NCIDQ Study Cards Flashcards

Door
Terms Definitions
MONOCHROMATIC
ONE HUE
NFPA
National Fire Protection Association
FOB MEANS
FREE ON BOARD
window coverings
vertical ignition test-draperies, curtains and other window treatment as well as banners, awnings, and fabric structures- NFPA 701
Design Considerations
Maintaining adjacencies
Public vs. Private
Enclosed vs. Open
Daylighting, Views and Artificial Lighting
regarding spaces: 
 
______ area is the area available for assignment to a tenant including the actual net area and the secondary circulation space
USEABLE
UL 10B
Fire tests of Door Assemblies
Gyp. Wallboard Framing LK Bead
edge trim
Light quality
important considerations, are glare, constrast, uniformity, and color.
carpet is manufactured
1)weaving-traditional method; produces very attractive, durable carpet, but most expensive. three primary ways of weaving*Wilton-produced on a Jacquard loom that allows complex patterns, as well as several types of surface textures including level cut pile, level loop, cut/uncut, and multilevel loop. generally heavier and more expensive that other wovens for the same weight.*velvet-simplest form of weaving adn places all pile yarns on the face of the carpet. generally solid colors.*axminster-made on a modified Jacquard loom that delivers different colors of yarn at different times according to the pattern. unlike wilton, most of the pile yarns can be placed on the surface. even, cut-pile surface with a heavily ribbed backing.*
UBC breaks into ten major groups
a-assemblyb-businesse-educationalf-factory and industrialh-hazardousi-institutionalm-mercantiler-residentials-storageu-utilitysome are divided into subcategories called divisions. ie. R-1 includes hotels and apartments while an R-3 includes dwellings.
Grid
Organizational concept with two sets of spaced elements
COM stands for what?
Customer's own fabric
Relationship between parts of a composition to each other and to the whole
Scale
Commercial grade cabints are most often constructed of panel products with a thickness of
3/4"
HWERE IS THE HOPPER WINDOW HINGED
BOTTOM
The project manual contains the
technical specifications
A 20th century architectural and interior design style succeeding modernist work, which is characterized by historicism and the use of decorative elements is known as: Post-Modern Eclecticism Moderne Historicism
ANSWER Post-Modern
Glazing
process of installing glass in framing as well as installing the framing itself.
VAV Box
typically placed above the ceiling, within or near the space it serves. With dual duct systems the mixing box actually mixes cool and hot air coming into it from two separate ducts and distributes the mixes air to ducts serving individual room or spaces.
railroading
application of fabric to furniture so that there are no intermediate seam details. also used when vertical stripes on the fabric must run horizontally.
veneer stock
from which most millwork is constructed; thin slice of wood cut from a log and glued to a backing of particleobard or plywood, normally 3/4 inch thick.solid stock, is a thicker piece of solid wood.
furniture mounted
common with taks-ambient systems. individual lights are built into the furniture above the worksurface to provide sufficient task illumination, while uplighting is provided by lights either built into the upper portion of the furniture or as freestanding elements.
chase
enclosed vertical area for pipes or ductwork that runs from one floor to another
Custom-designed
Type of furniture designed by the interior designer
AIA/ASID 177
Abbreviated Form of Agreement Between Owner and Contractor for Furniture, Furnishings and Equipment Where the Basis of Payment is a Stipulated Sum
