NCIDQ Section 6 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
INCANDESCENT TYPE S
STRAIGHT
PRIMARY COLORS
YELLOW, RED, BLUE
Details
commonly show complex construction information as a relatively large scale, and are section views of one sort of another.
Hue
The basic color, the "redness"
BIFMA X5.1
GENERAL PURPOSE OFFICE CHAIRS
COMPLEMENTARY
OPPOSITE SIDE OF THE WHEEL
objects lower than _______" can protrude into an aisle any amount because a vision impaired person can detect with a cane
27"
HVAC
acronym for heating, ventilating, and air conditioning and includes all the systems used for these purposes.
mdf
medium density fiberboard; made by breaking down wood fibers into very fine fluff then mixing with glue and compressing it under high pressure.smoother surface than particleboard; more expensive though and does not hold some types of screws as well. flawless paint finish; dimensionally stable so does not warp, cup, or crack. same fire-rating as plywood, but special fire-resistant mdf is available.
low-voltage lamps
another class of incandescent.operate at a lower voltage than 120 volts, usually 12 volts. however, they operate at higher current, so their filaments have to be thicker to carry the added current. because of this, they are also more compact, resulting in smaller lamps adn lamps with better beam control.often used where small luminaries are required or where narrow beam spreads are needed. narrow beam spread makes low-voltage lamps energy efficient when lighting small objects or larger objects at a distance. main disadvantage is a transformer is required to step down the line voltage. resulting in bulkier luminaire and higher initial cost.
schematic
based on approved written program, designer prepares diagrams showing general functional relationships required by the project and develops preliminary space allocation plans showing partitions, furnishings, and other pertinent planning ideas. prepares studies to establish design concept including types and qualities of materials, finishes, and furniture. may include color and material sample boards and preliminary selection of furniture types as appropriate.also prepare prelim statement of probable project cost based on the design concept and current costs for projects of similar scope and quality.designer is not responsible for final project cost
Granite
Igneous rock with visible grains, available in polished, honed, fine-rubbed, rubbed and thermal (flamed) finish
Programming Report should include:
Title page
Introduction
Executive summary (option for shorter, less formal reports)
Goals and objectives of the report (optional)
Summary of space needs
Space Adjacencies
Code Requirements
Analysis of existing space
Budget and schedule requirements
Programming concepts
Appendices
RENTABLE AREA
USEABLE AREA X R/U RATIO
THREE TYPES OF ADJACENCIES
PEOPLE, PRODUCTIONS, INFORMATION
MOCK-UPS
FULL-SIZE REPRESENTATION OF A PORTION OF THE DESIGN. GOOD WAY TO CONVEY TO THE CLIENT WHAT THE FINAL PRODUCT WITH LOOK LIKE
lateral loads include
wind and earthquake loads
Class II
flooring is typically required in corridors and exitways of other occupancies, except one-and-two family dwellings. The IBC allows Class II materials in sprinklered building where Class I materials may otherwise be required.
Blue-print matching
panels are manufactured to precisely fit the room and line up with every obstruction so grain continuity is not interupted.
Venetian Blinds
traditional venitian blinds consist of horizontal slats of wood, aluminum, or plastic whose angle can be adjusted with a control cord.
SP
Station Point, two lines are extended from the station point to the left and right parallel to the two major set of parallel line of the object.
Type X
fire rated partitions, foil-backed for vapor barriers, water resistant for use behind tile and in mod. moist conditions, backing board for two-layer application, and predecorated.
environementally sensitive woods
bamboo-fast-growing; available in 1/2 and 3/4" thick strips about 3" wide or wider. milled with tongue and groove.palm wood; harvested as a byproduct from plantation-grown coconut palms. harder than oak or maple and comes prefinished in colors ranging from dark to medium red mahogany
trap
located at every fixture and are designed to catch and hold a quantity of water to provede a seal that prevents gases from teh sewage system from entering the building.traps are not installed where fixtures include traps as an integral part of their design, such as toilets, and where two or three adjacent fixtures are connected, such as a double kitchen sink.
combustible
material that will ignite and burn, either as a flame or glow, and that undergoes this process in air at pressures and temperatures that might occur during a fire in the building
Density
Measures how much support a cushion provides, the mass per volume expressed in pounds per cubic foot
Anthropometrics
Measurement of size and proportions of the human body
Nylon
Excellent carpet material that is very strong and wear resistant, has high stain resistance and excellent crush resistance, can be dyed a variety of colors, cleans easily, is the most widely used fiber for carpet
Marble
Metemorphic rock formed by layers of shells which forms into a composition of crystalline grains of calcite and/or dolmite, availabel in polished, honed, abrasive and wet-sand finish
Oblique Drawings
Three-dimenshional view of an object where one plane of hte object is parallel to the picture plane while the third axis is obliqe to the picture plane.
Programming Format
Statement of goals and objectives
List of client requirements
List of spaces and square footage
Perceived as restful, stable, related to the plane of the earth
Horizontal lines
ASTM E119
FIRE TESTS OF BUILDING CONSTRUCTION AND MATERIALS - HOSE STREAM TEST
45.  The average circulation space for an average-sized office building, as percent of total space, is generally calculated to be:
 
