Music Appreciation quiz Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Trobairitz
Female troubadour
Donna Summer
disco
A tempo
regular time
restatement (final ritornello)
end
Overture
introductory movement
only instrumental
Articulation
(Legato)-Smooth and connected; opposite of staccato. (Staccato)-Short, detached notes, marked with a dot above them.
a central pitch/harmony (home)
tonic
Molet
genre
sacred, a capella, polyphonic
"The March King"
John Philip Sousa
Sound
Vibrations that are transmitted, usually through air, to the eardrum, which sends impulses to the brain.
libretto
the text of the opera
Concerto
Larger composition, involved solo players and an orchestra
Antonio Vivaldi
wrote 500 cantatas
talented violenist
most famous for collection called "four seasons"
period in which instrumental music, especially music for the harpsichord, organ, became common
baroque
Ostinato
a musical figure, motive, melody, harmony, or rhythm that is repeated again and again
Major
A collection of seven different pitches ordered in a specific pattern of whole and half steps, as shown below:1 - 2 - 3 - 4 - 5 - 6 - 7 - 8 whole whole half whole whole whole half
METER
ORGANIZATION OF BEATS INTO REGULAR GROUPS
dance music
instruments found their earliest prominence in ________
the castrato was a --- singer
male
The romantic concerto
preserves classical three-movement structure, but uses standard forms more freely. this was a medium for virtuosic performance by a soloist, often written for a specific soloist.
Guitar
Plucked string instrument with six strings stretched along a fretted fingerboard.
Virtuoso Singer
Someone that can show off
What composer is also a priest?
Antonio Vivaldi
Chord
Compination of three or more tones sounded at once.
Fugue
Polyphonic form popular in the Baroque era in which one or more themes are developed by imitative counterpoint.
Monophony
A texture with a single, unaccompanied musical texture; one musical idea
DISSONANCE
TONE COMBINATION THAT IS UNSTABLE AND TENSE
Britten
The Young Person's Guide To the Ochestra
What was Schumann called?
"Early Romantic Par Excellence"
Who originally wrote Pictures at an Exhibition?
RAvel
polyphonic form popular in the baroque era in which one or more themes are developed by imitative counter point
fugue
More than any earlier composer, Berlioz made _____ a basic part of his musical language
tone color
Expressionism
movement in the early 20th century that aimed not to depict objects as they are seen but to express the strong emotion that the object generates in the artist
harmony
How chords are constructed and how they follow each other.
Chorus
large group performs together in a movement
dynamics
in physics, the branch of mechanics that deals with the motion and equilibrium of systems under the action of forces, usually from outside the system
awarded the congressional medal of honor for the contributions made to the morale of the country through music
george m cohan
sustaining pedal
enables the strings to continue to sound while others were being struck
Genres in the Renaissance Period
Mass Motet and Madrigal
SYNCOPATION
ACCENTING OF A NOTE AT UNEXPECTED TIME AS BETWEEN TWO BEATS OR ON A WEAK BEAT
giovanni gabreili
first composer to specify dynamics and instruments
Beethoven
composer of symphony no. 5 in C minor
is distringuished by its use of a primary melodic idea called a subject as the basis of itself
fague
Béla Bartók was a leading authority on
peasant music
Charles Ives
born in New EnglandThe Things Our Fathers LovedBusinessman
measure
Rhythmic group set off by bar lines, containing a fixed number of beats.
trio sonata
3 melodic lines (basso continuo+ 2 above, written as 3 parts, but preformed by 4 players)
a thin peice of wood placed on the mouthpiece of woodwind instruments that vibrates when blown across in order to produce a sound
reed
Tonic
The first note of a scale (the tonic or keynote do), which serves as the home base around which the other pitches revolve and to which they ultimately gravitate.
Leonon and Periton
Composers from the school of Notre Dame, a school that excelled in early pholyphony
Who is Franz Liszt?
Hungarian one of the greatest composers, he was most popular of concerts, at the end of his life he began to write symphony orchestra music, wrote Hungarian Rhapsody, symphony poems
Art song
aka Lied. A German text solo vocal song with piano accompaniment. art songs became a major trend in the romantic period. Schubert was the most prominent composer of them.
Double stops
when two strings are pressed down an played simultaneously instead of just one
Part of a larger work is called a what?
movement
Imitative Polyphony
a technique in which each phrase of a compostion is addressed by all of the voices, whitch enter successively in imitation of each other
What 3 great symphanies did Tchaikovsky compose?
Symphany No. 4, 5, 6
What is homophony?
the music in a harmonic texture, when the melody is played with the accompaniment of chords. being harmonized
What is dissonance?
chords that leave the listener with a feeling of expectation, it requires a consonant chord following to complete the gesture and to come to stability.
Syllables of scale
the notes played to make a scale. Ex. Do-Re-Me...
What is opera buffa? and who wrote it?
italian comic opera, Mozart
What was Schumann's most intimate piece of music written?
