Old Testament 50 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
sinister
evil
Matthew
Jewish Credentials
job
most difficult
perspective: practical
Mark
Luke
Ending- Empty Tomb
Who killed Amnon?
Absalom
bereshith
"in the beginning"
Major Material: Sermons
Matthew
smyrna
persecuted church (revelation)
Synoptic Gospels
Matthew, Mark, Luke
Malachi
Sacrilege despite the Temple
Nisan
month of grain harvest
Portrait: son of God
John
Luke:
Authorship
technically anonymous.
same author as Acts
Did Elijah’s mantle fall to?
Elisha
Sargon II
Assyrian King ca 722
Gomer
the unfaithful wife of Hosea
Gershom
Moses's first child. Means Alien
book that has warning passages
hebrews
T/F: Paul describes Christians as "like stars in a dark world."
True
Gentile
A Jewish designation for a non-Jew
three themes of ezekeil
personal responsibility
abiding presence of god
hope of restoration
Wiped out the house of Ahab?
Jehu
Zoroaster was the founder of Islam
False
Mezuzah
contains copy of Shema on doorpost
Davidic Renewal
David's descendants were "annointed" as kings thus kings were called annointed ones or messiahs in Israel
Debarim
Lit. words
 
Hebrew name for Deuteronomy
t/f: The biblical writers protrayed the Canaanite prostotute Rahab as an unworthy betrayer at odds with God's purposes
False
Revelation 19
The second coming of Christ
John
What book mentions foot washing at last supper?
Epaphroditus was a prison guard that Paul thanks for helping him when he was imprisoned.
False
Which of the catholic epistles criticized Jewish-Christian groups within the church - wealthy Christians who snub poorer ones, fail to share material possessions, engage in worldly competition, and even exploit fellow believers of the laboring class?
James (398)
John:
Purpose
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word play: almond (shaqed) Watching (shoqed)
 
w/Jeremiahs call
Three Sons of Noah
1. Shem2. Ham3. Japheth
Divine retrobution is one of the primary theological assumptions of the OT conception of God
True
Jubilee Year
every 50. forgives debts, set prisoners free, restored the land, and made things right
idolatry
the practice of worshipping false gods or idols
Jericho 
enormous city in Canaan which is seized by the Israelites and Joshua
This prophets sympathy for the poor came from his own experience of poverty
Micah
Eleazar
Aaron's son - inherits high priest position
protevangel
First promise of a savior
 
"I will put enmity between you and the women; between your offspring (non-believers) and yours. He (the Messiah) wil cruch your (Satan) head"
t/f: Much of the language Christians have used to describe how Jesus Christ redeemed the world comes from teh Book of Leviticus
True
Mark 7:23
Evil things can come from within
To whom was Luke specifically written (1:3)?
Greeks
Temple, Synagogue
Name two jewish institutions at the beginning of the New Testament.
What is the Christian equivalent of circumcision?
Baptism (378)
T/F: James and 1 Peter superficially resemble letters but actually belong to a different category of religious literature.
True (393)
Be familiar with...
Matthew 6:1
"Beware of practicing you righteousness before other people in order to be seen by them, for then you will have no reward from your Father who is in heaven."
Theme of James
The need for a living faith
Describe the prophetic ministry.
A precedent, person, purpose, procedure, protection for this ministry.
Was the king of Assyria when the northern kingdom fell?
Hoshea
Ubaidaya was a major site in S/P during the Paleolithic Age
True
According to Albright the patriarch dated to which archeological period
Middle Bronze Age
538 BC
Cyrus, king of Persia, decrees that the Jews may return to Jerusalem. this is the first return of the Jews under Zerubbabel. Ezra 1-6
synagogue
a place of worship away from the Temple
Term: Sign
REminder of the covenant; keeping the sign symbolizes keeping the covenant; breaking the sign is tantamount to breaking the covenant
cherubim
winged sphinxes or lions
sat on top of the ark of the covenant
t/f: The Bible consists of both Old Testament and New Testament
True
Which of the following was directed by the Lord to find Saul and administer to him?
Ananias
Author of Revelation
The apostel John. Showed leadership over the churches in Asia Minor in 1st century.
T/F: The book of James is apocalyptic literature.
False (398)
T/F: In his letter to Philemon about a runaway slave, Paul takes the opportunity to generalize and denounce slavery as an intolerable evil.
False
John:
I AM statements
I AM...
the bread of life
the light of the world
the door
the good shepherd
the resurrection and the life
the way, the truth, the life
the true vine
Special Considerations
What literature in the old testament was James compared to?
The wisdom literature of the old testament
likes to use the phrase "know that i am yahweh"
ezekiel
Who was the 1st prophet and the last of judges?
Samuel
In the long and complex history of the Canaanites the site where predominately religious/mythological texts were escavated was
Ugarit
King David
this shepherd king was born to Jesse. He defeats Goliath. Rules. Has may wives and concubines. 
t/f: Jonah is eager to carry out his mission of prophesying to the Ninevites
False
typology
an event taken from the O.T. that has a greater counterpart in the N.T. Bronze snake in O.T. Jesus in N.T.
What are sherds?
also known as potsherd: broken pottery ppl would find on top of tels.
How much time passed between the time of Paul’s vision and his preaching in the synagogues of Jesus Christ and His gospel?
3 years
The general epistles
written to a more general audience. James, 1&2 Peter 1&2&3 John , and Jude
T/F: In the Book of 2 Thess. the demonic entity in human form that desecrates the Temple is held at bay by the unidentified "Redoubter"
False (376)
Mark:
The source of Mark
John Mark was mentioned in Acts
He traveled with Paul and Barnabus
may have based his writings from learning from Peter
psalms
key images of god in book of praises
king
creator
judge
(others are keeper/shepherd)
Outside furnishings of Solomon's temple?
1. 2 Bronze Pillars
 