A. 5%
B. 10%
C. 25%

D. 30%
 
 

C. 25%
WHAT DOES STC STAND FOR
SOUND TRANSMISSION CLASS
what is composed of small wood particles, fibers or chips
particleboard
GUARD
COMPONENT WHOSE FUNCTION IS TO PREVENT FALLS FROM AN ELEVATED AREA
WHAT IS USED IN COMMERCIAL CONTRACTUION THAT ATTACHES TO THE STRUCTURAL FLOOR ABOVE & PERIMETER OF BULDING TO ALLOW BUIDLING TO MOVE SLIGHTLY WITHOUT PUTTING PRESSURE ON PARTITIONS
SLIP JOINTS
SMOKE BARRIER IS
CONTINUOUS VERTICAL OR HORIZONTAL MEMBRANE WITH MINIMUM FIRE-RATING OF 1 HOUR DESIGN TO RESTRICT MOVEMENT OF SMOKE OPENINGS REQUIRED TO HAVE 20-MINUTE RATING AT LEAST
ASTM E 119
used to test partitions, floor assemblies, column covers, and similar construction assemblies. Involves building a sample of the wall or floor/ceiling assembly in the laboratory and setting a standard fire on one side of it.
Flemish Bond
Flemish bond, also known as Dutch bond, has historically always been considered the most decorative bond, and for this reason was used extensively for dwellings until the adoption of the cavity wall. It is created by alternately laying headers and stretchers in a single course. The next course is laid so that a header lies in the middle of the stretcher in the course below. Again, this bond is one brick thick. It is quite difficult to lay Flemish bond properly, since for best effect all the perpends (vertical mortar joints) need to be vertically aligned. If only one face of an Flemish bond wall is exposed, one third of the bricks are not visible, and hence may be of low visual quality. This is a better ratio than for English bond, Flemish bond's main rival for load-bearing walls.
Gyp.Board Thickness
5/8" thick for most commerical work, 1/2" common in residential projects and furred walls in commercial projects, 1/4" wallboard for forming curved surfaces, double layer are used when addtional fire resistence is required or for extra acoustical control bewteen rooms.
Rubbed finish
has a surface with occasional slight "trails" or scratches
Upright Heads
are used with exposed plumbing and high, unfinished ceilings.
trim pieces:
LC bead: edge trim requiring finishing with joint compoundL bead: edge trim without a back flange; good for installation after the wallboard has been installed. requires finishing with joint compoundLK bead: edge trim used for various thicknesses of wallboard in a kerfed jamb (one with a small slot cut in). requires finishing with joint compound.U bead: edge trim that does not require finishing with joint compound, but the edge of the metal is noticeable. sometimes called j metal.
epoxy
used as a binder for resistance to corrosion and chemicals. also resist abrasion and strongly adhere to concrete, metal and wood.
convector
unit or device that radiates heat from water to the surrounding air, usually through closely spaced fins. usually placed agains a wall or under a window
area fee
professional fees based on the are method are determined by multiplying teh sq ftg of a project by some fixed rate.generally only used in commercial, and then only when designer has much experience.tenant finish planning is often priced on a sq. ft basis b/c designer will know what it takes to do the job, and b/c tenants, building owners, and leasing agents do most of their negotiations on a sq. ft basis
Property Insurance
Type of insurance that protects the designer's building and its contents against fire, theft, flood, etc.
Public Distance
From 12' outward, is the greatest distance and the most formal
Concept of Grouping
States that humans perceive separate units in the visual field as a group.
Objects and spaces are judged relative to the size and form of the human body
Human scale
R/U RATIO
FLOOR R/U RATIO X BUILDING R/U RATIO
stacking diagram
drawing that shows the location of major spaces or departments when a project occupies more than one floor of a multistory building. Usually worked out before each floor area is planned in detail.
The complexity of the human-environment interface makes it difficult to base a design theory only on
 
