Human Sexuality Study Questions from of Human Sexuality in a World of Diversity 3 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
True/False: Following sexual assault, the emtoional distress tends to peak in severity about 3 weeks after the assault and remains high for about a month before beginning to subside.
True
True/False: Malamuth's research on pornography provided definitive evidence that men who regularly view pornographiic movies are twice as likely to commit sexual crimes.
False
Cross-cultural findings reveal that the presence of comprehensive sexuality education (over that of abstinence-only) reduces teen pregnancy rates.
True
True/False: Women who blame themselves for having been raped tend to suffer fewer depression problems than those who are able to see themselves as victims.
False
True/False: Only about one-quarter of the women in a a national college survey who had been sexually assaulted saw themselves as rape victims.
True
True/False:Survivors of gange rape are more likely to report the attack to police or seek support from a crisis center than are survivors of individual assaults
False
True/False: Sexual arousal disorder in women is more likely to be causd by psychological factors such as anger, guilt, and anxiety than by biological causes such as hormonal imbalances.
True
True/False: Masters and Johnson are considered pioneers in the treatment of sexual dysfuntion because they taught, and had couples practice, sexual techniques in large group settings.
False
True/False: Sex with prostitutes is the most important factor in the transmission of HIV in AFrica
True
Following the onset of menstruation, most girls' first few cycles are anovulatory.
True
Women who experience complete aversion to sexual contact are classified as having a(n):
b.Desire disorder.
Women who experience complete aversion to sexual contact are classified as having a(n):
a. Pain disorder.
b. Desire disorder.
c. Arousal disorder.
d. Orgasmic disorder.
Today's "massage parlor" prostitutes are most likely to perform their services at:
b. Suburban shopping malls
Today's "massage parlor" prostitutes are most likely to perform their services at:
a. Abandoned inner-city buildings
b. Suburban shopping malls
c. Their own homes
d. Expensive hotels
At puberty, the breasts and uterus begin to grow, the pelvis widens, and the vaginal lining thickens. These changes in the female body are due mainly to the secretion of:
c.Estrogen.
At puberty, the breasts and uterus begin to grow, the pelvis widens, and the vaginal lining thickens. These changes in the female body are due mainly to the secretion of:
a. Testosterone.
b. Androgen.
c. Estrogen.
d. Insulin.
Acquaintance rapists:
c. Tend to believe myths, which serve to legitimize their behavior.
Acquaintance rapists:
a. Tend to believe in sexual equality.
b. Are less sexually aggressive.
c. Tend to believe myths, which serve to legitimize their behavior.
d. Are more likely than stranger rapists to be reported to the police.
The physiological process involving the engorgment of blood vessles with blood, an important component of sexual arousal for both mena nd women, is called:
c.Vasocongestion.
The physiological process involving the engorgment of blood vessles with blood, an important component of sexual arousal for both mena nd women, is called:
a. Vaginismus.
b. Hypogonadism.
c. Vasocongestion.
d. Masturbation.
Men who serve as agents for prostitutes in exchange for a percent of their earnings are:
d. Pimps
Men who serve as agents for prostitutes in exchange for a percent of their earnings are:
a. Hustlers
b. Scores
c. Johns
d. Pimps
The principal marker of reproductive potential in males is:
a. First ejaculation.
The principal marker of reproductive potential in males is:
a. First ejaculation.
b. Deepening of the voice.
c. Development of muscle mass.
d. Growth of facial and chest hair.
Incarcerated pedophiles usually:
d. Have committed many more offenses than those for which they were convicted
Incarcerated pedophiles usually:
a. Receive longer sentences than incarcerated child molesters
b. Stop acting on their urges after completing their sentences
c. Are very aggressive, "masculine" men.
d. Have committed many more offenses than those for which they were convicted
Which of these groups reported the highest incidence of the sexual proble, "lack of interest in sex," in the NHSLS study?
a.African American women
Which of these groups reported the highest incidence of the sexual proble, "lack of interest in sex," in the NHSLS study?
a. African American women
b. African American men
c. European American women
d. European American men
Which perspective on sexual dysfunction assumed that the only way to treat sexual problems was for an individual to resolve unconscious psychological conflicts through long-term therapy?
c. Psychoanalysis model
Which perspective on sexual dysfunction assumed that the only way to treat sexual problems was for an individual to resolve unconscious psychological conflicts through long-term therapy?
a. Direct behavioral intervention model
b. Cognitive behavioral intervention model
c. Psychoanalysis model
d. Skill-building model
Hypoactive sexual desire is often accompanied by:
d.Absence of sexual fantasies.
