1920s Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Britain
-
immunity
freedom from prosecution
presbetarian
control by member votes.
Andrew Jackson
terms: 1829-1837 real democracy
D-Day
Land-sea-air operation in Normandy, France, on June 6, 1944, that broke German lines
automobile
became more affordable and neccesary as suburbs grew and led to a huge market for other related industries; Model T
President Thomas Jefferson
3rd president. 1801-1809; Democratic-Republican; nformal presidency; favored smaller central gov; made presidential role smaller and less complex; decreased size of army and Navy; cut spending
Great Awakening
Religious rival from 1720s-1740s.Swept through the colonies.
Republic
nation in which voters choose representatives to govern them
Spoils System
Practice of replacing government employees with the winning candidate's supporters.
Thomas Edison
American inventor best known for inventing the electric light bulb, acoustic recording on wax cylinders, and motion pictures. (p. 703)
Nature
1836, emerson's best known essay; in the quest for self-fulfillment individuals should work for a common communion with the natural world. This was Emerson's own Declaration of Independence. SIG: shift from enlightenment to emotion of romanticism. Head to heart, intellect to emotion, deism to pantheism. God is in everything.
potlatches
special events, The Chinooks of the Northwest held _____ to share their wealth.
Radical Reconstruction
when republicans in congress took charge of reconstruction
balck panthers
black revolutionary party founded in 1966 that endorsed violence as a means of social change, many of its leaders were killed in confrontation with police or imprisoned...
Jefferson
secretary of state. wanted a weak central government and state rights. believed wealth was based on the amount of land owned. political party: democratic republicans
Patriot Act
This contraversial 2001 law allows anti-terrorism authorities to monitor e-mail and Internet traffic in order to prevent terrorist attacks. The government argues that cyberspace is public domain and that no warrants should be needed to access information.
Hernando Cortes
Spanish conquistador who defeated the Aztecs and conquered Mexico (1485-1547)
William McAdoo
Secretary of the Treasury that became director-general for the railroads
Founding Fathers
this term applies to those individuals who played a major role in declaring U.S. independence, fighting the Revolutionary War, of writing and adopting the U.S. constitution. They include Thomas Jefferson, George Washington, and James Madison
strong burst of national pride and the desire for an aggressive foreign policy.
Jingoism
Roosevelt
______led the Rough Riders up San Juan Hill
Mayflower Compact
1620 - The first agreement for self-government in America. It was signed by the 41 men on the Mayflower and set up a government for the Plymouth colony.
Roger Williams
He founded Rhode Island for separation of Church and State. He believed that the Puritans were too powerful and was ordered to leave the Massachusetts Bay Colony for his religious beliefs.
Deportation
the expulsion from a country of an undesirable alien
Pierre le Moyne Iberville
Discoverd mississippi, New Orleans, mobile
Political Machines
organization runs a city using bribery and favors in exchange for votes to his liking controlling the election
Push factors
Extreme poverty, lack of food (Irish potato famine) Population growth and lack of land, political/ religious persecution, desire to be with family members who had immigrated, economic decline in Europe, agriculturally based economies of many European towns and villages declined as a result of the Industrial Revolution ,farmers did not mechanize, local craftspeople couldn't compete with city factories, overpopulation leaves little land
starvation, famine, natural disasters: Italy More people competed for fewer resources such as land, food, and jobs, jews living in Russia, stripped of legal rights, pogroms, 1880- 1920 over 2 million Jews - 1/3 of Europe's Jewish Population, Greeks, Turks, Poles, wars/ freedom from military service
Family disputes, desire to adventure,easier- transportation , communication
george gershwin
music composer who created a new sound of amercian jazz
Battle of Yorktown
Last major battle of the Revolutionary War. Cornwallis and his troops were trapped in the Chesapeake Bay by the French fleet. He was sandwiched between the French navy and the American army. He surrendered October 19, 1781.
Credit Mobilier
dummy corporations set up by the Union Pacific Railroad to have the government give them the money to build the railroads
Representative Government
the form of government in which voters elect people to make
laws for them, developed by the people in the Virginia colony
national defense student loans
loans established by the U.S. government in 1958 to encourage the teaching and study of science and modern foreign languages.
Cumberland Road
The National Road built by the Federal government in response to a demand for a road to tie together the East with the early West
Coercive Acts
This series of laws were very harsh laws that intended to make Massachusetts pay for its resistance. It also closed down the Boston Harbor until the Massachusetts colonists paid for the ruined tea. Also forced Bostonians to shelter soilders in their own homes.
Lexington and Concord
first "battles"; meant to get supplies from militia, but shots exchanged between minutemen and the british as the british continued to concord; Americans ambushed british, killing 300
General Edward Braddock
-sent w/ 2 regiments to VA by British
-1755- marched w/ GW & 2,100 men to Fort Duquesne
-died against fight w/ 900 French/ indian troops
Thomas Jefferson the Cabinet member
-middle class and lower class
-against the bank and Alexander Hamilton
raw materials,markets,control over ports and business
What set up everything for U.S. Protctorate?
Assasination of James A. Garfield
Didn't do what the political machines wanted him to
Shot July 2, 1881
Chester A. Arthur was Stalwart & VP, but when he became president he was a reformer
Union Blockade: Monitor vs Merrimack
The union was guarding the confederate coastline with their navy to prevent the confederates from receiving any supplies causing southern trade to badly suffer. So the Confederacy turned one of their old boats into an ironclad gunboat and named it the Merrimack. The union sent their ironclad boat (the Monitor) to battle it and won.
what caused the republican party to be torn apart?
the split betweenclay and jackson
How did the invention of the cotton gin affect Native Americans?
As cotton farming moved westward, Native Americans were forced off their land.
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