Tint
When white is added to a hue
Welt
Fabric-covered cord sewn into the seam of upholstery for ornamental purposes or to improve the durability of the covering.
Lightness Constancy
Means that people perceive the lightness or darkness of an object at the same regardless of the illumination of the space in which the object is viewed.
Relationship between one part of an object or composition and another part and to the whole
Proportion
ASTM E662
Standard Test Method for Specific Optical Density of Smoke Generated by Solid Materials
Measures the amount of smoke given off by a flaming or smoldering material or finish.
450 or less usually required by code for finish materials
Same as NFPA 258
economy
concerns money; the initial cost of the interior, operating costs, and life-cycle costs.
Which architect developed the modulor system?
Le Corbusier
WHERE IS THE AWNING WINDOW HINGE
AT TOP
GENERAL LIGHTING
ENOUGH LIGHTING FOR READING & ILLUMINATING OBJECTS
flame resistance
ability to withstand flame impingement or give protection from it
NFPA 265
ROOM CORNER TEST TESTS THE CONTRIBUTIONS OF INTERIOR WALL & CEILINGS COVERINGS TO FIRE GROWTH
Exit doors...
must have automatic closers, and all hardware must be tested and approved for use on fire exits. When closed, they must provide a tight seal against smoke and drafts. Glass in exit doors must be wired glass, and its total area is limited depending on the door's fire rating.
Safety glazing for a hazardous location should be...?
Tempered or Laminated
Patterned glass
specialty glass made by passing a sheet of molten glass through rollers on which the desired pattern is pressed. Vision through is diffused but not totally obscured, the degree of diffusion depends on the type and depth of pattern,
Worker's Compensation
This insurance is mandatory in all states and protects employees in the event of injuries caused by work-related activities.
Low voltage lamps
another class of incandescents, these lamps operate at a lower voltage than 120 volts, usually 12 volts. However, operate at a higher current (amperage) so their filaments have to be thicker to carry the added current. More compact, resulting in smaller lamps and lamps with better beam control.
thresholds
used where floor materials change at a door line, where a hard surface is required for an auto door bottom, or where minor changes in floor level occur.
illuminance
density of luminous flux incident on a surface in lumens per unit area. one lumen uniformly incident on 1 sq. foot of area produces an illuminance of 1 footcandle. in si units, the measurement is lux.
ASTM E 84
standard test method for surface burnign characteristics of building materials. also known as the Steiner tunnel test, and rates the surface burning characteristics of interior finishes and other building materials by testing a sample piece in a tunnel test chamber that has a controlled flame at one end.
Wilton
Type of woven carpet produced on a Jacquard loom that allows complex patterns and several types of surface textures, heavier and more expensive than other woven types
Retail Method
The fee method where the designer produces their compensation by acting as a reseller of goods
Form, Function, Economy, Time
Four major considerations during programming
Behavior Setting
Is a particular place with definable boundaries and object in which a standing pattern of behavior occurs at a particular time.
Ex. Weekly board of directors meeting in a conference room
Often the way we first distinguish one thing as being different from another
Form
ASTM D3884
TABER ABRASER TEST - TESTS CARPET ABRASION
31. Establishing a square foot circulation factor is a necessary step in:
 
