CRT Review Flashcards

Tension pneumothorax
Terms Definitions
Opaque
fluid/solid
much
much
man
man
make
make
ride
ride
who
who
we
we
same
same
all
all
Opaque
fluid/solid
Platelike Infiltrates
Thin-layered densitiesAtelectasis
Patchy Infiltrates
Scattered densitiesAtelectasis
Radiolucent
Air
Dark pattern
normal lungs
Infiltrate
Ill defined radiodensity

Atelectasis
Tx: IPPB/IS
Hyperlucency
Extra airCOPD, Asthma attack,pneumothoraxTx: Lasix
Concave Superior Interface/border
Pleural Effusion
Hct:
1)Normal value?
2)Significance of Low?
3)Significance of High?
1)40-50%
2)anemia
3)polycythemia
Concave Superior Interface/border
Pleural Effusion
Percussion:

Tympany
COPD

over air-filled organs
drum-like sound
Normal Urine Output
40 cc/hr
Honeycomb Pattern
reticulonodular

ARDS / IRDS
Beliefs
Things accepted to be true
Heart soundsS3S4
abnormal1) CHF2) mycocardial infarction /cardiomegaly
General Malaise
Electrolyte Imbalance

Run down feeling, nausea, weakness, fatigue, headache
Vascular markings
lymphatics, vessels, lung tissue

increase presence = CHF
absence = pneumothorax
Heart sounds

S3
S4
abnormal

1) CHF
2) mycocardial infarction /cardiomegaly
Geography
The study of the physical environment
Heart sounds:S2
Second sound (normal)closure of pulmonic/aortic valve
Auscultation: Pleural Rub
-inflammed visceral/parietal pleura -pleurisy,TB,pneumonia,pul.infarction,cancer-Tx: steroids/antibiotics
Percussion:Hyperresonance
pneumothorax / emphysemaover areas of above pathologiesbooming sound
Consolidation
Solid white areaPneumonia / Pleural EffusionTX: Lasix
Auscultation: Wheeze

1)Lateral
2)Unilateral
1) bronchospasm - bronchodilator
2) foreign body obs. - bronchoscopy/Sx
Auscultation: Pleural Rub
-inflammed visceral/parietal pleura
-pleurisy,TB,pneumonia,pul.infarction,cancer
-Tx: steroids/antibiotics
Heart sounds:

S1
First sound (normal)

closure of mitral/tricuspid
V/Q Scan: Results indicate normal ventilation scan but abnormal perfusion scan
Pulmonary Emboli
Auscultation: Rales1)Coarse2)Medium3)Fine
1)large airways - Sx2)medium airways - CPT3)alveoli/fluid/CHF/Pul.Edema - bronchoscopy,IPPB,IS,Diuretics,Digitalis
Lateral decubitus
Pt lying on the affected side.

Valuable for detecting PLEURAL EFFUSION
Political
The government and the way people are ruled
Tracheal Deviation:

Pulled toward normal side.
1) pleural effusion(MOST COMMON)
2) tension pneumothorax
3) neck or thryroid tumors
4) large mediastinal mass
Historical map
this map shows a specific period in history
4 Critical Life Functions
1) Ventilation - open airway
2) Oxygenation - increase FiO2
3) Circulation - Chest comp
4) Perfusion - increase BP
Indication for Ultrasonography of the Heart (Echocardiogram)
Noninvasive method for monitoring cardiac performance (on newborns)
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Term:
Definition:
Definition:

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