a. environmental design research
 
b. functionality
 
c. history precedent
 
d. perception theories
a. environmental design research
 
Because environmental design reaserch typically only focuses on one variable at a time, it is often difficult to drawto draw valid conclusions that may apply to any design situation
Programming
The scope of work which includes, but is not limited to, conducting research; identifying and analyzing the needs and goals of the client and/or occupant(s) of the space; evaluating existing documentation and conditions; assessing project resources and limitations; identifying life, safety and code requirements; and developing project schedules and budgets.
is a full-scale fire test for furniture. Method involves the exposure of the piece of furniture to an open flame gas burner for 80 seconds
CAL 133
gypsum plaster is used for what type of construction
residential
GESTALT PSYCOLOGY
humans innately perceive things as a whole so what is perceived is compete and comprehensive
packing list
detiled list of the nubmer and description of items in teh shipment, will be sealed in an envelope attached to one of the items shipped
Classified Lable
samples of the product were tested for certain types of uses only, the product must also carry a statement specifying the conditions that were tested for. This allows field inspectors and others to determine if the product is being used correctly.
What type of specs should you write if you want a very specific product?
Proprietary
From a maintenance standpoint, a poor choice for a commercial bar top would be... A.Epoxy B. Marble C. Plastic Laminate D. Wood
ANSWER B Marble
General and supplementary conditions
general conditions of the contract (such as AIA Form 201 or similar preprinted forms) supplementary coditions (anything not covered in the general conditions0
Limited Partnership
has one or more general partners and other limited partners. The general partners invest in the company, manage it, and are financially responsible, as with a general partnership. Limited partnership are, simply investors and recieve a portion of the company and are liable only to the extent of their investment.
Brightness ratios
should be limited to 3:1 between the tak and immediate surroundings, 5"1 between the task and nearby general surroundings, and 10:1 between the task and more remote surroundings.
strip flooring is installed
by blind nailing through the tongue.one method; sheet of 3/4" plywood is attached to the concrete to provide the nailable base. a layer of polyethylene film is laid down first if moisture may be a problem.another method; wood flooring is laid on wood sleepers. not only gives a more resilient floor that is more comfortable under the foot, but it also provides an air space so any excess moisture can escape.in both cases, a gap of about 3/8 to 3/4" is left at the perimeter to allow for expansion and is concealed with the wood base.
fire damper
device placed in a duct that is designed to automatically close when subjected to a certain increase in temperature or with the detection of smoke.
flame spread index
numerical value assigned to a material tested in accordance with ASTM E 84
All Risk
Type of insurance carried by the owner that protects against physical loss or damage caused by fire, theft, vandalism and malicious mischief
Size Constancy
Means that people tend to perceive an object as having the same size regardless of the changes in viewing distance to the object.
Relate to the natural world and the human body; graceful and suggest gentle movement
Curved lines
Monochromatic color scheme
employs one hue with variations only in intensity & value.
56.  With the client's acceptance of the program statement, the designer proceeds to the next step in the design process, which is
 
A. preliminary design
B. design development
C. presentation drawings

D. construction drawings
 
 

A. preliminary design
59.  The biggest operating expense of a design business is:
 
A. its employees
B. its rent, HVAC and utilities
C. its direct and indirect taxes

D. its insurance, accountants' and lawyers' fees
 
 

