Important People in AP Psychology Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Obedience; Ethics
wire monkey
prison study
humanistic, self-actualization
Linguistic Relativity Hypothesis
Inferiority Complex; Psychoanalytic
Stanford-Binet intelligence test
Behaviorism; "Little Albert Study"
"Father of Psychology": Introspection
Trait Approach-cardinal, central, secondary
Alfred Adler
Neo-Freudian, psychodynamic; Contributions: basic mistakes, style of life, inferiority/superiority complexes, childhood influences personality formation; Studies: Birth Order
RET, thinking through emotions
Bobo doll studies; concentrated studies on observational learning (a.k.a. modeling)
4-stages of children's cognitive development, schemas, theory of mind, assimilation and accommodation
(Native Theorist) Inherent Existence of sets of cognitive structures
Psychoanalytic; dream analysis; free association; structure of personality; stages of development; defense mechanisms
Judith Langlois
developmental psychology;: social development & processing, effects of appearance on behavior, origin of social stereotypes, sex/love/intimacy, facial expression
Carol Gilligan
Cognition; Contributions: maintained that Köhlberg's work was developed by only observing boys and overlooked potential differences between the habitual moral judgments of boys and girls; girls focus more on relationships than laws and principles
Carl Jung
Neo-Freudian, analytic psychology; Contributions: people had conscious and unconscious awareness; archetypes; collective unconscious; libido is all types of energy, not just sexual; Studies: dream studies/interpretation
William James
Functionalism; Contributions: studied how humans use perception to function in our environment; Studies: Pragmatism, The Meaning of Truth
humanistic, Maslow's heirarchy of needs
language has strong biological underpinnings
Mary Ainsworth
Developmental Psychology (placed human infants into a "Strange situation" in order to examine attatchment to parents; strange but WORTH it
who invented the Rorschach inkblot test
left frontal lobe: associated with expressive language
Elizabeth Loftus
cognition and memory; studied repressed memories and false memories; showed how easily memories could be changed and falsely created by techniques such as leading questions and illustrating the inaccuracy in eyewitness testimony
Robert Bobby Zajonc
Motivation; contributions: believes that we invent explanations to label feelings
Charles Spearman
intelligence; found that specific mental talents were highly correlated, concluded that all cognitive abilities showed a common core which he labeled 'g' (general ability)
John B. Watson
1878-1958; Field: behaviorism; Contributions: generalization-inductive reasoning, emphasis on external behaviors of people and their reactions on a given situation; Studies: Little Albert
inferiority complex- right the wrongs that have happened during life
William Sheldon
Classified people by body type: endomorph, mesomorph, ectomorph
Phineas Gage
Railway worker injured frontal lobe. He failed to GAGE where the railroad spike would hit him. Before accident was well liked and after he was incosiderate and irresponsible. Case proves frontal lobe is involved with complex behaviours such as planning, personality and social interactions
Soloman Asch
Studied conformity- the line test, subjects selected the obvious wrong answer to go along with the group.
[Edward] titchener (1867-1927)
Began structuralism, wanted to discover the elements of the mind and believed in Introspection
motivation drives us as humans, varys through cultures
Francis Galton
First to try to systematically measure human intelligence, Thought intelligence was inherited; thought GENES mattered a TON; proposed eugenics
Gean Piaget
Cognition; creates a four stage theory of cognitive development, said that two basic processes work in tandem to achieve cognitive growth (assimilation and accommodation).
why am i sweating? I must be nervous
[Wilhelm] Wundt (1832- 1920)
Studied peoples reaction time to sounds, Measured 'atoms of the mind'- the fastest and simplest mental processes; Created on the first psych lab and psychology school which included Structuralism and functionalism.
Little Albert
taught to hate rats by banging lead pipe
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