Horse Anatomy Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Narrow ribbed.
Too much belly.
Shank Bone
Hind cannon bone.
Excessive lateral shoulder motion: characteristic of horses with protruding shoulders.
Condition characterized by the over-flexion of the hind legs, in which the leg often is jerked up toward the belly at each step.
Eye protruding: horse usually cannot see well.
Without feathering on the lower legs.
Top Heavy
Overdeveloped (heavy) body in relation to the substance of the legs.
A conformation fault in which the foreleg is bowed back at the knee. It strains the tendons running down the back of the lower leg and places concussive force on the knee. Also called "Back at the Knee."
A mark of identification. A private registered mark burned on cheek, shoulder, or hip. A number burned on upper neck as in army horses.
Joint midway up the hind leg, responsible for providing most of the forward energy of the horse.
Upper, curved part of neck, peculiar to stallions.
The division and resetting of the muscles under the tail to give an artificially high tail carriage.
Region of the lumbar vertebrae, loin, or space between last rib and hip.
the horny covering protecting the ends of the digits or encasing the foot in certain animals, as the ox and horse.
Roach Back
Convex curvature of the spine between the withers and the loins.
Open Behind
Conformation fault in which the hocks are far apart, and the feet close together.
Iris of the eye is light in color.
Well-Sprung Ribs
Long rounded ribs giving ample room for lung expansion, well suited to carrying a saddle.
Suspensory Ligament
Ligaments that run from below the knee or hock to below the fetlock, helping to stabilize the fetlock and prevent over-extension.
The weakest part of the horses back, lying either side of the vertebrae, just behind the saddle.
The joint between the long cannon bone and the pastern bone.
Triangular, rubber pad on the sole of the foot which acts as a shock absorber.
Full Mouth
A six-year-old horse, with all his permanent teeth
Ewe Neck
Conformation fault in which the neck appears to be "upside down," concave along its upper edge with a consequent bulging of muscles along the lower edge.
Dipped Back
An unusually hollow back between the withers and the croup. Can occur as a result of old age. Also known as sway backed
Bones of the tail cut in shortening the tail.
The lower part of the horse's thigh, between the hock and the stifle.
The upper part of the foreleg, above the knee.
Amputation of the dock for the sake of appearance. (Illegal in the UK)
Parietal Bones
The bones on the top of the skull.
The top of the hind quarters, from the point of the hip to the tail.
A horse having but little hair on its tail.
A third eyelid or membrane in front of eye which removes foreign bodies from the eye
Galvayne's Groove
Dark line which appears on the upper corner incisor of horses between 8 and 10 years of age. Since it extends downward gradually, it can be used to estimate the age of a horse.
Capped Hocks
Swelling or puffiness on the point of the hock. Can be caused by a blow or injury, or may be caused by a horse lying down repeatedly in a stable with insufficient bedding.
the highest part of the back at the base of the neck of a horse, cow, sheep, etc.
Mutton Withers
Withers that are wide and flat seen in horses such as the Quarter Horse
Herring Gutted
Term used to describe a horse with a barrel that slopes up sharply behind the girth, like that of a greyhound.
Flexor Tendon
Tendon at the back of the horse's leg that bends the joint below the knee backward.
Depth of Girth
The measurement from the wither to the elbow.
the part or parts of the human body or of a quadruped animal on either side of the spinal column, between the false ribs and hipbone.
/ 42

Leave a Comment ({[ getComments().length ]})

Comments ({[ getComments().length ]})


{[ comment.comment ]}

View All {[ getComments().length ]} Comments
Ask a homework question - tutors are online