A. its employees
mat test
similiar to polyethylene test 24 x 24 platic glued to concrete with the edges taped. if it is still adhered to the concrete after 72 hrs, then its dry
NEEDLE PUNCHING CARPET
FIBER IS PULLED THRU BACKING WITH NEELES
primary circulation space includes:
the public circualtion space such as:
entry lobby
elevator lobbies
main corridors
exits
FIRE SUPPRESSION IS ACHIEVED THROUGH
FIRE DETECTIONS & ALARMS
 FIRE SPRINKLERS
STANDPIPES
What is NFPA D 2859
flame spread pill test for carpet
The most useful tool for analyzing interrelationships between required spatial areas is a... A. Hierarchical Organization Chart B.Functional Adjacency Diagram C.Programming Matrix D. User Needs Analysis
ANSWER C PROGRAMMING MATRIX
Concrete Block might be a sensible choice when designing a.....
institutional application, school, college dormitories, or where heavy use is expected.
Luminous intensity
is the solid angular flux density in a given direction measured in candlepower or candelas.
pitch
number of ends of surface yarn in a 27 inch width. for tufted carpet, this is called the gauge, which is the spacing in fractions of an inch between needles across the width of a carpet.
in commercial construction
most HVAC systems are designed to work independently of partition relocation and furniture placement. in some cases, HVAC zones are designed for one layout and many not work with the desired zoning of a new plan.
What is the MasterFormat?
Organizes of the technical sections of specifications. Part 1- GeneralPart 2- ProductsPart 3- Execution
Orthographic Drawing
A view of object as seen as though your line of site is simultaneoulsy perpendicular to every point on the face of the object, includes floor plans, elevations and sections
Color scheme in which a color on one side of the color wheel is used with 2 hues that lie on either side of the complementary color
Split complementary
3. Universal design is defined as "design for all people."  The underlying principles of universal design include:
 
A. accessibility, cost effectiveness, adaptability
B. accessibility, aesthetics, affordability
C. supportive, adaptable, accessible

D.
 
 

C. supportive, adaptable, accessible
15.  During the contract administration of a project the designer is responsible for:
 
A. furniture specifications
B. finish specifications
C. meeting with the general contractor and conducting site visits

D. coordinating with sub-contractors
 
 

C. meeting with the general contractor and conducting site visits
THE VENT THAT CONNECTS TO THE SOIL OR WASTE STACK ABOVE THE HIGHEST FIXTURE IN THE SYSTEM IS ______
STACK VENT
brass is an alloy to _____ and _____
copper and zinc
NAME THREE HIGH INTENSITY DISCHARGE LAMPS AND WHAT DO THEY ALL HAVE IN COMMON
METAL-HALIDE
MERCURY-VAPOR
HPS (HIGH PRESSURE SODIUM)
 
COMMON: PRODUCE LIGHT BY PASSING AN ELECTRIC CURRENT THROUGH A GAS OR VAPOR UNDER HIGH PRESSURE
FLAT SLAB CONSTRUCTION
SIMILAR TO FLAT PLATE BUT THE DROP PANELS ARE USED TO INCREASE STRENGTH
What is lumen
The unit of lumenous flux equal to the flux in a unit solid angle of one sterasian from a uniform point source of one candelpower
 
Describe the Wyzenbeek Test
Test for fabric, pulled taut & rubbed in both warp & filling direction using a piece of cotton duct as abradant, # of cycles (double-rubs) before noticable wear is counted. 15,000 double rubs - general contract upholstery, 30,000 dr - Heavy Duty Upholstery
Once the decision has been made to employ a professional space planner, the success of the project is based upon the: A. Selection of company coordinator B. Team Leader C. Thorough Analysis of Company's Requirements D. Mutual Trust in sharing info
ANSWER B. Team Leader
NFPA 701 relates to which of the following items?
1. wallcoverings2. fabrics3. draperies4. floor coverings3, draperies
circuiting of lights also dependent on
type of control required.many lights connected to a dimmer switch must be on their own circuit.both incan. and flour. can be dimmed, but flour. dimmers are more expensive adn special fixtures are required to minimize flicker as they are dimmed.
when designer reviews shop drawings it is only for
conformance with design concept expressed in the cds. contractor is responsible for determining accuracy and completeness of dimnsion, details, quantities.
DESCRIBE PART 1 OF THE SPECIFICATION SECTIONS
GENERAL: SCOPE, SUBMITTALS, QUALITY ASSURANCE, WARRANTIES, CONDITIONS, DELIVERY SPECIFICATIONS, STORAGE AND HANDLING
32. The adjacency matrix is used to:
 
