NOS Windows Server Flashcards

Windows 2000
Terms Definitions

MPPE

Microsoft Point-to-Point Encryption - used for PPTP
CHP 6 - Configuring File Services
 
Two basic types of namespaces
stand-alone
 
domain based
IP
primarily responsible for addressing and routing packets between hosts.

Strongest Encryption

Dial-up and PPTP-based VPN connections: MPPE 128-bitL2TP/IPSec VPN connections: DES 168-Bit

Exam Tip: 
What is the oldest version of BIND that will allow a UNIX-based DNS server to accept dynamic updates?
8.1.2
IKE

Internet Key Exchange - the protocol used to set up a security association (SA) in the IPsec protocol suite.
When a user account template is copied, group membership information is also copied. (True or false?)
True
50. When Terminal Services is installed, the ____ tab configures a program to automatically run when the user connects to the terminal server.
Answer: Environment
network infrastructure
a set of physical and logical components that provide the
basis for connectivity, security, routing, management, access, and other integral features on a network
Logging on to an Active Directory domain from the console of a Windows XP system is referred to as which type of authentication?a. interactiveb. networkc. Domaind. Local
a. interactive
Secure dynamic updates are available in which type of DNS zone?a. Standard primaryb. Secondaryc. Active Directory–integratedd. Standard primary and secondaryIncorrect.
c. Active Directory–integrated
CHP 7 - Configuring Print Services
 
interim formates used by printer driver to make job file
Enhanced Metafile (EMF)converts application data into EMF file, printer sends to print server, stores in spooler which uses the printer driver on print server to render job into final PCL format for print device
 
XML Paper Specification (XPS)
new, platform-independent doc format in Server 2008 and Vista. Print jobs use single XPS format for entire journey to print device, rather than being converted first to EMF and then PCL

Which versions of BIND are compatible with the Fast Transfer Format?

Version 4.9.4 and later

Transport layer

The 3rd layer up in the TCP/IP reference modelIncludes the TCP & UDP protocols.
ARP Switches
-a           
-g
inet_addr
-N if_addr
-d 
-s
eth_addr
if_addr

-a: Displays current ARP entries by  interrogating  the current protocol data. 

-g: Same as -a.inet_addr: Specifies an internet address.-N if_addr: Displays the ARP entries for the network interface specified by if_addr.-d: Deletes the host specified by inet_addr. Flushes entire cache if 'inet_addr' is not specified.

-s: Adds the host and associates the Internet address inet_addr with the Physical address eth_addr. The Physical address is given as 6 hexadecimal bytes separated by hyphens. The entry is permanent.eth_addr: Specifies a physical address.if_addr: If present, this specifies the Internet address of the interface whose address translation table should be modified. If not present, the first applicable interface will be used.
Exam Tip:
 
How can you deploy Active Directory with the “least amount of administrative effort” in a multi-platform network (one that contains UNIX servers)?
By installing your network’s first DNS domains, along with its first Active Directory domains, on computers running Windows 2000 Server or Windows Server 2003.
 
This is because only in Windows environments are the many SRV records required for Active Directory created automatically. If you want to deploy DNS on a UNIX server and integrate the UNIX server into an Active Directory infrastructure,
configure the UNIX server as a secondary DNS server.
A(n) ____ print device is connected directly to a port on the print server or workstation.
Answer: local
Using the ____ encryption option will result in all data being encrypted and sent from the client to the server using a key based on the maximum strength supported by the client.
Answer: Client Compatible
CHP 10 - Maintaining Network Health
 
CA administrator
role responsible for overall management of a CA, inc' the ability to delegate all other roles to additional users and groups.
CHP 5 - Routing and Remote Access and Wireless Ntwking
 
127.0.0.0
loopback address

What option is configured in the properties of an RRAS server when you install a VPN?

Remote access and routing

Which encryption type is used with L2TP/IPSec VPN connections?

DES (Data Encryption Standard)
One of the most common troubleshooting tasks for any network administrator is ensuring the ____ of the shared network printers.
Answer: continued availability
The restriction on using Group Policy to remove a software application is that the application must have been originally installed using a(n) ____.
Answer: Windows installer package
DHCP is based heavily on which protocol?A Address Resolution Protocol (ARP) B Reverse Address Resolution Protocol (RARP) c. Bootstrap Protocol (BOOTP)d Domain Name System (DNS)
c. Bootstrap Protocol (BOOTP)EXPLANATION: Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) is based heavily on Bootstrap Protocol (BOOTP).

Main Mode IKE Quick Mode statistic

The total number of successful Security Associations created during Quick Mode operation since the IPSec service was last started.

Main Mode Active Acquire statistic

the number of pending and queued requests to establish a Security Association (connection) between IPSec peers.