A. creating a ceiling plenum space
B. design programming
C. wire management

D. the purchase/ shipment/ installation process
 
 

B. design programming
When planning a panel hung computer workstation, what is the first design consideration?
electrical location
WHERE ARE THE FLAME-SPREAD RATINGS OF A BUILIDNG MOST RESTRICTIVE
EXIT ENCLOSURES
WHEN IS THE REDUCTION NOTICABLE?
WHEN REDUCED TO 5dB
OVERLAPPING SPACES
consist of two spaces whose unique limits can be perceived but share a common space
TRUE OR FALSE: EVEN IF THE OCCUPANT LOADS DOES NOT REQUIRE TWO EXITS, BUT THE COMMON PATH OF EGRESS EXCEEDS THE LIMITED, TWO EXITS ARE STILL REQUIRED
TRUE
Exit enclosure
a fully enclosed portion of an exit that is only used as a means of egress and that provides for a protected path of egress either in a vertical or horizontal direction. In most instances, however, exit enclosures mean protected stairways. Depending on construction type and building type, an exit enclosure must have either a one-hour or two hour rating, and all openings must lead to an exit descharge or public way.
Which is the MOST important in determining the # of exits required?a. distance from room to building exitb. exit widthc. occupant loadd. occupancy
c. occupant load
Laminated glass
consists of two or more layers of glass bonded together by an interlayer or polyvinyl butyral resin. This type of glass is used where very strong glazing is required or where acoustical control is needed. Safety glazing. Can be bullet resisant and provides high security against intentional or accidental breakage.
Manufacturing process of carpet
done by weaving, tufting, needle punching, fusion bonding, and less frequently, by knitting and custom tufting. Weaving is traditional methods, by interlacing warp and weft yarns - most expensive method
Flight
a series of two or more risers between one floor or landing and the next
listed device
product that has been shown to meet applicable standards for use in fire-rated assmblies (including NFPA 80) or that has been tested and found suitable for use in a specific application
standard flourescent lamps have:
high efficacy, relatively low initial cost adn long life, and are available in a variety of color temperatures. They can also be dimmed, although flourescent dimmers are more expensive.because larger than incandescent, more difficult to control them precisely, so they are usually more suitable for general illumination.many standard T12's are being replaced by smaller and lower wattage T8 & T5, and incandescent lamps are being replaced by compact flourescent lamps.primary advantage to both is the energy savings realized by getting the same light level for less power input.
height line (hl)
where the picture plane touches the plan drawing, a veritical line is projected down to intersect the horizon line. this becomes the true height line or simply the height line. only line on the perspective drawing where vertical dimensions can be directly scaled.
project cost
total cost or estimated cost to the owner of all components of teh project-including items designed or spec'd by the designer, labor, and materials, furniture, adn equipment furnished by the owner if it was designed or selected by the designer-plus a reasonable allowance for the contractor's overhead adn profit. also includes costs of managing or supervising construction and install.construction cost does not include professional fees of the designer or consultants, financing costs, or other costs that are the responsibility of the owner.
General Liability Insurance
Type of insurance that includes a range of insurance to protect against claims of property damage, liability and personal injury caused by the designer or employees, consultants or other people hired by the designer
Support Ratio
Also known as the Support Factor or Compression Modulus
The ratio of the force required to compress a foam sample to 65% of its original thickness to the force required to compress the sample to 25% of its original thickness (the normal ILD rating).
Higher the support factor, the better the foams ability to support weight.
2.25-4 used for medical, institutional and assembly.
2.0 use for backs of chairs and booths
Checklist of Required Information (When gathering information)

Goals and Objectives (purpose, functional, aesthetics)

User Requirements (individual users, umber and functions of groups, public/full/part-time users, number of users, job description, user characteristics, location, personal preferences)

Activity Requirements (primary, secondary activities, nature of activity, when the activity performed, how often activity performed, if activity shares space or involves visitors)

Furnishings and Equipment (kinds of furntiure, whether existing will be used, relationship of equipment and furnishings, types of communication equipment, storage needed, mechanical requirements)

Adjacencies (required person-to-person, zoning, visitors)

Space Requirements Listed by Area and SF (space required for activity, nonassigned spaces such as closets, corridors)

Time and Money Requirements (total budget, lifecycle cots, move-in deadlines)
USEABLE AREA
THE MEASURED AREA OF AN OFFICE AREA, STORE AREA, OR BUILDING COMMON AREA ON A FLOOR. THE TOTAL OF ALL USEABLE AREAS FOR A FLOOR SHALL EQUAL FLOOR UEABLE AREA OF THAT SAME FLOOR
Stile and rail paneling
traditional type of railing composed of vertical pieces (stiles) and horizontal pieces (rails) enclosing a paneled area.
34.  What is the minimum clear width of a 6' long hallway in a one- or two-family residential occupancy?
 
A. 30"
B. 36"
C. 42"

D. 44"
 
 

