Constitution Part Flashcards

Terms Definitions
to approve
Appoints Ambassadors
executive branch
executes laws-president
all future generations
A formal meeting
Treason is defined.
11. Independence from whom?
Fifteenth Amendment
Right to Vote
amendment 18
prohibition of alcohol
to improve or change
both house and senate
Government authority shared by national and local governments
enlightenment period
Enlightenment Period-Human reasoning was emphasized
John Locke; Montesquieu
official approval of the constitution
having power to make laws
The Appellate Court has-
Appellate Jurisdiction
Power of Congress provides for
Accused of not carrying duties out
Parts of government with different kinds of responsibilities and powers.
Article 2 Section 3
Other presidential powers
congress person hold another federal job
Article 7
The ratification of the Constitution
term limit for house of representatives
Amendment 5
Criminal proceedings, due process, eminent domain
sixth amendment
the constitutional amendment designed to protect individuals accused of crimes. It includes the right to counsel, the right to confront witnesses, and the right to a speedy and public trial.
Who represents Wellesley (4th Congressional District) in the House of Representatives?
Barney Frank
abolished slavery
What wat the Thirteenth Amendment?
Delegated Power
Example of this is war
gender doesn't affect right to vote
Amendment 19
state constitutions
determine the structure, role, and financing of state and local levels of government; define the process for proposing constitutional amendments
no search or seizure without a warrant.
Article I
The Legislative Branch or Congress; the make the laws
federal system
National and State government share power
try the president in an impeachment action
laws are called (blank) before they are laws
Revolution of 1800
Jefferson's election changed the direction of the government from Federalist to Democratic- Republican, so it was called a "revolution."
Natural rights
a political theory that individuals have basic rights given to them by nature or God that no individual or government can deny.
What is the main function of
Executive Branch
Enforce Laws
People that the members of Congress represent
people who opposed ratification of the Constitution
delegated powers
Powers specifically given to the federal government by the US Constitution, for example, the authority to print money.
House of Representatives are elected by:
the people
Seperation of powers was created to prevent
the introduction to a formal document that explains the purpose
The Great Compromise proposed that in one house of Congress, the House of Representatives, the states would be represented according to the size of their ___.
Who has the power to propose amendments to the U.S. Constitution?
The Congress
17th amendment
direct election of senators by the people
article I, II, III
congress, executive branch, judicial branch
Federalist papers
A series of eighty-five essays written by Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay that were published in New York newspapers to convince New Yorkers to adopt the newly proposed Constitution.
original jurisdiction
hears the facts of a case first
The Constitution gives powers to Congress in which part (Article) of the Constitution?
in Article 1.
A representative must be at least
25 years old
Amendment 8
Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.
Rhode Island
Did not send delegates to the Constitution Convention
How many amendments have been added to the Constitituion?
Amendment 1
Freedom of Expression - Speech, Press, Religion, Assembly, Petition
Limited Government
Belief that each individual has rights that government cannot take away
Requirements for president
35 years old, natural born citizen
What is treason?
Betrayal of one's country in constitution by leving war against the U.S. or offering comfort or aid to its enemies
Eminent Domain
Inherent power of state to seize citizen's private property, to expropriate property, rights in property without owners consent
limited; Magna Carta
List ways Colonial government was influenced by England: The Idea of ____ government was a byproduct of the _____.
Checks and balances
a principle of the United States Constitution that gives each branch of government the power to check the other branches
proposing an amendment
2/3 bote from both houses of congress
freedom to live as you please if you obey the laws
18th Amendment
Outlawed the sale of alcohol but was ratified by the 21st amendment.
The main functin of the executive branch is to
Execute/ enfroce laws
a group of states that unites to form a larger state with a central government
4th Amendment
Citizens have the right to not endure an unreasonable search and seizure of his or her property or person Government must have a warrant and/or probable cause before conduct a serach and seizure of a persons property of person
representative democracy
people elect others to speak and vote for them
who is the president of the US today
Barack Obama
house of representatives
part of the legislative branch where the number of representatives is based on a state's population
electoral college
a body of electors chosen by the voters who formally elect president and vice president
plain view doctrine
allows an officer to seize without warrant evidence and contraband found in plain view
Preamble (6 goals)
Create a nation where states work together, make laws and set up fair courts, keep peace within the country, protect the country against attack, contribute to happiness and wellfare of the people, make sure citizens are free
qualifications for federal judges
The Constitution sets forth no specific requirements.
Executive authority
shall issue Writs of Election to fill vacancies in House of Reps.
What are the three levels of government in the United States?
