Drama Vocabulary Flashcards

Terms Definitions
tony
theather
farce
absurd mockery
hubris
excessive pride
mid-line traveler
middle curtain
morose
(adj) gloomy, ill-tempered
Safety
cable- incase c-clamp falls
couplet
two consecutive rhyming lines
Naturalism
"Slice of life" drama
absurdist drama
Beckett!
 
Common Trends:
- unrecoginizable plots
- mechanical characters
- resemble dreams/nightmares
- slapstick comedy
- incoherant dialogue
foreshadowing
to show or indicate beforehand
dialogue
conversation between actors on stage
Sight Lines
Uninterrupted line of vision
prologue
an introduction to a play
staging
includes the setting, lighting, costumes, special effects, music, drama that go into putting on a stage performance
tragedy honesty
what should happen must happen
Soliloquy
a (usually long) dramatic speech intended to give the illusion of unspoken reflections
set
the arrangement of physical objects that make up the scenery of the setting
epigram
a brief, clever, usually memorable statement
pre-casting
selecting actors for parts before tryouts are held
Irony
incongruity between what might be expected and what actually occurs
episodic structure
leisurely plot (multi-plot lines); many characters; expansion of time, setting, and events; multi-narrative; web/network of experience ex: Hamlet, Lysistrata, Good Woman of Setzuan
Five w's
who, what, when, where, why?
Supernumary
Extra, walk-on part, most often speaks no words.
Hamartia
The "great error or frailty" through which the fortunes of the tragic hero are reversed.
Pitch
How high or low your voice is
Hamarita
the "great error or frailty" through which the fortunes of the tragic hero are reversed
Dionysus
the great Olympian god of wine, vegetation, pleasure and festivity, Also referred to as the god of theatre
melodrama
• Stock characters • Plot more important that character • Music tells you what to feel • Clear, unambiguous morality • Damsel in distress • Virtuous hero, but weak and victim of outside pressures • Ruthless, completely evil villain • Hero and heroine threatened in some way • Often sensational and/or spectacular scenic effects • All about getting audience to have an emotional experience - emotional rollercoaster ride • Couples gets together at end, or hero dies in lover's arms
pantomime
act out without words but with gestures and bodily movements only
Theme
A generally recurring subject or idea conspicuously evident in a literary work.
mood
verb inflections that express how the action or state is conceived by the speaker
what days do actors usually have off?
mondays
existentialism
no order to life/meaning to the universe
Thespis
Worlds first actor; designed the use of masks
shakespeare begain his career as a ___
poet
Intention
A single, temporary desire or goal that arises in a character within a scene. (Also called "Objective".)
drama
a story written to be acted on stage
Apron
the acting area of the stage that extends beyond the proscenium
Remaining Open
Not turning your back to the audience
ensemble
1 general picture of stage fact (like the christ setting) 2 cast of characters excluding the leads
satire
type of drama, with sarcasm and irony to mock important persons or entity
SPOTLIGHT
lights with beams that can be focused and also throw a hard-edged beam;usually used for specific illumination
Monologue
A long speech made by a single character without another character's response.
Paraphrase
A statement of someone else's ideas in your own words
curtain call
end of the show where actors bow
Exit
(1) Process of leaving the stage (2) Point in the script in which an actor leaves the stage
Imagery
the ability to form mental images of things or events
if you wanted to hide the instrumets above the stage in a proscenium house, you would use
teasers
Wilson’s dramaturgy
· American Realism
o Poetic realism
o Interrogates politics and race
o Explores American strucute of class, gender, economics
o Merges personal and political worlds
o Focus: personal renewal through social action
resolution
the tangles of the plot are untied and mysteries are solved
Deus Ex Machina
A god who resolves the entanglements of a play by supernatural intervention. The Latin phrase means, literally, "a god from the machine." The phrase refers to the use of artificial means to resolve the plot of a play.
hit
to emphasize a word or line with extra force
box set
set with a proscenium arch stage and three walls, proscenium opening represents the fourth wall, creates the illusion of the interior of a room. they were commonly used by realist playwrights, Ibsen
Tennessee Williams
"We only see each other through the flaws of our own egos"
Iambic Pentameter
A rhythm pattern with 5 units, or feet, each of which has an unstressed syllables followed by a stressed syllable
Julie Taylor
Directed Lion King && was an Auteur Director
tormentors
tall curtains hung at the sides of the stage to hide actors scenery etc. in the wings
what is a frame made from wood covered in wood or canvas called?
flat
Who are the characters of the play "Trifles" (Susan Glaspell)?
