how art made the world Flashcards

Art
Terms Definitions
pediment
reposado
peaceful
bello
beautiful
Fountain
Duchamp
retratar
to portray
el argumento
argument
dibujar
to draw
landscapes
les paysages
la censura
censorship
San Vitale
Ravenna, Italy
16th-Century Italian Renaissance:
Raphael, The Small Cowper Madonna, c.1505
la figure humaine
model
location? period?
WARRIOR VASE
Mycenae
Mycenean
acrylics
refers to "plastic" paint
Cezanne "Mont Sainte-Vicotire" 1900-1905 Post Impressionism
Estas equivocado
you are wrong
Artemision Zeus

from Cape Artemision
Euboia
classic period
el pincel
"lapiz" de un pintor
Target with Plaster Casts
Johns 1955
Relief sculpture
projects from the background
Intermediate Colors (Tertiary)
Red-Orange, Yellow-Orange, Yellow-Green Blue-Green, Red-Violet, Blue-Violet
Tint
A hue with white added
real
surface that may be experienced through sense of touch
length
lines can be short or long
Parada, A Thousand Centuries, 1992
Example of digital photography to compose a pastiche or collage
intarsia
technique of inlay decoration using variously colored woods
Regionalism
Realistic depiction of American land and its people, mid-west, cliche images, Artists: Wood, Benton
Édouard Manet, Dead Christ with Angels, 1864
lighting effects
les effets de la lumière
propaganda
presents information for the purpose of gaining or maintaing power and centered, distorted view of reality; wartime and politics
anime
Animation, as in the popular culture of Japan; usually refers to animation of manga, or comic book graphic art.
Color
(an element) The result of hue, saturation and value to create a specific color.
Triad
three colors equally distant on the color wheel
Chiaroscuro
Shows volume using light and dark values and contrasting them boldly. Five levels of chiaroscuro
PATINA
Costra o tono especialmente oscuro que el tiempo da a los edificios o cosas.
manuscript illumination
small hand decorated prayer books (usually for the rich)
abstract art
art that is unusual, not ordinary
carved
cut designs, letters, etc., into the surface of something
Which of the following types of ceramics is fired at the lowest temperature?
earthenware
Clerestory
Central section thats elevated to put windows in that allows light to fall in the central of the buliding.
Gothic Art
the use of elongated human figures, paintings were flat and used gold paint in the background. All paintings were of religious people.
Arcade
A series of arches supported by piers or columns. When attached to a wall, these form a blind arcade.
design
the plan the artist uses to organize the art elements (line, shape, form, space, ect) in a work of art to achieve a unified composition
neural intelligence
the contribution of the efficiency and precision of the nervous system to intelligent behavior
Linear Perspective
a graphic system that creates the illusion of depth and volume on a flat surface
De Stijl/Neo Plasticism
chief Piet Mondrian, style to represent universial values/structure, create universal harmonies, geometric abstraction bring harmony
proportion
the size relationship of parts of a comparison to each other and to the whole
Prime
To prepare a canvas or panel for painting applying a ground.
color relationships
• In pigments, the primary colors are red, blue and yellow.
• Tertiary Colors: created by mixing pigments or primary and secondary colors.
• Analogous Colors: hues that lie next to each other on the color wheel.
• Complementary Colors:colors that lie across from one another on the color
wheel.
Colors across from each other on the color wheel are _______ colors
complementary
During World War II, this sculptor shifted to drawing sketches that chronicled London’s experience during air raids
(Henry) Moore
Catal Huyuk
One of first true cities in history, created in the Neolithic Era in 6500 to 5500 BC, from which were created agriculture, trading, temples, housing, and religions
picture plane
the actual flat surface on which the artist executes a pictorial image
Emotion and Color
Emotional responses to color are very cultural specific.
line
gives you the shape of what you are looking at
Gregorian Chant
Consisted of a single note for each syllable of a word. Designed to aid in prayer.
Intensity, Saturation, Chroma
The strength or weakness of a color.
flying buttress
an arch built on the exterior of a building that transfers the thrust of the roof vaults at important stress points through the wall to a detached business pier.