2. The Sea
 
3. Bronze Alter
 
4. Stands of Bronze
Theme of Joel
the great and awesome "Day of the Lord"
Ezekiel's Call
in this call, God appears in a chariot with four winged creatures: lion, ox, eagle, and a man
10 Commandments
1. No other gods
2. no idols
3. God's name is holy
4. Sabbath day
5. honor parents
6. No murder
7. No adultery
8. No stealing
9. No false witnesses
10. No coveting
What are theological Ideas?
origins that are important to ppl today. Monotheism: Judaism, Christianity, Muslim
Hindus have 1000's of gods
Relationship between religious faith and ethics
Divine retribution: rewarding good behavior and punishing bad behavior.
How was his empire divided when he died?
*among 4 generals
The readers of Hebrews
Jewish Christians living in Rome (a mixed church)
Which author is alone among New Testament writers in attempting to show how Christ's sacrificial death links the two opposing realms of perishable matter and eternal spirit?
the author of Hebrews (394)
Paul claimed that his apostolic rank was derived...
directly from the Deity (345)
Luke:
differences between genealogies in Matthew/Luke
Luke traces the genealogy all the way back to Abraham and even further to Adam. It is a descending order.
Amos
know the major theme of the book:
 
God's wrath against social injustice
What is Judge's Big Idea?
The perpetual failure to obey God allowed Israel to sink into anarchy.
olive, fir, cedar, palm
these woods were used in building the Temple
Noahic responsibilities
a. For God - no to destroy the earth agin with a floodb. For people - to respect life; specifically, to multiply on the land, to eat no blood, and not murder persons created in God's image
How do we study the OT?
Method called Historical Methods and consist of 4 methods: Texual, Source, Form, and Traditional
What is Jesus’ sermon in 24:1-25:46 called? What does it essentially deal with?
Olivet Discourse, the 2nd coming
What form of writing is Paul known for?
letters directed to individual congregations (392)
Special Considerations
What are the two possible meanings of:
The elder to the chosen lady and her children


A church and the members of the congregation
Specific person and her children
Explain what the title of "Psalms" refers to.
Psalms refers to the “praises” within.
A form critical analysis of an old testament book ask all of the following questions except
text
(ask for genre, setting, structure)
Describe a Suzerain Vassal Treaty
Agreements that were given by a great king (especially Hittite empire) to his subject Kings. Agreements were mutually beneficial. Great king would be recognized as absolute sovereign by his vassals and would receive their absolute loyalty and service. Vassal kings would receive the great kings protection and continued favor. Agreements were often seen as established upon the gracious action of the suzerain.
What did the Greek versions contain?
OT and NT. Also contained Apocrypha: books written between OT and NT
Which of the following is true concerning the Jerusalem conference?
Circumcision is not necessary amongst the Gentiles
recipietns of John's letters?
1. ? 2. the elect lady and her children. 3. Gaius
The crucifixion, Jesus' ministry in Galilee and Judea, John the Baptist, Failure to identify an author, each begins and ends differently, confirmation of the resurrection with the empty tomb
What do all four Gospels have in common?
John of Patmos, along with the authors of Jude and 2 Peter, contrasted the hopelessly corrupt present world with the ideal purity of God's planned future world. How was the new righteous order to be brought into being?
Through God's direct and violent intervention (417)
Be familiar with...
Matthew 4:19
"And he said to them, 'Follow me and I will make you fishers of me.'"
Explain the significance of David moving the Ark of the Covenant to Jerusalem.
By moving the ark to Jerusalem, David united the political and religious focuses. The King ruled from the same place the focus of God's presence was.
Othniel, Ehud, Deborah, Gideon, Jephthah, and Samson
these were the names of the six major judges
When were the writings accepted by Jews?
Compiled and accepted by Jews as authoritative around 90 CE
What significant change takes place in 16:21?
The cost of following Jesus becomes harder (deny yourself and take up your cross daily)
Principle from Hebrews to apply today:
When I am ministering in a church setting today, I must be careful not to assume that everyone has faith in Jesus, because most Churches include both believers & unbelievers.
What is one reason that many scholars believe the beast's cryptic number could be identified with a specific person?
At the time Revelation was written, numbers were represented by letters of the alphabet. (431)
Name the five books of the Pentateuch and the purpose or theme of each.
Genesis - God creates, book of beginnings.Exodus - God delivers his people, book of salvation.Leviticus - God seeks holiness, book of expected standards.Numbers - God maintains covenant, book of wanderings.Deuteronomy - God holds second generation responsible, book of repetition and re-establishment.
What is the significance of the picture on the stele?
It gives the law a strong theological sanction. His empire came to an end by the Hittites in 1550.
What is the significance of the temple veil being torn in two?
anyone can worship; both Jews and Gentiles
15. Paul's letter, except for one, are directed at churches that he visited. Which book is the exception and why did he write it?
Romans, because he is coming through to cause no trouble.
What two roles did the fire and the cloud play in Numbers?
Fire and cloud provided both guidance and direction, and served as manifestation of God's presence among the Israelites.
dreams, the Law, and events of history
these were the three ways God spoke to the prophets
What is the problem with the ending of this gospel?
Manuscripts of Mark vary; ending is uncertain
What were the two parts of Joshua's code for success in his commission recorded in Joshua 1?
1. God told him to be strong and courageous.2. God told him this would all be hinged on Joshua obeying his word.
Once Saul saw the Lord, what was he told to do?
Go to Damascus and wait for further instructions.
why is the vulture seen as unclean in leviticus?
it it s a scavenger bird, living off of carrion. (dead flesh)
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