B. 36"
Contract Administration
The set of services which may include developing and monitoring schedules and construction costs; ensuring construction is completed in conformance with contracts and design intent; liaison with contractors and consultants throughout the course of construction; reviewing shop drawings and submissions from the contractor; observing and commenting on construction progress; monitoring move-in and furniture installation; and conducting required post-occupancy evaluations.
continuity
tendency to see a line or shape as continuing in a particular direction rather than make a sharp turn
ONE SPRINKLER HEAD IS REQUIRED FOR EACH ____ SQ. FT. OF FLOOR AREA WITH A MAXIMUM SPACING B/T HEADS OF ____
225, 15 FT
DESCRIBE DIFFERENCE IN CAPACITY PROXIMITY DETECTORS, VIBRATION DETECTORS AND INFRARED MOTION DETECTORS
CAPACITANCE PROXIMITY DETECTOR - SENSES WHEN METAL OBJECT IS TOUCHED
VIBRATION DETECTORS SENSE DISTURBANCE IN OBJECT
INFRARED MOTION DETECTORS DETERMINE IF SPACE AROUND OBJECT HAS BEEN DISTURBED
NAME THREE TYPES OF PRECAST CONCRETE
SINGLE-TEE DOUBLE-TEE HOLLOW CORE
DIRECT LABOR
CHARGABLE TO CLIENTS AS THEY RELATE TO PROJECT
Area of refuge
an area where persons unable to use stairways can remain temporarily to await instructions or assitance during emergency evacuation.
Which of the following must have no less thtan a Class III (or C) fire rating? a. bookshelves b. wainscoting c. built-in base cabinets d. door & window trim
ANSWER b. WAINSCOTING
Rotary Slicing
log is mounted on a lathe and turned against a knife, which peels off a continous layer of veneer. very pronounced pattern, not a lot of waste
Return air ducts...
collect the cooled air and return it to the furnace for reheating. If necessary, an air conditioning unit is connected to the same ductwork to provide cooled and dehumidified air.
door seals
used along edges of doors to provide a tight seal against smoke, light, and soundtypes: neoprene, felt, metal, and vinyl.
three types of flourescent light
1. preheat-lamps which have been supplanted by rapid start types2. rapid start3. instant startall flourescent lamps have a ballast, which supplies the proper starting and operating voltages to the lamp as well as limiting the current
orthographic projection
view of an object seen through as your line of sight were simultaneously perpendicular to every point on the face of the object.all pieces shown in true relationship with other pieces, and the scale and proportion are the same for multiple views of the same object. no distortion for lines and planes parallel to the plane on which the view is projected. however, when a dagonal line or plane is shown it is foreshortened.
Visual Comfort Probability (VCP)
Used to evaluate glare, gives the percentage of people who will find a given situation comfortable in terms of glare
Existing Conditions that Influence Space Plan of Interior Design
Relationship to surround areas
Size of existing space
Views
Special Features (Ex. ornate millwork)
Structural conditions
Plumbing
6. What combination of combustible and non-combustible trim and decorations are permissible in occupancies A, E, I, R-1 and R-2?
 
A. noncombustible 10%, combustible 5%
B. noncombustible unlimited, combustible 10%
C. noncombustible 20%, combustible 20%

 
 

B. noncombustible unlimited, combustible 10%
USE THE FOLLOWING SCENERIOS FOR QUESTIONS 48 & 49:
 
You have been asked to design a call center that receives calls 24-hours a day from various catalog shoppers across the country.  Three shifts of employees use each workstation.  When considering de
 
 

D. specifying adjustable chairs and keyboards
secondary circulation space includes:
corridors in private leased areas used to connect the net assigned areas to the primary circulation areas
tests for doors
NFPA 252 (aka UL 10B )
NFPA 80
UL 1784
 
WHAT ARE THE TWO MOST IMPORTANT FACTORS WHEN DETERMINING THE NUMBERS OF EXITS NECESSARY
OCCUPANCY AND OCCUPANT LOAD!!!!!!!
Dead End Corridors
Limited to a maximum of 20', but avoid if at all possible always.
What type of insurance is LEAST necessary for an interior designer? a. employee health b. worker's comp c. general liability d. automobile
ANSWER A Employee Health Insurance
Two ways of installing stone
thin-set or a thick-set installation. Thick-set usually the best and must be used when subfloor is uneven or when the stone varies in thickness. Thin-set applications are less expensive, add much less weight to the floor, and are faster to install.
unwanted sound transmission from one space to another
transmission of sound is primarily retarded by the mass of the partition. the stiffness, or rigidity of the partition is also important. given two partitions the same weight per sq. ft, the one with the less stiffness will perform better than the other.
Three Performance Criteria for Foam Cushions:
Density (greater the desitiy, greater the support)
Firmness (ILD)
Support Ratio
NFPA 261 OR CAL TB 116
TESTS CIGARETTE IGNITION ON MOCK-UP FURNITURE ASSEMBLIES (COMPLETE FABRICATED CUSHION INCLUDING FABRIC, BATTING, ETC)
60.  Which of the following would not typically be used to test upholstery fabric for a lounge chair?
 
