poetry 10 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
dactyl
-uu
Hyperbole
exaggeration
Consonance
repeated consonants
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sestet
six-line stanza
pentameter
5 feet
octave
eight lines
haunches
An animal's legs.
monometer
one foot line
tercet
a three-line stanza
Williams
The Young Housewife
sestina
6 six-line stanzas
Quatrain
a four line poem.
Couplet
two consecutive rhyming lines
triple rhyme
three syllable rhyme
DIM
lacking clarity or distinctness
speaker
voice of the poem
assonance
repetition of vowel sounds
Lyric Poem
Describes strong emotions
 Hexameter
6 feet per line
Connotation
the implied meaning the word
onomatopoela
words that sound like themselves
imambic foot
New York; soft-heavy; iambs
understatement
ironic minimalizing of fact, presenting something as less significant that it is.
alliteration
repetition of sounds... big bad
Line
a sentence in the poem
analogy
any resemblance between otherwise unlike objects
rhyme
a matching sound or sounds
Arnold
3 sons died during childhood
metaphor
when you compare two seemingly different things without using like or as
repetition
repeating a sound, line, syllable, etc. bring reinforcement to the meaning of the poem, fulfillment
prose
ordinary language people use in speaking or writing
dissonance
sounds that do not flow together
rhythm
the musical quality based on repetition
metonymy
Figure of speech where something closely related is inserted.
"the president decided to
the white house decided to..."
Symbolism
Object or action that conveys something beyond the obvious
God Rest Ye Merry Gentlemen
Derek Walcott
stanzas
groups of lines in a poem
Villanelle
A nineteen-line fixed form sonsisting of five tercets rhymed "aba" and a concluding quatrian rhymed "abaa" with lines one and three of the first tercet serving as refrains in an alternating pattern through line 15 and then repeated as lines 18 and 19.
Antithesis
Balancing or contrasting one thing against another for effect
rythme scheme
the rythme of a poem
Tone
The author's attitude toward what he/she is writing about.
prelude
a short poem, introductory in character, prefixed to a long poem or to a section of a long poem.
Explication
Literally "unfolding" the entire poem is explained in detail, addressing every element and unraveling any complexity as a means of analysis.
existentialism
philosophy concerned with the nature of human existence
Lyric
a short poem of songlike quality
Meter
The repetition of a regular rhythmic unit in a line of poetry
context
The words surrounding an unknown word which help the reader to understand the meaning
stanza
a group of lines in a poem
simile
figure of speech that makes a comparison between to unlike things using words such as: like as resembles
give an example of synethesia
-warm smell
-blueblack cold
blank verse
unrhymed verse (usually in iambic pentameter)
Satire
writing that seeks to arouse a reader's disapproval of an object by ridicule. Satire is usually comedy that exposes errors with an eye to correct vice and folly. Satire is often found in the poetry of Alexander Pope.
form
external pattern or shape of a poem
Dialogue
the conversation of characters in a literary work
allegory
dual level of meaning in a work
narrative poem
a poem that tells a story
opera
poetry set to music, dialogue is usually sung
figurative language
metaphor & extended metaphor, similie, or personification used to creat imagery
structure
in poetry, the organization of images, ideas, words or lines
Euphemism
substituting a milder word or phrase for one that might be offensive or harsh.
ballad stanza
alternating lines of tetrameter and trimeter in any foot, rhyming abcb or abab
sarcasm
saying something and meaning the exact opposite; verbal irony
allusion
a reference to a person, place, event, or idea
to be reminded of sth.
an etwas erinnert werden
apostrophe
an address to the absent, dead or inanimate as if it could reply
onomatopoeia
the use of words whose sounds echo their meanings
Motif
A recurring idea or structure in a work that helps to develop a major theme.
quintain
a five-line poem or stanza with five lines. any meter or line length
symbol
a person place or event that stands for itself and for something beyond itself
paradox
a statement that seems false but in reality is a possible truth
eye rhyme
words appear as though they should rhyme, but don't (cough, tough)
feminine rhyme
latter two syllables of first word rhyme with latter two syllables of second word (ceiling appealing)
slant rhyme
rhyme in which vowel sounds are similar but not identical
Anapestic
a foot of three syllables, tow short followed by one long in quantitative meter, and two unstressed followed by one stressed in accentual meter
Oxymoron
a combination of two words that appear to contradict each other
refrain
The repetition of one or more phrases or lines at intervals in the poem, usually at the end of a stanza.
Iamb
two syllable feet - one light stress followed by a heavy stress - /the wind/
Haiku
a japanese poem form that is composed of 3 lines of 5,7,5 (consonants)
extended metaphor
figure of speech that compares two essentially unlike things to an extent or in several ways
terza rima-
a three-line stanza rhymed aba, bcb, cdc,etc
anapest
a foot of three syllables, two short followed by one long in quantitative meter, and two unstressed followed by one stressed in accentual meter, as in for the nonce.
Enjambment
A sentence or a clause that runs into the next line without a break.
Literary allusion
a reference to a person, place, or thing from previous literature
Rhyme scheme
The process of labeling the end rhyme of a poem
Sensory Words
Writing or speech that appeals to one or more of the 5 senses (touch, taste, sight,sound, smell)
pun
a play on words that are identical or similar in sound but have sharply diverse meanings. Puns can have serious as well as humorous uses. An example is Thomas Hood's:" They went and told the sexton and the sexton tolled the bell."
Iambic tetrameter
A line having four feet, in which each foot there is a lightly stressed syllable followed by a heavily stressed one.
ballad
A poem that tells a story similar to a folk tale and often has a repeated refrain.
