History: World War II Vocabulary Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Deterrence
...
Paul Reynaud
France
Germany Leader
Hitler (F)
LUFTWAFFE
German air force
Where was Hitler born?
Austria
anti-Semitism
Hatred towards the Jews
KAMIKAZE
suicide missions were called
d-day
the allied invasion of France
FDR
Franklin Delano Roosevelt, the American president between 1933 and 1945
blitzkrieg
"lightning war"- sudden violent offensive attacks the Germans used during WW2
Fascist
Party that forms in Italy
WW2 started because
Germany invaded Poland
Internment Camps
Where Japanese-Americans were placed after the bombing of Pearl Harbor
Washington Conference
disarmament conference, 5 Power Treaty, number of battleships based on tonnage
Victory Gardens
Backyard gardens; Americans were encouraged to grow their own vegetables to support the war effort
Holocuast
Hiterl's systematic elimination of the European Jews by the NAzis
Lebensraum
Living space Germans needed for expanding populations
Tehran Conference
Churchill, Stalin, Roosevelt decided to open a second front at Normandy, France and Stalin said that when the Europe war was over Russia would come to the aid of the allies in Japan on the mainland
Political Results
Totalitariam systems of Germany, Italy, and Japan overthrown; US and Russia-world powers, Great Britain and France-less of world powers; Russia acquired "satellite nations"; "atomic age", United Nations
Draft
engage somebody to enter the army
socialism
a political theory advocating state ownership of industry
Executive order 9066
2/19/42; 112,000 Japanese-Americans forced into camps causing loss of homes & businesses, 600K more renounced citizenship; demonstrated fear of Japanese invasion
Sudentanland
Germany believed that since Germans lived there Germany should have that land
Czechoslovakia
As part of the Munich Conference Germany was given half of what country?
why-DDAY
major win for the allies, WWIB basically ended the war in Europe, except for the battle of the bulge
League of Nations
International organization founded in 1919 to promote world peace and cooperation but greatly weakened by the refusal of the United States to join. It proved ineffectual in stopping aggression by Italy, Japan, and Germany in the 1930s.
Operation Barbarossa
codename for Nazi Germany's invasion of the Soviet Union during World War II.; June 1941
Ration
getting coupons to buy certain foods and materials during WWII
Democratization
The process of creating a government elected by the people, as MacArthur did with Japan after World War II.
Torch
Name given to operation of allied invasion of Morocco and Algeria
Life Magazine
Very popular magazine that featured many picture. This is how most people saw the world.
Sudetenland
The area near Czechoslovakia that was mainly German ethnicity that Germany later took as a result of the Munich Pact.
admiral donitz
admiral o the german kriegsmarine during the latter part of ww2. he was a capable commander despite germany's inability to produce a fleet large enough to compete with the growing allied fleet, and was only sentenced to ten years after a strong defense at nuremberg, despite suspiciouns of his anti-semitism and involvement in crimes against humanity
Germany
Living space, unite Germany evenge the treaty
Nazi
a German member of Adolf Hitler's political party
Internment
Camps that the Japanese - Americans were forced to go. Also called relocation camps or detention camps
Roosevelt
President of the United States from 1933-1945; elected four times during the Great Depression and World War II. Associated with a New Deal to help end the Depression
Convoy
group of merchant ships protected by warships
Nazism
a unique variety of fascism that involved biological racism and anti-Semitism.
Kristallnacht
(Night of the Broken Glass) November 9, 1938, when mobs throughout Germany destroyed Jewish property and terrorized Jews.
Soviet Union
Hitler's attack on this country lead to a major defeat
Iwo Jima
This battle was important because it gave the allies a base from which planes can easily reach Japan.
Rome/Berlin Axis
The alliance between Italy and Germany (Mussolini and Hitler)
The Battle of Dunkirk
description- British troops were evacuated of the beaches., trapped bw the germans and the English Channel
outcome- germany victory, leads to the fall of France, british army is badly weakend, lost most of their weapons
leaders- forces Churchill to put preassure on Roosevelt about the lend-lease act.
