NCIDQ 4 Flashcards

Interior designer
Terms Definitions
BIFMA X5.6
PANEL SYSTEMS
Fact Gathering
Literature Review
Internet Research
Trade Associations
Product Information
Consultant Collaboration
Observation
Foil Backed Gyp. Board
Vapor Barriers
Projet Manual
Includes bidding requirements, contract (owner-contractor agreement, bond forms, etc), general and supplementary conditions and technical specifications
Connotes strength, equilibrium, permanence, strong upward movement
Vertical lines
purlin
piece of timber laid horizontally
Most indoor light for working/reading is waht percentage of the daylight (outdoor) level?
3-6%
Limestone
most commonly used for exterior surfaces, but a type of limestone, called tavertine, is frequently used for interior flooring.
silk
very strong; good resilience and flexibility. expensive and degrades in sun
laminate flooring
variation of plastic laminate material. composed of clear wearing sheet over a melamine-impregnated decorative printed sheet with core layers of phenolic-impregnated kraft paper.available in planks, square tiles, or blocks, normally laid on a cushioned foam underlayment with the tongue and groove edges glued together. vapor barrier is normally required when laid over a concrete floor. hard, durable, resistant to staining, relatively easy to install, not recommended for wet areas.
floor/ceiling construction
wall and floor/ceiling assembly test-fire ratings of walls, structure, and floor construction assemblies- ASTM E 119
Texture
The surface quality of a material
Selection Criteria for furniture is based on:
Function
Comfort 
Quality
Finish
Cost
WHAT IS LISTED IN DIVISION 12?
FURNISHINGS
CONSISTING OF IDENTICAL ELEMENTS ARARNGED QUEALLY ABOUT A COMMON AXIS
SYMMETRICAL BALANCE
BRICKWORK BOND HAVING ALTERNATE COURSES OF HEADERS & STRETCHERS IN WHICH THE HEADERS ARE CENTERED ON THE STRETCHERS ADN THE JOINTS B/T STRETCHERS LINE UP VERTICALLY IN ALL COURSES
ENGLISH BOND
TRUE OR FALSE: IN RESIDENTIAL OCCUPANCIES EXITS MAY PASS THROUGH KITCHEN, STOREROOMS AND SIMILIAR SPACES
TRUE
UL 263
Fire tests for Building Construction and Materials
maximum depth of a doorway 32"W
24" deep
Slate
fine grained metamorphic rock that is easily split into thin slabs, making it ideal for flooring as well as roofing.
Plumbing
Consists of two major compnents: water supply and drainage. Water suppley includes both cold and hot water. Drainage systems work by gravity-drain pipes must be sloped downward to carry away wastes. In addition vent pipes are required.
wool
know for its resilience. important for drapery and upholstery due to smooth appearance. also has excelent elasticity and wears well. resistent to soiling and is self-extinguishing
curtains
usually hung within the window frame and close to the glass
suspended
luminaires dropped below the level of the ceiling. can include direct incandescent or flourescent, track lighting, indirect systems, chandeliers, and other types of specialty lights.suspended is required for indirect lighting systems. fixture must be located far enough below the ceiling to allow for the proper spread of light to bounce off the surface.
occupancy calculation
affects the calculation of occupant load, interior finishes, ventilation and saniation requirements, and other restrictions particular to any given classification.
AIA A771
Standard Form for Instructions to Bidders
Travertine
Type of limestone that is available filled or unfilled, usually polished
ANSI/BIFMA X5.4
Measures the durabilty of Lounge Seating.
Network Workflow
No strictly organized method of workflow.
Color scheme with hue with variations only in intensity and value
Monochromatic
WHAT IS THE PROJECT MANUAL?
CONTAINS CONTRACT/NON-CONTRACT DOCUMENTS EXCEPT DRAWINGS AND AGREEMENTS
general overhead
cost of running a contracting business, and includes, office rent, secretarial help, utilities, and other recurring costs
Which carpet type allows a complex, custom patterned carpet with varying pile heights
Wilton
in regards to acoustical paneling fabric should be at least ____ thick to be effective
1”
 
