Odyssey Vocab 11 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
achromatic
Colorless
prudent
cautious
beguling
charming-enchanting
Unscathed
unharmed
contentious
argumentative
Orestes
Agamemnon's son
Ram
Male sheep
dire
dreadful; terrible
Charybdis
giant whirlpool
ab
away (LATIN)
Serenity
calmness, peaceful
charlatan
fraud, faker
victuals
food supplies
limber
to make flexible
guile
deceitful cunning; dupilicity
Alcinous
King of Phaeacia
Exultant
highly elated, triumphant
fathom
come to understand
Calypsos
loveliest of gossesses
Menelaos
King of Lakedaimon(Sparta)
grisly
ghastly, inspiring fear
ardor
strong enthusiasm or devotion
Derisive
Expressing ridicule or scorn
Immortal
Adjective
not subject to death
august
adj inspiring, majestic, revered
Hector
To bully, tease, harass
Baffle
To frustrate or confuse
Persephone
queen of the underworld
blithe
gay, joyous, careless, casual
beeves
meat from beef cattle
Insidious
Characterized by Craftiness and Betrayal
incredulity
inability or unwillingness to believe
Wiliest
most crafty or sly; trickiest
Who is a mean whirlpool?
Charybdis
36. Adept
very skilled; proficient; expert
contrive
to devise of a plan
Telemachus
Son of Odysseus and Penelope
Dialogue
the conversation between characters in a novel, drama, etc
perverse
deviating from what is considered right or good
giant killing guide
homeric epither for hermes
defer
to submit through respect or recognition
staunch
firm and dependable especially in loyalty
contrived
obviously planned or calculated; not spontaneous or natural; labored
avenge
to take revenge on behalf of
stratagem
a military maneuver designed to deceive or surprise an enemy
barbarian
a crude uncouth ill-bred person lacking culture or refinement
Ismarus
city of the Ciconians near Troy
circe
beautiful with goddess who transformed Odysseus' men into beasts
trove
treasure of unknown ownership, hidden from view; a collection of valuable or delightful things
indifferent
(adj.) having no interest in or concern for
Firmament
n. the sky, considered as an arch
Sirens
creatures who song lures sailors to their death.
Irrepressible
impossible to restrain or control; not able to be controlled
Sea goddess who loved Odysseus and could let him keep his youth.
Calypso
errant
roving or wandering in search of adventure
polytheism
the worship of many gods and/or goddesses
Beguiling
highly attractive and able to arouse hope or desire
Crag
A steep cliff projecting upward or outward - I dove off a crag in Hawaii.
ponderous
having great mass and weight and unwieldiness
Cyclopes
race of one-eyed giants; an individual member of the race is Cyclops
Hephaestus
Hera's son, god of fire and forge, ugly, popular, patron of handicrafts
helios
go there and helios and zeus sends storm and crew starvs so
Oral Tradition
Pass down from one generation to another by word of mouth
prophecy
a prediction of the future, made under divine inspiration
muse
in ancient Greek mythology any of 9 daughters of Zeus and Mnemosyne
revel
to take great pleasure or delight, to pluck, retract, pull back
Ino
She is the daughter of Cadmus, with the slim ankles, who was once a mortal woman. She helps Odysseus in the Odyssey by aiding him when his raft was struck by waves from Posiedon. She gave him a veil to put around his waist and took off his clothes so it was easier for him to swim to the Phaeacian shore.
eurylochus
sailor who persuades the others to eat the Sun God's cattle
Kalypso
hold O hostage on her island for 7 years
What is an Epithet?
a short descriptive label ex. Odysseus, Son of Laertes
Antinous
A mean and surly suitor who is the first to be killed by Odysseus
virtuoso
one skilled in or having a taste for the fine art
swagger
to walk or strut with a defiant or insolent air.
he built the trojan horse
what was odysseus' main contribution to the trojan war?
Epic Simile or Homeric Simile
is an elaborate comparison of unlike subjects
What causes Menelaos to weep the first time?
when Menelaos wishes Odysseus, the companions and him had never parted; he wished they were still togehter; thinking about all of the people he had lost
mammoth
enormous
spume
foam
bereft
deprived
adorn
decorate
intrepid
fearless, adventurous
pernicious 2
deleterious
harmless
revelry
merrymaking; festivity
imperative
absolutely necessary
vociferous
clamorous; boisterous
Morph
shape, form
whim
sudden thought
Infallible
incapable of error
malign
speak evil of
tribulation
noun. severe suffering
zeus
king of gods
ignominious
dishonorable and disagreeable
torrent
noun
rush
drop, dip
MUSTER
Assemble or gather together
Penelope
Loyal wife of Odysseus
dogged
marked by stubborn determination
ambrosial
worthy of the gods
Sage
someone who is wise
Conspicuous
obvious, noticeable, attracting attention
Adversary
Noun. Enemy or opponent
Eumaeus
swineherd, loyal to Odysseus
king of the gods
Zeus
Piety
devotion and reverence to God
aloof
(adj) at a distance; unfriendly
shamble
to walk or go awkwardly
Lithe
Flexible, supple, limber, mild, soft
Calypso
Odysseus is kept prisoner by...
disdain
to refuse or reject scornfully
circumspect
careful to consider consequences, cautious, prudent, wary
harried
troubled persistently especially with petty annoyances
resplendent
having great beauty and splendor
commandeer
(v.) take arbitrarily or by force
Book XVII
The Beggar at the Manor.
