Personality 37 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
softhearted, trusting, helpfulruthless, suspicious, uncooperative
Short Term Memory
Neurotransmitter that enables inhibition of negative or undesired emotions
Abraham Maslow
hierarchy of needs
disposition to feel and act
selecting a construct to use
vicarious reinfocement
learning/strengthening behavior by observing others, and the consequences of their behaviors, rather than experiencing it directlymost human behavior is learned through example: accidentally/purposefully
Sigmund Freud
Specialized in "nervous disorders."Used the role of Case Studies.Proposed the Structure of Personality.
projective test
provides ambiguous stimuli stimuli made to look unto someones inner dynamics
failure to recognize or acknowledge the existence of anxiety provoking info
occurs when events occur as anticipated
self reinforcement
set of cognitive processes/structures with thought/perceptionadminister rewards/punishments
what clinitians uncover(what the dream really symbolizes)
mysterious entity that does the observing and describing
Bargh et Al
sentence unsubscribing. hostile sentence-interrupt interviewer
Jung's Ego
-selects what comes into consciousness
-only surface layer
Reality Principle
Capacity to postpone gratification until appropriate time exists
Psychodynamic Theory
Rooted in Freud's Psychoanalytic Theory Says that who you are is based on the influences of early childhood
Phenomenal Field
Our psychological reality, composed of one's perceptions and feelings.
unknowingly shifting the target of an emotional urge to a substitute target
Hierarchy of needsSafety
secure in your environment (physically, for the future, and about yourself)
Most common kind of correlation coefficient
Pearson R
self-administered satiation
over smoking to gross self out
Ego psychologists
emphasize the strength, drive, and wisdom of the ego
what do mistaken lifestyles orignate from?
physical inferioritypamperedneglected
personality processes
the mental activities of personality, including perception, thought, motivation, and emotion
self-reference effect
memorizing things in relation to self
Oral Stage
-time period
-body part
-psychological theme
-adult character type
Infancy-18 months
Mouth, lips, tongue-primary erogenous zone or “physical focus”
Where the life force and orimary feelings of pleasure are concentrated
Bond created with mother through breastfeeding

Psychological Theme: dependency/wants

Adult character type: (fixated-additional energy devoted)Extremely independent (and/or)
Extremely dependent
"Motivated forgetting" of painful or unacceptable thoughts, feelings of memories
absent from but capable of being readily brought into consciousness.
efforts to develop one's own abilities in response to inferiorities
Self-Actualizing Tendency
The human motive toward realizing our inner potential.
Projective Tests of Personality
Thematic Apperception Test (TAT)- stories based on picturesHouse-Tree-Person Test- explanations of one's own drawings Rorschach Inkblot Test- analysis of interpretations of unconstructed inkblots reveal inner feelings and personalitySelf-reports- people respond to statements or questions that describe their behavior or mental state
Organismic Valuing process
drives our actualizing tendency and evaluate our experience for it’s growth potential (guides us to growth potentials)• Mechanism for actualizing tendency• Draws on experience• Evaluates and pulls people towards experiences that are good for us
respondent behavior
a response made by a specific stimulusunlearnedautomatic/involuntary
Psychological Defenses
Employed by the individual to deal with anxiety.
actualizing tendency
the driving force in everyones life that causes us to become more complex, independent, and socially resposible.
short-term memory (STM)
the second stage of information processing, in which the person is consciously aware of a small amount of information (about seven "chunks") as long as that information continues to be actively processed
To feel complete and valid in all aspects of self - to feel confident in being oneself.
Hodgkins & Huxley
1950, voltage channels make neural firing ELECTROCHEMICAL
believed each person has a unique set of personality traits and they can predict behavior. Defined 3 types of traits: 1)cardinal 2)central and 3)secondary
High Emotional Intelligence
People high in emotional intelligence are more emotionally expressive, have better personal relationships, and tend to be optimistic.
the part of the psyche, residing in the unconscious, that is the source of instinctive impulses that seek satisfaction in accordance with the pleasure principle and are modified by the ego and the superego before they are given overt expression.
Rorschach Inkblot Test
A projective test in which individual interpretations of the meaning of a set of unstructured inkblots are analyzed to identify a respondent's inner feelings and interpret his or her personality structure.
Cons to Eclecticism
• Closed to the possibility of one sufficient theory• Can’t avoid having one underlying theory or assumption by which you choose which concepts to include• Fails to be truly open-minded because it is close-minded to the possibility of one single theory being right• The “best” theory to use or apply is determined by personal biases
afferent nerves
nerves that report what the body is doing and feeling; sensory
dichotomy corollary
each construct has a pole.ex. one pole of a construct describes beautiful things while the other pole may descrie ugly things
3 sources of happiness
individual set point, objective life circumstances, and intentional activity
Relative Judgment 
leads to a greater chance to identify traits about a person
(however, false identification also goes up)
the degree to which a person thinks he or she is good/bad, worthy/unworthy,
Evolutionary Psychologists on aggression
Aggressive competition among males for females, ????polygyny?????
to divert the energy of (a sexual or other biological impulse) from its immediate goal to one of a more acceptable social, moral, or aesthetic nature or use.
It was _____ who said, “To be human means to have inferiority feelings. But in the mentally healthy person this inferiority feeling acts as a motive for productivity, as a motive for attempting to overcome obstacles, to maintain oneself in life.”A)Al
A)Alfred Adler
Physical health differences - internally oriented people
physically healthermore likely to wear seat-beltsexercisequit smokingbelieve they can overcome illness
discriminant validity
the degree to which a scale does not measure unintended qualities.
400 BC, world is made up of atoms that collide, complete trust in SENSES, most reliable when in direct contact with objects
minnesota multiphasic personality inventory
a widely used test designed to identify configurations of personality traits in normal persons and to study the personality patterns occurring in various types of mental illness.
Based on the idea that personality is motivated by inner forces and conflicts about which people have little awareness and over which they have no control, such as slip of tongue is know as what?
Psychodynamic Approaches to Personality
4 components of impulses (Freud's unconscious impulses)
Source: where did impulse arise?
Aim: to reduce need or give satisfaction.
Impetus: amount of energy used to satisfy impulse
Object: thing/action that serves to satisfy impulse
The data that provide evidence for the genetic influence on personality traits:A)also provide evidence for the importance of environmental influences.B)demonstrate that personality traits are almost entirely due to genetics, and environmental influences
A)also provide evidence for the importance of environmental influences.
How did Fromm propose we could best see our social unconscious?
by examining our economic systems.
In a burning building we would save who first and why?
Our relative because we subconsciously want to save our DNA.
What is the need for SELF-regard? where does it stem from?
The need to view the self as positive.It stems from our need for positive regard.
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