____ EXITS ARE REQUIRED WITH OCCUPANCY IS FROM 501 TO 1000
3
________ objects will seem heavier than _______ objects with the same shade, form, color, texture
large small
ACCOUNTS RECEIVABLE
MONEY THAT OTHERS OWE DESIGN FIRM
AATCC 16
FADE-OMETER - TESTS COLOR FASTNESS UNDER LIGHT EXPOSURE, USING 6 DIFFERENT TEST OPTIONS
PRESENTATION MODELS
DETAILED & ACCURATELY REPRESENT THE FURNITURE, DETAIL, COLORS & FINISHES USED FOR FINAL, FORMAL PRESENTATION TO CLIENT - MADE BY PROFESSIONAL MODEL BUILDER
PERSPECTIVE DRAWINGS
MOST ACCURATE 2-D REPRESENTATION OF WHAT THE 3-D WORLD WILL/ DOES LOOK LIKE
Area Fee
Professional fees bases on the area method are determined by multiplying the square footage of a project by some fixe rate. This method is generally used only in commerical construction and then only for project types with which the interior designer has much experience. Thenant finish planning is often priced on sf basis because a designer will know what it takes to do the job and because tenants, building owners, and leasing agents do most of their negotiations on a square foot basis.
What is typically installed over masonry walls, window sills, and lintels as a permanent moisture barrier? A.Caulking B. Galvanized Copper C. Flashing D. a reveal
ANSWER C FLASHING
Plumbing plans
drafted by a mechanical engineer and represent piping and other components with single line diagrams and standard drafting symbols.
purpose of a glazing bead
hold glass in place
louvered shutters
rigid panels, usually of wood, that are hinged, so they can be opened or closed. individual panels have thin, adjustable horizontal louvers to control view and light.
dedicated circuits
special power outlets that must be placed on their own circuit. prevent various types of electrical interference from disturbing sensitive electrical equipment connected to them.must be clearly identified on the plan, as well as circuits that require more than 120 volts.inclusive of electric ranges, clothes dryers, large copy machines, and other special equipment.
Building codes are
adopted and enforced by local governments, either by a municipality or, in the case of sparsely populated areas, a county or district.
Modacrylic
A variation of a synthetic fiber with improved resistance to heat and flame
Acrylic
Type of synthetic fiber that is often used as a replacememnt for wool, has moderately good strength and resilience and is very resistant to sunlight but can be flammable if untreated
Supplementary Conditions
Modifies the General Conditions of the Contract
Crocking Resistance Test
AATCC Test Method 8
Test determines the resistance of a colored textile to transfer its color from its surface to another surface by rubbing.
Type of rhythm where the size, color, or value of design elements are gradually modified as the elements repeat
Gradation
WHAT IS LISTED IN DIVISION 8?
DOORS AND WINDOWS
Determining needs
balances the desires of teh client against the available budget or establishes a budget based on teh defined goals and needs. during this step, wants are separated from needs.
58.  From a maintenance standpoint, a poor choice for a commercial bar top surface would be:
 
A. epoxy
B. marble
C. plastic laminate

D. wood
 *
 

B. marble
8.  After visiting a furniture dealer, your client has selected a certain manufacturers line of furniture for their offices.  According to their company policy, the project must go out to bid.  Name the type of specificaion you would write to give the
 
 

