English. Phonics involves teaching children to connect sounds with letters or groups of letters (e.g., that the sound /k/ can be represented by c, k, or ck spellings) and teaching them to blend the sounds of letters together to produce approximate pronunciations of unknown words.
Directed, methodical, or planned
Automatic word recognition, rapid decoding, checking for meaning
|automatic word recognition skills-- and how to teach||
a written or printed symbol representing a phoneme
reading to learn- having knowledge (cognition) and understanding, control over and appropriate use of that knowledge
Words pronounced alike but different in meaning or derivation and spelling (to, too, two)
Also- homograph! A word which is spelled and pronounced identically to another word, but which has a different meaning. For example, a swimming POOL versus a POOL table.
understanding of ideas that are directly stated
the smallest unit of speech that distinguishes one word from another
t of tug
r of rug
clues to word meanings or pronunciation found in the surrounding words or sentences
the rules which govern the grammatical relationship between words and other units within a sentence
Two successive consonants where both sounds are heard
A reference in literature to a familiar person, place, thing or event
Words spelled alike but are different in meaning and derivation or pronunciation ((verb: conduct, noun: conduct)
|Define letter-sound knowledge:||
Students with letter-sound
knowledge have learned the
common sounds of letters, letter combinations, and spelling patterns, and how they can blend the sounds of letters together to read words.
The ability to associate sounds with letters and use these sounds to form words.
The teacher says each sound, for example, "/b/, /ɑ/, /l/" and students respond with the word, "ball."
Written record of a student's oral reading
Whether the test results are likely to be repeated with a similar examinee test group
|Book Handling Skills||
Building print awareness by getting books into a students hands
- Grasp book and put it in the mouth
- Helps to turn the page or does it ackwardly
- Turns it right side up
the study of linguistic meaning in a language, including words, phrases and sentences
The ability to read, write, speak, and understand words
The teacher says a word, for example, "ball," and students say the individual sounds, /b/, /ɑ/, and /l/.
clues derived from the word order in sentences
A word to which prefixes and suffixes may be added to make other words
|What is rhyming?||
Matching the ending sounds of words; rhyming and alliteration are at the beginning of the phonological awareness continuum
Two or more smaller words. May or may not be hyphenated
in which one can turn a word (such as "cat") into another (such as "hat") by substituting one phoneme (such as /h/) for another (/c/). Phoneme substitution can take place for initial sounds (cat-hat), middle sounds (cat-cut) or ending sounds (cat-can).
|-r controlled vowels||
When a vowel is followed by an r, it makes a special sound. These are called r-controlled vowels, or r-colored vowels. These phonemes are as follows:
/ar/ sound as in car, guitar, Arthur
/âr/ sound as in care, bear, mare, scare, aquarium
/îr/ sound as in pier
/ir/ sound as in turnip, spider, certificate, and beaver
/or/ sound as in manor, observatory, author, brought, and orchard
/er/ sound as in butter, cutter, and mother