CSet World History Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Imperialism
1850-1914
Greece: Religion
Polytheistic
Catholic Reformation
1545-1563
Hironito
reighned from 1926-1989
Greece: Dates
700-500 BC
Shang Dynasty
1700-1100 BC
Egypt: Most Powerful
1500 BC
Persia
1st great world empire
Western Roman Empire
3rd-5th Century
Age of Enlightenment
18th Century
Babylonian Empire: Dates
1792-1750 BC
apartheid
a policy of rigid segregation
zemstovs
elected assemblies responsible for road repair, schools, etc.
City-State which did not trade
Sparta
Siddhartha Gautama Founded Bhuddism
520 BC
Cyrus the Great: Dates
552-530 BC
untouchables
members of the lowest caste, class
pan-africanism
movement that began to nourish thenationalist spirit and strengthen resistance.
Long March
communists retreated from Jiang's forces to northern China where mao rebuit forces
Cavour
Prime Minister of sardinia; provoked war with Austria after secret meeting with Nap III, who promised aid to Sardinia; Sardinia defeated Austria and annexed some northern Italian states
Fazendas
Coffee estates that spread within interior of Brazil between 1840 and 1860; created major export commodity for Brazilian trade; led to intensification of slavery in Brazil.
Liberals
wanted governments based on written constitution and seperation of powers; favored republiccan form of government over monarchy; natural rights,
Alexander the Great Invades: Date
320 BC
negritude movement
writers expressed pride in African roots and protested colonial rule - senghor
May Fourth Movement
cultural and intellectual ferment designed to strengthen China; reject confuscianism and embrace western ideas; women played a big role
Francis Joseph
inherited Hapsburg throne at 18 (Austria)
Dom João VI
Portuguese monarch who established seat of government in Brazil from 1808 to 1820 as a result of Napoleonic invasion of Iberian peninsula; made Brazil seat of empire with capital at Rio de Janeiro.
Gran Colombia
Independent state created in South America as a result of military successes of Simon Bolívar; existed only until 1830, at which time Colombia, Venezuela, and Ecuador became separate nations.
Aryans
Nomadic herders from central Asia- Had a central caste system
Mesopotamia: Religion
Kings and temple priests shared power
Kush: Location
South of Egypt, down the Nile
Balfour Declaration
British attempted to win the support of European Jews by issueing this.
colnial rule in early 1900s
almost every African nation
Peter Stolypin
appointed by Alexander III as prime minister; conservative restored order with arrests, pogroms, etc, then realized needed reform, did some but too limited to meet broad needs of Russians; assasinated
reaction to Dual-Monarchy
Hungarians liked it, other slavic people resented it and unrest increased
Gauchos
Bands of mounted rural workers in the region of the Rio de la Plata; aided local caudillos in splitting apart the United Provinces of the Rio de la Plata after 1816.
Maximilian von Habsburg
Proclaimed emperor of Mexico following intervention of France in 1862; ruled until overthrow and execution by liberal revolutionaries under Benito Juárez in 1867.
Metternich
urged monarchs to oppse freedom of the press, crush protests in their own country, and send troops to crush in other lands too.
Confucianism vs. Taoism
Confucianism is more about political systems, role sin society and guidelines. Taoism is more about nature and being free spirit and harmonious.
Darius the Great: Accomplished
1st Persian language
System of roads
Treaty of Sevres
Ottoman empire lost Arab and African lands
Kulturkampf
launched by Bismarck - goal was to put loyalty to state above loyalty to Catholic church; backfired and Catholics gained more strength in reichstag
Mask of Ferdinand
Term given to movements in Latin America allegedly loyal to the displaced Bourbon king of Spain, Ferdinand VII; actually Creole movements for independence.
UN Security Council
can apply economic sanctions or send peace keeping military forces; each of 5 permanent members can veto any council decision- US, Britain, France, China, Russia
Kush Conquered Egypt
750-666 BC with the Hyksos. Kush became the center of trade
Jiang Jieshi (chian kai Shek)
headed Guoming (nationalist govt) in China 1920-1949 (civil war with Chinese communists)
emancipation in Russia 1861
freeing of the serfs - Alexander II
problems experienced by Italians after unification
government faced opposition because Italy had no tradition of unity, regional divisions between North and South, disputes with Catholic Chruch (govt granted papacy territory of Vatican - Popes saw themsleves as prisoners and urged Catholics not to support govt.) anarchists wanted to destroy all govt., people experienced limited sufferage, social unrest, urbanization, and rapid population growth
Baatan Death March
May of 1942, the Japanese had gained control of the Philippines, killing several hundred American soldiers and approximately 10,000 Filipino soldiers
reaction of league of nations
condemned Japan for incident so japan just pulled out of league and rescinded agreemnt not to build up navy
why was it called Second Reich
considered heir to Holy Roman Empire
Dom Pedro I
Son and successor of Dom João VI in Brazil; aided in the declaration of Brazilian independence from Portugal in 1822; became constitutional emperor of Brazil.
