Poetry 15 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
kinesthetic
movement
hues
colors
octometer
eight feet
pentameter
five foot
enigma
puzzle, mystery
famished
extremely hungry
Hyperbole
deliberate exaggeration
narrative
tells a story
blank verse
unrhymed verse
pyrrhic foot
dont know
adjure
To appeal to
narritive
tells a story
Cacophony
harsh, jarring noise
Euphony
agreeable sounds, concordant, pleasurable
Silver
Walter de la Mare
Alliteration
Repetition of constant sound
Spondaic foot
Two stressed syllables
pushkin
killed in a dual
Pyrrhic
a metrical unit with unstressed-unstressed syllables
Anapest
three syllables, accent on last
couplet
turns reader to main idea
simile
direct comparison between two unrelated things by using like or as
meter
measurable pattern associated with verse compostion
token
an outward sign or expression
syn- unyielding, adamant, difficult, determied, obstinate,
intransigent
Foot
A metrical unit of verse
a red red rose
robert burns
Praise in Summer
by Richard Wilbur1947Recusatio\"Obscurely yet most surely called to praise\"
consonance
the repetion of consonant sounds anywhere in words
rhyme
repeated syllables at end of lines
prose
any writing that is NOT poetry
Paradox
a statement that although seemingly contradictory or absurd may actually be well-founded or true (similar to an oxymoron)
Elegy
A serious, contemplative lyric poem written to lament someone's death and memorialize his or her life.
verse
Writing arranged according to a metrical (rhythmic) pattern - poetry!
tactile imagery
appeals to sense of touch
Metaphor
Comparison not using like or as
Symbolism
practice of representing things by symbols, or of investing things with a symbolic meaning or character.
Oxymoron
a statement combining opposite or contradictory terms or ideas
symbol
something that stands for or represents something else
Exaggeration
The obvious stretching of the truth.
allegory
a sustained and circumscribed analogy between a subject and an image to which it is compared
lyric
a short poem of songlike quality
Myth
group of beliefs that explain existence
ambiguity
something that can be interpreted to mean several different things at the same time
slant
rhyme in which only the final consonant sounds of the words are identical
dramatic irony
incongruity with what the character thinks and what the reader knows
iamb
metrical unit (one foot) with the iambic pattern
analytical
trying to break down an idea, situation, person in order to understand a persona
formal diction
a dignified, impersonal, and elevated use of language
narrator
someone who tells the story or account
Onomatopoeia
words that imitate or suggest the meaning through their sound
3 elements that create meaning
words, sound, visual
rhyme royal
a seven-line stanza of iambic pentameter rhymed ababbcc
apostrophe
the adressing of someone or something usually not present, as though present
assonance
the repetition of similar vowels in the stressed syllables of successive words
anaphora
repetition of an opening word or phrase in a series of lines
Epic
a long narrative poem tracing the adventures of a popular hero
end rhyme
the repetition of syllable sounds occurs at the end of lines
Rhythm
the recurring pattern of strong and weak syllable stresses
Mood
Feeling you are left with after reading something
sonnet
Italian origin: The word sonnet comes from Italian sonette meaning "little sound" or "little song"
14 lines, Lyric poems, Lambic pentameter and use of conceits: a metaphor that the poet usually extends and elaborated throughout the course of his poem.
Masculine Rhyme
One-syllable word rhymes with another: "dog, log"
Modernism
developed in Europe in 1910, majority was a response to WWI. they had a desire to break from the past, and it's often confusing
slant rhyme
imperfect rhyme, close rhyme, near rhyme, approximate rhyme
synecdoche
part of a whole. Substituting a more inclusive term for a less inclusive one or vice versa.
Cinquain
Two forms one which is based on syllables and the other is based on words. Both forms must have 5 lines and appear to be in diamond shape
Sestet
A stanza or a poem of six lines
theme
a unifying idea that is a recurrent element in a literary or artistic work
Octave
a rhythmic group of eight lines of verse
Limerick
humorous poems of five lines, using a rhyme pattern a a b b a and a syllable count of 8 8 5 5 8.
Scansion
the process of marking lines of poetry to determine the meter; that is, marking the accented and unaccented syllables, dividing the lines into feet, identifying the most common type of foot, and noting significant variations from that pattern
haiku
a style of lyric poetry borrowed from the Japanese that typically presents an instense emotion or vivid image of nature, which, traditionally, is designed to lead to a spiritual insight; considered as a fixed poetic form, consisting of seventeen syllables organized into three unrhymed lines of five, seven, and five syllables
Refrain
The repetition of one or more phrases or lines at definite intervals in a poem, usually at the end of a stanza
William Butler Yeats
An Irish Airman Foresees His Death
figurative language
language used to create a special effect or feeling, characterized by figures of speech
Image
a words, phrase, or figure of speech that addresses the senses, suggesting mental pictures of sights, sounds, smells, tastes, feelings, or actions. Images offer sensory impressions to the reader and also convey emotions and moods through their verbal pictures.
verbal irony
the poet's actual attitude is opposite of what he says
caesura
a strong pause within a line of verse
Tone
what the writer wants the reader to feel when reading
Extended Metaphor
The comparison between two things is continued beyond the first point of comparison. This extends and deepens a description.
Villanelle
5 tercets + 1 quatrain w/ 2 rhymes
Conceit:
a brief metaphor - striking a parallel between dissimilar things
trochee
a foot of two syllables, a long followed by a short in quantitative meter, or a stressed followed by an unstressed in accentual meter.
