Muscle Test Review Flashcards

Biceps brachii muscle
Terms Definitions
-clavius
clavicle
pronation
palm down
Orbicularis Oris
Mouth!
Styloglossus
 
insertion
inferolateral tongue
sternocleidomastoid
one: rotates neck
Bicep Femoris
Outer Hamstring.
nuchal
back of neck
Transversospinalis Rotatores
O-Transverse processesI-Spinous process one aboveA-Rotates spineN-Posterior primary rami
Biceps Brachii (Insertion)
Radial Tuberosity
 
 
FRONTALIS
1. A- raising eyebrows
platysma*
depresses mandible
O: deltoid
I: mandible
Trapezius
Extends neck, retracts scapula
iliac fossa
iliopsoas (iliacus origin)
Multifidus-Transversospinalis
spans 2-4 vertebraeLsuperomedially extension & contralateral rotationN: dorsal rami of spinal nervesB: posterior intercostal arteries/lumbar arteries
Innervation of External Intercostals
intercostals
biceps brachii
flexes arm and forearm
Mentalis
Origin:  Mandible near inferior incisorsInsertion:  Skins of chin at mental protuberanceAction:  Elevates and protrudes lower lip in drinking, pouting, and expressions of doubt or disdain; elevates and wrinkles skin of chinInnervation:  Facial n.
What do myofiliments contain?
Contractile proteins.
zygomaticus
raises lateral corners of mouth(smiling)
scalene
web of neck
next to sternocleidomastoid
Teres minor
(Musculotendinous cuff(rotator cuff)) rotator-lateral rotation of arm
Escape
Reducing discomfort by leaving frustrating situations or by psychologically withdrawing from them is referred to as escape.
Popliteus
Origin: Lateral epicondyle of femur
Insertion: Tibia
Action: Flexes knee
splenius insertion
temporal and occipital bone
dense bodies
organize myofilaments of smooth muscle
Pectoralis Minor
Origin: Ribs #3-#5Insertion: Coracoid Process of ScapulaFunction: Depression and Protraction of Scapula. Expands Ribcage
Platysma
Origin:  Fascia of deltoid and pectoralis majorInsertion:  Mandible; skin and subcutaneous tissue of lower faceAction:  Draws lower lip and angle of mouth downward in expressions of horror or surprise; may aid in opening mouth widelyInnervation:  Facial n.
Teres Minor (Insertion)
Greater tubercle of humerus
sternohyoid
N: C1-3manubrium to body of hyoid
Extensor Carpi Radialis
Origin: Humerus (Lateral Epicondyle)
Insertion: Metacarpal Bones
Action: Extends, Abducts Wrist
teres major*
adducts and rotates arm
O: scapula
I: humerus
Insertion of Gracilis
medial surface of tibia
Latissimus dorsi
extends humerus, adducts humerus (wwimming)
medial plantar n.
flexor digitorum brevis innervation
Elevation
Elevation refers to upward movement of a part of the body.
Triceps Brachii
O: scapula and humerusI: ulna
Origin: inferior ramus of pubisInsertion: tibiaAction: flexes tibiaThigh - medial
Vastus intermedius
Insertion of Transversus Abdominus
xiphoid, linea alba
tendons
formed from endomysium, perimysium and epimysium that extend beyond each skeletal muscle fiber and connects to bone:aponeurosis
zygomaticus
 
