Drugs Society Quiz Flashcards

Terms Definitions
NT
KEY
SUPOSITORIES
10-15 MIN
Thiamine
Viatmin B
Snuff
Finely shredding tobacco
1922
POSSESSION BECAME A CRIME
Carcinomas
Cancerous tumors or growths
BEHAVIORAL TOLERANCE
BRAIN LEARNS TO COMPENSATE
Oxidation
Chemical process in alcohol metabolism
Mash
Fermented barley malt, following liquification and combination with yeasts
SCHEDULE 1
HIGH ABUSE POTENTIALNO MEDICAL USE
4 "C's" of Addiction
Loss of CONTROLCOMPULSIONCRAVINGCONTINUED use despite CONSQUENCES
Ondansetron
A serotonin-related drug for the treatment of alcoholism. Brand name is Zofran
Congeners
Nonethyl alcohols, oils, and other organic substances found in trace amounts in some distilled spirits
Antidiuresis
A condition resulting from excessive reabsorption of water in the kidneys
Ether
An anesthetic drug, first introduced to surgical practice by William T Morton in the 1840s. Highly flammable.
Naltrexone
A long-lasting opiate antagonist for the treatment of alcoholism. Brand name is RevVia. Brand name for an extended relase injectable form is Vivitrol.
Acetaldehyde
A by-product of alcohol metabolism, produced through the action of alcohol dehydrogenase
Drug Disposition Tolerance "Pharmacokinetic"
"BODY" (LIVER / KIDNEYS)
ANTAGONIST
BLOCK ACTIVITY OF NTBLOCK RELEASE OF DRUGeg HEROIN BLOCKS SUBSTANCE P
SCHEDULE 3
POTENTIAL 4 ABUSEMODERATE OR LOW PHYSICAL DEPENDENCYHIGH PSYCHOLOGICAL DEPENDENCY
Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome
A condition resulting from chronic alcohol consumption, characterized by disorientation, cognitive deficits, amnesia, and motor difficulty.
Acamprosate
A GABA-related drug for the treatment of alcoholism. Brand name is Campral
Mainstream smoke
Directly from cigarettes or other tobacco products
Atherosclerosis
Blood flow is restricted because of the build up of fatty deposits inside the arteries.
Nictoine
The prime physcoactive drug in tobacco products
Acetic acid
A by-product of alcohol metabolism, produced through the action of acetaldehyde dehydrogenase.
IDENTIFY ADDICTION THEORY "BEHAVIORAL / ENVIRONMENTAL"
POWER OF SITUATION (STRESS)
FOOD AND DRUG COSMETIC ACT
FDA "GATEKEEPER"SAFETY/TOXICITYRX - OTC
Aqua vitae
A brandy, the first distilled liquor in recorded history
Temperance Movement
The social movement in the US beginning in the nineteenth century, that advocated the renunciation of alochol consumption
Triorthocresyl phosphate
A gasoline additive. Inhalation of TCP containing gasoline has been linked to spastic muscle disorders and liver problems.
Erythroplakia
Small red spots inside the mouth and nasal cavity, indicating precancerous tissue
Ethyl Alcohol
The product of fermentation of natural sugars. It is generally reffered to simply as alcohol though several types of nonethyl alochol exist
Disstillation
A process by which fermented liquid is boiled and then cooled, so that the condensed product contains a higher alcoholic concentration than before
Leukoplakia
Small white spots inside the mouth and nasal cavity, indicating precancerous tissue.
Symptomatic drinking
A pattern of alcohol consumption aimed at reducing stress and anxiety
Fetal alcohol syndrome
A serious condition involving mental retardation and facial-crainial malformations in the offspring of an alcoholic mother
Gaseous phase
The portion of tobacco smoke that consists of gases
Confabulation
The tendency to make up elaborate past histories to cover the fact that long-term memory has been impaired.
HARRISON ACT
BEGIN REGZ MOSTLY 4 COCAINE & OPIUMSET STAGE
Camellia sinensis
The plant from which tea leaves are obtained
Delirium tremens (DTs)
The less common of two general reactions to the cessation of drinking in an alcoholic. It is characterized by extreme disorientation and confusion, fever, hallucinations, and other symptoms.
Oil of mustard
An additive in Testor brand hobby-kit glues that produces nasal irritation when inhaled, thus reducing the potential for inhalant abuse
Concordance rate
The likelihood that one member of a twin or family relations will have a condition if the other one has it
Acetaldehyde dehydrogenase
An enzyme in the liver that converts acetaldehyde into acetic acid in alcohol metabolism
IDENTIFY ADDICTION THEORY "DIATHESIS - STRESS"
GENETIC PREDISPOSITION OF ENVIRONMENT (STRESS)
Coronary Heart Disease
Disease that damages the heart as a result of a restriction of blood flow through coronary arteries
Blood-alcohol concentration
The number of grams of alcohol in the blood relative to 100 milliliters of blood, expressed as a percentage
Chronic Obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
A group of diseases characterized by imparied breathing due to an abnormality in the air passages
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