Memory 33 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Steffi Acain
Period 6
semantic memory
memory of facts
Means of preserving information.
Conscious repetition of information
recall recognition
Fill-in-the-blank test questions measure this; matching concepts with their definitions measures this
the activation, often unconsciously, of particular associations in memory
Locating stored information and returning it to your conciousness.
Hardest part of memory process.
Learning new information interferes with recall of older information.
Motivated forgetting
People unknowingly revise memories
Organizing items into familiar, manageble units that often occurs automatically and uses acronyms
Flashbulb Memories
Enduring memories of emotionally charged events that seem permanently seared into the brain
implicit memory
retention independent of conscious recollection; (what you ate for breakfast, what someone was wearing, etc.)
VonRestorff effect
tendency to remember distinctive stimuli better than less distinctive stimuli (remembering Abe Lincoln or JFK in a list of presidents)
Automatic Processing
You automaticallly remember something without having to really give it much thought.
*Where you were last.
Eidetic Memory
Photographic memory particularly of numbers.
Process of choosing which information is to be stored and transforming it into a form that can be saved.
Complex information broken down into broad concepts and further subdivided into categories and subcategories
Acoustic encoding
Encoding of sound, especially words
Lashley's term for the physical trace or etching of a memory in the brain
phonological loop
the speech-based part of working memory that allows for the verbal rehearsal of sounds of words
non-declarative memory
the subsystem within long-term memory that stores motor skills, habits, and simple classically conditioned response; also called implicit memory
sensory registers
memory systems that hold incoming information long enough for it to be processed further
effortful processing
encoding that requires attention and conscious effort
Memory that is about meaning, general knowledge of the world, facts.
Example: "50 states"
Retrograde Amnesia
Memory loss prior to the trauma.
*Don't remember getting into the car.
proactive interference
the disruptive effect of prior learning on the recall of new information
The weakening and fading of memories with the passage of time
Iconic memory
Momentary sensory memory of visual stimuli
semantic network model
a representation of the organizational structure of long-term memory in terms of a network of associated concepts
short-term memory
the memory subsystem that allows for retention and processing of newly required info for a max of about 30sec. (working memory)
In freudian theory, a type of defense mechanism involving motivated forgetting of anxiety-evoking material.
long term memory
the relatively permanent and limitless storehouse of the memory system
source amnesia
attributing to the wrong source an event we have experienced, heard about, read about, or imagined
Memory of a skill, muscle memory, body and mind working together, cerebellum part of brain is involved.
Example: "Playing piano, dancing"
Very powerful
Flashbulb Memory
Tend to remember events under unusual or emotional circumstances and evolutionary significance.
Developed By: Roger Brown and James Kulek in 1977
retroactive interference
the disruptive effect of new learning on the recall of old information
Measure of memory in which the person has only to identify items previously learned
declarative memory
memory of facts and personal info that requires conscious effort to bring to mind (explicit memory)
A word composed of the 2st letters of a series of words
short term memory
activated memory that holds a few items briefly, such as the seven digits of a phone number while dialing, before the information is stored or forgotten
Context Dependent Memory
Information is better retrieved if in context in which it was encoded.
Ex: Why it's better to take test in the same desk you learned it at.
prospective memory
memory of things one plans to do in the future
method of loci
use of familiar locations as cues to recall items that have been associated with them
anterograde amnesia
a loss of memory for any event that occurs after a brain injury
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