Medical Combining Forms 2 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
cec/o
cecum
chromat/o
color
bi/o
life
arteri/o
artery
audit/o
hearing
aur/o
ear
dipl/o
double
episi/o
vulva
erythem/o
red
cry/o
cold
corp/o
body
cruci/o
cross
aer/o
air
Gravid-
Pregnant
coccyg/o
coccyx (tailbone)
emphys/o
to inflate
bil/i
bile, gall
Or-
Mouth (oral)
Chondr-
Cartliage (chondrocyte)
Gloss-
Tongue (hyproglossal)
Orchido-
Testes (cryptorchidism)
Dactyl-
Digits (polydactyly)
Hyster-
Uterus (hysterectomy)
Ren-
Kidneys (renal)
Hydr-
Water (hydrated)
Hist-
Tissue (histology)
Odont-
Tooth (orthodontist)
Ped-
Children (pediatican)
Phleb-
Vein (phlebitis)
Cost-
Rib (costal)
Oophor-
Ovary (oophorectomy)
Opthalm-
Eye (opthalmology)
Pod-
Foot (orthopedist)
Colpo-
Vagina (colposcopy)
Mast-
Breast (mastectomy)
Meningo-
Membrane (memingitis)
Mamm-
Breast (mammography)
Lith-
Stone (lithiasis)
Sten-
Narrow (stenosis)
Blephar-
Eyelid (blepharitis)
Tox-
Poison (toxic)
Neuro-
Nerve (neuroma)
Zygoo-
Joined (zygote)
Viscer-
Organ (visceral)
Lipo-
Fat (liposuction)
Labi-
Lip (labial)
Scler-
Hard (arteriosclerosis)
Lingua-
Tongue (lingual)
bacteri/o
bacteria (singular, bacterium)
 
bacteriuria - bacteria in the urine
ankyl/o
stiffness; bent, crooked
 
ankylosis - abnormal condition of stiffness
dur/o
dura mater; hard
conjuctiv/o
conjunctiva
 
conjuctival - pertaining to the conjunctiva
clavicul/o
clavicule (collar bone)
 
calvicular - pertaining to the clavicle
bronchi/o
bronchus (bronchi)
 
brochiectasis - dialation of (one or more) bronchi
epiglott/o
epiglottis
 
epiglottitis - inflamation of the epiglottis
cholecyst/o
gallbladder
 
cholecystectomy - removal of the gallbladder
esaphag/o
esophagus
 
esophagoscope - instrument used to examine the esophagus
Derma-, Dermato-
Skin (derematitis)
Oss-, Osteo-
Bone (ossification)
Malign-
Bad, Harmful (malignant)
Ilio-
Ilium (iliosactal (pelvis))
Laparo-
Loin, Abdomen (laparoscopy)
Hem-, Hermat-
Blood (hematoma)
Morpho-
Shape, Form (morphology)
Phren-
Diaphragm (phrenic nerve)
Chrom-, Chromat-
Color (hyperchromic)
Phon-
Vocie, Sound (phonograph)
Capit-
Head (to decapitate)
Cerebro-
Brain (cerebrospinal fluid)
Phag-
To Eat (phagocytosis)
Vas-
Vessel, Duct (vascular)
Procto-
Anus, Rectum (proctocologist)
Psycho-
Soul, Mind (psychologist)
Part-
Birth, Labor (parturition)
choroid/o
choroid
 
choroidopathy - disease of the coroid
azot/o
nitrogenous compounds
 
azotemia - nitrogenous compounds in the blood
balan/o
glans penis
 
balanoplasty - surgical repair of the glans penis
cerebr/o
cerebrum
 
cerebrotomy - incision of the cerebrum
cheil/o
lip
 
cheiloplasty - surgical repair of a defective lip
embol/o
embolus (plug)
 
embolectomy - removal of an embolus
adenoid/o
adenoids
 
adenoidectomy - excision of adenoids
cycl/o
ciliary body of eye;
circular;
cycle
 
cycloplegia - paralysis of the ciliary body
dacry/o
tear; lacrimal apparatus
(duct,sac, or gland)
 
dacryoma - tumorlike swelling of the lacrimal duct
dermat/o
skin
 
dermatoplasty - surgical repair of the skin
adren/o
adrenal glands
 
adrenomegaly - enlargement of adrenal glands
encephal/o
brain
 
encephalocele - herniation of the brain
colp/o
vagina
 
colposcopy - visual examination of the vagina
adrenal/o
adrenal glands
 
adrenalectomy - excision of (one or both) adrenal glands
erythr/o
red
 
erythrocyte - red cell
Myelo-
Marrow, Spinal Cord (polimyelitis)
Bucc-
Cheek (the buccal muscle)
Stasis-, Satat-
Stand Still (homeostasis)
Soma-, Somato-
Body (somatotropic hormone)
cholangi/o
bile vessel
 
cholangiole - small terminal portion of the bile duct
anthrac/o
coal, coal dust
 
anthracosis - abnormal condition of coal dust (in the lungs)
aden/o
gland
 
adenoid - resembling a gland
cephal/o
head
 
cephalad - toward the head
angi/o
vessel (usually blood or lymph)
 
angioplasty - surgical repair of a blood vessel
anter/o
front
 
anterior - pertaining to the front
carp/o
carpus (wrist bone)
 
carpoptosis - wrist drop
cardi/o
heart
 
cardiology - specialist in the study of & treatment of the heart
core/o
pupil
 
coreometer - instrument for measuring the pupil
cyan/o
blue
 
cyanotic - pertaining to blueness
dent/o
teeth
 
dentist - specialist who diagnosis & treats diseases & disorders of teeth
acid/o
acid
 
acidic - pertaining to acid
crin/o
secrete
 
endocrinology - study of endocrine glands (& their functions)
Acr-, Acro-
Extremity (acromegaly (excessive growth of jaw, fingers, toes) or acrobat)
brachi/o
arm
 
brachialgia - pain in the arm
ather/o
fatty plaque
 
atheroma - tumor of fatty plaque
col/o
colon
 
colostomy - creation of an opening between the colon & the abdominal wall
cervic/o
neck; crvix uteri (neck of uterus)
 
cervical - pertaining to the neck
 
cervicitis - inflamation of the cervix
Cili-
Eyelash or hairlike projections in cells
Sep-, Septioic-
Toxic Condition due to microbes (septicemia)
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