poetry 13 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
dactyl
/UU
Stanza
paragraph
trimeter
three feet
Prose
Regular Writing
Macbeth
William Shakespeare
fas n.
right
trochaic
stressed unstresses
epic
long narrative poem
shied
v to recoil
sestet
a six-line stanza.
Shaw
Mrs. Warren's Profession
jargon
specialized technical vocab
William Butler Yeats
"Tom O'Roughley"
Narrative
tells us a story
Blank Verse
Unrhymed iambic pentameter
Onomatapoeia
Sound imitates its meaning.
" My last Duchess"
By:Browning
Assonance
repetition of vowel sounds
Tetrameter
4 feet per line
conotation
the emotion a word conveys
theme
idea; main message about life
rhyme scheme
pattern of end rhymes
Enjambment
goes onto the next line
iamb
one unaccented, one accented syllable
eg. x / | x / | x / | x /
Allusion
passing reference or indirect mention
Simile
comparison using like or as
rhythm
beat; musical quality in language
tone
attitude of narrator/author towards the subject
paradox
self-contradictory statement that is true in both respects
Personification
Giving human characteristics to nonliving objects
epitaph
an inscription on a grave stone
Half Rhyme (slant rhyme)
imperfect, approximate rhyme
syntax
the grammatical arrangement of words in sentences
extended metaphor
comparison developed over several lines
near rhyme
not perfect rhyme, but close
alliteration
Alliteration occurs when the initial sounds of a word, beginning either with a consonant or a vowel, are repeated in close succession.
speaker
created narrative voice of the poem
Imagery
Visual apeal and pictures established with words
cadence
rhythm not truly regular- measured differently from meter
dramatic monologue
speaker reveals his/her character through extended speech not addressed to audience
hyperbole
figure of speech that uses exaggeration to express strong emotions
spondee
two stressed sllables together: TUM TUM
Denotation
The literary, dictionary definition of a word. Both "slender" and "skinny" have the same literal definition--"thin"
Narrative Poem
Poetry that tells a story.
Metaphor Ex.
the world is a stage
Irony
a contrast between expectation and reality
free verse
verse with no rhythmic pattern
consonance
repetition of final consonant sounds PRECEDED by different vowel sounds (bed, bid, bad, bud) (cant rhyme)
consonanse
the repetition of consonant sounds that are not at the begining of the word
octave
a group of eight lines of poetry
metaphor
comparison of two things not using like or as
poetry
is a kind of rhythmic, compressed language that uses figures of speech and imagery designed to appeal to our emotions and imagination
sonnet
fourteen line poem written in iambix pentameter
substitution
in metrical verse, the replacement of the expected metrical foot by a different one
leonine rhyme
internal rhyme; rhyme within the line
couplet
two consecutive lines of poetry that rhyme
closed
poetic form subject to a fixed structure and pattern
metonymy
substituting the name of one object for another object closely associated with it
Figurative language
poetic language which means osmething more than or other than what it literally says
Foot
A pattern of stressed and unstresed syllables. A foot is the smallest unit of poetic measurement. Lines of poetry are divided into metrical groups called feet. Each foot will have 2 or 3 syllables.
Lyric
a brief, personal poem that is especially musical and filled with emotion; sonnets, odes, and elegies are types of lyrics
colloquial/colloquism
informal words and phrases used in everyday conversation
Backdrop
a wooden or canvas structure upon which the background of an act or scene is painted
Form
the arrangment, manner or method used to convey the content, such as haiku, limerick, couplet, etc.
Personification
Giving human qualities to non human things
haiku
a major form of Japanese verse, written in 17 syllables divided into 3 lines of 5, 7, and 5 syllables, and employing highly evocative allusions and comparisons, often on the subject of nature or one of the seasons.
apostrophe
when a speaker or writer breaks off and directs speech to an imaginary person or abstract quality or idea. Ex: "Roll on, thou deep and dark blue ocean - roll!"
paradigm
(n) a typical example of pattern of something; a model
malapropism
the unintentional misuse of a word by confusion with one that sounds similar
oxymoron
a figure of speech that juxtaposes two opposite or contradictory words for emphasis or drama
controlling metaphor
a metaphor that runs through entire work and determines the form or nature of that work
Metaphors
describe one thing as if it were something else often point out simlarty bettween 2 unlike things
iambic pentameter
five of the (iambs) are placed together
dramatic irony
occurs when the meaning of the situation is understood by the audience but not by the character in a production
Unstressed Syllable
Part of word that is least accented.
internal rhyme
involves repetition of sound within a single sound
Ode
a long, dignified lyric poem on a meaningful subject such as Greek choral odes.
idiom
phrase that cannot be taken for its literal meaning
lyric poem
A brief and concentrated poem that usually deals with a single subject.
allternation
when the poet can not find another word to make th epoem done
end rhyme
rhyme that occurs between words found at the ends of two or more lines in a poem
rhythem
Is the repetiton of sound in words that appear cloes to each other in a poem.
refrain
a repeated word, line, prase, or group of lines.
quatrain
a stanza or poem of four lines, usually with alternate rhymes.
onomatopoeia
a word that sounds like the sound it is describing
narrative poetry
a type of poem that tells a story
claret
a dry red table wine
a dark purplish red
synecdoche
the word for a part of something is used to mean the whole
when you assign letters to lines of poetry with end rhyme
rhyme scheme
found poem
a piece of writing not intended as poetry whose poetic aspect is arranged by the "finder"
Stream of Consciousness
A literary technique that presents the thoughts and feelings of a character as they occur.
repetition
the repeated use of the same word or word pattern as a rhetorical device
mete
to distribute by or as if by measure; allot
dramatic poetry
poetry written in the voice of one or more characters assumed by the poet.