Agamemnon
king and leader of Greek forces
Maudlin
Tearfully sentimental from too much liquor
Polyphemus
son of Poseidon - a Cyclops
epic
long narrative poem about important events in history or folklore of a nation
athena
goddess of war strategy, guides telemachus through mentor
pernicious
highly injurious or destructive : deadly
book 9
The battle with the cyclops
Trojan war
1200 B.C.-1210 B.C. Greece won
Demodocus
blind singer of the Phaeacians, bard
perils
exposure to injury, loss, or destruction; grave risk; jeopardy; danger:
Ithaca
Nestor's kingdom is a conrast of what?
appall (v)
to fill with consternation or dismay
portico
building with a roof supported by column
odyssey is named for...
its epic hero odysseus
Persecution
To treat cruelly or roughly, to abuse
Homer
ancient Greek epic poet who is believed to have written the Iliad and the Odyssey (circa 850 BC)
Helen
daugter of Zeus and Leda; beautiful wife of Menelaus; abducted by Paris, causing the Trojan war; there would be no story without her
craned
stretched the neck in order to see better
endow
to provide with income or property, to supply with a talent or quality
democtritis
the stories ... sang were about the end of the trojan war
Vaulted
constructed or covered with a vault or an arch as in a building or chamber
kleos
glory or renown won by accomplishing a greek deed
Mortal
human that is liable or subject to death.
What happens when Odysseus first encounters Antinous
He harrasses him
pine
(verb) to feel a lingering desire for something or someone
What does Menelaus put under his nose while waiting for Proteus?
Ambrosia
How old was Telemachus when Odysseus left?
One month
shroud
a cloth used to wrap a body for burial
(Olympus)
A mountain in Greece, which is home to many of the gods and goddesses
Divining and Divination
To know by inspiration, intuition or reflectoin; an indication of what is future or secret, a prediction
cattle of the sun
the crew ate ... therefore was punished
What does Penelope show in the second part of the Odyssey?
Prudence and loyalty
Zeus send Telemachos what sign?
and eagle carrying a deat goose - Odysseus has returned home and will remove suitors
Why did Circe change Odysseus' men back human?
She fell in love with Odysseus, plus he threatened
ardent
passionate
metis
cunning
disposed
inclined
Stately
dignified, majestic
linger
to remain
annihilation
destroy utterly
Reverlry
boisterous festivity
prattle
v. chatter
Hecatomb
100 cattle
thralldom
bondage, slavery
epithets
nick name
prevails
triumphs or wins
Anticlea
odysseus's mothers name
doleful
sad or mournful
restitution
n. comprehension, repayment
antoniua+eurymachus
suitors of penelope
bred
raised or grew
chaos
great disorder or confusion
subtle
delicate, elusive, not obvious
harangue
N-scolding/long intense verbal attack
Aegisthus
____ murdered King Agamemnon
Hermes
messenger of the gods
dwindle
to gradually lessen; diminish
assuage (v.)
to calm; to pacify
Furrow
to make wrinkles or grooves
host
a large number, a multitude
formidable-text
arousing respect, fear or awe
supplication
humble prayer; entreaty or petition
dissuade
turn away from by persuasion
book 23
odysseus and penelope reunite
discreet
careful with words and cautious
Dissemble
hide under a false appearance
Ominous
threatening or foreshadowing evil or tragic developments
waver
to show indecision or to vacillate
trundled
rolled or moved heavily or noisily
revulsion
a feeling of disgust or loathing
Scylla
(Greek mythology) a sea nymph transformed into a sea monster who lived on one side of a narrow strait
cockles
bivalve, mullucks, shell with convex radially ribbed valves.
cajole
to persuade with deliberate flattery, to coax, to wheedle
sentient
Possessing the power of sense or sense-perception
allusion
a reference to a well-known person, place, event, literary work, or work of art
wraith
an appiration of living person to portend his/her death
Aeolus
god of the winds, king of aeolia
bulwark
a strong defense or something that defends
How long is Odysseus with Calypso?
7 years
Assuage
*Means 'calm ; pacify'
1. Antonym is 'aggravate'
Antinuous
Who is the leader of the suitors?
Ipthime
- wife of Eurytus
- sister of Penelope
annex
(verb) to attach, append, or add, especially to something larger or more important
blanche
verb. to turn white from fear or shock
Thrinakia
island where the sun god Helios keeps his cattle.
Justification
the act of defending or explaining or making excuses for by reasoning
Nestor
wise old ruler of Pylos who fought with Odysseus at Troy
Sinon
13. Greek who went into Troy and pretended to be abandoned sacrifice (saying Greeks had fled, Trojan horse was offering to Athena and Greeks hoped Trojans wouldn't take into city, which they did, Greeks in horse and reinforcements hidden behind island of Tenedos)
kine
the mature female of a bovine animal, esp. of the genus Bos.
Perpetuity
a thing that lasts forever or for an indefinite period, in particular
Epithet of Athena
Grey-eyed one. She was also the daughter of Zeus. Goddess of Wisdom.
infuse
to put one thing into another so as to affect it throughout
Invocation of the Muse
a technique used in most epics in which the poet pleads with one of the muses (nine goddesses of the creative arts) to help him compose or tell his story
How well disciplined are Odysseus' men?
Not well, they didn't listen to orders.
What is the Ideal culture of Book 8?
(B 8, AF Notes) singing song, socially healthy competition and appropriate festivity, craftsmanship of weaving, respect of the gods, sense of community, balance of power of king and queen
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