Dental Anatomy Midterm Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Mg
Milligram
per-
throughout
IA
Intra-Arterial
Dx
Diagnosis
Rx
Prescription
-um
structure
-gram
record
-therapy
treament
-osis
abnormal condition
AS
Left ear
AU
both ears
PO
By Mouth
-tomy
cutting into
OS
Left Eye
peri-
around, during
-rrhea
flow, discharge
cutaneous
pertaining to skin
enteric
pertaining to intestines
adduction
movement toward midline
infra-
below or beneath
OTC
Over The Counter
Right
the animal's right
SID
once per day
NPO
Nothing By Mouth
Left
the animal's left
Eod
Every other day
IP
Intraperitonealvia abdominal cavity
 
 
Caudal
 
 
Towards the TAIL
inferior
lowermost, below, toward tail
Premolar Teeth
rostral cheek teeth
rhinoplasty
surgical repair of nose
Gingival
towards the gingiva (gum)
Carpus
Joint of front legs
 
Wrist
 
Knee  (horse)
TID
three times per day
ten
deca-, decem-, dek-, deka-
 
 
Medial
Direction
 
Toward the Median Plane
hemorrhage
blood bursting forth from vessels
cytoplasm
gelatinous material within cell membrane that is not nucleus
nucleus
containg nucleoplasm, chromosomes, and surrounding membrane
Muzzle
Rostral part of the face
hypo-
lower, depressed, less than normal
-scope
instrument used to visually examine
Dental Arch
upper or lower teethDental Arcade
Incisor teeth
most rostral group of teeth
neoplasia
abnormal new growth of tissue, multiplcation of cells is uncontrolled, rapid,and progressive. usually become tumors
hypoplasia
incomplete or less than normal development of cells, tissue, organ
congential
something that is present at birth
anaplasia
changein structure of cells and orientation to each other
cystocentesis
surgical puncture of urinary bladder with needle to remove fluid (urine)
abdominal cavity
contains reproductive and excretory organs, containg visceral layer, parietal layer, and peritoneal fluid
nervous tissue
transmits information around the bodyand controls body function
labial
facial surface of anterior teeth closest to the lips
Which tooth has concresence?
First max molar
facial
toward the face of all teeth
digestive system
digests food, aborption of digested food, elimination of solid wastestomach, intestines
 
 
Median Plane
 
(Midsagittal Plane)
 
 
Sagittal plane that divides the body into *equal* left and right parts
endoscopy
visually examining the inside of the body
epithelial tissue
skin, composed entirely of cells, forms glands that protect, secrete useful substances, and excrete wastes
integumentary system
protection of body, temperature and water regulationskin
embrasure
triangular space between the mesial & distal surface of 2 adjoining teeth.
Fossa
a hollow, grooved depression in a bone.
sphere of monson
____ is the 3D curvature.
macrodontia
___ is abnormally large teeth often seen in incisors and mandibular 3rd molars.
organ
part of the body that performs a special function(s)
Pastern
area of the proximal phalanx of hoofed animals
Plantar
ground surface of hind left distal to tarsus (paw)
 
 
Transverse Plane
divides the body into Cranial (front) and Caudal (rear) parts
lingual
surface of the teeth closest to the toungue
distal
Total arch length and growth is toward the (mesial/distal).
permanent molars
Hypercementosis is most often seen on permanent ____ and occurs after eruption.
mesiodens
___ is hyperdontia that occurs when a tooth is positioned mesial to 2 teeth.
nasmyth's membrane
___ ___ is the enamel cuticle/keratin membrane that covers an erupting tooth. It usually wears away during eruption and may need to be mechanically removed.
Canine Teeth
the teeth located just lateral to the incisor teeth
which premolar has a functional buccal cusp and a non functional lingual cusp
Mandibular first premolar
1st 10-11yrs, 2nd 11-12yrs
Mandibular 1st premolars eruption = __-__ yrs; 2nd premolars eruption = __-__ yrs.
overjet is horizontal, overbite is vertical
Overjet is (horizontal/vertical). Overbite is (horizontal/vertical).
turner's tooth
__ __ is enamel hypoplasia of a permanent tooth. Usually caused by trauma to tooth bud or periapical infection around deciduous tooth.
active eruption
___ eruption is the emergence of tooth into the oral cavity until it meets an antagonist.
how many lobes do anterior teeth have?
four
three labial
one lingiual
lymphatic and immune systems
provide nutrients to and remove wastes from tissues, protect body from harmful substanceswhite blood cells, lymph nodes, tonsils
dilaceration
___ is when a crown and root are not in linear relationship.
what is a labial ridge?
big ridge that runs occlusal-incisally labial surface of K9
1st 6-7yrs; 2nd 11-13yrs; 3rd 17-21yrs
Eruption Dates of permanent mandibular molars: 1st __-__yrs; 2nd __-__yrs; 3rd __-__yrs.
central = 7-8yrs, lateral 8-9yrs
Max central eruption = __-__yrs; max lateral eruption = __-__yrs.
how many lobes do premolars have?
four - three labial, one lingual

exception: mand 2nd premolars
three buccal and two lingual
true generalized microdontia, morphodifferentiation stage
___ ____ ___ is when a regular sized jaw has actually smaller teeth. It is very rare and is usually associated with pituitary dwarfism and cancer therapy during the ____ stage.
how many lobes do first molars have?
five - one for each cusp
max = 11-12yrs; mand = 9-10 yrs
Maxillary canine eruption = __-__ yrs; Mandibular canine eruption = __-__ yrs.
loss of primary anterior = 8-9years; eruption of mandibular canine = 9-10yrs
The Ugly duckling stage occurs at age __-__ with the loss of the primary anteriors and eruption of permanent incisors followed by the eruption of the mandibular canine at approx age __-__.
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