Ceasura
a pause or break in the middle of a line of poetry
sound devices
used to add a musical quality to the words in a poem
Rhetorical Question
A question to which an overt answer is not expected. Writers use rhetorical questions to set up an explanation they are about to provide and to trigger a reader's mental response.
mixed metaphor
is the inconsistent use of two or more metaphors. It's a common problem of bad writing and are often unintentionally funny
Auden-The Shield of Achilles
-she looked over his shoulder for vines and all of trees
an ekphrasis examining thetis looking at the shield of achilles
uses shield image to show human blood shed does not bring glory
longer stanzas describe shield and shorter stanzas to describe thetis's hope
Poetic Foot
n verse, many meters use a foot as the basic unit in their description of the underlying rhythm of a poem.
enjambement/run on line
a run that strides over the next line (the pressure of the incomplete syntactic unit toward closure carries on over the end of the verse-line)
To Autumn, John Keats
Who hath not seen thee oft amid thy store?
Sometimes whoever seeks abroad may find
broken rhyme (split rhyme)
the result of diving a word at the end of a line to force a rhyme
heptameter
seven foot
Elegy
Sad poem
Tactile Imagery
heat/cold sensory
anapest
unstressed, unstressed, stressed
ominous
adjective: threatening, inauspicious
Explication
the act of explicating
auditory
imagery for the ears
five-line stanza
5 line units
Conceit
An elaborate, extended metaphor comparing two very dissimilar things
Poet
Person who writes the poem
total meaning
the experience it communicates
similie
comparison using like or as
Jordan II
by George Herbert1633Recusatio\"When first my lines of heavenly joys made mention\"\"There is in love a sweetness ready penned: Copy out only that and save expense\" (God talkin)
Pure poetry
Poetry free from conceptualized statement or moral preachment; or those portions of a poem remaining after such materials as can be paraphrased adequately in prose are removed.
anapestic
two unstressed syllables followed by one stressed one
Image
something described with very vivid language; "A word picture"
Example: in To Kill a Mockingbird the ladies are described like teacakes with coating of soft talcum.
connotation
the associated or additional meaning that a word, image, or phase may carry, apart from its literal denotation.
pushkin
tchaikovsky put his poem to music
caesura
pause within a line of verse
first person
pronoun I - autobiographical poem
rime royal
stanza containing seven lines in iambic pentameter.
pentameter
five metrical feet (i.e. five stressed syllables in the line)
amphimacer
Unit of prosody that contain three syllables, metrically long, short, long
hexameter
if hunger, proverbs say, allures the wolf from wood/ much more the bird must dare a dash at something good
Sarcasm
bitter or cutting SPEECH intended to wound feelings
External Rhyme
rhyme on the outside of poem
definite and indefinite articles
tend to be unstressed
Animism
the belief that natural objects and phenomena possess souls or consciousness
equivocal
adj. subject to two or more interpretations and usually used to mislead or confuse
Symbolism
a system of symbols and symbolic representations
symbol/symbolism
an object or action that stands for something beyond itself
Situational Irony
This occurs when what takes place contrasts what is expected or appropriate
rhetorical stresses
the stressing of words to clarify intentions or feelings
Meter
in all speech we sense a rhythm (recognizable pattern in the beat of the stresses). If this rhythm is structured into a recurrence of regular units of stress pattern, we call it meter.
slant/approximate
poet puts a word close to the rhyme
Slant rhyme
Words with any kind of sound similarity
iambic pentameter*
a metrical pattern in poetry which consists of five iambic feet per line .
trochaic foot
one stressed syllable followed by one unstressed syllable / U
synesthesia
a condition in which one type of sensory stimulation creates perception in another sense
Villanelle
A villanelle has 19 lines: 5 tercets and a final quatrain, rhyming aba, aba, aba, aba, aba, abaa
Diction
the writer's choice of words one of the prime ingredients of a writers style
Masculine Rhyme
final syllable of first word rhymes with final syllable of second word (scald recalled)
literal language
words or phrases that mean exactly what they say
____(syllables) make up the (line)____. Ex:____ are the words, sentence is the ____
feet, meter, feet, meter
heroic couplet
a couplet consisting of two rhymed lines of iambic pentamenter and written in an elevated style
figures of speech
departs from the usual denotations of words
Shakespearean Sonnet
3 Quatrains and a couplet, abab cdcd efef gg
Litotes
A figure of speech in which a positive is stated by negating its opposite. Opposite of Hyperbole
It has the effect of understating
musee des beaux arts
wh auden
talks about icarus, nobody cares about anything that doesn't affect them
dramatic poem
A poem that uses the techniques of drama
Elegy Poem
a poem composed as a lament for a deceased person
Verbal Irony
when what is said is in contrast with what is meant
End-Stopped Line
A line of poetry in which the meter and the meaning conclude with the end of the line.
Dactylic foot
( ' u u ): Three syllables with the stress on the first syllable: ex. Hap pi ness, mer ri ly, mur mur ing
english or shakespearean sonnet
3 units with 4 lines then couplet sums up the poem
empowerment images in Shelley
Ode to the West Wind: the wind is a symbol of revolution. Shelley is empowered by the wins and wants to be a vehicle of the revolution. "Be thou me, impetuous one!" Once he is empowered by the wind he can create a new world order: "O Wind, if Winter comes, can Spring be far behind?"
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