B. base-bid specification
WHAT CARRIES WASTE OTHER THAN HUMAN WASTES?
WASTE STACK
STAIRWAYS WITH LESS THAN 50 OCCUPANTS SHOULD BE AT LEAST
36" WIDE
vent stack
only used in multi-story buildings and used only for venting. also extends through the roof or connects to the stack vent
What is luminance
the luminous flux per unit os projected area and unit solid angle leaving a surface, eather reflected or transmitted
Is sometimes called brightness
Percentage of project cost
withe professional fee is determined based on the total cost of the project. It is most appropriate for projects where the interior designer can accurately anticipate the amount of work required and has a good idea of the expected cost of the project.
Name the most efficient type of circulation system for the majority of planning problems.
double loaded corridor
Fire-rated door
defined as a door assembly that has been tested by an independent laboratory to determine that it is capable of withstanding a measured temperature, without failure, for a set length of time
Carpet Flammability
must meet requirements of ASTM D 2859, more commonly known as the methenamine pill test or simply the pill test. This test measures the response of a carpet sample to a burning methenamine tablet. the new IBC, carpet must also meet the requirements of the Flooring Radiant Panel Test, ASTM E 648, under certain conditions.
High Density Discharge
(HID) lamps produce light by passing an electric current through a gas or vapor under high pressure, include mercury vapor, metal halide, and high pressure sodium. Provide advantages, but all require time to restart after being shut off or in case of power failure.
glazing beads
used to hold glass in place, when glass is conventionally framed.
for commerical and large multi-family residentail construction
individual plastic insulated conductors must be placed in metal conduit or other approved carriers. conduit supports and protects wiring, serves as a system ground, and protects surrounding construction from fire if the wire overheads or shorts.
fire assembly
an assembly of a fire door, fire window, or fire damper, including all required anchorage, frames, sills, and hardware
Fire Protection Rating
The period of time an opening assembly, such as a door or window, maintains the ability to confine fire or maintain its integrity
Doors must not encroach more than _ IN. into the exit space when fully open.
7 IN
Ratio in which a single line is divided into 2 unequal segments such that the ratio of the smaller part is to the larger part as the larger part is to the whole
Golden ratio
Solid
A form that has mass & appears to occupy space. A void is space itself defined by planes or other elements
who would be least involved in the selection of an underfloor raceway system
mechanical consultant
The denier of yarn refers to
its thickness of thread
FOR STAIRS 44" WIDE AND MORE HANDRAIL IS REQUIRED ON
BOTH SIDES
for critical tasks, a max brightness ratio of ____ between the task surface and its background is recommended
3 to 1
MODIFICATION IS A
CHANGE ORDER - WRITTEN AMENDMENT TO CONTRACT SIGNED BY BOTH - WRITTEN INTERPRETATION ISSUED BY DESIGNER - OR WIRTTEN ORDER FOR MINOR CHANGES IN WORK
FIRE RESISTANCE-RATED GLAZING
GLASS OR OTHER GLAZING MATERIAL THAT HAS BEEN TESTED AS A PART OF FIRE-RESISTANCE-RATED WALL ASSEMBLY ACCORDINGLY ASTM E119 NO LIMITATION
Responsibilities of the client
Most projects require that the client perform certain actions or provide neccessary information for the job to be completed. These may include things like buying and arranging for moving of client supplied equipment, arranging for space to recieve furniture delivered to the job site, or providing as-built drawings to the designer.
In a 60,000sf office bldg, what's your biggest sppace planning concern? a. dead-end corridorsb. corridor widthc. horiz. exitsd. travel distance
d. travel distance
Gyp. Wallboard Framing LC Bead
edge trim requiring finishing with joint compound
Isometric Drawings
an axonometric drawing is a view of an object inclined to the picture plane in such a way that the three principal axes are foreshortened. Three types of drawings: isometric, dimetric, trimetric. Scaled equally at true size.
terrazzo can be installed on walls as well as on floors
common floor installations*sand-cushion method-best way to avoid cracking of the terrazzo because the finish system is physically separated from the structural slab with a membrane much the same as one fo teh thick0set stone floor installation methods.if floor movement or deflection is not anticipated, teh bonded method can be usedwhere thickness of the install is a problem, a monolithic or thin-set method can be used
lights can also be switched by
low-voltage relay switching, automatic time clocks, and by proximity devices that sense when people enter or leave a room
during CA
*designer is a rep of the owner and consults with teh owner during the CA phase. instructions are forwarded through the designer, who has authority to act on behalf of the owner, but only to the extent provided in the contract documents.*designer assists owner in coordinating schedules for delivery and install but is not responsible for neglect or malfeasance of any contractors or suppliers*designer is not required to make exhaustive or continual inspections*designer is not responsible for teh means, methods, techniques, or procedures of construction; nor fabrication, procurement, shipment, delivery, or install.; nor job site safety or for acts or ommissions of contractor, subs, or suppliers
Sunstantial Completion
The stage in the progress of the work when the owner can occupy or utilize the site though a few minor items may remian to be completed or corrected
What we imagine a surface to be by looking and based on memory
Visual texture
49.  The schematic design phase includes:
 
A. preliminary design decisions including floor plans
B. initial selection of furniture, materials, finishes and equipment
C. written design concepts, bubble diagrams, sketches

D. All of the above
 
 