Synecdoche
A figure of speech in which a part is used for the whole (as hand for sailor), the whole for a part (as the law for police officer), the specific for the general (as cutthroat for assassin), the general for the specific (as thief for pickpocket), or the material for the thing made from it (as steel for sword).
fixed form
a poem that may be catagorized by the pattern of its lines, meter, rythym, or stanzas. the sonnett and the villanelle
Main/important points of Made Flesh
opening (and closing); desire to let go and inability to do so; the Bible: "Word Made Flesh"-->Book of John. Rescued by small cafe, things, realization. protective layering. Blank space punctuation.
trochaic foot
( / U ) a two syllable foot with the stress on the first syllable
ex:
ne ver ga ther hap py
Where did Poe live and work?
In Philadelphia for a number of years. HIs home is now open to the public for tours.
respite
relief
Dactylic
-UU
pyrrhic
unstressed, unstressed
Spondee
stressed, stressed
Dickens
Great Expectations
hexameter
six feet
Rossetti
An Apple Gathering
Mary Shelley
Shelleys wife?
anapestic foot
unstressed, unstressed, stressed
internal rhyme
rhymes within lines
haikus
5 syllables/7 syllables/5 syllables
Gwendolyn Brooks
We Real Cool
Line Break
Where the line ends
the attitude of the poem
tone
Similie
comparison using like or as
Petrarchan Sonnet
(Italian) octet and sestet
Personification
human characteristics to inanimate objects, ideas, or animals
syntax
sentence structure, compound, complex, fragments; in poetry, this includes rhythm, meter and rhyme
Irony
Incongruity between what actually happens and what might be expected to happen:
1. Verbal
2. Dramatic
3. Situational
parallelism
repetition of words, phrases, or sentences that have the same grammatical structure or that state a similar idea. helps make lines rhythmic and memorable and heightens their emotional effect
unrhymed poem in iambic meter
blank verse
trochaic
metrical foot consisting of one stressed syllable followed by an unstressed syllable
plot
sequence of events in literary work
imagery
language that appeals to the senses
spondaic foot
/ / (heavy + heavy)
Sonnet
14 line lyric poem, iambic pentameter.
cinquain
a short poem of five lines
elegy
an extended meditative poem in which the speaker reflects on death
English/Shakespearean sonnet
sonnet consisting three quatrains and a concluding couplet in iambic pentameter with the rhyme pattern abab cdcd efef gg
style
the mode of expression in language; the characteristic manner of expression of an author
mixed metaphor
inconsistent mix of 2+ metaphors, problem in bad writing, unintentionally funny
What theatre was made for Shakespare?
Globe Theatre
rhyme royal
a seven-line stanza of iambic pentameter rhymed ababbcc, used by Chaucer and other medieval poets.
Carl Sandburg
·· 1878-1967
· Born in Galesburg, Illinois
· Dropped out of school at 13 then Lombard College
· Poetry Magazine
· Books- Chicago Poems (1916) and the American Songbag (1927)
· Guitar as accompanists during readings
Tetrameter
a verse line having four metrical feet
Petrarchan
14-line sonnet consisting of an octave rhyming abbaabba followed by a sestet of cddcee or cdecde
narrative
a message that tells the particulars of an act or occurrence or course of events
Iambic Pentameter
Line of poetry having five iambs
diction
a writer's choice of words; the arrangement of those words to express a thought
poetry
a kind of rhythmic compressed language that uses figures of speech and imagery designed to appeal tp emotion and imagination
synaesthesia
the use of one kind of sensory experience to describe another
aubade
a love poem or song welcoming or lamenting the arrival of dawn
rhymed verse
lines with end rhyme and regular meter
sound
poets regulate the sounds of words to fit their purposes
polarity
the play of two opposites on a spectrum
Implied metaphor
metaphor in which the terms being compared are not specifically explained
caesura
a break, esp. a sense pause, usually near the middle of a verse, and marked in scansion by a double vertical line, as in know then thyself ‖ presume not God to scan.
voice
the speaker of the poem: THIS IS NOT NECESSARILY THE POET.
Closed Form
Poems written in a fixed pattern of rhyme meter, line, and stanza.
lyric poetry
greek origin, poets sang and used the lyre as accompaniment. typically poetry that expresses a speaker's emotion or thoughts and does not tell a story.
oral tradition
how stories and poems were passed down from generation to generation prior to the printed word
foot
a unit of meter with two or three syllables, or which one is stressed
Shakespearean/ English Sonnet
- three stanzas called quatrains
- concluding stanza called the couplet
- quatrains often express related ideas or examples
- couplet sums up the poet's conclusion or message
- A B A B C D C D E F E F G G
- 14 lines Stanza
symbol/ symbolism
an object or action that suggests, in addition to itself, a further meaning
approximate rhyme
a term used for words in a rhyming pattern that have some kind of sound correspondence but are not perfect rhymes
Poetic syntax
how a sentence was formed to convey an emotion, image, or aspect of language.
continuous form
form of a poem which the lines form without certain grouping, only breaks are dictated by units of meaning
Larkin-Aubade
-I work all day and get half drunk at night
Aubade= Dawn
Cant sleep, waiting for the dawn and rebirth of a new day
but with rebirth comes death
postmen are like doctors that go from house to house
Oranges
2 oranges- 1 for him and 1 for her but thats not how it really works out
saleswoman understand he is poor, doesn't want to embarass him, and accepts the orange
Ode to a Nightingale, John Keats
Adieu! the fancy cannot cheat so well
As she is fam'd to do, deceiving elf.
ACCORING TO THE POEM'S LAST LINE, DICKINSON FEELS THAT HOPE
GIVES AND ASKS FOR NOTHING IN RETURN
/ 155
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