Poetry 18 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Awesome
Kathryn
trochee
(/U)
Couplet
Two lines!
cinquain
5-line stanza
Onomatopoeia
sound words
dissipation
wasteful spending
hyperbole
obvious exaggeration
In Just
E.E. Cummings
Subject
What its about
millennial
every thousand years
Enjambment
Run on lines
quatrain
a four-line stanza
Recompense
make payment to
Quintet
set of 5 lines
Consonance
repetition of consonant sounds
theme
central or main idea
antithesis
parallel structure, complete opposite
paradox
a contradiction or dilemma
carpe diem
seize the day
septameter
7 feet per line
simile
indirect (using like,as, such) comparison between two unlike things
Connotation
implication or expected emotional response.
pentameter
five sets of poetic feet
lyric
expressing direct usage, intense personal emotion especially in a manner suggestive of a song
Bertoli Breht
A Worker Reads History
caesura
A pause within a line.
refrain
lines repeated in a poem
Imagery
Visually descripture or figurative language, esp. in a literary work.
Diction
word choice or word usage
symbol
has literal and figurative meaning
Dactyl
three-syllable unit of rhythm, consisting of one accented followed by two unaccented syllables(terrible, catapult, dubious)
Scansion
analysis of verse into metrical patterns
personification
giving human characteristics to non human things
denotation
The dictionary definition of a word
Narrative Poem
Poetry that tells a story
irony
incongruity between what might be expected and what actually occurs
prose
writing a normal continous form without rhyme or line structure of poetry - short stories , novels, newspapers
Foot
units composed of stressed and unstressed syllables. a foot is a unit of meter.
allusion
a reference to something literary, mythological, or historical that the author assumes the reader will recognize
Alliteration
the repetition of beginning consonant sounds
Octave
A stanza comprising of eight lines
Epigram
A brief witty poem, often satirical.
tone
the writer's or speaker's attitude toward the subject, the audience, or herself/himself; the emotional coloring, or emotional meaning, of a work
narritive poem
story told in a verse
apostrophe
addressing someone or something not present as though present
cacophony-
a harsh, unpleasant combination of sounds or tones. -
Repeating vowel sounds in several random places in close by words.
assonance
masculine rhyme
rhyme ends on a stressed syllable
Verbal irony
writer or speaker expresses actual intent in words which carry the opposite meaning
Soliloquy
aka the dramatic monologue- a poem talking about a single speaker who reveals thier inner thoughts, most often in plays
spondee
a foot consisting of two stressed syllables
paraphrase
a prose restatement of central ideas of a poem in your own language
rhyme
the repetition of words or syllables that sound alike
Ubiquitous
(adj) being everywhere at the same time; constantly encountered
Stanza
lines grouped together o for a division of a poem, separated from other lines by space
assonance
the similarity or repetition of a vowel sound in two or more words
hexameter
a verse line having six metrical feet
direct metaphor
a comparison between two unrelated things not using like or as but using is
Concrete diction
words that specifically name or describe things or persons
endstop
punctuation at the end of a line
Personafication
giving human qualities to a non-human things
terza rima
interlocking rime scheme with the pattern aba, bcb, cdc, etc.
rhythm
the pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of poetry are classified according to the number of feet in a line
Shakespearean Sonnet
A sonnet consisting three quatrains and a concluding couplet in iambic pentameter with the rhyme pattern abab cdcd efef gg.
synecdoche
substituting a more inclusive term for a less inclusive one or vice versa
epic
long narrative poem that relates the great deeds of a larger-than-life hero who embodies the values of a particular society
narrative
a story or account of events, experiences, or the like, whether true or fictitious.
narrative poetry
narration of an event or story, stressing details of plot, incident and action
Poetics
A system or body of theory about poetry; the principles and rules of poetic composition.
Metaphor
A figure of speech comparing one thing to another without using like or as; one thing is said to be another.
abstract
an idea, concept, belief that does not have actual existence (like love or hate)
Metonymy
When a word or phrase is substituted for a related term. When a part represents a whole
free verse
verse without a regular arrangement of accented and unaccented syllables ; it is free of the restrictions of a set rhythmical pattern for each line. However, since free verse poetry is divided into lines, the movement from one line to the next establishes a kind of rhythm
lyric poem
a type of poem characterized by brevity, compression, and the expression of feeling
Repetition
Use of a word or phrase multiple times, usually close together
sonnet
a fixed form of lyric poetry that consists of 14 lines written in iambic pentameter
poetry with no set rhythm or rhyme
free verse
Line
A sequence of words printed as a separate entity on the page.
iamb(s)
a unit of meter with one unstressed and one stressed syllable
allegory
a narrative or description that has a second meaning beneath the surface
end rhyme
rhyme of the terminal syllables of lines of poetry
poetic diction
indicates a level of speech somehow refined above ordinary usage
symbolism
using any object, person, or place to represent more than what it is;
ex.) The Statue of Liberty represents freedom.
aubade
a poem about dawn; a morning love song; or a poem about the parting of lovers at dawn
antagonist
a person who is opposed to, struggles against, or competes with another; opponent; adversary.
tercet
a stanza of three lines in which each line ends with the same rhyme
Internal Rhyme
Rhyme that occurs at some place before the last syllables in a line. In the opening lines of Eliot's "Gerontion," there are two instances of internal rhyme—"Here I am, an old man in a dry month." "An" and "man" and "I" and "dry."
petrarchan sonnet
a sonnet consisting of an octave with the rhyme pattern abbaabba, followed by a sestet with the rhyme pattern cdecde or cdcdcd
figurative language
writing or speech not meant to be taken literally
villanelle
a short poem of fixed form, written in tercets, usually five in number, followed by a final quatrain, all being based on two rhymes.