D. All of the above
Which type of wood is the best to use for fully upholstered chairs?
Birch
in perspective what does the following stand for:
HL
VPL
VPR
horizontal line
left vanishing point
right vanishing point
A FLIGHT IS
SERIES OF TWO OR MORE RISERS BETWEEN ONE FLOOR OR LANDING & THE NEXT
WHICH OF THE CLASSES (A, B, OR C) IS MOST FIRE RESISTANT
A
Which standard form includes contract info about the owner's right to perform some of the work separate from the main contract?
THE GENERAL CONDITIONS OF THE CONTRACT
The primary activity centers of a basic kitchen are... A.Plumbing/Elec/Arch. Zones B.Receiving/Storage, Clean-Up, Food Prep, Cooking C.Sink, stove, refrig, counter D.straight line, gallery, L-shape, island
ANSWER B RECEIVING/STORAGE, CLEAN-UP, FOOD PREP, COOKING
Direct Lighting Systems
provide all light output on the task. Recessed fluorescent luminaire is an example of direct lighting.
latchsets and locksets
devices to operate a door, hold in the closed position, and lock it.
before construction, a building code is enforced through the permit process
which requires that builders submit plans and specifications for checking and approval before a building permit is issued. during construction, the department responsible for enforcement conducts inspections to verify that building is proceeding according to the approved plans. *design professional is ultimately responsible for making sure the design meets all applicable codes.
When all colors of a pigment are present in equal amounts, what is perceived?
No color, or black
standing trim
an item of fixed length such as a door or window casing that can be installed with a single length of wood.

USE THE FOLLOWING SCENERIOS FOR QUESTIONS 48 & 49:   You have been asked to design a call center that receives calls 24-hours a day from various catalog shoppers across the country.  Three shifts of employees use each workstation.  When considering d
 
 

C. creating enough space in each workstation to accommodate variety in employee physical size
12.  The three parts of the technical sections in CSI specifications are:
 
A. bidding requirements, products, performance bond
B. general, products, execution
C. bidding requirements, contract forms, general and supplementary requirements

D. contract
 
 

B. general, products, execution
State the difference between problem analyses and problem sythesis
Programming is problem analysis and Design is problem systhesis
FIRE SEPARATION IS BOTH VERTICALLY AND HORIZONTALLY, ELABORATE
VERTICALLY FLOOR-CEILNG ASSEMBLIES AND HORIZONTALLY WITH FIRE-RATED WALLS
What is contrast when reffering to lighting
the difference in illumination level between one point and nearby points
What is the purpose of resilient channels in partition construction? a. increase partition thkness b.to increase acoustical properties c. to increase strength d. to provide a suitable base for attaching wall board over masonry
ANSWER b. resilient channels allows the gyp bd attached to "bounce" when sound strikes wt and minimizes the transmission of sound through the wall
height of grab bars to be mounted A.F.F. in a restroom
33 - 36 inches A.F.F.
metal studs are usually placed at
16 or 24 inches on centernarrower spacing used for residentialwallboard with 1/2" generally applied for residential, and 5/8" generally for commercial
in addition to the protection provided by circuit breakers in the panel boxes that trip off if the circuit is overloaded, there are two types of protection provided in electrical wiring.
1. grounding-separate wire in addition to the two that provide power. grounding of an electrical system prevents a dangerous shock if someone touches an appliance with a short circuit and simultaneously touches a ground path such as a water pipe. the ground provides a path for the fault.2.ground-fault-can create problems because the current required to trip a circuit breaker is high and small leaks of current can continue unnoticed until someone receives a dangerous shock or a fire develops.(GFI's) ground fault interrupters are devices that detect small current leakes and disconnect the power to the circuit or appliance. required for outdoor outlets and in bathrooms, basemetns, adn kitchens, as well as other locations specified in teh National Electric Code.
NFPA 701, Standard Methods of Fire Tests for Flame-Resistant Textiles and Films (aka Vertical Ignition Test)UL 214, Test for Flame Propogation of Fabrics and Films
Defines two testing procedures to assess the propagation of flame beyond the original flame source for drapery or other vertcicallhy installed fabrics
55.  Codes mandate the quantity, size and illumination of exit signage, while the designer is responsible for their:
 
A. routing layout
B. compatibility with the color scheme
C. exact placement and the design detail

D. circuitry connection
 *
 

C. exact placement and the design detail
37.  During construction of a renovation of a branch bank, the contractor calls to question the specifications of the ceramic tile for the public lobby for ADA requirements.  You send him a copy of the manufacturer's specifications and the ADA's minimum
 
 

