Music Final 7 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Und
and
lento
slow
verse
ragam-tanam-pallavi
Ritardando
becoming slower
Brio
Vigor, spirit
presto
very fast
la trompette
the trumpet
mode, time, prolation
nocturne
a "night" piece
Salsa- A/B structure
forte
(a direction) loudly.
coda
conclusion in the work
(sometimes)
MOVEMENT of "Symphony no.5"
1st
improvisation
spontaneous composition of music
_________________(impresario, Russian Opera and ballet) Formed a dance company in Paris the Ballets Russes
Sergi Diaghilev
dynamics
describes the volume realtionships within a piece of ,the realative volume of one section of the piece to another
The Stars and Stripes Forever
Sousa
love story
taylor swift (2008)todays country
xun
globular flute made of clay
svara
twelve possible pitches of raga
bombo
(1) European derived cylindrical double headed bass drum membranophone, played with sticks; (2) for candombe, African derived double headed conical membranophone
Which of the following instruments would you NOT find in a standard mariachi band
clarinet
Timbre
The quality of sound that distinguishes one instrument or voice from another
Monteverdi
composer of madrigals, dramatic works, and sacred works
"Soliloquoy"
extended free association - breaking with traditions
assumes child to be male 
he forecasts his own end
STROPHIC FORM
Billy is singing about himself
WALTZ RHYTHM
Billy forges identity between son and carousel
song changes to TRIPLET RHYTHM, ROMANTIC ABLLAD when he realizes it could be a girl
moment of REALITY AND RESPONSIBILITY
brilliant nuance of R &H
ends with a totally different emotion than the beginning
Powwow
Gathering of likeminds to restablish culture
rhythm
the movement of music in time
diminuendo
gradually reducing in force or loudness; decrescendo (
raga
organized melodic mixture in which the South Indian singer improvises melodically in performance
Motive
used in music to construct tunes melodies and themes and can be repeated
Form
The way melodic material is organized into a larger piece of music
Appalachian Spring
ballet by Copland; a pioneer celebration in spring around a newly built farmhouse in the Pennsylvania Hills
nueva canción
genre of socially engaged song- closely linked to folkloric styles 
double bass
largest and lowest-sounding of the string instruments
"The Consolation of Philosophy"concepts
-Beothius-avoid self-pity, face troubles with serenity and hope -human freedom exists-Christian themes - never actually mentions Christian doctrine
developed a complex series of what came to be called leitmotifs—musical fragments that are used to describe a person, place, thing, state of mind, or emotion. (signature tune)
Wagner
scale
a succession of tones ascending or descending according to fixed intervals, esp. such a series beginning on a particular note:
Gregorian chant
a large body of unaccompanied vocal music in Latin, written for the Roman Catholic Church over a 1500 year period. Named after Pope Gregory. It was mainly written by churchmen and churchwomen.
Which type of artists are known for expressing negative emotions such as fear, anxiety, pain, anger, isolation and tension in their works?
Expressionists
Clara Wieck Schumann
Married to Robert Schumann. She frequently preformed the works of Chopin and Brahms. Was the finests pianists of her day. She was one of the first prominent Female solo insturmental artists, and she player public concerts until she was 70. She broke new ground as a composer, publishing works under her own name. Bulk of her works for the piano. she also wote a number of Lider, and at age 15 she wrote a successful piano concert with a versatile accompaniment.  Her and Robert petioned for the courts. Enjoyed more public acclaim then her husband
Toccata
Freeform key board. meant to show off virtuosity
string section
section of the orchestra that contains the violin, viola, cello, and double bass
This Hungarian composer first came to the US in 1927, died in New York in 1945 and was reburied in Budapest in 1988
Bela Bartok
According to lecture, who was the manager of The Beatles?
Brian Epstein
The oboe has a flared "_____" at the end of it.
bell
Accent
the emphasis on a beat resulting in it being louder and longer
through-composed
type of lied in which each stanza had new music
character piece
brief work used to capture a single mood - favored in Romantic era
Who is Whitney houston?
1990's, "I Will Always Love You", strength-loves him and leaving him for better of both of them, love is difficult, maturity-place you get to after hurt and pain
dal segno
go back to the sign marking the beginning of a repeat (used as a musical direction).
Octave designation system
System of numbering the octaves on a keyboard from C1-C8.



Notes below the lowest C (C1) are in "octave zero" and are labeled A0 and B0.
Each octave begins at C.
 
Middle C is C4.
 
Gorlaski dance suite
Dance with a single couple, has an elaborate. POLISH
Which attributes were associated with music?
Instruments were player alone, or accompany singing, or poems.
Position of Women in 1980's:
1st women in supreme court, global leadership
An Island in the Sea (Drunken Concubine) - listening example
jinghu fiddleerhu (low fiddle)yueqin - moon luteban - wooden clappersxiaogu - small drumluo gong
Influence of the world events on this area. (Napoleonic Wars, French Revolution.)
Because of the French Revolution and the Napoleonic Wars, aristocrats could no longer afford private opera houses, orchestras, and "composers in residence." Musicians lost their jobs, and many became "free-artists", who often composed to fill inner desires rather than commission.
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