of Psychological Disorders 4 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Psychotherapy
Treatment involving psychological techniques; consists of interactions between a trained therapist and someone seeking to overcome psychological difficulties or achieve personal growth
Meta-Analysis
A procedure for statistically combining the results of many different research studies.
interpretation
in psychoanalysis, the analyst's noting supposed dream meanings, resistances, and other significant behaviors and events in order to promote insight
Client-centered therapy
Carl Rogers
 
therapeutic method hinges on the therapist providing the cleint with what Rogers termed unconditional positive regard- regard is blanket acceptance and support of a person regardless of what the person says or does. It is essential to healthy development
Exposure Therapy
repeated presentation of stimulus
Atypical Antipsychotics
Example: dopamine. Targets dopamine and seratonin receptors.
Biomedical Therapy
Prescribed medications or medical procedures that act directly on the patients nervous system.
psychodynamic therapy
therapy deriving from the psychoanalytic tradition that views individuals as responding to unconscious forces and childhood experiences, and that seeks to enhance self-insight
Deinstitutionalization
Remove mental patients from abuse institutions
 
Was far succesfful because the patients' psychological disorder led to them being unable to care for themselves
Clarification
clarifying client's feelings; role of therapist
Manic Episodes
Extreme euphoria, physical energy, rapid thoughts and speech
Evidence Based Practice
Clinical decision making that integrates the best available research with clinical expertise and patient characteristics and preferences.
counter conditioning
(beh. th) reversing the present conditioned response
eclectic approach
an approach to psychotherapy that, depending on the client's problems, uses techniques from various forms of therapy
Dopamine overactivity appears to be most clearly related to
A. flat affect.
 B. agoraphobia.
C. hallucinations.
D. somatoform disorder.
E. an expressionless face.
C. hallucinations.
The reduced self-control of murderers is most closely related to reduce brain activity in their ________ lobes.
A. frontal
B. temporal
C. occipital
D. parietal
E. sensorimotor
A. frontal
Cognitive Therapies
locate the cause of psychological problems in the way people think, their methods of therapy concentrate onc hcanging these unhealthy thought patterns.
 
Cognitive therapy is often quite combative as therapists challenge the irrational thinking patterns of their clients
Social Skills Training
improve interpersonal skills, watch and model/imitate behaviors
Cognitive-Behavior Therapy
Attempts to replace maladaptive or irrational thoughts (cognitions) with more adaptive, rational ones
Cognitive Therapy
Therapy that teaches people new, more adaptive ways of thinking and acting; based on the assumption that thoughts intervene between events and our emotional reactions.
prefrontal lobotomy
(bio. the) cuts the main neurons leading to the frontal lobe, rarely done because of risks
virtual reality exposure therapy
an anxiety treatment that progressively exposes people to simulations of their greatest fears, such as airplane flying, spiders, or public speaking
Natasha claimed that her failure to get A's in all her courses meant she was incompetent.  her therapist calmly challenged this assertion, commenting, "By your strange calculations, well over 90 percent of all students are incompetent!" The therapist's r
A. cognitive
Behavioral Therapies
believe that all all behavior is learned. Base their therapies upon the same principles during learning
Operant Procedures
Using reward and punishment to shape behavior
Social Phobia
Marked fear of public appearances in which embarrassment or humiliation is possible
Pyschopharmacology
The study of the effects of drugs on mind and behavior
free association
(psy. th) to say whatever comes to mind without thinking (reveals clues and provides insight about what is really bothering us in our unconscious
Which of the following disorders was more common in Freud's day than it is today?
A. depression
B. anorexia nervosa
C. conversion disorder
D. dissociative identity disorder
E. anxiety disorder
C. conversion disorder
Learning and Expectancies
Drugs and alcohol are consumed in order to relive anxiety
Fluoxetine (Proxac) cousins to Zoloft and Paxil
SSRI's Treats depression, blocks removal and absorption of seratonin.
A psychodynamic therapist is most likely to
A. associate patients' undesireable behaviors with unpleasant consequences.
B. help patients identify a hierarchy of anxiety-arousing experiences.
C. suggest interpretive insights regarding patients' difficul
C. suggest interpretive insights regarding patients' difficulties.
Research on the causes of schizophrenia strongly suggests that
A. there is a genetic predisposition to schizophrenia.
B. almost anybody will develop schizophrenia if exposed to extensive environmental stress.
C. schizophrenia patients suffer from a def
A. there is a genetic predisposition to schizophrenia.
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