NASM Special Populations - Edition Flashcards

heart rate
Terms Definitions
Arthritis primariliy affecting connective tissues in which there is a thickening of articular soft tissue and extension of synovial tissue over articular cartilages that have become eroded.
Rheumatoid Arthritis
hypoglycemia
low levels of blood sugar
Physiologic and training considerations for individuals with lung disease
pg 408
physiological and training considerations for individuals with Cancer
pg 403
In youth populations, the progression of aerobic training volume should not exceed what percentage per period of adaptation?
10%
In youth populations the progression of aerobic training volume should not exceed what percentage per period of adaptation
10%
Basic exercise guideline for Individuals with lung disease
pg 408
Any of various types of milignant neoplasms, most of which invade surrounding tissues may metatasize to several sites and are likely to recur after attempted removeal and to cause death of the patient unless adequately treated.
Cancer
A decrease in the calcification of density of bone as well as reduced bone mass.
Osteopenia
Contributors to Hypertension
smoking
diet high in fat
excess weight
Intermittent Claudication
manifestation of the symptoms caused by peripheral arterial disease
The condition of altered air-flow through the lungs, generally caused by airway obstruction as a result of mucus production
Obstructive Lung Disease
peripheral arterial disease
a condition characterized by narrowing of the major arteries that are responsible for supplying blood to the lower extremities
Rheumatoid Arthritis
a degenerative joint disease in which the body's immune system mistakenly attacks it own tissue. Primarily affecting connective tissues. There is a thickening of articular soft tissue, and extension of synovial tissue over articulate cartilages that have become eroded.
Basic exercise guidelines for Individuals with Osteoporosis
Mode: treadmill with handrail
Frequency: 2-5 days per week
Intensity: 50-90% of Max HR, stage 1 to 2
Duration: 20-60min
Assessment: push pull, squat, or sitting and standing into a chair
Flex: static or active
Resistance: 1-3 sets or 8-20 reps at up to 85% on 2-3 days per week
-progression shoudl be slow, well monitored
-focus on hi[s, thighs, back and arms
-avoid excessive spinal loading on squat and leg press
-make sure client is breathing normal
In overweight or obese adults, exercise capacity should be no greater than.
60-80% of work capacity
Considerations for seniors:

Implications of: impaired balance, gait, and neuromuscular coordination
Exercise modalities should be chosen and progressed to safeguard against falls and foot problems
Cardio options include stationary or recumbent bike, aquatic exercise, or treadmill with handrail support
Resistance options include seated machines progressing to standing machines
obstructive lung disease
the condition of altered air flow through the lungs, generally caused by airway obstruction as a result of mucus production
The condition of a fibrous lung tissue which results in a decreased ability to expand the lungs
Restrictive lung disease
What are the BMI % for normal, overweight, and obese
Normal: 18.5-24.9
Overweight: 25-29.9
Obese: 30
Considerations for Health and Fitness Training for clients with Osteoporosis:

Max oxygen uptake and ventilatory threshold is frequently lower
Typical exercise load prescribed are consistent with fitness standards: 40-70% of max work capacity, 3-5 days per week, 20-30 min per session
As adults age the following functions decrease
maximum attainable heart rate
cardiac output
muscle mass
balance
coordination
connective tissue elasticity
bone mineral density
Basic Exercise Guidelines for Seniors
2-5 days per week
40-85% of VO2 peak
30-60 min per day
1-3 set of 8-20 reps
progression should be slow, based on postural control
make sure client avoids holding breath
slow dynamic stretch can be used for a client that cannot perform static stretches
Select which of the following items will decrease with age in older adults
a. Maximum oxygen uptake
b. Percentage of body fat
c. Maximum exercise heart rate
d. Bone mass
e. Measures of pulmonary function
f. Lean body mass
elementary children should engage in activity for what time and frequency
30-60 min most days of the week
Physiologic consideration for individuals with coronary heart disease
- heart disease may result in limit of exercise intensity. Heart rate should not be estimated from formulas, should be from physician
-clients with heart disease may not have warning system of when to stop or decrease exercise. Heart rate should be monitored closely
-the heart rate may be lower than expected
-clients may have other comorbidities
-peak oxygen uptake is often reduced because of the compromised cardiac pump
T or F Resistance training has been associated with and increase in injury in youth when compared to many popular sports
F
Resistance training in youth results in lower risk of injury when compared to many popular sports
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