Music 36 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Pulse
Beat
forza
force
espressivo
expressive.
Fortissimo
Very loud
Prestissimo
Very rapidly
blech
brass instruments
Range
extent of pitch
Tristan and Isolde
Wagner
legato (leg.)
smooth, connected
Klezemer
Jewish instrumental Ensemble
diminished chord
dissonant chord
Baroque aesthetic
-massive scale/grandiose theme-overabundance of small, decorative detail-vigorous energy
Vodú


haitian dominican religious system


involves the veneration of ancestor spirits, African deities, and indigenous
leaders of the past


posession of initiates by misterios
Composer
Person who writes music 
Minuet
Movement in 3/4 time
Got my mojo working
Muddy Waters
Claudio Monteverdi
-Wrote L'Orfeo-Developed Basso continuo-Barque Opera
Affrettando
To increase the speed gradually
Dissonance
subjuctive unpleasent blend of sounds
Instrument - Gongs
lowest in pitch
Musical Play
Representational, Exotic settings, serious subject matter, romantic leads, book driven
James Brown
-"Godfather of Soul"
-Renowned for distinctive vocal and dynamic stage presence
-Listen to two songs
- "IT's a Man's Man's Man's World"
- Papa's Got a Brand New Bag"
- Two different sides of Soul
-Techniques (vocal, instrument) used
Rocksteady was around in:a. 1950-1959b. 1959-1966c. 1966-1968d. 1968-1983
c. 1966-1968
Concert
A "concerted" effort of large group
leitmotif
brief, distinctive unit of music designed to represent a character, object, or idea
attacca
begin the next section without pausing
Some composers write rhythmic patterns that are so complex they are beyond the capacity of human beings to reproduce and must be "performed" using computers and tape.
True
restoration
the act of restoring; renewal, revival, or reestablishment.
Count Bassie (1904-1984)
Pianist/ Band Leader
Leroys--known for cutting contests
"one o'clock jump"
Moonlight Sonata
Beethoven's best known piano work, evokes the new Romantic style
V.E.R.D.I.
Italian's used Verdi's name as an acronym Vittorio Emanuele Re D'Italia (Victor Emanuel King of Italy) Verdi's works were used to rouse Italin Nationlism
typhoid fever
what did Schubert supposedly die from
Intervals
pieces flip flopping between major and minor?
syllabic
a text with one syllable per note
Bel Canto
opera which emphisizes beauty of sound
ex. Barber of Seville by Rossini
consisted of a collection of movements, or smaller sections, each with its own mood and tempo, but all in the same key
Baoque Sonatas
accidental
happening by chance or accident; not planned; unexpected:
21. The process of recording passages backwards is known as
back masking
ancient voices of Children
late 20th century; song cycle
 Mily Balakirev
Russian Composer  who was quick to incorporate into his symphonies such nationalistic elements as modal inflections, folk inspired rhythms and the rich tradition of the Russian Brass Ensemble. Balakirev brought together the composers now known as The Five, encouraging their efforts and acting as a musical midwife both for them[1] and for Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky.[2]
Imitative counterpoint
polyphonic texture in which all parts sing the same melody or similar melodies, but each part enters at a different time
"I love him"
 
Maria's transformation of Anita's A Boy Like That
similar to the transformation of the hate melody
shes transforming anitas sentiment
her love for Bernardo is flawed because Bernardo and Riff could never see beyond their hate
A recitative in which only continuo instruments play the accompaniment is called?
secco recitative
Structure of a musical work. The way in which its individual units are put together.
Form
Etude
A piece designed to help a performer master specific technical difficulties
Joe Oliver "King Oliver" (1885-1938)
Trumpet player
Band leader
1908 played in New Orleans with some big names.
1917 he moved to chicago
1922 leader of freddy keppards creole orchstra.
Brought Louis Armstrong up.
--- in music became a major factor in composition
Form
exposition
in this part of the fugue, all the voices present the subject in a orderly manner
Pope Gregory put his name on this monophonic music, but today that would be copyright infrigment
Gregorian Chant
aleatoric music
Music that uses elements of chance and readomness
2nd Movement from "Putnam's Camp" from Three Places in New England
Composer: Charles IvesDate/Period: aural collage; from classical scene (1903-11)Instruments: flute/piccolo, oboe, clarinet, bassoon, horns, trumpets, trombones, tuba, piano, timpani, drums, cymbals, strings
Native American flute
represents the wind, one of the few solo instrumental traditions found among American Indians
1997, Shania Twain, 90s country pop
Man! I Feel Like a Woman
Bill Haley and the Comets
-----"Rock Around the Clock"
-former disc jockey and country-and-western bandleader
-white musician to achieve major success by emulating R&B
-first big rock 'n' roll hit
-country-tinged version of the jump band sound of Louis Jordan
According to Reading, name at least two artists who inspired Gwen Stefani's "Girl Power" style?
Siouxsie Sioux, Grace Jones, Poly Styrene, Annie Lennox, Courtney Love, Madonna
What types of choruses are used in opera?
Most common is the four-part chorus of women’s and men’s voices, but there have also been men’s choruses, women’s choruses, and even double choruses where eight or more parts are realized in the musical texture.
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