HPS Flashcards

Terms Definitions
ethnic, regional
Cultural Barriers
fear, mistrust, suspicion
Emotional barriers
To build cardiorespiratory endurance you should do cardiorespiratory exercises at a frequency of 1-2 days a week. T or F.
False
functional fiber
nondigestible carbohydrates wither isolated from natural sources or synthesized; these may be added to foods and dietary supplements
Manifested by bias, distrust, stereotyping, fear, embarrassment, anger, and /or avoidance.
Stigmatization
PovertyUnemploymentParental influenceCultural beliefsThe mediaDiscrimination or oppressionReligious beliefs and differencesPolitical differencesBreakdowns in criminal justiceStressAlcohol or substance abuse
Societal Causes of Violence
Fast-twitch muscle fibers are characterized by all of the following EXCEPT...
fatigue resistance
All of the following are energy-containing nutrients EXCEPT...
vitamins
Recommended treatment of minor soft tissue injuries such as bruises includes all of the following EXCEPT...
massage
dietary fiber
nondigestible carbohydrates and lignin that are intact in plants
Not static, synapses are constantly re-shaping themselves.
Neuro-Plasticity
designates help-seeking behavior and diagnostic testing for obvious or suspected illness (secondary prevention)
Illness Behavior
Learning behaviors / adopting perspectives / perceptions by internalizing / performing those of referent others.
Behavioral Modeling
Dementia, CV damage, blindness and death are possible complications of...
tertiary syphilis 
A man may experience muscle wasting and fatigue if his percentage of body fat is less than...
3-5%
Acute Disorders
- short term medical illnesses (recover or die)- Examples: TB, pneumonia
omega-3 fatty acids
polyunsaturated fatty acids commonly found in fish oils that are beneficial to cardiovascular health
where individuals are constantly comparing themselves with others. Such factors are external and uncontrollable
Ego Goal Orientation
Prediction that directly or indirectly causes itself to come true.“I will fail this test” = failed test“I can’t lift this weight” = don’t lift the weight“I can’t get into graduate school” = don’t get into grad school.
Self-fulfilling Prophesy
if some action/word/behavior is bad, then the whole person is flawed “You always” “You never” Instead of addressing the thing said, we make inferences about the general nature of the person. i.e. we attack the person and not the action/thought/beh
Cascading Generalizations
Using small steps to gradually achieve a behavioral goal.
Shaping
Realizing that social norms are changing in a direction of supporting/ validating healthy behavioral change.
Social Liberation
Elevating an injured muscle or joint helps the injury by...
reducing swelling
Contracting a muscle prior to stretching is best described as an example of...
proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation
A muscle lengthens as it contracts during a(n)...
eccentric contraction
Which of the following is NOT an example of an effective response to stress?
overeating
Your body begins releasing endorphins, your heart rate accelerates and your hearing and vision become more acute. You are experiencing...
the fight-or-flight reaction
A hormone thought to be linked to obesity is..
leptin
high-density lipoprotein
(good protein) blood fat that helps transport cholesterol out of the arteries
saturated fat
a fat with no carbon-caron double bonds; usually solid at room temperature
actions taken in the absence of observable illness like diet and exercise (primary prevention)
Health Behavior
1. Affect twice as many women as men2. Panic disorder, phobias, PTSD, GAD, OCD
Anxiety Disorder
Psychoneuroimmunology is an interaction of...
the nervous, endocrine and immune systems
Stress can be the result of...
negative situations, pleasurable challenges, and achievement of goals
The normal progression for the general adaptation syndrome is...
alarm, resistance, exhaustion
essential nutrients
substances that the body must get from foods because it cannot produce them at all or fast enough to meet its needs. Proteins, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals, and water.
1. Emotional Pain2. Craving for Relief3. Preoccupation with substance or behavior4. Substance use or compulsive behavior5. Short-term pain relief 6. Negative consequences resulting from behavior 7. Depression, guilt, or shame8. More pain, low self esteem
Cycle of Psychological Addiction
and the flood of physiological and emotional activity is turned on and goes into perfect functioning to increase power, speed, and strength.
Sympathetic Nervous System
Which of the following is NOT a recommended strategy for heading off explosive anger?
Having a drink
Obesity is linked to an increased risk of all of the following EXCEPT...
improved immune function
Exercise reduces cancer risk by all of the following means EXCEPT...
it lowers blood pressure
Muscular strength and endurance are developed best by activities that...
involve working with resistance such as weights or performing calisthenic exercises
Which one of the following cholesterol profiles would place someone at greatest risk for heart disease?
low HDL and high LDL
Which of the following statements about genetic factors in obesity is true?
Genetic factors influence where on the body extra weight is added
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