insertion
skin and muscle at corner of mouth
Temporalis (muscles of Mastication)
O:frontal, parietal; INS:mandible; ACT:elevates and retracts mandible (closes jaw); INNERV:CN5 (trigeminal)
Internal Oblique (Origin)
Iliac Crest, Inguinal Ligament, Lumbodorsal Fascia
Triceps Brachii
O: long head from scapula, lateral/medial from humerusI: Olecranon process of ulnaACTION: extends forearm
Rhomboid Minor
I: Medial Spine Nerve: Dorsal ScapularAction: Retraction
Motor Unit
consist neuron muscle fiber it innervates (to communicate nervous energy to: stimulate though nerves) 
This is where the muscle gets a message from the brain to contract or relax. it also involves the neuromuscular junction. 
Extensor Carpi Radialis
(longus and brevis)
extends the manus
Origin of Internal Oblique
Lumbar Fascia
Iliac crest
Inguinal Ligament
Extensor Digitorum
extends wrist and extends fingers *
pulls the suprapatellar bursa (sontinuous with synovial joint cavity) up so it doesn't get pinched (acts with quad in knee extension)
articulis genu action
Operation
Piaget's term for a reversible action that can be performed either in reality or mentally upon some object or set of objects is operation.
Axes
Axes refer to several dimensions for which information is provided in DSM-IV diagnosis protocols-for example, clinical disorders and medical conditions.
Temporalis
O: parietal section of the skullI: mandible
synergists
contract along with the prime movers and help produce the movement or provide stability.
palatopharyngeus
CN X; constricts pharynx, draws it forward and upward
intercalated disks
area where two cardiac muscle cells are connected that increases communication between the cells
Muscles of the neckSTERNOCLEIDOMASTOID
O:manubrium of sternum, clavicle; INSERT:mastoid process of temporal bone; ACT:unilateral contraction turns the head to the opposite side; INNERV: CN11 (accessory)
Zygomaticus Major
A: Elevate, retract corner of mouth, smile muscleO: Zygomatic boneI: corner orbicularis oris
 
 
MOST SUPERFICIAL OF MUSCLES THAT MOVE HAND
FLEXOR CARPI RADIALIS
PALMARIS LONGUS
FLEXOR CARPI ULNARIS
INFRASPINATUS
O. INFRASPINOUS FOSSA OF SCAPULAI. GREATER TUBERCLE OF HUMERUS (MIDDLE FACET)
Origin of Gracilis
inferior ramus and body of pubis
Anaerobic respiration
-blood can't supply muscles with O2 fast enough-glucose -> pyruvate -> lactic acid
distal phalynx of digit 1
flexor hallucis longus insertion
Corrugator Supercilii
Origin: arch of frontal bone above the nasal boneInsertion: skin of eyebrowAction: draws eyebrows medially and inferiorly, wrinkles skin of forehead vertically
What animal is able to switch fibers types at will?
chickens
Insertion of Internal Intercostals
inferior border of rib above
half-life
the amount of time it takes to reduce hormone concentration by 1/2
Rectus Abdominis (Insertion)
Cartilages of ribs 5-7 and Xiphoid Process
Heat 
When you work out your muscles heat up and keep you warm. also they constrict the blood vessels so that they control where your blood goes to keep you warm. - Muscle function
Origin of Popliteus
laterla condyle of femur and lateral meniscus

Longissimus Thoracis Insertion
tips of the transverse processes of all the thoracic vertebrae and to the lower nine or ten ribs
CT-epi and perimyseum
blood vessels and nerves follow what for support
The ________ or ___________ _______________________ is the muscle found at the back of the calf.
soleus or superior peroneal retinaculum
Insertion of Rectus Abdominus
cartliage of ribs 5-7 & xiphoid
bicep
a biceps muscle, esp. the one at the front of the upper arm.
 
 
FLEXOR DIGITORUM PROFUNDUS
aFDP. A- flexes digits 2-5 and wrist; deep, 4 tendons

 


Semispinalis Capitis Function


 
extends the head and rotates it toward opposite side
Teres majoraction: extends humerus or adducts and rotates arm medially
origin: lateral border of scapulainsertion: Intertubercular groove of humerus
Action of Teres Minor
extend - adduct - laterally rotates humerus
External Oblique and Internal oblique
Flexes spin, side to side, hip motion
M LINE
THE M LINE IS THE AREA RIGHT DOWN THE CENTER OF THE SACROMERE THIS IS WHERE THE THICK FILAMENT ARE LINKED BY ACCESSORY PROTEINS
what are the parts of the sacromere
A band, H zone, I band
Latissimus dorsisuperficial big back
O:spinus process of T 7-12 and all L 1-5 I:Lesser tubercle of humerus A:adduct arm
names of the connective tissue covering
fascia - which is a dense connective tissue,it separates individual muscles from each other holds muscles in place, surrounds each muscle, it extend beyond the muscle to form a tendon which is continous with periosteum, fascia is a network woven throughout the body. (B) aponeuroses - broad fibrous sheets associated with muscles and tend to serve as a connection.
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