DRUG OF THE DAY Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Diuretics
Senokot
Laxative
Mirapex
Anti-Parksonson
Depakote
Anticonvulsant
Zestril
ACE
aspirin
antiplatelet drug
Aspirin (ASA)
antiplatelet/antipyretic
Decadron (dexamethasone)
steroid
Levothyroid
Thyroid hormone
Monopril (fosinopril)
ACE
Zovirax (acyclovir)
anti-viral
Dilantin (phenytoin)
anticonvulsants
Proventil (ventolin/albuterol)
Bronchodilator
Minoxidil
antihypertensive
 
SE:  tachycardia, angina pectoris, edema, increase in body hair
 
NC:  teach pt to check pulse; check apical pulse before administration, monitor I/O, wgt
Demerol
 
meperidine
Classification: opioid analgesic
 
Side Effects: hypotension, sedation
 
Nursing Implications: assess blood pressure, pulse and respiratory rate before and during administration. Document narcotic inventory
cephalexin (Kflex)
Beta-lactam antibacterials
Proparacine (Alcaine)
Anesthetics (local)
clopidogrel (Plavix)
antiplatelets drugs
- OLOL
Beta Blockers
ceftriaxone
anti-infectives - cephalosporins
Zoloft (sertraline)
antidepressant (SSRI)
Vancomycin
Anti-infectives - Misc
Atenolol (Tenormin)
antihypertensive
 
SE:  bradycardia, hypotensiuon, bronchospasm
 
NC:  once per day dose increases compliance, check apical pulse; if less than 60 bpm hold dose and call physician, don't discontinue abruptly, masks signs of shock and hypoglycemia
Cardizem
 
diltiazem
Classification: calcium channel blocker, antianginal coronary vasodilator
 
Side Effects: dysrhythmia, hypotension
 
Nursing Implications: monitor orthostatic BP, monitor pulse for bradycardia prior to administration
metoprolol (lopressor)
Beta-adrenergic blocking agents
HCT level
35% - 52%
Levaquin (lovofloxacin)
Anti-infectives - fluoroquinolones
Cipro (ciprofloxacin)
Anti-infective - Fluoroquinolones
Rosiglitazone (Avandia)
Pioglitazone (Actos)
Thiazolidinedione antidiabetics
 
SE:  infection, H/A, pain, rare cases of liver failure
 
NC:  decreases insulin resistance and inhibits gluconeogenesis, regularly scheduled liver-function studies, can cause resumption of ovulation in perimenopause
Promethazine (Phenergan)
antiemetic
 
SE:  drowsiness, dizziness, constipation, urinary retention, dry mouth
 
NC:  if used for motion sickenss, take 1/2 to 1 h before traveling; avoid activities requiring alertness, avoid alcohol, other CNS depressants
macrolides
antihistamines, penicillins, oral anticoagulants?

Just say no
apraclonidine (Iopidine)
its an adrenergic drug
demecarium bromide (Humorsol)
indirect acting cholinergics
 
 
 
SIMVASTATIN
 
 
IS A ANTIHYPERLIPIDEMIA THAT DECREASES LDL AND INCREASE HDL'S
Ondansetron (Zofran)
antiemetic
 
SE:  H/A, sedation, diarrhea, constipation, transient elevations in liver enzymes
 
NC:  new class of antiemetics-serotonin receptor antagonist, administer 30 min prior to chemotherapy
Chlorpheniramine maleate (Chlor-Trimeton)
antihistamine
 
SE:  drowsiness, dry mouth
 
NC:  most effective if taken before onset of symptoms
CV: hypertension, hypotension, ventricular fibrillation, ventricular tachycardia. GI: nausea, vomiting. INTERACTIONSDrug–Drug: Can precipitate withdrawal in patients physically dependent on opioid analgesics Larger d
naloxone (Narcan)
Contraindicated in: Hypersensitivity. Use Cautiously in: Cardiovascular disease Patients physically dependent on opioids (may precipitate severe withdrawal) Pregnancy (may cause withdrawal in mother and fetus if
naloxone HCL
celecoxib (Celebrex)
asprin, aceteminophen, non steriodal anti inflammatory drug affecting the central nervous system
Fluoxetime (Prozac)
Paroxetine (Paxil)
Sertraline hydrochloride (Zoloft)
Citalopram (Celexa)
Venlafaxine (Effexor)
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI) antidepressants
 
SE:  palpitations, bradycardia, N/V, diarrhea or constipation, increeased or decreased appetite, urinary retention, nervousness, insomnia
 
NC:  decreases neuronal uptake of serotonin, take in AM to avoid insomnia, takes at least 4 weeks to work, can potentiate effect of digoxin, coumadin, and Valium, used for anorexia, not suicidal or homicidal
Meclizine (Antivert, Bonine)
antiemetic
 
SE:  drowsiness, dryh mouth,blurred vision, excitation, restlessness
 
NC:  contraindicated with glaucoma, avoid activities requiring mental alertness
 
 
INDICATIONSReversal of CNS depression and respiratory depression because of suspected opioid overdosage. Unlabelled Uses: Management of refractory circulatory shock.
naloxone HCL
Tetracyclines, Demeclocycline, doxycycline,
Discolors childrens teeth



Pregnancy D
Aquamephyton (vitamin K)
Coagulant - antedote for Coumadin
General: Instruct patient to take furosemide as directed. Take missed doses as soon as possible; do not double doses. Caution patient to change positions slowly to minimize orthostatic hypotension. Caution patient that the use of alcohol, exercise
furosemide (Lasix)
allopurinol
anti gout slows uric acid production in can cause stevens-johnson
Anesthetics
to provide a brief local aneestesia to allow measurment of introcular pressure, removal of foreign bodies or other superficial procedures
This drug is Contraindicated in: Hypersensitivity; Patients who are physically dependent on opioids (may precipitate withdrawal). Use Cautiously in: Head trauma ;History of drug abuse ;Increased intracranial pressure; Severe
pentazocine HCL (Talwin)
indomethacin (indocin)
NSAID used to relieve moderate to severe pain, tenderness, swelling, and stiffness caused by osteoarthritis and gouty arthritis
Cholinergic Drugs
drugs to reduce IOP, there is Direct acting and Indirect acting
 
 
NO, BECAUSE THE SIDE EFFECT OF THIS DRUG IS BLEEDING
 
A PATIENT BLEEDS A LOT
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