"Romance No. 2" which was more intimate
Basic Features of Opera in the Romantic Period
Great Composers, Great variety in Size and SubjectsLibretto- the words in an opera
What is the second part of the sonata form movement?
constrasting theme of the exposition, various themes, music sounds unstable, retransition occurs, then modulation
arpeggio
broken chord
Aretha Franklin
soul
grave
Very slow, solemn
introduction (opnening ritornello)
beginning
choir voice types
soprano
mezzo-soprano
alto
tenor
baritone
bass
Types of Blues
Boogie Woogie
Rock
Zydeco
exaggerated, grotesque, overdone, bizzare
baroque
propers
change based on celebration
who wrote cats
andrew lloyd webber
oratorio
tells Biblical stories using music
Overture
instrumental introduction, fast slow fast
Symphony
genre
-large work for orchestra, generally in four movements.
Johann Sebastian Bach lived during this period
Baroque
Enlightenment
18th century period during which thinkers gave free rein to the pursuit of truth and the discovery of natural laws
RESOLUTION
PROGRESSION FROM A DISSONNANCE TO ACONSONANCE
voices
madrigals are based on several _______
c e flat g
c minor triad
Clara Schumann
1819-1896. virtuoso pianist composer. intepreter of the music of brahms, chopin and robert schumann. known for songs, piano music and chamber music. she faced criticism because she was a mother of children and a musician. died of a stroke.made small works, such as song and piano pieces. made two large scale works and several virtuoso pieces. Wrote "scherzo, opus 10"
metronome
Apparatus that produces ticking sounds or flashes of light at any desired constant speed.
Da capo aria
Go to the beginning
how high or low a note is
pitch
Vocal Categories
Voice ranges which include coloratura soprano, lyric soprano, dramtic soprano, lyric tenor, dramatic tenor, basso buffo, and basso profondo, amonf others.
Polyphony
Two or more melodic lines combined into a multivoiced texture, as distinct from monophonic.
Contrast
Differences in music. Creates Variety in music
DAMPER PEDALS
RIGHT PEDAL= PIANIST SUSTAINS TONES EVEN AFTER KEYS ARE RELEASED
Frequency
rate of vibration that produces a particular pitch
What are songs without words called?
Character pieces
one that features multiple independent melodic lines or voices sounding simultaneously
polyphonic piece
The deliberate intent to draw creative inspiration from the composer\'s own homeland is known as
nationalism
Minimalist music
based on repetitive melodic, rhythmic, or harmonic patters with few or slowly changing variations
countermelody
Melodic idea that accompanies a main theme.
string quartet
two violens, two cellos
popular in late 18cen. early 19cen.
-haydn, mozart, beethoven
motive
(in art, literature, and music) a motif.
Who wrote "Bist du bei mir"
Johann Sebastian Bach
art song
piece for solo voice and piano accompaniment with high artistic aspirations
RHYTHM
THE FLOW OF MUSIC THROW TIME PATTERNS OF DURATION OF NOTES AND SILENCES IN MUSIC
baroque era
______ was an era of absolute monarchies and an age of enlightenment
exposition
when the composer exposes the theme in a sonata allegro
piece of music used rather than the whole song, in a different piece of music
sample
Music intended to be performed before and during a play to set the mood for scenes or highlight dramatic action is known as
incidental music
inversion
movement of the notes in the opposite direction
Single-reed woodwinds
Instruments whose sound is produced by a single piece of cane, or reed, fastened over a hole in the mouthpiece. The reed vibrates when the player blows into the mouthpiece.
By the end of the boroque period instrumental music was as important as vocal music, t or f?
true
Who wrote "Piano Sonata in c minor"
Ludwig van Beethoven
Tempo
Rate of speed or pace of music. Tempo markings are traditionally given in Italian; common markings include grave (solemn; very, very slow); largo (broad; very slow); adagio (quite slow); andante (a walking pace); moderato (moderate); allegro (fast; cheerful); vivace (lively); presto (very fast); accelerando (getting faster); ritardando (getting slower); and a tempo (in time; returning to the original pace).
Ordinary
It is part of the Mass which remains the same whatever the service. 5 parts
What is tonality?
is the feeling of centrality, focus, or "homing" toward a particular pitch that we get from simple tunes and much other music end with "c"
De Capo Aria
sung by a soloist with the accompaniment of instruments, often a small orchestra
Musical Nationalism
a movement in music in the 19th century in which composers sought to emphasize indigenous qualities in their music by incorporating folk songs, native scales, dance rhythms, and local instrumental sounds
Row row row your boat...row row (started a measure later)... was called what?
Fugue, 1 movement
Ludwig Van Beethoven
The Neil Young of the Classical era. Pathetique.
What type of affect did Chopin have on the piano?
orchestral affect
What happened to dynamics during the Baroque period?
they were not written
Tone (symphonic) poem
a one movement work for orchestra of the romantic era that gives musical expression to the emotions and events associated w/ a story, play, political occurence, personal experience or encounter w/ nature
girls at a boarding school
Dido and Aeneas was written for ______
What is a theme?
the most general term for the basic subject matter of longer pieces of music
diffusion of the style into every corner of Europe
The middle baroque was characterized by
Symphony Form - THEME AND VARIATIONS
one initial theme but it can be changed with tempo and dynamics
What are the forms used during the classical period?
sonata form, minuet, rondo, theme and variations
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