A. Smolder Resistance Test
B. Steiner Tunnel Test
C. Smoke Density Test

D. Radiant Panel Test
 
 

D. Radiant Panel Test
In addition to being decorative tapestries in Gotheic and Renaissance castles
 
a. reduced the amount of sound reflection within a room
 
b. minimized drafts
 
c. increased the mean radiant temperature
 
d. reduced heat loss by increasing the insulati
C. increased the mean readiant temperature
 
Tapestries seved all four purposes listed, but the primary advantage was to decrease heat loss through radiation by covering the cold stone walls with an insulating material. This, in effect, raised the mean radiant temerature. 
what type of hinges must a fire-rated door have
steel or stainless steel
NAME THE THREE ELEMENTS TO SMOKE CONTROL
CONTAINMENT, EXHAUST & DILUTION (LESSER DEGREE)
EXIT-ACCESS CORRIDORS ARE REQUIRED TO HAVE
1-HOUR RATINGS & 20-MINUTE DOOR ASSEMBLY RATINGS
The initial determination of area required for a client's program gives...a. the net areab. the rentable areac. the gross aread. the efficiency ratio
ANSWER net area - usable area.... Gross area includes the additional support space required to function (corridors, partitions), and the efficiency ratio is the relationship between the net and the gross
Conclusions developed from a preliminary data collection must include diagrams of typical workplace layouts and...A. actual floor plan B. the scope & purpose of the proj. C.a listing of unnecessary equip. D. An estimate of workplace cost
ANSWER B. - scope & purpose of proj.
upholstery can be enhanced in two additional ways
chemical treatmentliners can be placed between fabric and cushion to provide a barrier that slows or inhibits the spread of heat and flame.
drainage systems work by gravity
drain pipes must be sloped downward to carry away wastes. in addition, vent pipes are required.
AIA/ASID agreement specifically states that
no fixed limit of project shall be established as a condition of teh agreement unless agreed to in writing by both parties. only if two parties thus agree to a fixed limit, and teh lowest bid or negotiated price exceeds that limit, designer is obligated to modify drawings adn specs at no additional charge to reduce project cost
4. Including all of the following, EXCEPT ____, can facilitate a healthy and safe working environment:
 
A. an environment that meets existing health and safety standards
B. an environment where seating is chosen for individual comfort and use
C. an envi
 
 

B. an environment where seating is chosen for individual comfort and use
To create the most vivid and easily perceived color-coding system in an elderly housing facility, the interior designer should use which of the following combinations?
 
a. bright color against a background of noncomplementrary color
b. complementary col
complementary colors of high saturation
 
because highly saurated, complementary colors reinforce each other, the second combination would create the highest contrast and be the easiest to see for people of all ages
NAME TWO COLOR SYSTEMS & DESCRIBE THEM
MUNSELL - HUE, VALUE, CHROMA (INTENSITY)BREWSTER (AKA PRANG) - COLOR WHEEL
IF I NEED TO FIND OUT WHICH PROJECT IS HURTING OVERALL PROFITABIITY I WOULD LOOK AT WHICH REPORT?
OFFICE EARNING REPORT
Which is INCORRECT about fire-rated door assemblies?a. hinges and rated pivots are okb. some circumstances prevent need for closersc. door and frame must be labeledd. glass area is limited based on rating
b. always need closers on a rated door
First step to deterimine function of the space and visual task to be performed....
is determining the light levels needed (footcandle level), whether the space will be single or multiple use, and any special conditions that might dictage a particular kind of lighting solution.
HVAC systems are often classified by
medium used to heat or cool the building. two primary methods of heating and cooling use air or water.
How is Rentable Area in a Leasing Office or Retail Space determined?
By measuring from
-inside glass surface of exterior walls
to the finished surface of tenant side
and from center lines of partitions seperating adjacent tenant spaces
to detail a doorframe for a conference room where privacy is critical, which of the following is least likely to be required?
 
