Dental assistant vocab Flashcards

Terms Definitions
pt record
Oral Serine
assistant's zone
light cure
specialist correcting maloclusion
Anatomical Crown
whole tooth
oil of cloves
Amalgam Instruments
explorermirrorscissorscotton pliersdycal applicatoramalgam carrieramalgam wellburnishercondenser/pluggercleoid-discoidinterproximal carverspoon excavatorarticulating paper and holderwedgesmatrix bandsmatrix band holder
procedure code
dental id code
Outer layer of tooth
root of the tooth
x-ray is straight on
composite instruments
mirrorexplorercotton pliersdycal applicatorplastic instrument
8, 9, 24, 25
treats diseases of the periodontum
oral pathologists
pecialist regarding dental disease
double bow/butterfly. used for anterior teeth
Upper PA
x-ray is pointed downward
powder-liquid 2 component system. mixed quickly on a paper disposable mixing pad. Hardens on its own w/i minutes or can be light-cured to speed up the process.
composite material
composite gun, composite capsule
Endo instruments
150/150-s151/151-s23 forceps301, 34 elevatorscryer elevatorsroot picksperiosteal elevatorseldin retractorminnesota retractorsurgical suctiondean scissorsneedle holder
high speed handpiece
initial cavity preparation
First Molars
3, 14, 19, 30
Temporomandibular joint.
It is the joint in the skull in which the condyle of the mandible rotates to open the lower jaw. 
specialist delaing w artificial tooth replacement
outer surface of anterior teeth only.
the cutting surface (anterior), canine to canine
Pulp Chamber
The beginning of the pulp
AKA: w7 used for lower molars
resin modified glass ionomer cements. RelyX. PERMANENT CEMENT.
150 Forceps
Universal UPPER arch extraction forceps. Can extract any exposed tooth in the UPPER arch. The PEDO version is the 150-S forceps.
Infection following surgery is rare but if swelling and discomfort worsens after the 4th day following surgery along w/ a foul taste, fever, and difficulty swalling, contact the office or emergency number immediately.
topical anesthetic
litocane and zylocaine.first initial process to numb mucosa.
mix amalgam using premixed capsules, dump mixture into AMALGAM WELL and begin to load AMALGAM CARRIER.
Front/fwd part of mouth. 6-11, 22-27
The softer, underlying layer beneath the enamel.
office procedure manual
manuscript requiring everything about dental office
the surface of the tooth facing forward, towards the anterior of the mouth.
digital sensor
$6,000-$8,000 (pops up in 2 seconds)
Nogenol Cement
does NOT have eugenol. TEMPORARY CEMENT.
Copalite varnish
sealant for dentin before amalgam fillings.*Copalite varnish is NEVER used w/ bonding or composite procidures.
Ice Packs
Used in major extraction cases immediately after the surgery (post-op) to reduce the swelling. Usually the method is to place the ice pack on the face for 15 minutes ON, then 15 minutes OFF, for the next 8 hours.
An inflammation of the gingiva caused by plaque.
it is important to maintain good nutrition following surgery. Eat a lukewarm soft diet the day of the surgery. Do not drink thru a straw. Eat whatever u can the day after surgery but stay away from hard, chewy foods. Drink plenty of fluids.
Porcelain Crowns
Most natural looking restoration that can be made in the dental lab. There is NO METAL substructure or "coping" under the porcelain.
This instrument is useful in removing hardened cement from around a newly cemented crown or bridge. It has sharp, pointed ends.
The bone which contains the lower teeth. The word "mandibular" also refers to any structures in the lower jaw.
The hard tissue which all teeth securely reside within.
oral and maxillofacial surgeon
specialist who provides dental surgical care
Refers to the outer surface (next to the cheeks and lips) of any tooth, sometimes further subdivided.
on upper teeth only, the tooth surface on the palate side.
Rubber dam materials
frame, forceps, rubber dam, punch, clamp, floss.
sharps containers
Red. used for needles and scalpels. *you can put bloody 2x2 gauze in the sharp container.
poured up immediately. water temp is a factor. hot: set faster. Cold: Set slower.
2 common scalpel blades are the #12 blade and the #15 blade. This brand is completely disposable.
Dean Scissors
Long, curved scissors used to cut sutures and tissue. The bend of the blades helps in limited access areas such as the third molar area.
Surgical Suction
Differs from regular HVE suction tips in that the surgical suction tips are much narrower to be able to remove debris and blood from small areas such as tooth sockets.
tea bags
Tea bags are useful to control bleeding at home. If bleeding seems to e excessive at home, wet a tea bag w/ warm water and place it over the bleeding areas, bite down firmly for one to 2 hours and bleeding should stop.
This liquid is a blood clotting agent which is sometimes used to help stop bleeding around a prepared tooth. Blood will prevent the impression material from accurately flowing around the tooth and must be eliminated. The RETRACTION CORD is sometimes dipped in this prior to packing, or a cotton pellet can be used to wipe around the gums. Hemodent has become sort of a generic name for any brand of blood clotting chemical agent. Another popular brand is Astrigident, often loaded into disposable syringes. The needle tips have small brushes which enable the chemical to be scrubbed into the bleeding area to stop it quickly.