Potsdam Declaration
message of warning about the atomic bomb to Japan
32nd president of the united states.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt
V-J Day
"Victory over Japan day" is the celebration of the Surrender of Japan, which was initially announced on August 15, 1945
nuremberg trials
Trials of the Nazi leaders, showed that people are responsible for their actions, even in wartime
Munich Conference 1938
Britain and France chose appeasement; persuaded Czech to surrender sudentanland to Hitler who promised no more plans to expand.
general strike
strike by workers in many different industries at the same time
Anti-Comintern Pact
Germany and Japan signed, promising a common front against communism
Battle of Britain
October 1940-May 1941 when Germans gave up daylight raids to avoid the RAF's attacks and began night bombing London. London resisted and forced Hitler to call off the attacks proving that Hitler's advances could be blocked
joseph goebbels
minister of propaganda in the nazi regime. he was very radical and in favor of the final solution to the jewish question., commited suicide, along with his wife and children at the end o the war
Lateran Agreement
1929 agreement with the Pope that makes the Vatican an independent nation
non-aggression pact
An agreement between two nations not to attack each other, usually for a specified period of years
James Doolittle
Commanded the mission that dropped the first U.S. bombs on japan
Hedgegrows
row of shrubs or trees separating a field
Cairine Wilson
In 1930 Cairine Wilson became the first woman appointed to the Canadian Senate, just months after the Persons Case gave women the right to sit in the Senate.
Totalitarian State
Country where a single party controls the government and every aspect of people's lives.
appeasement
when you give a dictator what they want (caving in, what england and France did at the Munich Pact)
Paris Peace conference
Meeting in paris to arrange peace terms
manchurian crisis
when japan blows up a railroad in china and blames chinese, and invaded manchuria
Winston Churchill
a dictator of Britian during world war 2
Phony war
name for the preparations for war in the west before the Germans attacked; also called sitzkrieg
nonaggression pact
an agreement b/w soviet U and Germany where they promised not to attack one another and divide Poland.because Hitler feared another two-front war. Germany eventually broke the pact and invaded Russia.
Operation of Barbarossa
code name for Nazi Germany's invasion of the Soviet Union during World War II that began on 22 June 1941
Baby Boomers
78 million people born between the end of World War II and the early 1960's.
Double V Campaign
African Americans pledged to fight not only for victory over Hitler in Europe, but also against racism at home.
Battle of Iwo Jima
American battle on Japanese territory in which 30,000 marines helped assist in amphibious assaults. Involved the US's territorial claim of Mount Suribachi to defeat the Japanese
Black Tuesday
stock market crashes in 1929 and there was a $14 billion loss
Battle of the Bulge
the actions following the German offensive through the Ardennes forests in December 1944.
Battle of Midway
turning point of war in the Pacific
Atlantic Charter
Agreement reached in July 1941 by FDR and Churchill that set up a post-war plan that included the plans for the United Nations (August 1941)
V-E day
May 8, 1945; Victory in Europe Day when the Germans surrendered.
Pearl Harbor
Dec. 7, 1941; led to the americans joining the war
What type of government is Mussolini?
He is an Italian Fascist
4 laws passed in the late 1930s that were designed to keep the US out of international incidents
Neutrality Acts
Adolf Hitler
Leader of the Nazi Party and the Third Reich in Germany during World War II.
Military Junta
a govt. led by a committee of military leaders
Battle of Midway, Battle of Stalingrad, D-Day, and Hiroshima and Nagasaki
Major Turning Points of WWII
businesses and synagogues
This was a violent attack on Jewish ----- and -------.
Fall of France
when the Germans came in and France surrendered
The Bolshevik Red Army
Army that wins the Russian Civil War and establishes Russia as the first communist country in the world.
Who administered the government in Japan after WWII?
U.S. occupation of Japan under MacArthur's administration
Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere
A declaration of the creation of a community of nations. The entire region captured by the Japanese during World War II would now be under the direction of Japan.
Explain Genocide also known as the Final Solution during WWII
Hitler decided that anyone who wasn't "perfect" would be killed without anyone would know. Most of these imperfect people were Jews.
hitler began to turn his attention to poland but the soviet union could cause a problem, why?
the soviet union borders poland and they might jump in
What did Hitler set up after he took over Germany and what other countries were involved?
Hitler set up the Axis Powers after establishing the third Reich. He allied with Italy, Austria, the Soviet Union, and Japan.
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