County Attorney-George Henderson
Sheriff - Henry Peters
Mrs. Peters- Sheriff's wife
Lewis Hale-neighbor
Mrs. Hale-neighbor
John Wright- Killed
Mrs. Wright- wife
where was the world premier of master harold and the boys?
new haven, yale
What was the name the early church gave to the theatre?
The shrine of Venus
List 6 Ways to Create Tension in a Performance
-audience having prior/privileged information (dramatic irony)
-conflict or confrontation
-relationships
-shock or surprise
-mystery
-threat or pressure
mimesis
imitation
dialouge
talk between characters
anti-naturalism
expressionism/supernaturalism; comedy of manners; epic or dialectical theater
upstage
away from the audience
Visualize
picture in ones mind
glass menagerie
realism and expressionism
consonance
harmony or agreement among words
script
the text of the play
lazzi
short comedic scene-either seperate from or a part of a longer performance. It generally involves the Zanni and is often used to refocus the audience.
creative drama
an improvisational, process-centered form of theatre in which participants are guided by a leader to imagine, enact, and reflect on human experiences.
Prop
any objects used in plays
alliteration
repetition of the same consonant sounds in a sequence of words Ex: She sells seashells...
Foil
A character who contrasts and parallels the main character in a play or story.
Costumes
also fall under technical theater aspect
Camus
French philosopher that is often associated with Existentialism. Wrote the myth of Sisyphus which illustrated his belief that life is inherently without meaning
Who was Charles Frohman
Head of Syndicate
complications
new force introduces which affect whole direction
motivation
the reasons for a character's behavior
router
trim off excess material, decrative pattern on edge, in middle,
Grades
Speaking loud and clear, listening and movement
Tableau
A photograph made by posing still bodies on the stage
Sartre
A nobel prize winning playwright and existentialist
Directing
showing the way by conducting or leading
casting
Selecting which actors will play which roles/characters
Flashback
A scene relived in a character's memory. They can be related by the narrator in a summary or they can be experienced by the characters themselves.
Rhymed Verse
poetry written in rhymed iambic pentameter
blocking
the specific staging of a plays movements. Refers to the precise indications of where actors are to move, moment by moment, during the performance
Dyonisis
The first play performed in an ampitheatre; She was the god of wine and fertitlity, but a man played the role
left parados
coming from the field or abroad
Speed Through
The final rehearsal without sound, lights, running crew when the cast sits around a table and says their lines as rapidly as possible (but with emotions) in order to check for line accuracy and to bring the tempo of the show up.
external conflict
occurs when a character is pitted agianst an outside force, such as another character, a physical obstacle, or an aspect of nature of society
Exposition
back story up to now. An understanding of the play
Palace Theatre
More than 100 ghosts haunt this theatre including Judy Garland, and The Vaudeville Acrobat
MDQ
the major dramatic question is the key question presenting the central conflict of a story, poem, or play.
simile
a figure of speech that expresses a resemblance between things of different kinds (usually formed with 'like' or 'as')
avant-garde
experimal n. the advanced group in a field
Aside
Words that are spoken by an actor directly to the audience.
What is theatre?
theatre is an artistic performance that tells a story or recalls an event or emotion for an audience.
business
detailed bits of action an actor does while on stage
antistrophe
part of the stasimon which paralles a strophe: sponken by the chorus while moving in a direction opposite that of the strophe
Down Stage
The stage area closest to the audience.
brecht's plats are more like _____ than well-made plays
narrative poem
five controllable qualities of light
direction, color, movement, distribution
static character
a character that does not change from the beginning of the story to the end
DRAMATIC IRONY
An important element in a tragedy when the audience knows something the character does not
cold read
actors asked to read portions of the script with little preparation. usually reserved for "callbacks."
City Dionysia
Huge show of supremacy by athens thru a large party. The beginning of drama in Athens
protagonist
a person who backs a politician or a team etc.
Who were the builders of the first stage?
the Athenians
profile
a body position in which the actor is turned sideways to the audience
Pompey
Pompey (106-48 BC) was a consul of the Roman Republic who shared his consulship with Julius Caesar. He loved drama and built the Theater of Pompey.
end stop line
line of verse in which both the grammatical structure and the sense reach completion at the end of a line; denoting a line of verse in which a logical or rhetorical pause occurs at the end of the line, usually marked with a period, comma, or semicolon
What category does Dutchman fall under?