Local, State and Federal
Electoral College states that all states
have implemented a winner-take-all system of electoral college voting
Powers of the House
Originate all spending ($$$) bills -- 2 year terms, # of representatives based on a state's population
Reserved Powers (4)
powers given to the states-- like the power to create public schools, create local governments, provide public education, and create traffic laws
What does the 8th Amendment protect?
No cruel or unusual punishment.
Habeas Corpus
"You May Have the Body." If a judge issues this writ, a law official must bring the prisoner to court and show the cause for holding the prisoner. This is suspended only during war. (You can't be held for a crime without reason).
who prevents the other branches from violating the constitution?
supreme court (article III):
President must be a US resident
for at least 14 years
1776- The number of colleges went from __ to __
9 to 25
Check and Balances
the ability of each branch of govt. to exercise check on the other
How many judges are on the Supreme Court and why?
9-- no tie ever
What is the term for a member of the executive branch?
4 years
States had conflict with courts that issued provisions that
conflicted with existing contracts between companies and landowners
at are the powers of the President?
meet ambassadors of other countries, make treaties, control army, appoint officials
The types of cases that the supreme court hears are
cases dealing with important constitutional issues-
what is the executive branch of our government
president, cabinet, and departments under the cabinet members
number of terms a president can serve or the total number of years
2 terms or 10 years
Length of Term in the Senate?
Serve 6yrs. (1/3 of senators are elected every 2 yrs)
Who has the sole of power of impeachment? (kicking someone out of office)
House of rep
Article 1 section 3
What is the Bill of RIghts?
It's the name of the first ten Amendments.
Amendment 16 - Status of Income Tax Clarified
...the federal income tax is established
What is the length of a term of office for the president of the United States?
4 years
Article 2 section 1
What do each of the articles of the U.S. Constitution cover?
Article I - The Legislative Branch
Article II - The Presidency
Article III - The Judiciary
Article IV - The States
Article V - The Amendment Process
Article VI - Legal Status of the Constitution
Article VII. - Ratification
Article #5 says the amendments must be proposed by whom?
2/3 of Congress or 2/3 of the staes
what is the main job of the executive departments?
to help carry out laws and help president
Who signs the bill before it goes to the president?
The Speaker of the House and the Vice President.
to vote
To cancel.
Our gov.
Pat Quinn
Amendment 13
Abolished slavery
to carry out
1 term-
2 yrs.
right to criminal cases
Presidential succession and disability
who elects congress
the people
The Legislative....
Votes on laws
future generations to come
President of the senate
vice president
Where the government leaders meet.
sec. of veteran affairs
Eric Shinseki
2nd Amendment
Right to bear arms
9th ammendment
rights of the people
Amendment 19
Voting Rights for Women
A2 Section 1
etablishes president's power
order of succession
oath of office
congress sets Pres' salary
elected president of the Constitutional Convention
George Washington
Great Compromise
Compromise made by Constitutional Convention in which states would have equal representation in one house of the legislature and representation based on population in the other house
William Rehnquist
presided over Bill Clinton's impeachment
Who nominates ambassadors and public officials?
constitution may not say certain things, but we still have a right to try to get justice
Levels of Government
Local, State, Federal (National)
to rule against or declare invalid
an agreement without dissent, everyone agrees
how many white stripes are there?
Money paid to support the government
Whats Crystal Lakes State Senator?
Pamela Alltoff
Second Amendment
right to keep and bear arms
Article 2 Section 1
Establishes Presidency and qualifications
cannot be deprived of life, liberty, or property without due process of law (a fair trial)
enumerated powers
Powers given to the national government alone.
How many people are in Congress?
535 members
Who begins all finance bills?
House of Reps
HR or S
The President Pro Tempore acts as the presiding officer over this House.
How long is a President's term?
4 years
anti federalists
People who feared the Constitution, thinking it gave too much power to the Federal Government
a political system in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can elect people to represent them
An idea or proposal for a law
Enumerated Powers are:
powers specifically granted to government by the Constitution
What is the term of a justice?
What are DELEGATES toe the Constitutional Convention known as?
Founding Fathers
Federal judicial power
- interpretation of Constitution, federal laws, treaties
- disputes between states, states vs. foreign citizens, citizens of diverse citizenship

- no advisory opinions (present/threat of harm)
- ripeness
- mootness
- standing (injury, causation, redressability)
the supreme court now has a chief justice plus __ judges
Virginia Plan
• Written by Edmund Randolph and James Madison
• Called for a powerful central government, with three branches
of government (legislative, executive, and judicial).
• Bicameral legislature with one house elected directly by
people, the other chosen by state officials.
• Large states given more representation than smaller states -
proportional IN BOTH HOUSES!!!!
• Legislative branch to have power to choose executive
(president would be elected for 7 years).
How long have to go to school?