Hypoactive sexual desire is often accompanied by:
a. Infertility.
b. Severe PMS.
c. Excessive lubrication.
d. Absence of sexual fantasies.
Pederson and Hegna's survey of Norwegian adolescents revealed that youth participation in prostitution was connected with all of the following factors EXCEPT:
a. Identifying as homosexual
Pederson and Hegna's survey of Norwegian adolescents revealed that youth participation in prostitution was connected with all of the following factors EXCEPT:
a.Identifying as homosexual
b. Abusing alcohol and other drugs
c. being the victim of physical abuse
d. Initiating sexual intercourse at an early age
Which of the following does your text suggest shouting as loudly as possible when a person is attempting to rape you?
b. "Fire!"
Which of the following does your text suggest shouting as loudly as possible when a person is attempting to rape you?
a. "Rape!"
b. "Fire!"
c. "Help!"
d. "Police!"
Power plays a principal role in the following type of rape (or rapes):
a. Gange rape
Power plays a principal role in the following type of rape (or rapes):
a. Gang rape
b. Rape by women
c. Partner (marital) rape
d. All of the above
All of the following are tools used in effective biological treatments for erectile dysfuntion EXCEPT:
b. Psychotherapy
All of the following are tools used in effective biological treatments for erectile dysfuntion EXCEPT:
a. Vacuum pump(s)
b. Psychotherapy
c. Medication(s)
d. Surgery
Urologist James Semans introduced what popular method of helping men tolerate longer periods of sexual stimulation, thereby reducing the likelihood of premature ejaculation?
b. Squeeze technique
Urologist James Semans introduced what popular method of helping men tolerate longer periods of sexual stimulation, thereby reducing the likelihood of premature ejaculation?
a. Intimacy orientation
b. Squeeze technique
c. Sensate focus exercise
d. Cognitive reevaluation
Erections in males first occur:
a. While they are in utero.
Erections in males first occur:
a. While they are in utero.
b. Minutes after they are born.
c. At about age 2.
d. When puberty begins around age 9.
Research by Sprecher indicates that a majority of girls report feeling _____ after their first intercourse.
e. Both A and C.
Research by Sprecher indicates that a majority of girls report feeling _____ after their first intercourse.
a. disappointed
b. ambivalent
c. guilty
d. glad
e. Both A and C.
Although the effects of sexual abuse on children are variable, there are some trends your text details. All of the following are litsed among those pobable outcomes EXCEPT:
d. High trust of others
Although the effects of sexual abuse on children are variable, there are some trends your text details. All of the following are litsed among those pobable outcomes EXCEPT:
a. Eating disorders
b. Inappropriate sexual behavior
c. Post traumatic stress disorder
d. High trust of others
Which statement regarding pedophilia is NOT true?
b. All child molesters are pedophiles
Which statement regarding pedophilia is NOT true?
a. It involves a persistent or recurrent sexual attraction to children
b. All child molesters are pedophiles
c. The prevalence in the general population is unknown
d. Pedophiles are almost exclusively male
Laumann and colleagues found that whereas poor physical health can contribute to a wide variety of sexual dysfunctions in men, it contributes mostly to _____ in women.
d. sexual pain
Laumann and colleagues found that whereas poor physical health can contribute to a wide variety of sexual dysfunctions in men, it contributes mostly to _____ in women.
