Music History - Final Review Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Galician-Portuguese songs
Extended melisma
William Byrd (dates)
Symphony No. 32
Individual voices
Mostly Independent
Franco of Cologne (dates/fl.)
Hector Berlioz
composed Symphonie Fantastique in 1830
striking aspects: color and atmosphere
depicts Berlioz' dreams, despairs, and fantasies
symphony is autobiographical
first movement: Reveries, Passions
-repeated flute notes -> sense of longing
-many crescendos
Idée Fixe - Fixed idea
-Term coined by Berlioz for a recurring musical idea that links different movements of a work. An idea that doesn't go away.
Program Music
- tells a story of an artist gifted with a lively imagination. Who has poisoned himself with opium? In the depth of despair, because of hopeless love.
Harriet Smithson is obsessed by Berlioz
Berlioz wrote the
Treatise on Instrumentation.
piece that suggests night-usually quiet and meditative in character
the size of music waves
the organizing principle in music
Regular, recurrent pulsation that divides music into equal units of time.
ancient greek reed instrument usually played in pairs
14th century Italian form featuring two voices in canon over a free untexted tenor. to hunt
Robertsbridge Codex
earliest surviving collection of keyboard music, produced by the French court
The technique of declaiming words musically in a heightened, theatrical manner.
Rebirth, Began in italy, Rediscover their glorious Greco Roman past, Didn't work politically, Provoked other good values in "the discovery of world and of man." Nature got more intention, more relevance to peoples needs and desires, interpretation of the world. 1300-1500
secular chanson (French song)& love songs (France)
Italian Madrigal
Sixteenth-century Italian poem having any number of lines, each of seven or eleven syllables Through composed (no repeated sections), Word painting, generally romantic *homophonic contrapunal textures. *2000 collections written in 70 years
What classic American Blues label became distributed by Pye Records throughout England in the early 1960's to feed a growing interest in the Blues?
A musical composition during which the first part or subject is repeated several times.
Vincenzo Bellini
(1801-1835) An Italian opera composer. He was less prolific than Rossini and was more Romantic. He wrote "Norma", an opera seria in 2 acts about a high priestess.
the way in which simultaneous melodies relate to one another
music in which one voice exactly duplicates another at a fixed offset
new composition based on a previous composition's harmonic progression
the ONE
[pimp from outer space?]
George Clinton weirdness
Absolute Music
abstract 19th-century music with no program. (It can, however, evoke and emotional response). Absolute composers (such as Brahms and Robert Schumann) often composed in Classical-era genres like the symphony, solo sonatas and string quartets, and also were set against programmatic composers like Liszt and Wagner. Examples of absolute music compositions include Brahms' First Symphony, Brahms' Fourth Symphony, or any other instrumental work without a specific program.
hymn tune- sung in 4 part harmony
Thoinot Arbeau
• Wrote Orchesographie 1589 – most popular dance manual of Rennaisance
15. What West Coast pianist/band leader fused 20th century orchestral elements to jazz, playing tunes in odd time signatures like 5/4 and 9/8?
Dave Brubeck
What organization was behind the LSD studies?
Notre Dame Organum
Started in Paris, associated with Sorbonne and cathedral of Notre Dame. Primary source of info is treatise by Anonymous IV. Two main composers: Leoninus and Perotinus.
music of late 1400s
triad-based harmonies and root position chords thrive!
4 voice (SATB) becomes widespread often with a bumpy bassline, outlining chord roots
points of sound that have nothing to do with the note before
In Ancient Rome the Trumpet was known as this.
Bach composed music in all but which of the gollowing
a. cantata
b. suite
c. opera
d. sonata
e. concerto
addition of new melody or text to plainchant.
Construction of the Chorale
New melodies for German texts
Petit motet
sacred concerto for few voices with continuo
Missa sine nominee
By Ockeghem, No distinctive quality, means “Mass without a name"
paired imitation
Josquin des Prez, division of 4-part harmony into two answering pairs or duos
(also known as tone color) the unique, characteristic sound of a musical instrument or voice.
Chanson de geste
"Song of Deeds"; epic in northern French vernacular that recounted the deeds of national heroes; sung to simple melodic formulas
voice added to organum that chants an interval above or below the principal voice
music drama
19th c genre created by richard wagner in which drama na dmusic brcome organically connected to express a kind of absolute oneness
codex calixtinus
written 1150; has a service for st james with 20 polyphonic pieces for mass and vespers; no rhythms only relative pitches; first manuscript to ascribe composer's names to particular pieces (master albertus of paris)
What kansas city Swing Band was known for its strong anchoring in the blues and often played their parts from memory instead of charts? 
Basie Band
This singer popularized the use of the microphone at close proximity, creating a new vocal sound...
Bing Crosby
Sonata Allegro form (also known as Sonata form
exposition, development, and recapitulation
Fall of Rome
476 Romulus Augustus was deposed by a Visigoth King
According to Aristotle, music imitated ethos through the choice of:
a) scale type b) rhythm c) instrumentation d) both A and C e) both A and B
e. both A and B
What is the term used to describe the U.S. pop success by British acts such as The Animals, The Yardbirds, Dave Clark Five, The Rolling Stones, and The Kinks following the breakout of The Beatles?
"British Invasion"
What styles of music did England make use of?
Tropes, Stimmtausch, parallel intervals
Describe some stylistic features of Catholic church music from 1520-1550.
careful treatment of dissonance, equal voices, 5 or 6 voice part compositions, using contrasting combinations of voices, clearly defined mode, duple meter with brief contrasting passages in triple meter, imitative polyphony, imitation mass was the most common type, but composers still used paraphrase and cantus-firmus techniques
Describe Isaac's "Innsbruck, ich muss dich lassen."
means "Innsbruck, I must leave you," German secular song (lied), composed for court/elite but in a folk/popular song style, homophonic, melody in superius, strophic, cadences resolve to triads, later became a chorale- O Welt, ich musss dich lassen (O world, I now must leave thee)
The Greater Perfect System consists of ________.
a series of tetrachords running through two-octaves, including proslambanomenos
What is assymetrical, or additive, meter?
When the total number of pulses or beats
in a meter is not a multiple of 2 or 3
St. Gregory the Great (Pope Gregory I, r. 590- 604)
The English may have originated the legend. They adopted Roman chant earlier than the Franks. They revered Pope Gregory I as the founder of their church. The legend claims that the Holy Spirit, in the form of a dove, dictated the chant melodies to Gregory I.
What is toasting as it relates to jamaican Sound Systems?
A DJ using a microphone to add stylizd lyrics over a record
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