Age 17
Speaker of House
presideing officer of House of Representatives
To urge someone to do or believe something by giving reasons.
conducting foreign affairs, carrying war, controlling commerce, passing laws against constitution, passing Bill of Attainders
restricted to state governments
who is the governor of your state?
tom corbitt
1st Amendment
Freedom to practice or establish the religion of your choosing, freedom of expression or speech, freedom of the press, right to assembly, right to petition government
the number of amendments in the Bill of Rights
What power does the president have when making laws?
The veto.
How many states were needed to approve the proposed constitution before it would take effect?
Fugitive Slave Law
Mandated that northern states forcibly return escaped slaves to their owners in the South.
Article III
which article talks about the Judicial Branch?
Article I, Section 9:
States the limitations on Congress
Counting every 10 years to find the population of a country
alexander hamilton
author of federalis papers,used to be deligate from NY ,left the constitution then came back
provision of public services
purpose of gov: transportations, communications network, public health, unemployment, welfare, etc..
Articles of Confederation
The piece of legislation that needed to be revised
Writ of Habeas Corpus
calls for just cause of arrest
New Jersey Plan
favored by the smaller states; called for a 3 branch gov't but only ONE house with equal representation
Conference committee
A temporary committee to work out a compromise version of a bill that has passed the House of Representaives & Senate in different. forms
This is taken every ten years and used to reapportion Representattives among states..
the president has this many days to decide on a bill
10 days
concurrent powers
powers that are shared by both the federal and state governments
This is the number of Senators in the Sente
appellate jurisdiction
the power of a court to review decisions and change outcomes of decisions of lower courts
When did the Constitution go into effect?
March 4, 1789
a part of a document, such as the con
Bureau of Census also:
gathers other national demographic and economic data
What does the Justice Department oversee?
Enforces the U.S. government's laws
George W. Bush
Who is the President of the United States of America?
at what age can a person run for gov.?
25 yrs.
federal, national, central
terms used to refer to the U.S. government
qualifications of senator
30 years old, live in state, us citizen for 9 years
What are the thre branches of government?
Legislative, Judicial, and Excutive
President and Congress branches:
are closer to people than judicial branch
1978 justices invalidated a MINNESOTAL law
Private Pension Benefits Protection Act
The judicial branch checks the legislative and exe
declaring laws and presidential actions unconstitu
What did the framers create?
A democratic republic with a strong national government
Amendment 23: Section 2: Enforcement
The Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.
the 3/5 Compromise
Since the South had a lot of enslaved AAs they wanted them to count in their pop. so they could have more seats in the H of R but the North didn't think it was fair because they couldn't vote- so congress decided that an enslaved person would count as 3/5 of a regular person. The south agreed (so they could gain seats) and the North also, in order to keep the Union together.
At least once a year.
How often must Congress be addressed by the President?
Federalists cited the elastic clause to justify:
the Bank of the United States
by accusing an official of some wrongdoing or misuse of power
What checks are there on the judicial branch?
Legislative: Create lower federal courts, impeach judges, can propose amendments, and approve federal judge appointments
Executive: Appoint federal judges and grant pardons to federal offenders
What was the goal of the Constitutional Convention?
To revise the Articles of Confederation, ended up making whole new government
article 1 House of Reps
25 years old, 7 years citizen, brings charges of impeachment, 6 year terms, 435 members, speaker is presiding officer.
Ex post facto laws
state or fed govt may not pass laws that retroactively alter CRIMINAL offenses or punishments in a subs prejudicial manner (e.g., criminalizes behavior, incr. punishment, reduces evidence req to convict)

compare: Due Process Clause of 5th/14th am. prohibits court from retroactively interpreting criminal laws in unexpected or indefensible ways
What was the Northwest Ordinance?
This set up what we have today - Midwestern states divided into townships (36 sq mi) and then broken into acres. Created a grid formation in the Midwest.
voting record of each house
will be included in journal if 1/5 of members present agree to its publications
What two laws passed by Congress dealt with the issue of the western lands?
Land Ordinance of 1785 and Northwest Ordinance of 1787
Necessary and Proper Clause of the Constitution:
as the basis for legislation on the war powers. It provides that "Under Article I, section 8, of the Constitution it is specifically provided that Congress shall have the power to make all laws necessary and proper for carrying into execution, not only its own powers but also all other powers vested by the Constitution in the Government of the United States...."
What are the qualifications for a representative?
25 years old, citizen of US for 7 years, resident of state
how to override a veto of the president
pass in the house by 2/3 and pass senate by 2/3
What did British do as a result of the French and Indian War to raise revenue for colonial administration and defense?
Stamp Act; passed a series of taxes on newspapers, documents, paper, glass, paint, stamps, and tea.
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