a. performance anxiety
b. poor body image
c. delayed orgasm
d. sexual pain
When Rob and Leslie meet with their sex therapist, she instructs them to go home, take off their clothes, create a relaxing atmosphere, and take turns giving and receiving non-genital stimulation. Therapists refer to this treatment technique as:
b. Sensate focus exercise
When Rob and Leslie meet with their sex therapist, she instructs them to go home, take off their clothes, create a relaxing atmosphere, and take turns giving and receiving non-genital stimulation. Therapists refer to this treatment technique as:
a. Intimacy orientation
b. Sensate focus exercise
c. Squeeze technique
d. Cognitive reevaluation
What percent of the prostitutes in Farley's multinational study of prostitutes reported that they wanted to leave "the life"?
d. 50
What percent of the prostitutes in Farley's multinational study of prostitutes reported that they wanted to leave "the life"?
a. 10
b. 25
c. 50
d. 90
Of the four types of female prostitutes discussed in the text, which type occupies the lowest status in the hierarchy of prostitution?
c. streetwalkers
Of the four types of female prostitutes discussed in the text, which type occupies the lowest status in the hierarchy of prostitution?
a. Escorts
b. Call girls
c. Streetwalkers
d. House prostitutes
The Kaiser Famiily Foundation survey on sexual health and knowledge indicates thhat about most adolescents and young adults receive information about sex from:
c. Their friends.
The Kaiser Famiily Foundation survey on sexual health and knowledge indicates thhat about most adolescents and young adults receive information about sex from:
a. Their doctors.
b. Their parents.
c. Their friends.
d. Classes at school.
Which of the following factors decreases the likelihood that sexually active teenage girls will use contraceptives?
c.Engaging in intercourse infrequently
Which of the following factors decreases the likelihood that sexually active teenage girls will use contraceptives?
a. Having peers who use contraceptives
b. Being in a monogamous relationship
c. Engaging in intercourse infrequently
d. All of the above factors lower the likelihood of using contraceptives.
All of the following "profile" characteristics of rapists are accurate EXCEPT:
d. They tend to be more mentally ill than non-rapists
All of the following "profile" characteristics of rapists are accurate EXCEPT:
a. They are no less intelligent than non-rapists
b. They tend to feel socially inadequate
c. They do not fit into any one type of family background description
d. They tend to be more mentally ill than non-rapists
Resisting rape decreases the chances of the rape being completed and it:
c. Increases the chances of being physically injured
Resisting rape decreases the chances of the rape being completed and it:
a. Increases pregnancies among survivors
b. Decreases the changes of being hurt
c. Increases the chances of being physically injured
d. None of the above
Which of the following medical treatments currently used to address men's problems with sexual arousal are now being adapted and tested for use inw omen?
d. All of the above medical treatments are under investigation for use in women
Which of the following medical treatments currently used to address men's problems with sexual arousal are now being adapted and tested for use inw omen?
a. Medications such as Viagra and alprostadil
b. Testosterone skin patches
c. Vacuum pumps
d. All of the above medical treatments are under investigation for use in women
In which of the following landmark cases did the Supreme Court rule that the portrayal of sexual activity was protected under the First Amendment to the Constitution unless its dominant theme dealt with "sex in a manner appealing to prurient interest
a. Roth v. United States, 1957
In which of the following landmark cases did the Supreme Court rule that the portrayal of sexual activity was protected under the First Amendment to the Constitution unless its dominant theme dealt with "sex in a manner appealing to prurient interest
a. Roth v. United States, 1957
b. Miller v. California, 1973
c. Stanley v. Georgia, 1969
d. Pope v. illinois, 1987
one of the most interesting findings from Zillman and Bryant's classic study of exposure to non-violent pornography was that:
c. Both male and female subjects exposed to "massive doses" or pornography assigned more lenient punishments to a rapist than did men and women in the "no-dose" control group
one of the most interesting findings from Zillman and Bryant's classic study of exposure to non-violent pornography was that:
a. The punishments subjects assigned to a rapist did not vary at all according to which "dose" or pornography they had received
b. Female subjects exposed to a "massive dose" of pornography assigned more lenient punishments to a rapist thhan did male subjects in the "massive dose" group
c. Both male and female subjects exposed to "massive doses" or pornography assigned more lenient punishments to a rapist than did men and women in the "no-dose" control group
d. Male subjects who were exposed to either "massive" or "intermediate" doses reported elss acceptance of premarital and extramarital sex than did male subjects in the "no dose" control group
Which of the following statements concerning changes in menarche are true?
d. All of the above statements concerning changes in menarche are true.