Cotton pellets
These are useful in many procedures including C&B. They can be dipped in blood clotting agents (HEMODENT) using cotton pliers and scrubbed around a prepared tooth to stop the bleeding which sometimes occurs during tooth preparation.
metal shell temps
Easily and quickly made, but unesthetic due to their metal color. An impression fo the tooth is NOT needed as the crown shells are prefabricated in various sizes. A caliper or small ruler will help determine the size of the metal temporary to be selected. Measure the space from the distal of the anterior tooth to the mesial of the posterior tooth adjacent to the one being prepared. You ca then find the appropriate size in the assortment which is also divided into RIGHT, LEFT, UPPER and LOWER teeth.The METAL SHELL TEMP is then tried in the mouth to verifity that the fit and your selection are correct. If it is slightly high, have the patient bite gently so as to bend and crimp the soft metal on the occlusal to fit properly. IF the metal shell is too long, then trim to a shorter length with the CROWN AND BRIDGE SCISSORS so that the gingival margin of the temp does not impinge on the gums. The metal temp is then cemented in the patient's mouth w/ a very THICK mix of IRM CEMENT. fill the metal shell crown nearly full w/ IRM, place the temp onto the tooth and have the patient gently bite it into place. Before the cement is completely hardened, remove the excess which has extruded using an explorer or cotton swab.
crown and bridge instruments
scalercord packercrown and bridge scissorscord instrumentmixing spatula
articulating paper
the bite is checked with articulating paper using the articulating paper holder.
mix Dycal (or other liner such as glass ionomer cement) and apply with DYCAL INSTRUMENT.
refers to the outer left and right part of the body.
The part of the mandible which is approximately horizontal in an upright person and contains the teeth.
The part of the mandible which turns vertically towards the skull and allows rotation of the mandible via the TMJ.
Pulp Canal
The continuation of the pulp chamber as it narrows into the tooth roots. It contains the nerves and blood vessels which enter and exit the apex of the tooth and are responsible for the nourishment of the pulp tissue of the tooth.
Periodontal Membrane
The network of thousands of hair-like ligaments between the root and bone which serve to act as a shock absorber for the tooth and hold the tooth in the bony socket.
Gingival Margin
Where the tooth stops and the gum begins
6. last increment
doctor will recreate the anatomy of the tooth. hand doctor the ball burnisher/acorn (for composite only)
1. caries indicator
FIRST: drill out decay. The CARIES INDICATOR makes SURE all the decay is double checks for decay...(rinse off after 10 seconds w/ high suction and air and water)
2. place matrix
place wedge and composite tight). use forceps to hug it around the tooth
root picks
Very long, slender and pointed and are used to remove root tips which have broken off below the surface of the bone.
301, 34 Elevators
Look like small screwdrivers and are useful for loosening the teeth prior to grasping with the forceps.The smaller numbered elevators have WIDER tips. Often the teeth can be removed with just these elevators, and the forceps are not needed.
normal ozzing may occur for up to 24 hrs or more following surgery and is controlled by firm biting pressure on several gauze pads placed over the tooth socket. Keep gauze packs in mouth until you eat. Replace them after eating and keep them 'til bedtime. If bleeding is brisk and fills the mouth quickly, call the telephone numbers listed imidiately.
Mixing spatula
A thin bladed spatula used to mix various cements used in C&B.
Acrylic (plastic) temps
These are custom made chair-side by the doctor or the assistant from a mold of the patient's own tooth prior to it being prepared for a crown.
Mental Foramen
The opening in the mandible just below the bicuspid area which allows a branch of the mandibular nerve (the nerve innervating all the lower teeth) to exit and innervate the lower lip.
Periosteal Elevator
has a spoon shaped end and a pointed end and is used to seperate the gums from the underlying bone.
Temp bond
This is a weak cement used to cement ACRYLIC TEMPORARIES onto the tooth until the permanent one returns from the lab. A permanent crown or bridge can also be cemented with this if it is desired to remove them at some future date. It comes in two tubes and must be mixed on a mixing pad like DYCAL.
Implant crowns and bridges
Crowns and bridges made over dental implants are done in areas of the mouth which are missing teeth. The procedure for implant crowns in approximately the same as for natural teeth.
Ion crown forms
these are like the metal shell temps in that they are shaped and sied to match actual teeth, however they are made of tooth colored plastic. Thus, they are more suitable for anterior temporaries which esthetics is of primary concern.
Tofflemire and wedge
to make a wall around the tooth (M.O.D.) you would put a wedge in the gum to reinforce the tofflemire.
Mandibular Foramen
the opening on the MEDIAL side of the RAMUS which allows the nerve from the brain to enter the mandible and innervate the lower teeth. A branch exits the MENTAL FORAMEN.
PORCELAIN inlays and onlays
Usually bonded to the tooth using an all-resin cement together with the usual bonding procedures.
5. pass doctor composite gun and condenser
doctor usually use composite in increments because the light cure can only cure 2 millimeteres. repeat til tooth is filled with composite.
Gun type plastic temps
This is used in a similar manner as Snap, Jet and Trim acrylics except, there is no mixing of powder and liquid in a dappen dish. This material is injected directly from the gun into the pre-op impression of the tooth which is then seated in the patients mouth. It should be removed in exactly 2 minutes (verify with the brand u are using), then tried on and off to prevent getting stuck. It is then trimmed using ACRYLIC BURS, polished and cemented w/ TEMP BOND or other temporary cement. Any voids or bubbles in the temporary can be repaired w/ light-cured FLOWABLE COMPOSITE.
MIXING - polycarboxylate cement/duralon
1. Mix powder and liquid quickly to a creamy consistency.2. Mix on a disposable mixing pad for easy cleanup, there is no need to use a glass slab.3. Measure both poder and liquid.**Three slow drops from the bottle dispenser OR 1 full increment (large line to large lnie) on the syringe.dispenser.
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