A. formulate design presentation patterns
B. create pairing patterns for power and data distribution
C. establish space planning relationship priorities

D. establish fresh air and view requirements for habitable ro
 
 

C. establish space planning relationship priorities
which room would be most appropriate for a work environment?
 
a. painted blue with no windows
b. painted ellow 
c. painted white with windows
d. painted green with windows
c. painted white with windows
In partition construction, the purpose of resilient channels is to
 
A) increase the thickness of the parition
B) increase the acoustical properties of the partition
C) increase the strength of the partition
D) provide a suitable base for attaching wall
B is correct
 
A resilient channel allows the gypsum wallboard to attached to it to "bounce" when sound strikes it and minimizes the transmission of sound through the wall.
SPACES SHARING A COMMON SPACE
retain their unique identity and are linked with a third space that has its own identity
 
example: house with a courtyard or a corridor being used as a common space
EXAMPLE OF SMALL SCALE COMPARTMENTATION
FIRE STOPS IN STUD SPACES BEWTEEN FIRST AND SECOND FLOOR OF A HOUSE
NFPA 258 and ASTM E 662
measures the smoke developed from both flaming and nonflaming (smoldering) solid materials. The result is a measure of optical density on a scale of 0 to 800. Many codes require a smoke developed rating of 450 or less for finish materials.
What should be called out on cabinet drawings to ensure a tight fit with existing construction
"scribe pieces at cabinet edges"
Pitch of woven carpet
is the number of ends of surface yarn in a 27" width. For tufted carpet this measurement is called the guage which is the spacing in fractions of an inch between needles across the width of the carpet.
safety glazing is also required in hazardous locations in walls.
tempered or laminated glass is considered safety glazing.
every building is classified into one of five major types of construction based on the fire-resistance of certain building components
under IBC include, structural frame, interior and exterior bearing walls, and floor and roof construction.under ubc, components also include shaft enclosures, permanent partitions, and exterior doors adn windows.five types of construction are I, II, III, IV, and V. Type I are the most fire resistive.
Effects of adjacent color & light
1) when two complementary colors are seen adjacent to each other, each appears to heighten the otehr's saturation. when a small area of one color is placed on a background of a complementary color, teh small ara of color becomes more intense.2)when two noncomplementary colors are placed together, each apprears to tint the other with it's own complement...which means the two colors will seem farther apart on the color wheel than they are.3) two primary colors seen together will tend to appear tinted with the third primary
The best way to avoid fabric slippage over a cushion would be to specify
channeling
 
Because channeling is a method of attaching the fabric to a chusion and direct attachment is the best way to avoid slippage
56.  You have been retained to do the space planning and furniture layout for the expansion of a real estate office.  You have determined that an additional egress is required to meet the occupancy code.  Who is responsible for the construction cost of
 
 

A. the property owner
resilient channels are used for what
to improve accoustical properties of a wall by isolating the wallboard from rigid attachments to the framing
what does a closed specification ensure?
that only one particular product is used. no substitution
What is uniformity when taking about lighting
Affects a persons perception of a space as geing comfortable and pleasant to be in
What would be the primary reason for a designer to suggest that the client purchase appliances directly rather than purchase them through the contractor.
To avoid the contractor's markup.
opening force required to push or pull open an iterior hinged door
cannot exceed more than 5 pound-feet
roller shades and inverted roller shades
consist of a piece of cloth wound around a spring roller. inexpensive, adn can be covered with decorative fabric. however, block off all view when closed, and interfere with ventilation.
hourly method favored by many designers b/c
for every actual hour spent on the project they are assured of covering expenses and making a profit. also protects designer when a client keeps changing his/her mind or otherwise delays the completion of a job. designer is also compensated if unforeseen problems develop during design, construction, or install of the project. contract can be written that sets max amount cleint will pay.
41.  The conclusion(s) developed from preliminary data collection must include diagrams of typical workplace layout(s) and:
 