Anapestic foot
Three syllables with the stress on the last syllable
poetry
a term applied to the many forms in which human beings have given rhythmic expression to their most intense perceptions of the world, themselves, and the relation of the two. Poetry normally has rhythm and concrete images. It is divided into three types: epic, dramatic, and lyric.
nature, love, death, immortality
major themes of Emily Dickinson's poems
Rhyme Scheme
Pattern of rhymes at the ends of lines in a poem
ballad
a poem that tells a story similar to a folk tale or legend and often has a repeated refrain
concrete poem
poetry in a form in which the shape or design helps express the meaning or feeling of the poem.
What was Robert Frost awarded?
The Pulitzer Prize for Poetry four times.
Shall I compare Thee To A Summer's Day?
William Shakespeare; in iambic pantameter; says that girl will always be remembered for her beauty unlike summer's beauty, because that fades
Chidock Tichborn-My prime of youth-
-My prime of youth is but a frost cares
metaphors about executions at a young age
accused of assassinating queen eliz the first
ironic because he wrote his masterpiece before execution
anaphora of my and i to emphasize his elogy
Trimeter
3
placid
undisturbed
heptameter
7 feet
"Dreams"
Langston Hughes
blake
the lamb
syllogism
logical argument
anapestic
3 syllables --/
unbidden
without being asked
meter
the arrangement of rhythm
iocosus, iocosa, iocosum
funny, humorous
the bells
edgar allen poe
satire
Exposing human folly to ridicule
. . /
anapest/ anapestic foot
oxymoron
combining of two opposite terms
pithy
(adj) to the point; succinct
poem
a type of rhythmic, compressed language that uses figures of speech and imagery to appeal to the reader's emotions and imagination
Syntax
the grammatical arrangement of words in sentences
Courage
Anne Sexton, free verse
life and courage
Sibilance
repetition of 's' and 'sh' sounds
triplet
a tercet where all lines rhyme
elegy
about death, mourn a dead person
blank verse, free verse
free of meter/pattern
Mood
The feeling created by the reader
Hymn
A song of praise to God.
A falling meter
moves from stressed to unstressed
inundate
(v) to cover with a flood, overwhelm
english sonnet
three coordinate quatrains and a concluding couplet (ababcdcdefefgg)
Synaesthesia
a blending of different kinds of sensory impressions in which one type of sensation is referred to in terms more appropriate to another; expressing one kind of imagery in terms of another
Ode
a single, unified strain of exalted lyrical verse, directed to a single purpose, and dealing with one theme
symbolism/symbol
an object or action that suggests further meaning
haiku
an unrhymed verse form of Japanese origin having three lines containing usually five, seven, and five syllables respectively
divination
foretelling the future by means of magic
plato told him
E.E. Cummings, American, WWII (1944)
lay
A long narrative poem, especially one that was sung by medieval minstrels called trouveres.
limerick
a five line poem containing a triple rhyme and a double rhyme (couplet)
Spenserian stanza
a nine-line stanza with the rhyme scheme ababbcbbc
dramatic irony
(theater) irony that occurs when the meaning of the situation is understood by the audience but not by the characters in the play
Irony:
expression of words used to convey an opposite meaning from the usual sense.
literary ballad
ballad meant to be read, not sung
I Remember Poem
Memory poem based on an event
end stopped lines
contain a complete sentence of independent clause and so have a distinct pause at the end, usually indicated by a mark of punctuation
Extended metaphor
a metaphor which extends over several lines or an entire poem
METRICAL REPETITION
ONE OF THE OLDEST TYPES OF REPATIOIN IN POETRY (THE BEAT)
pun
a play on words that are similar in sound but have different meanings
literal language
to write or say something in a literary work that means its actual definition
Literary allusion
A reference to a person, place, or thing from previous literature
eye rhyme
words that look like they rhyme but don't when they are pronounced
Image
a word or series of words that refers to any sensory experience
Sestina
39 line poem with each line ending in one of six words; these six words are the ending of each stanza
dramatic poem
poem that uses action and dialogue to tell a narrative: a play in verse
Dramatic Poetry
A type of poetry that utilizes the techniques of drama; the speaker is clearly someone other than the poet
slant rhyme
rhyme in which either the vowels or the consonants of stressed syllables are identical, as in eyes, light; years, yours.
Internal
a word in the middle of a line rhymes with a word at the end of the line
open form
a type of structure or form in poetry characterized by freedom from regularity and consistency in such elements as rhyme, line length, and metrical pattern
list poetry
a form of poetry which lists words or phrases
William Shakespeare, Sonnet 30
Then can I drown an eye, unused to flow,
2 ways to form a compund sentace
; or coordinting cinjunction with a , after it
/ 156
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