Drug Roots, Suffixes, Prefixes Flashcards

Prefixes
Terms Definitions
-azine
Phenothiazines
olone
corticosteroid
-pam
Benzodiazepines (Benzos)
-cillin
penicillin antibiotics
-profen ____________________________________ Ex. fenoprofen; flurbiprofen; ibuprofen; ketoprofen
NSAID
-sone ____________________________________ Ex. beclomethasone; dexamethasone; fluticasone; mometasone
corticosteroid
mab
monoclonal antibody
parin
antithrombotic anticoagulant
-tadine
Ex. cyproheptadine; desloratadine; loratadine; olopatadine
antihistamine
-Lithium
-no prefix/suffix
Mood Stabilizer
-cycline ____________________________________ Ex. demeclocycline; doxycycline; minocycline; tetracycline
tetracycline antibiotic
-vir- ____________________________________ Ex. adefovir; entecavir; ribavirin (along with interferon)
antiviral; anti-hepatitis
statin
HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor
-phylline
xanthine derivative (bronchodilator)
aminophylline; dyphylline; oxtiphylline; theophylline
-zoline
Nasal decongestants
ex. oxymetazoline, zylometazoline
-cycline
tetracycline antibiotic
ex. demeclocycline; doxycycline; minocycline; tetracycline
-afil
phosphodiesterase(PDE) inhibitor
ex. slidenafil; tadalafil; vardenafil
-limus
immunosuppressant
ex. pimecrolimus; sirolimus; tacrolimus
-floxacin
Ex. ciprofloxacin; levofloxacin; moxifloxacin; ofloxacin
quinolone antibiotic
-onide
Ex. budesonide; ciclesonide; desonide; fluocinonide; halcinonide
corticosteroid
-pramine & triptyline
Tricyclic Antidepressant
-lamide ____________________________________ Ex. acetazolamide; brinzolamide; dorzolamide; methazolamide
carbonic anhydrase inhibitor
-setron ____________________________________ Ex. dolasetron; granisetron; ondansetron; palonosetron
antiemetic and antinauseant
-vudine ____________________________________ Ex. lamivudine; stavudine; telbivudine; zidovudine
antiviral; nucleoside analogues
dronate
bisophosphonate bone resorption inhibitor
-pred-; pred-
corticosteroid
ex. loteprednol; prednicarbate; prednisolone; prednisone
-vudine
antiviral; nucleoside analogues
ex. lamivudine; stavudine; telbivudine; zidovudine
vir; -vir
antiviral; anti-hepaitits
ex. adefovit; entecavir; ribavirin (along with interferon)
-pram
Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors(SSRIs) antidepressant
ex. Citalopram (Celexa), Escitalopram (Lexapro)
cef-, ceph-
cephalosporin antibacterial
ex. cefadroxil, cefaclor; cefidinir; cefixime; cefprozil; cephalexin; ceftibuten; cephapirin; cephradine
-navir
HIV/AIDS antivirals
ex. amprenavir, indinavir, nelfinavir, ritonavir,
-vir-
Ex. adefovir; entecavir; ribavirin (along with interferon)
antiviral; anti-hepatitis
-caine
Ex. bupivacaine; lidocaine; mepivacaine; prilocaine; proparacaine
local anesthetic
-artan
A2RB, angiotension 2 receptor blocker
-olol
beta blockers (HTN, dysrhythmias, angina, etc)
-parin- ____________________________________ Ex. enoxaparin; fondaparinux; heparin; tinzaparin
antithrombotic; anticoagulant (blood thinner)
vir
antiviral, anti hepatitis,anti HIV anti-herpes, anti-CMV anti-flu
-triptan
antimigraine; selective 5-HT receptor agonist
ex. almotriptan;aletriptan; rizatriptan; sumatriptan; zolmitriptan
-oprazole
Ex. dexlansoprazole; lansoprazole; pantoprazole
proton pump inhibitor (PPI)
-vir
Ex. cidofovir; ganciclovir; valganciclovir
antiviral; anti-CMV
tretin
retinoid dermatologic agent .form of vit A
-setron
Ex. alosetron; dolasetron; granisetron; ondansetron; palonosetron
serotonin 5-HT3 receptor antagonist
tretin-; tretin; -tretin
retinoid; dermatologic agent; form of vitamin A
ex. acitretin, alitretinoin, isotretinoin, tretinoin
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