D. the file has a coefficient of greater than 0.60
DESCRIBE THREE TYPES OF WOOD FLOORS
STRIPE - TONGUE & GROVE, 1-1/2", 2-1/4" & 3-1/4"PARQUET - DIRECT GLUE DOWN FROM 5/16" & NAIL & GLUE DOWN WHEN UP TO 3/4"PLANK - LARGER SCALE FROM 3-1/4" TO 8"
INSIDE ELEVATOR CAB BUTTONS SHOULD BE ISNTALLED
54" ABOVE FLOOR, SIDE APPROACH48" ABOVE FLOOR FRONT APPROACH
In specifying new window coverings and track to replace building standard window coverings, what coordination is LEAST important? a.elec eng- new light reflectance b.owner-aesthetics c.mech eng-heat load d.arch-glass heat gain
ANSWER A. ALthough light reflectance would be affected it would be a minor issue compared to the heat gain of the space, the potential glass cracking, or the owner's dislike of the covering.
What is the minimum anti-static guideline for carpet in an office where personal computers are used?
ANSWER 3.0kv @ 20% RH & 70E F
when a building code requires that a partition be fire-rated
then all openings (doors, glazing, ducts, and louvers), in that partition must also be fire-rated.
rules of thumb for designing with good acoustics
*avoid designing rooms with hard, reflective surfaces on the walls, floor, and ceiling.*average absorption coefficient of a room should be at least .2. an average absorption above .5 is usually not desirable, nor economically justified. lower value is suitable for large rooms, while larger values are suitable for small or noisy rooms.*each doubling the amount of absorption in a room results in a noise reduction of only 3 dB-hardly noticeable. to make any difference, you must increase the total absorption by at least three times to change the reduction by 5 dB, which is noticeable.*although absorptive materials can be placed anywhere, ceiling treatment for sound absorption is more effective in large rooms, while wall treatment is more effective in small rooms.
73.  At least two egress doorways are reuired when the occupancy load is more than ___ and the travel distance to the egress exceeds ___.
 
A. 20 occupants and 50 feet
B. 50 occupants and 75 feet
C. 75 occupants and 150 feet

D. 100 occupants and 250 fe
 
 

B. 50 occupants and 75 feet
61.  A space planner may take advantage of the services of a manufacturer or office supply distributor, but only:
 
A. after a specific system has been selected by the interior designer
B. with the approval of the client
C. before a specific system has
 
 

B. with the approval of the client
when are steel frames used
where the fire rating is more than 45 minutes
CONTRACT TIME MAY BE EXTENDED BY A
CHANGE ORDER IF DELAYS OCCUR BEYOND CONTRACTOR'S CONTROL
Which type of fee is most often disadvantageous to the ID? A.hourly rate B. multiple of direct personnel expense C. fixed fee D. retail method
ANSWER C FIXED FEE is often disadvantageous because of unforeseen problems that may arise
model codes do not regulate the use of wood for freestanding furniture or cabinets and shelves attached to the building
because they are considered fixed furniture
Effect of a background color with a second, noncomplementary color placed over it
The background color will absorb the second color
45.  After construction has begun on a new assisted-living housing project, your client changes his mind and decides to use the wallcovering in the public corridors you had initially specified and was deleted.  Your next step is to:
 
A. send a transmi
 
 

D. send a change order to the contractor with the specification of a 54" Type II wallcovering
by code the landing should be
A landing must be as wide as the stairway step
What does Fire Retardant Treated Fabric Mean? A.It resists Ignition B.It will not Burn C.It contributes to Smoke Inhibition D. It has a lower flame spread
ANSWER B. IT WILL NOT BURN. A fire-retardant treated fabric may ignite but it will not support burning.
an exit light on a red wall should be: A. REd B. white on red C. white on black d. the greatest degree of color contrast
ANSWER D greatest degree of color contrast
if one offers to do somethinig and does it without acceptance and an agreement to receive something in return,
a contract does not exist. other elements are involved (money) but offer and acceptance are the most fundamental
what happens to a light color when placed again a darker background
it will appear lighter than what it is
If a client wanted to remove part of a wall you think might be a bearing wall, what is your best course of action? a. get struc eng. or arch. to review b. check attic to see if wall supports joists c. ask client for struct. drawings d. tap walls
ANSWER a. get ARCH or STRUC ENG.
the intensity of a color is defined by what?
degree of purity of the hue when compared with neutral gray of the same value
What is the safest type of glazing to use in a sidelight adjacent to a door? a. ceramic b. wire c. flost d. tempered
ANSWER d. Tempered Only tempered and laminated glass are considered safety glazing. Wire and ceramic glass have fire rated properties.
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