a. an automatic door bottom
d. heavy duty, silent door closer
c. neoprene gasketing
d. a dolid core door
B. a heavy-duty silent door closer
 
the noise created by a door closer might be objectionable for the short time the door was closing, but it would have effect on privacy once the door was closed.
 
 
what happens when two complementary colors are placed side by side
each one appears to heighten the other saturation (chroma or purity of a color)
IN DWELLINGS UNITS & GUEST ROOMS IBC REQUIRES WALL ASSEMBLIES TO HAVE A MINIMUM SOUND TRANSMISSION OF
50 FOR WALLS (45 FOR FIELD)
Which test must wall-covering pass? A. Room Corner Test B. Smoke density Chamber Test C. Steiner Tunnel Test D. Veritcal Ignition Test
ANSWER C. STEINER TUNNEL TEST aka ASTME E-84
Most common types of floor and roof construction
concrete on metal decking. Corrugated sheet metal is supported by steel beams and columns adn serves as a working platform, the form for the concrete, and part of the structural system. Concrete is poured over the decking and leveled to create the final rough floor.
two classes are defined by the radian panel test: Class I and Class II(UBC)
Class I: materials have a critical radiant flux of not less than .45 wattsClass II: have a critical radian flux of not less than .22 watts.Class I finishes are typically required in corridors and exitways of hospitals, nursing homes, and detention facilities.Class II flooring is typically required in corridors adn exitways of other occupanceies, except one-and two-family dwellings.IBC does not establish criteria of flooring material limiting their critical radiant flux. specifically excludes traditional flooring types such as wood, vinyl, linoleum, and terrazzo.Also allows class II materials in sprinklered buildings where Class I materials may otherwise be required.
9.  When standard traverse drapery yardage is calculated, the cut length is the distance:
 
A. from the top of the rod to the desired bottom of the drapery
B. from the top of the rod to the desired bottom of the drapery plus the hems and top headings
C.
 
 

B. from the top of the rod to the desired bottom of the drapery plus the hems and top headings
two of the most common steel structural system are ______ and ______
the beam and girder system and the open-web steel joist system
For a jewelry store which would be the best type of lamp to use in the display cases? A. 75WPAR quartz lamp B. 150W R quartz lamps C. 15W T lamps D. 90W MR-16 lamps
ANSWER D. MR-16s are the smallest option and because they are tungsten-halgoen lamps they give good color rendition.
reducing level of sound source is not always possible
however, if the sound source is from noise outside or an adjacent room, the transmissin loss of the enclosing walls can be improved.modifying the absorption of the space can achieve some noise reduction, but there are practical limits to adding absorptive materials.in most cases, introducing nonintrusive background sound is desirable b/c it can mask unwanted noise. may come from a steady hum of HVAC, business machines, traffic, conversation, or from other sources.
TWO TYPES OF STAINS FOR MILLWORK, NAME THEM
SOLVENT BASE - DRIES QUICKLY BUT NOT UNIFORM & DOES NOT RAISE GRAINWATER BASE - UNIFORM COLOR, RAISES GRAIN
When the number of occupants of a space exceeds...
the number given in the code, then at least two exits must be provided. The IBC requires two exits when the occupant load of a space exceeds the numbers given in IBC Table No. 1014.1
What happens when black is added to a hue?
Value is lowered and a shade is created
What would be the best way to avoid fabric slippage over a cushion? A. heavy fabric pulled tightly over cushion B. high denisty foam with an interliner C. Specify Round Corners w/ Welts D. Channeling
ANSWER D. CHANNELING is a method of directly attaching the fabirc to the cushion and therefore is the best way to reduce slippage.
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