Last Poetry Terms Flashcards

Terms Definitions
di
two
metáfora
metaphor
4 lines
quatrain
UU_
anapest (anapestic)
monometer
one foot
Aghast
shocked; horrified
Spondee
stressed, stressed
Cliche
Tired, common phrases
iambic
unstressed stressed unstressed
robert frost dates
1874-1963
Pat Mora
A Voice
Pun
play on words
Oxymoron
expression with contradictory words
envoy
3 ling concluding stanza
F. J. Bergmann
an apology
Jonson
on my first son
rhyme scheme
pattern of rhyme
Rhyming
Follows a rhyme scheme
trochee
accented syllable, unaccented syllable
Meter
a recurrent pattern in verse
Rhyme
when words sound the same
personification
giving human characteristics to non-human animals, objects, or ideas
euphemism
the substitution of something unpleasant by a more pleasant name
ballad
A narrative poem, impersonally related, that is (or originally was) meant to be sung. Characterized by repetition and often by a repeated refrain (a recurrent phrase or series of phrases), the earliest ballads were anonymous works transmitted orally from person to person through generations. For example, see 'Sir Patrick Spens.' Modern literary ballads imitate these folk creations (e.g., Samuel Taylor Coleridge, 'The Rime of the Ancient Mariner' [1798]).
Kim Addonizio
What do Women Want?
free verse
irregulary verse loose rhyme
alliteration
the repetition of consonants, particularly at the beginning of words. Example - Sally sells sea shells by the sea shore
poet
person who writes the poem
Lyric
A Personal, emotional response, usually dealing with love, nature, or religion.
Mood
The emotional atmosphere of a work
Dramatic irony
audience/reader knows something that characters do not
denotation
the literal definition of a word
Rhythm
The arrangement, or pattern, of accented and unaccented syllables - the "beat"
Apostrophe
a figure of speech- Oh Caesar!
repetition
efective repetition, when a poet chooses a word or phrase that's significant to the meaning of the poem and repeats to give it emphasis
dramatic poetry
presents voice of imaginary character(s) speaking directly without any additional narration by the author
rhyming couplet
2 consecutive lines that rhymes
imagery
the descriptive language that paints pitchures in reader's minds
hyperbole
an exaggeration to make a point
Line
words on the same horizontel level
trimeter
verse written in 3 foot lines
Metonymy
using something that is closely related to represent the entire thing, the white house today (it was probably the president), Washington beat Cleveland (sports teams)
Anapestic
An end-stressed meter consisting of three syllables per foot
Blank Verse
Consists of unrhymed iambic pentameter
Scansion
The process of measuring metrical verse, that is, of marking accented and unaccented syllables, dividing the lines into feet, identifying the metrical pattern, and noting significant variations from that pattern
syncopated
with strongly accented rhythm, cut short; add accents on beats that are normally unaccented
consonance
the correspondence of consonants, esp. those at the end of a word, in a passage of prose or verse.
metaphor
a comparison between two things using like or as
Concrete Poetry
Poetry that exploits the graphic, visual aspect of writing; a specialized application of what Aristotle called spectacle and phanopoeia. It is a work of Graphic Art.
enjambment/run-on line
line continues onto next for meaning
assonance
the repetition of similar vowel sounds in a sentence or line of poetry
antithesis
a strong contrast of words, clauses, sentences or ideas that shows opposing ideas through opposing grammatical structures
stanza
a series of poetic lines arranged together usually in a recurring pattern
Onomatopoeia
A word that captures or approximates the sound of what it describes, such as buzz.
Author of My mistress' eyes are nothing like the sun
Shakespeare
similies
comparing 2 unlike things using like or as
When did Henry Wadsworth Longfellow die/
In 1882
iambic meter
one unstressed syllable followed by one stressed
simile
a comparison of two unlike things using like or as to compare the two things
ode
formal, usually serious on a noble subject
identical rhyme
words spelled differently but sound the same (bear and bare).
Freeverse
I done use regular rhyme or meter
figurative language
writing meant to be understood imaginatively not literally
haiku
A Japanese poem composed of three unrhymed lines of five, seven, and five syllables. Haiku often reflect on some aspect of nature.
allusion
a reference to a well-known person, place, event, or literary work
couplet
two consecutive lines of poetry that rhyme
expatriation
the practice of leaving ones country to live in another
parallelism
the use of phrases, clauses, or sentences that are similar or complementary in structure or meaning
Protest Poetry
Poem describing social injustice or attacking unjust situations.
Ambiguous
Having two or more meanings and the right one hard to figure out.
narrative poem
a non-dramatic poem which tells a story or presents a narrative, whether simple or complex, long or short
concrete poem
a poem whose shape suggests its subject
sonnet
a point of 14 lines of iambic pentameter in a recognizable pattern of rhyme
verse
-when the lines have a regular rhythm or umber of syllables
Pantoum
four lines per stanza, lines rotate in each stanza
echo
with strong ending such as echoing a poems lead in its conclusion
structure
described in terms of stanza form and meter
end stop
a poetic line that end grammatically where it ends spatially
BREADTH
the extent of something from side to side
quatrain
a poem consisting of four lines, or four lines of a poem that can be considered as a unit
diction
a writer's choice of words for a particular affect
verlaine
was sent to prison for shooting his friend
trope
A figure of speech, such as metaphor or metonymy, in whch words are not used in their literal (or actual) sense but in a figurative (or imaginative) sense.
understatement
the opposite of exaggeration. It is a technique for developing irony and/or humor where one writes or says less than intended.
Narrative Poetry
Telling a story. Ballads, epics, and lays are different kinds of narrative poems.
diamante
A formula poem that is shaped like a diamond, and the words describe opposite ideas.
verbal irony
a contrast between what is said and what is actually meant
Tone
the attitude or mood of the poet to his/her subject or characters
sarcasm
a type of irony in which a person appears to be praising something but is actually insulting it
We are not now that strength which in old days
Moved earth and heaven; that which we are, we are;
One equal temper of heroic hearts,
Made weak by time and fate, but strong in will
To strive, to seek, to find, and not to yield.
Ulysses
end rhyme
rhyming of words that appear at the ends of 2 or more lines of poetry
Internal Rhyme
Similarity occurs b/t 2 or more words in the same line ex: I wen to the lake and ate cake
situational irony
when what happens is the opposite of what the reader expects
Slack Syllable
An unstressed syllable in a line of verse
stanzaic form
Poem written in a series of standard stanzas
tercet
a stanza of three lines in which each line ends with the same rhyme.
"White as cow's milk" and "Silence will fall like dews"
simile in "Velvet Shoes"
They are like two peas in a pod.
example of simile
apocopated rhyme
rhyme when the last syllable of one of the rhyming words is missing
poetic foot
a group of two or three syllables with an accent on one of the syllables. When the feet are together, they make a special pattern called meter.
Eye rhyme
the sounds do not rhyme, but look like they should
John Donne, A Valediction: Of Weeping
An Europe, Afrique, and an Asia,
open form, free verse
A type of poem that has neither a basic meter or rhyme scheme
"One world is aware and the largest to me and that of myself."~what does it mean?
The speaker is comparing himself to an entire world of existence, and saying that he values his own opinion about himself above all others. He advises others to like themselves for who they are.
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