Medical Terminology -Integumentary Flashcards

Terms Definitions
ungual
myc/o
fungus
derm/o
skin
vesic/o
bladder
hidr/o
sweat
dermat/o
skin
py/o
pus
rhytid/o
wrinkle
hair
organ
trich/o
hair
bi/o
life
anti-virals
pil/o
hair
pmucj/o
nail
adipose
fatty tissue
pruritus
severe itching
erythroderma
red skin
sebaceous glands
organ
xeroderma
dry skin
ichthy/o
scaly, dry
subcutaneous
beneath the skin
onychomalacia
softening of nails
pediculosis
infestation with lice
scabicide
agent lethal to mites
antipruritic
agent that reduces itching
sudoriferous
sweat - producing glands
melanocyte
cell that produces melanin
suppurative
containing or producing pus
pyoderma
pus producing skin infection
-tome
instrument used to cut
seborrhea
excessive discharge of sebum
onychectomy
excision of a nail
perspiration
another term for sweating
erythema
abnormal redness of the skin
hyperhidrosis
profuse sweating; increased or excessive perspiration; may be caused by heat, menopause, or infection
verruca
wart; caused by a virus
onychopathy
any disease of the nails
rubella
contagious viral skin infection; commonly called German Measles
antipruritics
substance that reduces severe itching.
hypodermic
pertaining to under the skin
onychomycosis
abnormal condition of nail fungus
anhidrosis
abnormal condition of no sweat
varicella
contagious viral skin infection; commonly called chickenpox
trichomycosis
abnormal condition of hair fungus
dermatopathy
general term for skin disease
epidermal
pertaining to upon the skin
psoriasis
chronic skin disease characterized by itchy, red, silvery - scaled patches
nodule
a small node or circumscribed swelling
transdermal
a method of administering medication through the unbroken skin via patch or ointment
vitiligo
localized loss of skin pigmentation characterized by milk - white patches
eczema
inflammatory condition of the skin characterized by erythema, vesicles, and crusting with scales
dermtologist
a physician specialized in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the integumentary system
keratosis
overgrowth and thickening of the epithelium
nails
a structure in the integumentary system
cyst
fluid filled sac under the skin
chemabrasion
abrasion using chemicals; also called a chemical peel
antifungals
substance that kills fungi infecting the skin
tinea
fungal skin disease resulting in itching, scaling lesions
acne rosacea
hypertrophy of sebaceous glands causing thickening skin generally on the nose, forehead, and cheeks
alopecia
partial or complete loss of hair; baldness
debridement
removal of necrotic or dead tissue from a wound or burn
vesicle
small, fluid - filled, raised lesion; a blister
urticaria
hives; allergic reaction of the skin characterized by eruption of pale red elevated patches
tinea capitis
fungal infection of the scalp; commonly called ringworm
papule
small, solid, circular raised spot on the surface of the skin, often as a result of an inflammation in an oil gland
autograft
skin graft from a person's own body
scleroderma
disorder in which the skin becomes taut, thick, and leather like
sweat glands
glands that produce sweat, which assists the body in maintaining its internal temperature by creating a cooling effect when it evaporates
hyperemia
redness of the skin caused by increased blood flow to the skin
fissure
a deep grove or slit type opening
strawberry hemangioma
congenital collection of dilated blood vessels causing a red birthmark that fades a few months after birth
hypodermis
the deepest layer of skin; composed primarily of adipose
purpura
hemorrhages into the skin and mucous membranes
lipocytes
medical term for cells that contain fat molecules
macule
flat, discolored area that is flush with the skin surface. An example would be a freckle or a birthmark
lipoma
fatty tumor that generally does not metastasize
malignant melanoma
(MM) malignant, darkly pigmented tumor or mole of the skin
dermatome
instrument for cutting the skin or thin transplants of skin
corium
the living layer of skin located between the epidermis and the subcutaneous tissue. Also referred to as the dermis. it contains hair follicles, sweat glands, sebaceous glands, blood vessels, lymph vessels, nerve fibers, and muscle fibers
shingles; herpes zoster
viral infection producing the eruption of highly painful vesicles that may follow a nerve path
melanin
dark pigment present in skin and other parts of the body
lunula
white, crescent - shaped area of a nail
wet gangrene
area of gangrene becoming infected by pus producing bacteria
zenograft
skin graft from an animal of another species (usually pig) also called heterograft
sensory receptors
nerve fibers that are located directly under the surface of the skin. These receptors detect temperature, pain, touch and pressure. The messages for these sensations re conveyed to the brain and spinal cord from the nerve endings in the skin
intradermal
(ID) pertaining to within the skin or injection of medication into the skin
cyanosis
slightly bluish color of the skin due to a deficiency of oxygen and excess of carbon dioxide in the blood. It is caused by a variety of disorders, ranging from chronic lung disease to congenital and chronic heart problems.
hair shaft
older keratinized cells that form most of the length of a hair
heterograft
skin graft from an animal of another species (usually pig) to a human; also called a xenograft
Kaposi's sarcoma
(KS) form of skin cancer frequently seen in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) patients. Consists of brownish-purple papules that spread from the skin and metastasize to internal organs
cutaneous membrane
this is another term for the skin
exfoliative cytology
scraping cells from tissue and then examining them under a microscope
basal layer
the deepest layer of the epidermis. This living layer constantly multiplies and divides to supply cells to replace the cells that are sloughed off the skin surface.
follicle
small sac in the skin from which a hair grows
petechia (plural petechiae)
tiny hemorrhagic spot(s) on the skin less than 3 mm in diameter; see also ecchymosis
contusion
injury caused by a blow to the body; causes swelling, pain, and bruising; the skin is not broken
hair root
deeper cells that divide to grow a hair longer
sebaceous gland
also called oil glands. They produce a substance called sebum that lubricates the skin surface
squamous cell carcinoma
(SCC) epidermal cancer that may go into deeper tissue but does not generally metastasize
biopsy
(Bx, bx) a piece of tissue is removed by syringe and needle, knife, punch, or brush to examine under a microscope. Used to aid in diagnosis.
albinism
a condition in which the person is not able to produce melanin. An albino person has white hair and skin and pupils of the eye are red.
acne vulgaris
a common form of acne occurring in adolescence from an over secretion of the oil glands. It is characterized by papules, pustules, blackheads, and whiteheads.
arrector pili
a small slip of smooth muscle attached to hairs; when this muscle contracts the hair shaft stands up and results in "goose bumps".
basal cell carcinoma
tumor of the basal cell layer of the epidermis. A frequent type of skin cancer that rarely metastasizes or spreads. These cancers can arise on sun-exposed skin.
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