Human Geography Agriculture Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Hamlet
The smallest settlement cluster.
Domestic architecture
Architecture involving housing building forms. Sometimes referred to as "ordinary architecture," it includes elements such as houses, barns, garages, and even fences.
Wattle
Traditional dwelling built using poles and sticks that are woven tightly together and then plastered with mud.
Subsistence farmers
Self-sufficient agriculture that is small scale and low technology and emphasizes food production for local consumption, not for trade.
Subsistence Agriculture
Self-sufficient agriculture that is small scale and low technology and emphasizes food production for local consumption, not for trade.
Dispersed settlement
In contrast to agglomerated or nucleated settlement, dispersed settlement is charaterized by a much lower density of population and thw wide spacing of individual homesteads (especially in rural North America).
Shifting cultivation
Cultivation of crops in tropical forest clearings in which the forest vvegetation has veen removed by cutting and burning. These clearings are usually abandoned after a few years in favor of newly cleared forestland. Also know as slash-and-burn agriculture.
Agricultural origins
The locations where agriculture first began.
Commercial agriculture
An agricultural practice in which crops are grown for the purpose of export.
Diffusion routes
The spatial trajectory throught which cultural traits or other phenomena spread.
Third Agricultural Revolution
Agriculture based on new, higher-yielding strains of greains and other crops developed in laboratories using modern techniques of genetic engineering.
Slash-and-Burn Agriculture
Cultivation of crops in tropical forest clearings in which the forest vegetation has been removed by cutting & burning. These clearings are usually abandoned after a few years in favor of newly cleared forestland. Also known as slash-and-burn agriculture
Quaternary Economic Activity
Service sector industries concerned with the collection, processing, and manipulation of information and capital. Examples include, finance, administration, insurance, and legal services.
Secondary Economic Activity
Economic activity involving the processing of raw material and their transformation into finished industrial products; the manufacturing sector.
Green Revolution
The recently successful development of higher yield, fast growing varieties of rice and other cereals in certain developing countries, which led to increased production per unit area & a dramatic narrowing of the gap between population growth & food needs
Functional differentiation
A mode of distinguishing things or arrangements based on the purposes or activities to which they are devoted.
Luxury crops
HIgh priced and high demand crops grown on plantations for the purpose of export.
Farming
A practice of growing food from the soil that developed around 12,000 years ago.
Second Agricultural Revolution
Dovetailing with and benefiting from the Industrial Revolution, witnessed improved methods of cultivation, harvesting, and storage of farm produce.
Climatic Regions
Areas of the world with similar climatic characteristics.
Longlot Survey System
Distinct regional approach to land surveying found in Canadian Maritimes, parts of Quebec, Louisiana, and Texas whereby land is divided into narrow parcels stretching back from rivers, roads, or canals.
Animal Domestication
Genetic modification of an animal such that it is rendered more amenable to human control.
Seed Crops
Crop that is reproduced by cultivating the seeds of the plants.
Folk-housing region
A region in which the housing stock predominantly reflects styles of building that are particular to the culture of the people who have long inhabited the area.
First Agricultural Revolution
Dating back 10,000 years ago, where plant domestication and animal domestication was achieved.
Livestock ranching
The raising of cattle for meat and of sheep for meat and wool.
Genetically Modified Organisms
Crops that carry new traits that have been inserted through advanced genetic engineering methods.
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