A. the actual floor plan
B. the scope and purpose of the project
C. a listing of unnecessary existing equipment

D. an estimate
 
 

B. the scope and purpose of the project
Under what conditions would a 1-3/4" thick hollow metal door be used?
 
A) when a fire rating of over 90 minutes and high security and durability are required
B) when a fire rating over 1 hour is required or a steel frame is necessary
C) when the door op
1. A
 
Option B is incorrect because a soli-core wood door in a steel frame could be used to meet the conditions. Option C is incorrecr because a smoke-proof opening can be achieved with a wood door as well as with a hollow metal door. Option D is a possible choice, but minimal maintenance under heavy use does not necessarily imply a metal door.
BY CODE WHICH OF THE OCCUPANCIES IS ALLOWED AN EXIT THROUGH A STOCKROOM
GROUP M OCCUPANCY
 BUT ONLY WITH CERTAIN RESTRICTION MET: 44" WIDTH IN STOCKROOM SAME HAZARD CLASSIFICATION AS STORE NOT MORE THAN 50% CAN BE OF EXIT ACCESS CANNOT BE SUBJECT TO LOOKING FROM EGRESS SIDE
If two or more widths are required...
the total width must be divided such that the loss of any one means of egress does not reduce the available capacity to less than 50% of the required capacity.
A project is being completed subject to the std. AIA General Cond. Agreement. If some millwork was installed with the incorrect finish, who is responsible? the millworker, the ID, the project manager, or the GC?
ANSWER D. The GC is responsible for making sure that the necessary shops & smaples are submitted to ID. Because the GC is responsible for coordinating the various trades & suppliers, he or she would be responsible.
The twerm "stick building" refers to what?
ANSWER the construction of a building piece-by-piece on site
from the trap, sewage travels in fixture branch lines to a vertical stack
if the stack carries human waste from toilets, it is called a soil stack. if stack carries wastes other than human, it is known as a waste stack.
space for particular use is determined in one of three ways:
1) number of people that must be accommodated2) by an object or piece of equipment3) specific activity that has its own clearly specified space needs
when is it that slab to slab partitions are used
when a complete fire-rated barrier is required or for sound control
IN RELATIONS TO DUCT SIZES WHAT DOES THE FIRST NUMBER INDICATE AND WHAT DOES THE SECOND NUMBER INDICATE. EXAMPLE WHAT DOES 18X12 MEAN?
FIRST NUMBER IS THE WIDTH SECOND NUMBER IS THE HEIGHT 18" WIDE BY 12" HIGH
On a small retail project, what type of schedule is the the designer most likely to use? A. Gantt B. CPM C. PERT D. Fast Track
ANSWER A. GANTT schedule is a simple bar chart which would be more appropriate then the CPM (Critical Path Method) which lists the start and stop dates of work as well as their interdependencies
using a lamp with a high complement of blue and violet will make.....
finishes and furniture with the warmer colors of red appear dull, gray, and washed out. Where color appearance is important, finishes and materials should be selected under the same lighting used in the finished space.
if you're developing with a list of spaces for your client you:
add in extra area to account for nonusable space. this total, plus an allowance for columns and demising walls, would then be the amount of rentable square footage your client would have to lease.
HOW MANY TYPES OF CONTRUSTIONS ARE THERE & WHICH IS THE MOST RESTRICTIVE?
FIVE TYPES, & TYPE I IS THE MOST RESTRICTIVE
Which of the following is not part of the Contract Documents?A. Addenda B. Bid Form C. Specifications D. Owner-Contractor Agreement
ANSWER B. Bid Form is sometimes bound into Project Manual, but its not part of the contract documents because its only a proposal.
BID SECURITY IS EITHER A FIXED AMOUNT OR
5% OF ESTIMATED COST FOR WORK OR BID PRICE
/ 137
Term:
Definition:
Definition:

Leave a Comment ({[ getComments().length ]})

Comments ({[ getComments().length ]})

{[comment.username]}

{[ comment.comment ]}

View All {[ getComments().length ]} Comments
Ask a homework question - tutors are online