Main Mode IKE Main Mode statistic

The total number of successful Security Associations during Main Mode operations since the IPSec service was last started.
What are the network addresses and subnet mask for the class C private IP range?
Network Address: 192.168.0.0 to 192.168.255.255
Subnet Mask: 255.255.0.0
Client computers that run any of the following operating systems EXCEPT ____ will automatically download the print driver when they initially connect to the printer.
Answer: Windows 98
You are the administrator of a Microsoft Windows Server 2003 network. The network consists of two Windows Server 2003 computers, named server 1 and server 2, and 200 Microsoft Windows XP Professional client computers. Server 2 is a DHCP server that provi
c. 237.10.10.4 EXPLANATION: The multicast address range is 224.0.0.0 through 239.255.255.255
CHP 9 - Securing Data transmission and Authentication
 
Preconfig Connection Security Rules
- Isolation Rule
- Authentication Exemption rule
- Server-to-server rule
- Tunnel rule

What 2 pieces of information are required to create a DHCP reservation?

The clients IP and MAC addresses.
Which DHCP option ensures that pre-Windows 2000 client resource records are updated by the DHCP server?
Dynamically update Dns A and PTR records for DHCP clients that do not request updates

Exam Tip: 5-34a
By default, to which servers are zone transfers allowed for primary zones?
Only those specified on the Name Servers tab of the zone's Properties page. This restriction is new to Windows Server 2003.
To perform an optional upgrade, the ____ option must not be checked.
Answer: Required upgrade for existing packages
You have been asked to perform an offline compaction of the DHCP database on one of your Microsoft Windows Server 2003 DHCP servers. What command-line tool would you use to accomplish this?a. The Compact utilityb. The Compress utility
c. the jetpack utilityEXPLANATION: Windows Server 2003 uses the Jetpack utility to perform offline compaction of the Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) database. (Discussion starts on page 43.)
An administrator has configured a DHCP server on a computer that is running Microsoft Windows Server 2003 in an Active Directory domain. A scope has been configured that has a valid range of addresses from 192.168.1.1 through 192.168.1.254. DHCP-enabled
d. Authorize the DHCP server in Active Directory.EXPLANATION: A Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) server in an Active Directory domain must be authorized before it can respond to DHCPDISCOVER messages from DHCP-enabled clients.
Cannot change group scope to universal, why?
The domain functional level must be Windows 2000 native or higher which does not support NT 4 server (upgrade them).
Exam Tip:
 
What can you do to reduce name resolution traffic when you have deployed caching-only servers in your network?
Increase the minimum TTL for records.

What is the default encryption method for PPTP VPN connections?

MPPEHowever, you can use PPTP with a certificate infrastructure
if you choose EAP-TLS as the authentication protocol.

When is DHCP audit logging automatically halted?

When the free disk space on the server falls below 20MB. It resumes when the free space increases to > 20MB.

How can you specify a DNS suffix for a single network connection?

IP Properties of that connection

What are alias (CNAME) resource records typically used for?

These records allow you to use more than one name to point to a single host. For example, the well-known server names (ftp, www) are typically registered using CNAME resource records.
You are the network administrator of a Microsoft Windows Server 2003 network that has 1,200 DHCP clients. You notice that the Dhcp.mdb file is 35 megabytes in size. What action can you take to improve the performance of DHCP?a. Perform an off
a. Perform an offline compaction of the DHCP database using the Jetpack utility.EXPLANATION: When the Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) database file exceeds 30 megabytes, you should perform an offline compaction of the DHCP database using the Jetpack utility.
A network administrator has a single Class C address space, which is 194.10.10.0. The network consists of 150 users who are logged on to the network at all times and 150 sales users who have portable computers and who are periodically logged on to the ne
c. Decrease the default lease period to 1 day.EXPLANATION: With a single Class C address, only 254 possible addresses are available. Because you have a total of 300 potential users on your network, you should decrease the lease period so that addresses that are no longer in use will be readily available.

When should you use a stub zone? Where are stub zones usually hosted?

Stub zones are most frequently used to keep track of the name servers authoritative for delegated zones. Most often, stub zones are hosted on the parent DNS servers of those
delegated zones.
Which of the following is NOT a necessary hardware requirement for setting up an efficient printing environment?
Answer: Having one or more super-users with high priority
Exam Tip: What details can you find out with Network Monitor that might have been lost with documentation?
You can use Network Monitor to find out certain details—such as the MAC address of a network interface card (NIC), the globally unique identifier (GUID) of a client computer, or the port used by a protocol.
When you perform a backup of the DHCP database, which of the following items are backed up?a. All scopes, superscopes, and multicast scopesb. Client reservationsc. Leasesd. Optionse. All of the above
e. All of the aboveEXPLANATION: The Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) backup process backs up the entire DHCP database including all scopes, superscopes, multicast scopes, client reservations, leases, and options.
Which encryption type is used with dial-up and PPTP-based VPN connections?
MPPE - based on the RSA RC4 family of algorithms.
You are a network administrator of a Microsoft Windows Server 2003 domain that is configured to use secure dynamic updates for DNS. The network clients have just been updated from Microsoft Windows NT 4 to Microsoft Windows 2000, and the DHCP server has
b. The DHCP server is not a member of the DnsUpdateProxy security group.EXPLANATION: With secure dynamic updates, only the registering client can modify Domain Name System (DNS) records. Because the Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) server initially registered these clients—unless the DHCP server was a member of the DnsUpdateProxy security group—the DHCP server would be the only computer with the right to update DNS records. Adding the DHCP server to the DnsUpdateProxy security group allows the Windows 2000 clients to update DNS.
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