Significance of phrase "Africa for Africans"
used to encourage nationalism and an end to colonial rule, united Africans in desire for independence
type of government formed by Victor Emmanuel
constitutional monarchy with two house legislature
goal of conservatives in the Concert of Europe
restore political and social order that existed before French Revolution
source of conflict between Cavour and Girabaldi
Cavour feared Garabaldi would set up rival land in South; turned over conquered territories to Victor Emmanuel
ultranationalists
extreme nationalists
Cold War
1945-1991
The Crusades
1095-1291
boycott
refuse to buy
Zhou Dynasty: Politics
Feudalism
Teotihuacan Civilizations
300-700 CE
Industrial Revolution
18th-19th Century
Muhammad founded Islam
622 AD
Neolithic: Economics
Beginning of trade
Mesopotamia: Date
Around 3000 BC
Marcus Garvey
Jamaican; 'Africa for Africans"
Duma
national legislature created by Alexander III; first one dissolved when criticized govt.
Nationalists
wanted independence from foreign rule
Neolithic: Political
Formal political organization (Monarchies)
Egypt: Known for...
Pyramids of Giza
Darius the Great: Dates
522-486 BC
civil disobedience
refusal to pay unjust laws
Pan-Arabism
nationalist movement built on shared Arab heritage
pogrom
violent mob attacks on Jewish people
Federalists
Latin American politicians who wanted policies, especially fiscal and commercial regulation, to be set by regional governments rather than centralized national administrations; often supported by politicians who described themselves as liberals.
Leaders of Greek City States
Athnes, Sparta
Paleolithic Era: Religion
Ancestor and animal worship
Buddhism
4 Noble Truths, attachment to materialistic things, no god, rejected the caste system
realpolitick
realistic policies based on need of state; Bismark was master of this
Modernization Theory
The belief that the more industrialized, urban, and modern a society became, the more social change and improvement were possible as traditional patterns and attitudes were abandoned or transformed; used as a blueprint for.
Porfirio Díaz
One of Juárez's generals; elected president of Mexico in 1876; dominated Mexican politics for 35 years; imposed strong central government.
Conservatives
beleived talk of natural rightss and constitutional government could only lead to chaos
Peloponnesian War: VS
Sparta vs Athens- Sparta Won
Roman Empire Divided
End of the 4th century
Taoism
All life is independent
More of a protest movement
Exist in harmony with nature
Less government the better
Valued: Patience, selflessness, and concern for others
Amritsar Massacre
convinced Indians that India needed to govern itself
Manchurian Incident
japanese militray set up excuse to seize Manchuria; blamed Chinese for attack; set up puppet state; japanese govt didnt know; public sided with military
reforms of Alexander II
zemstovs, emancipation, legal reforms, encouraged growth of industry but still insisted on absolute power of state and used repression to keep it
Iron Chancellor
Bismarck - chancellor is second in command to kaiser
Augustín de Iturbide
Conservative Creole officer in Mexican army who signed agreement with insurgent forces of independence; combined forces entered Mexico City in 1821; later proclaimed emperor of Mexico until its collapse in 1824.
Panama Canal
An aspect of American intervention in Latin America; resulted from United States support for a Panamanian independence movement in return for a grant to exclusive rights to a canal across the Panama isthmus; provided short route from Atlantic to Pacific Ocean; completed 1914.
Turkey and Greece
countries United States first apply the Truman Doctrine, which stated that the U.S. would provide military and economic assistance to any nation under the threat of communism
Persian Wars
Persia VS Athens and Sparta- Athens won
City-State: Religion
Each city-state had a god and recognized other city-states' gods.
First Kaiser
William I - emperor of Second Reich (empire)
causes of 1905 Russian Revolution
Bloody Sunday, worker discontent, desire for a liberal constitution, Russo-Japanese war
General Douglas Macarthur
led United States Marines in the summer of 1942 as the United States began a campaign to gradually move American forces (island hopping) toward the mainland of Japan
Zhou Dynasty: Religion
"Mandated of Heaven"- Power to the ruler came from Heaven
Relationship with Kush & Egypt
Kush greatly influenced by Egypt
Hammurabi Code
Eye for an eye, tooth for a tooth
Twenty One Demands
Japan to China during WWI to become protectorate; infuriated Chinese nationalists
Bismarck reaction to socialist movement after his campaign failed
Realpolitick; changed course to woo workers away from socialism; Germany workers given health and accident insurance, retirement benefits; Germany pioneer in social reform
José de San Martin
Leader of independence movement in Rio de la Plata; led to independence of the United Provinces of the Rio de la Plata by 1816; later led independence movement in Chile and Peru as well.
Ghandi's methods to resist British rule
civil disobedience, boycott of british goods, increased own industries to be self sufficient
how desire for national independence among ethnic groups weakened and ultimately destroyed Austrian and Ottoman empires
Austria- Dual Monarchy, giving Hungary own constitution. Other groups wanted National fredom; Ottoman empire, various ethnic groups wanted independence, European powers competing for influence supported some them
Kaiser William II's social welfare program
William II resisted efforts to introduce democratic reforms but did provide programs for citizens.
Early Civilizations: Religion
Rise of priests who were in charge of distributing agricultural goods
position of Indians after WWI
felt British not deliver on promise of self-rule, despite Indians help in war, Armristar massacre cemented feelings of dissatisfaction
steps Francis Joseph took to maintain his power
limited social reforms, granted a constitution that set up a legislature
Fall of the Egyptian Empire
945 BC: Ramses III tried to conquer Syria
why did tsars swing back and forth between repression and reform
wanted to prevent unrest but feared reforms would lead to loss of power, so cracked down to prevent this
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