Monotype
A one of a kind print made by the painting on a smooth surface and then printing on paper. The pressure of the printing creates a texture not possible when painting directly on paper.
description
a list of all the things you see in the work
social art history
putting a work of art back into its socio-historical context
"Degenerate Art", Exhibition, Munich, 1937
attracred 2 mill germans, 650 works of art, Degenerate aka lacks moral strength, war against modern art, b/c in Hitlers eyes breaking social norms, wanted to control society, wanted to supress free speech, mockery of art, 16 tho stolen art pieces, labeled anti-german, Hitlers art work failed miserably
Perhaps the most famous surviving tapestry is the 230-foot long Romanesque period Bayeux Tapestry, which describes __________ in a continuous narrative.
the invasion of England by William the Conqueror
Ticiano
Titian
Belleza
beauty
Mural
Pollock
merecer
to deserve
la exposición
exhibition/show
la naturaleza
nature
to follow
suivre
el mensaje
message
Organic shapes
natural,irregular,uneven, flat
16th-Century Italian Renaissance
Michelangelo, Pieta, c. 1500
en arrière plan
background
Value
relative lightness & darkness
Van gogh
the potato eaters
es cierto
it is certain
Old Woman Cooking Eggs
Velazquez 1618
Aesthetic
pertaining to art and beauty
tactile texture
texture you can feel
Unity
The appearance of similarity, consistancy, or oneness. Interrelational factors that cause various elements to appear as part of a single complete form
AT&T Building
this pink granite, classically inspired sky scraper by Johnson & Burges in 1980 satisfied public tastes Post Modernism
direction
lines can move in any direction
photogravure
- a photographic printing process, using intaglio etching process into metal plate
- common photo publishing method before 1920
- used for publishing photos in books
- has rich contrast of black tones with rest of tones
engraving
an intaglio printmaking process of incring an image, design, or letters onto a metal or wood surface from which a print in made.
Rhythm
Movementin which some elements recurs regularly.
Eugène Delacroix, Liberty Leading the People, 1830
spots of color
les tâches de couleurs
symbolism
using components, objects, or images as codes or sues to express intangible, complex, or multiple meanings; decede using analysis and interpretation
art
Any human action that modifies the utilitarian nature of something for the primary purpose of enhancing its aesthetic pleasure or symbolic communication.
vanishing points are always..
On the horizon line
Shape
An enclosed space defined by elements such as line, form, size, pattern etc.
COPIA
Repetición de una obra por autor distinto del original.
reliquaries
A container, often made of precious materials, used as a repository for sacred relics
Trompel Oeil
"Fools the eye", very realistic looking.
biomorphic
shapes derived from organic or natural forms
Broadly defined, __________ is the art of running an implement that leaves a mark over a surface.
drawing
Books of the dead
accounts of good deeds
rib vault
a vault supported by masonry ribs
contrast
a principle of art, that places 2 opposites side by side
Palette
In Egyptian art, a slate slab usually decorated with sculpture in low relief. The small ones with a recessed circular area on one side are thought to have been used for eye makeup. The larger ones were commemorative objects.
composition
The act of organizing the elements of an artwork into a harmoniously unified whole.
Tobias Curing the Blindness of His Father Tobit
Strozzi 1635
Foreground
part of the picture plane that appears closest to the viewer
Analytic Cubism
1st phase of cubism developed by Picasso and Braque which artists anayzlyed form from every possible vatange point to combine various views into 1 pictorial whole
Leda
fecundada por Zeus en su forma de cisne
Chiaroscuro (tone)
The art of modelling figures or objects in light and shade in order to get a three-dimensional effect on a two-dimensional surface.
Medium
The tools in which an artist chooses to work. Drawing, Painting,
Sculpture, Ceramics, Photography....
Made by mixing pigment and a binder like Gum Arabic
Pastel/Aquarelle
This man became the mentor to Maxime Maufra, Emile Bernard, and other members of the Pont-Aven School.
Gaugin
Orientializing
Of or relating to the countries of the Orient or their peoples or cultures; eastern.
a balance of positive and negative space
example of assymetrical
Emperor Justinian and Theodora
Great patrons of Byzantine culture. Shared a deep interest in Christianity and culture.
Actual Weight
A measure of the heaviness of an object
contrapposto
when you put all of your weight on one foot
stone age
3000 bc and before was the years of what art
digital media
any kind of material that can be used, processed, and transformed by a computer system
core of the shadow
the darkest area of the shadow, area where it is furthesr from the light source
Jackson Pollock, Autumn Rhythm, Number 30, 1950
alocholic, encouraged to bring work to meetings, psychological psych to balance ying and yang, number reference, interest in native american art,drip paintings become signature style, "jack the dripper", changing "rules" of painting using unconventional materials, appeals to sense of touch and eye, automatism
Give a definition for texture
way a 3D object actually feels and the way a 2D object visually feels
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