Which of the following statements concerning changes in menarche are true?
a. Girls living in wealthy nations (such as Sweden) typically reach menarche at younger ages than do girls living in poor nations (such as Bangladesh).
b. In Western nations, the age at menarche has been declining since the mid-1800s.
c. Variations in menarche seem to be a result if improved nutrition and healthcare.
d. All of the above statements concerning changes in menarche are true.
Your textbook's authors suggest that parents can most effectively respond to their older chldren's questions about sex by:
c.Describing sexual anatomy using proper terminology, rather than silly words, to convey that sexual organs are neither embarrassing nor mysterious.
Your textbook's authors suggest that parents can most effectively respond to their older chldren's questions about sex by:
a. Telling their chldren exactly what their punishment will be if they engage in sexual behavior that violates their parents' values.
b. Providing children with objective statistics about the prevalence of STIs whiel showing them pictures of people who are ill due to HIV infection.
c. Describing sexual anatomy using proper terminology, rather than silly words, to convey that sexual organs are neither embarrassing nor mysterious.
d. Non-verbally communicating their discomfort with the topic and redirecting the conversation to less emotionally demanding topics.
According to research by Blake and colleagues, what consequence(s) did schools making condoms available to high school students have on their behavior?
b.Among students who were already sexually active in high school, condom use became more consistent.
According to research by Blake and colleagues, what consequence(s) did schools making condoms available to high school students have on their behavior?
a. Distributing condoms increased the percentage of students who became sexually active during high school.
b. Among students who were already sexually active in high school, condom use became more consistent.
c. Distributing condoms increased the number of partners with whom sexually active students had intercourse.
d. All of the above occurred as a result of schools distributing condoms to students.
According to the U.S. Supreme Court, sexual harassment is held to involve behavior of a sexual nature that:
c. Creates a hostile work environment or interferes with an employee's work performance
According to the U.S. Supreme Court, sexual harassment is held to involve behavior of a sexual nature that:
a. Causes harm to the victim that require psychological treatment
b. Must be flagrant and demeaning to the victim
c. Creates a hostile work environment or interferes with an employee's work performance
d. Must involve outright sexual advances
Researchers find that adolescent girls who are sexually abused tend to:
a. Engage in consensual sex at earlier ages than non-abused peers
Researchers find that adolescent girls who are sexually abused tend to:
a. Engage in consensual sex at earlier ages than non-abused peers.
b. Engage in consensual sex at more advanced ages than non-abused peers.
c. Engage in consensual sex at similar ages to non-abused peers.
d. Engage in consensual sex with fewer partners than non-abused peers.
In what way does getting penile implants affect a man's sexuality?
a.Implants direct fluid into the penis to create an erection in cases where normal blood flow into the penis is physically blocked
In what way does getting penile implants affect a man's sexuality?
a. Implants direct fluid into the penis to create an erection in cases where normal blood flow into the penis is physically blocked
b. Implants enhance a man's sex drive by increasing the production of testosterone
c. Implants promote sexual arousal by increasing sensitivity to touch in men who have genital nerve damage
d. Penile implants affect men's sexuality in all of the above ways
Some drugs used to treat depression (called SSRIs) have the following attributes:
d. Unlike some medications, once they are stopped, the negative effect on sexual functioning may not disappear
Some drugs used to treat depression (called SSRIs) have the following attributes:
a. They can cause priapism (sustained erections causing physical harm) in some people
b. Used by people needing blood pressure control too
c. Often used for diabetes in regulating the metabolizing of glucose
d. Unlike some medications, once they are stopped, the negative effect on sexual functioning may not disappear
Which of the following is the MOST important factor in the male-to-female transmission of HIV/AIDS in Africa today?