Issues of Race
Possibly Realism: shocking ending, issues of race, conflict, sexual exploits of Lula
during ancient greek theater the chorus preformed different songs. parados while moving onto stage and ____ while standing still.
stasima
 
kind of sounds like static
List five people involved in the theatre?
Director, Stage Manager, Lighting Designer, Choreographer, dramaturge, producer, casting director, actors
There's No Business Like Show Business
The unofficial anthem of Broadway from Annie Get Your Gun
assent
agreement
Henrik Ibsen
1828-1906
RRHAGE
EXCESSIVE FLOW
good house
good audience
mock up1)director2)actor3)stage manager4)lighting designer5)wardrobe
5)wardrobe
Blank Verse
unrhmed iambic pentameter
Eugene O'Neill
traditional Irish Catholic
denoument
wrap up, final resolution
props
physical objects used on stage
in unison
at the same time
theaters
buildings where plays are performed.
Insolence
contemptuously rude or impertinent behavior or speech.
stansa
group of lines arranged together
Poetic foot
Unit of stressed/unstressed syllables
suspense
excited anticipation of an approaching climax
Improvation
made up -on the spot performing
Important Playwrites(19th c.): Ibsen
A Dolls House
Range
Difference between the highest and lowest musical note you can reach without straining
articultation
clear and precise pronunciation of words
Improvisation
An acting technique wherein the performers have no script, but act out a scene or situation based on a suggestion and their imagination
playboy of the western world
poetic realism
Role of Producer
financial & managerial tasks
-assigns jobs to payrolls
-raise $
-audition & rehearsal space
Personification
giving the quality of life to inanimate things
Wings
spaces on either side of the stage
flat character
a character with one personality trait
top banana
actor who gets paid the most
antagonist
the character, force, or collection of forces in fiction or drama that opposes the protagonist and gives rise to the conflict of the story
Complication
Any incident that further entangles or intensifies the conflict in a story or play. Complication builds up, accumulates, and develops the primary or central conflict in a literary work.
Inversion
reversal of normal word order. (Yoda Talk)
Ritual
repeated action the becomes an custom or ceremony
Paradox
A statement that is contradictory or ridiculous that is actually true. EX:Jumbo Shrimp
romance
any work of imaginative literature set in an idealized world, dealing with a heroic struggle of good vs. evil
MATCHING:1. poetic realism2. social realism3. realism and expressionism4. antirealism5. absurd21)Waiting for Godot22)Death of a Salesman23)Desire Under the Elms24)Waiting for Lefty25)Six Characters in Search of an Author
21)absurd22)realism & expressionism23)poetic realism24)social realism25)antirealism
Tragic Hero
A literary character who makes an error of judgment or has a fatal flaw that, combined with fate and external forces, brings on a tragedy
End-stop Line
a line of poetry that has punctuation
falling action
events after the climax, leading to the resolution
Fatal Flaw
the character defect that causes the downfall of the protagonist of a tragedy; hamartia.
T.S. Elliot
Cats was developed based upon whose poems.
top
the beginning of an act scene or musical number
CLIMAX
The point of greatest intensity in a series or progression of events in a play which is often the turning point of the plot and leads to some kind of resolution.
subplot
a secondary or subordinate plot, as in a play, novel, or other literary work; underplot.
free verse
poetry that has no defined pattern of meter and rhyme
downstage
the area of the stage that is closest to the audience
Exodos
The final scene of end scene in a Greek tragedy, in which the characters and chorus concluded the action and departed.
Ampitheatre
1st type of theater that was built and performed in; HUGE
Death of a Salesman
-Dream: to be well-liked-Message of play: can't sit back and let world fulfill your dreams for you- you have to start somewhere and work hard to achieve your goals!-Considered a tragedy but not by aristotles definition b/c he is not of noble birth
Uta Hagen said to do what right before a scene?
something physical
Shakespeare & Elizabethan theatre
music, didn't wear masks, males play female roles
"The story of a Mother II"
- performance ritual where performers recite their matrilineage and celebrate the strengths of their female ancestors
**CONTRADICTIONS: privileges mother/daughter relationship as a common experience among all women, while simulatenously critiquing the family model...and... collapses differences between women while simultaneously trying to subvert white, straight male oppression**
waiting for left- odets and dollhouse
What are two plays that portray social realism
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