Stanza
A formal division of lines in a poem considered as a unit (Paragraph in a poem)
ballad
a poem that tells a story but includes a repeated refrain
free verse
consists of lines of poetry that do not have a regular rhythm and do not rhyme
narrative poem
poem that tells a story that generally focuses on an important or heroic event
sight rhyme
a rhyme consisting of words, such as lint and pint with similar spellings but different sounds
lyric poem
a poem the expresses the poets thought adn strong feelings about a topeic throught vivid images and musical language
Dramatic Poetry
A type of poetry that utilizes the techniques of drama; the speaker is clearly someone other than the poet.
Eye Rhyme
Looks like it rhymes but does not sound like it
IMAGERY
what the images in a literary work are referred to where considered all together
near rhyme
rhyme in which either the vowels or the consonants of stressed syllables are identical, as in eyes, light; years, yours.
Once by the Pacific rhyme scheme
aabb ccdd eeff | gg
concrete poem
a poem in which the words are arranged on a page to suggest a visual representation of the subject
repetition
the use of a sound , word or phrase more than once
"What a tale of terror, now, their turbulency tells!"
alliteration in "The Bells"
Fixed Form
A form of poem in which the length and pattern are prescribed by previous usage or tradition.
slant rhyme (near or off rhyme)
two or more words w/same final consonant sound b/different vowel sounds : sun and bone or song and ring - eyes, light; years, yours.
What effect does hendrix's use of personification have on the experience of the song the wind cries mary?
it creates imagery (allows to feel like you are actually there)
tactile
touch
wayfarers
travelers
trimeter
three feet
chaffer
small talk
Diction
word choice
Shakespearean sonnet
English sonnet
trochaic foot
stressed, unstressed
sinister
Threatening harm; ominous
beleaguer
surrounded with troops
Epigraph
a motto or quotation
personification
giving objects human qualities
PATTERN
Follows a set pattern
Tanka
5+7+5+7+7= 31 syllables. 5 lined
Sonnets 18 and 30
William Shakespeare
surcease
an end of an event
" Those Winter Days"
By: Hayden
internal rhyme
rhyme in the middle
DRAG
STRESSED SYLLABLES RUNNING TO UNSTRESSED SYLLABLES. MARKED WITH -->
poetry
a genre characterized by rhythm, rhyme, and stanza
denotation
a meaning defined by the dictionary
olfactory imagery
appeals to sense of smell
Allusion
Reference to another person, place, story, or major work
Exposition
writing or speech primarily intended to convey information or to explain; a detailed statement or explanation.
prudence
caution with regard to practical matters; discretion
Archetypes
a pattern or model character: stereotypes or motifs
sibilance
the repetition at close intervals of he 's' sound, suggestive of hissing
in ten thousand or ten million years
hyperbole
organic image
something described in terms of internal workigns of the human body - organs
In Praise of Limestone
The Shield of Achilles
ode
Dedicated to someone or something; set structure writing in
Rhyme Scheme
Pattern of rhyme in a poem
Line
A unit of rhythmic structure of verse.
dramatic monologue
a "poem speech", revealing speaker's psychology (Ulysses)
enjambment
the running over of a sentence or thought into the next line without a pause at the end of the line, a run on.
English sonnet
has a rhyme scheme of ababcdcdefefgg and is usually printed as a single stanza/contains three English quatrains plus a heroic couplet
scanning
examination of a line of poetry to determine the number and type of feet
Definition of Poetry: Style
figures of speech, grammar, sentences/phrases, rhythm
elision
the omission of an unstressed vowel or syllable to preserve the meter of a line of poetry
Anonymous
having or giving no name; of unknown source
Persona
Literally, a persona is a mask. In literature a persona is a speaker created by a writer to tell a story or to speak in a poem.
Pantoum
16th century Malayan poetic form of 16 lines, with a repetend patter similar to Villanelle, but minus the rhyme requirement. In content, pantoums are good for sly, indirect critique, because as a Malayan proverb says ," a pantoum is like a hawk with a chicken" in that it circles it's prey many times before striking.
connotation
the implied or suggested meaning of a word, the emotional overtones of the words, what the word suggests to you
apocopated rhyme
a cut-off rhyme; last syllable of one of the rhymes is missing (pain/gainless)
Narrative Poetry
A long poem (usually more than 60 lines) that tells a story
parallel structure
type of repetition that is only a similarity
pure rhyme
occurs when the initial sounds of the words are different but the final sounds of the words are exactly alike
Sensory Words
writing or speech that appeals to one or more of the 5 senses (touch, taste, sight, sound, smell)
end-stopped
denoting a line of verse in which a logical or rhetorical pause occurs at the end of the line, usually marked with a period, comma, or semicolon
Irony
the use of words to convey a meaning that is the opposite of its literal meaning
Phonetic intensive
a word whose sound to some degree suggests its meaning
point of view
a specified or stated manner of consideration or appraisal; standpoint:
people in business who try desperately to save time
subject of "Mr. Artesian's Conscientiousness"
Enjambment/run on line
a run that strides over to the next line ( the pressure of the incomplete syntactic unit toward closure carries on over the end of the verse-line)
single end rhyme
occurs at the end of the line with a single syllable word
why does the whispering go to screaming in the wind cries mary?
because he finally realizes shes never coming back
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