b. A significant number of married men have sex with prostitutes, contract the virus, and transmit it to their wives
Which of the following is the MOST important factor in the male-to-female transmission of HIV/AIDS in Africa today?
a. Sexually-active members of the population cannot buy and use condoms because the government has banned their distribution
b. A significant number of married men have sex with prostitutes, contract the virus, and transmit it to their wives
c. A significant number of married women have affairs, contract the virus, and transmit it to their husbands
d. A large percentage of young women are raped by foreign military personnel, thus spreading the virus among the local population
Historical records indicate that prostitution:
c. Can be traced back as far as ancient Mesopotamia
Historical records indicate that prostitution:
a. Is a relatively recent phenomenon that was brought on by industrialization
b. First emerged during the Victorian period in the nineteenth century
c. Can be traced back as far as ancient Mesopotamia
d. Developed in Europe during the medieval period
The text authors report that information about masturbation and other sexual activities during childhood is highly speculative because:
d. All of the above factors make information about children's sexuality speculative.
The text authors report that information about masturbation and other sexual activities during childhood is highly speculative because:
a. Some parents do not define genital touching as masturbation.
b. Many parents won't allow their children to be itnerviewed about sex.
c. Parents often underreport their children's sexual activity as a social nicety.
d. All of the above factors make information about children's sexuality speculative.
After a rape, it is suggested that the survivor do all of the following, EXCEPT:
d.Wash herself and obtain clean clothes as soon as possible
After a rape, it is suggested that the survivor do all of the following, EXCEPT:
a. Seek medical help
b. Consider reporting the rape to the police
c. Ask questions regarding medical rights
d. Wash herself and obtain clean clothes as soon as possible
Consumption of which of the following substances tends to impair genital blood flow, thus impairing erectile function in men and reducing lubrication in women?
d. All of the following substances may impair genital blood flow for men and women.
Consumption of which of the following substances tends to impair genital blood flow, thus impairing erectile function in men and reducing lubrication in women?
a. Cocaine
b. Diuretics
c. Prescription tranquilizers
d. All of the following substances may impair genital blood flow for men and women.
The primary motivation for most young women who enter prostitution is the:
b. Need to earn money to support themselves
The primary motivation for most young women who enter prostitution is the:
a. Desire to exert control over men
b. Need to earn money to support themselves
c. Opportunity to receive sexual gratification without commitment
d. Inability to control their psychologiical compulsion to be victimized
For most of recorded history, rape was considered:
b. A crime against the property rights of fathers or husbands
For most of recorded history, rape was considered:
a. A violent crime that curtailed the rights of women
b. A crime against the property rights of fathers or husbands
c. The act of mentally deranged men
d. An act of adultery by the victim
All the below are true about Viagra, Levitra, and Cialis EXCEPT:
c. They can directly contribute to HIV infection by immune system suppression
All the below are true about Viagra, Levitra, and Cialis EXCEPT:
a. They increase arterial blood flow in the penis
b. They are called PDE5 inhibitors
c. They can directly contribute to HIV infection by immune system suppression
d. They can cause migraine headaches
In the case of _____, the U.S. Supreme Court clarified the definition of obscenity by indicating that public perceptions of "prurient interest" depend on "contemporary community standards."
c. Miller v. California
In the case of _____, the U.S. Supreme Court clarified the definition of obscenity by indicating that public perceptions of "prurient interest" depend on "contemporary community standards."
a. Pope v. Illinois
b. Stanley v. Georgia
c. Miller v. California
d. Roth v. United States
In the U.S., the legal prohibition of pornography as a form ob obscenity began with the:
b. Passage of the Comstock Act in 1873
In the U.S., the legal prohibition of pornography as a form ob obscenity began with the:
a. Adoption of the Bill of Rights in 1791
b. Passage of the Comstock Act in 1873
c. Supreme Court ruling, Stanley v. Georgia, in 1969
d. Meese Commission's recommendations in 1985
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