disagree, especially on religion
Farm Produce
Grains, fruits, vegetables for sale
what conolie was founded for quakers
pa
colony
claim and control new lands, provide raw materials all for the mother country. Then they buy back manufactured goods from mother country
Quartering Act
1765 required colonists to provide food and lodging to British troops stationed in the colonies
What was the second English colony made called?
Jamestown
Rhode Island
first separation of church and state
Colony#5University of Texas, San Antonio
October 21st, 2007
Name the 2 propriety colonies that were founded by 8 english nobles to raise tobacco to get rich.
Carolinas
Jon Winthrop and the Puritans also founded what colony that was a part of the Massachusetts Bay colony. The colony begins with an M.
Maine
Berkley and Carteret founded what colony?
New Jersey
who founded the mass. bay company?
John Winthrop
name the man who founded Pa?
William Penn
the SCRAMBLE for AFRICA refers to the COMPETITION over _____ING africa, and then AFRICAN STATES CRUMBLING AFTERWARD
COLONIZING
Middle Passage
the middle portion of the triangular trade that brought African slaves to the Americas. Slaves came from Africa to the West Indies. British manufactured goods sold in Africa, bought enslaved Africans, and carried them to West Indies to work on plantations.
Virginia (Jamestown)
this colony was established for purely economic benefit; it was a failure as 90% of the settlers died due to starvation in the first year; they had issues attracting people to it even with the possibility of free land and it went to the crown when they went backrupt; only successful when they started raising and exporting tobacco
Reason Pennsylvania grew
In addition to Quakers, colony attracted German farmers fleeing religious wars
New Jersey Plan
federal executive composed of more than one person
Roger Williams
English clergyman and colonist who was expelled from Massachusetts for criticizing Puritanism
Why did the Puritians leave England?
King persescuted them
Why did the Puritans leave England?
King persecuted them
John also founded what colony that was part of the Mass. Bay colony. The colony begins with M.
Maine
lord berkley and sir George cartet founded what colony?
new jersy
the ppl in lord baltimores colony were mostly of wat religion?
catholic
Name the man who founded Pennsylvania????????????????????????????????????????????????
William Pen
the quakers founded and lived in wut colony?
pa
Navigation Acts
English laws in the 17th and 18th centuries
Royal colony
Colony under the direct control of the English king
1630 John Winthrop
What year was Massachusetts bay colony established? Whos was the founding father?
What is a charter?
A written contract, issued by agovernment, giving the holder the right to establish a colony
Who bought land from the Indians which is now Rhode Island?
Roger Williams
Great Awakening 1739-44
unified the colonies; was a result of a waning interest in piety and Puritanism
social inequalities
- can be : ascribed (somthing that is assigned rather than achieved, related to birth)- inequalities are often political or economic- evidence of : settlement hierarchies and settlement differentiation
william penns parents loaned money to wat famous person in england and got land in america to pay off debt?
king charles the II
What was the last colony made in that time period?
The Georgia Colony
Mayflower Compact, Help from natives and were farmers
What was Plymoths government? How did they survive?
Name 2 of the Duke of York's friends who founded New Jersey.
Lord Berkeley & George Carteret
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