Dendrology 2 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
holly family
spurge family
Acer negundoAceraceae
Asimina trilobaAnnonaceae
Cephalanthus occidentalisRubiaceae
Albizia julibrissinFabaceae
Ginkgo bilobaGinkgoaceae
milky white sap
Robinia pseudoacacia
Black locust
eastern redcedar
Juniperus virginianaCupressaceae
deciduous holly
Ilex deciduaAquifoliaceae
paper mulberry
Broussonetia papyriferaMoraceae
tung-oil tree
Aleurites fordiiEuphorbiaceae
Diospyros virginiana Ebonaceae
Salicaceae Salix (sp)
Moraceae Morus (sp)
What family has....Diaphragmed pith
Stipules enclose bud
Fruit is a follicle or samara
Japanese climbing fern
Lygodium japonicumSchizaeaceae
devil's walking stick
Aralia spinosaAraliaceae
Burning Bush
Celastraceae Euonymus olatus

ornamental; winged branches; fruit is red outside, bright orange inside
Arrowwood Viburnum
Caprifoliaceae Viburnum dentatum

pear-shaped serrate leaf; black/purple fruit; a lot of shoots, no central trunk
Japanese Maple
Acer Aceraceae palmatum

American Beech
Fagaceae Fagus grandapolia
Sweet Cherry
Rosaceae Prunus avium
Poison Ivy
Anacardiaceae Toxicodendron radicans
Gray Birch
Betrifolliaceae Betulla populafolia

smooth, white bark
European Beech
Fagaceae Fagus sylbatica
Morus rubra
False terminal bud
Shade tolerant
Polymorphic leaves
Magnolia acuminata
Silvery bud
Loose textured soil
Callery Pear
Rosaceae Pyrus calleryana

leathery pear-shaped leaf; small glossy pome (pear color), fuzzy and large Terminal bud, really peely, light in color bark
Silver Maple
Acer Aceraceae saccharinum

skinny leaf, sideways 'S' form of branches
Service Berry
Rosaceae Amelanchier canadencis

twigs are bendable, form: suckering shoots, cluster, two hand-widths apart
Smooth Sumac
Anacardiaceae rhus glabra

compound leaf looks like ailanthus but stem/petiole is red, white sap petiole, glaceous bloom
Trumpet Creeper
Bignoniaceae Campus radicans

vine; serrate leaf with exaggerated tip; light-brown scaley bark
Northern White Cedar
Coopercaceae Thuaj occidentalis

evergreen flat and round leaves, snowflake-looking; red petioles, brown branches
Sassafras albidum
Polymorphic leaves
Leaves smell like fruit loops
Pioneer species
Chioanthus virginicus
Fringe tree
"Old man's beard"
opposite leaves
showy white flowers
Plantanus occidentalis
Exfoliating bark
Enlarged petiole base that covers bud
Global cluster of achenes
Dunce shaped buds
Alluvial sites
Butcher block
Large eastern hardwood
Red Oak
Fagaceae Quercus rubra

short acorn, top falls off easily; ski track pattern; fuzzy terminal bud
Black Birch
Betulaceae Betula lenta

break off simple leaf and tastes like evergreen; green and red buds have trunk
Aquifoliaceae Ilex glabra

only tip of simple, skinny leaf is serrate, black/dark blue berries; up to 10ft tall
Hophorn Beam
Betulaceae Ostrya virginiana

buds are green on base, brown on tip; leaf is simple, serrate and pubescent on top and bottom; fruit looks like hops
Quecus pagoda
Bark looks like black cherry bark
Largest of the southern oaks
Found on better drained bottom sites
Quercus alba
No bristle tips
Rounded margin and apex
nobby acorn cup
cove sites
Carya ovata
5 leaflets rarely 7
sweet nut
fastest growing hickory
bark breaks in to long plates curving away from the trunk
Quercus rubra
Leaves with 7-11 bristled lobes unsually less than half-way to midrib
Wide "ski trails" on bark
Most important tree of the genus
Upland oak on moist, well-drained sites
"cove sites"
Sapium sebiferum
Chinese tallow 
escaped and a major invasive 
What genus...
Is best known for the edible fruits like cranberries and blueberries
Leaves are alternate, short petioles, deciduous or persistent
Fruit is a small round berry, green to red to black
Shrubs to small trees 
Quercus laevis
turkey oak
Quercus laevis
turkey oak
Foliage often arranged vertically
Falcate lobes
Shaggy cap
Carya laciniosa
shellbark hickory
Twigs are orange-brown with prominent lenticles
Leaves- the lower surface is pale yellow-green, velvety pubescent
Largest nut of all hickories
Liquidambar styraciflua
Multiple of capsules
Goes all the way down to Central America
Most widespread in southern forest
Forms epicormic branches
Carya glabra var. odorata
Usually 7 leaflets sometimes 5
Oval fruit that splits to base
Quercus incana
bluejack oak
Small, poorly formed tree in sandhill scrub oak communities o coastal plain
Frequently found in longleaf pine or slash pine communities
Found on poor sandy soils
Leaves are elliptical, broadest above the middle; 2-4 inches long; may have some shallow bristle tipped lobes; surface is bluish-green above and white wooly below
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