Poetry I Flashcards

Terms Definitions
dactylic
stressed/unstressed/unstressed
Eternity
Blake
couplet
2 lines
hyperbole
extreme exaggeration
Daddy
Sylvia Plath
fleece
lambs wool
analyzing
breaking something apart
FREE VERSE
THE DANCE
Octain
eight rhyming lines.
spondaic
2 accented syllables
octave
an eight-line stanza
iambic meter
unstressed, stressed SHAKESPEARE
trimeter
3 feet per line
Quatrain
A 4 line rhyming.
consonance
repetition of consonant sounds
regale
to entertain or amuse
foot
a unit of meter
Narrative Poem
tells a story.
invective
an intensely vehement, highly emotional verbal attack
The Unknown Citizen
W. H. Auden
ambiguity
two or more simultaneous interpretations of a word, phrase, action or situation
second person
"your" without an "I"
DIMETER
verse written in two-foot lines
Symbol
something that represents something else
Blank Verse
Unrhymed iambic pentameter poetry
Alliteration
repetition of initial consonant sounds
irony
incongruity between what might be expected and what actually occurs
Euphony
Agreeableness of sound, pleasing to the ear, harmonious. Ex. "Season of mist and mellow fruitfulness".
decorum
propriety; orderliness and good taste in manners
Motif
any significant repetition of images, symbols, language, actions, or other elements of a literary work
poetry
the efficient, economical use of language usually involving rhyme and mater to deal with any subject
prose
literary expression not marked by rhyme or metrical regularity
cacophony
a harsh, unpleasant combination of sounds or tones
rhyme
repitition of same stressed vowel sounds and any succeeding sound in 2 or more words
haiku
three line Japanese verse form 5-7-5
assonance
repetition of similar vowel sounds that are followed by different consonant sounds
tone
the writers attitude toward the readers and the subject
eye rhyme
dough/plough LOOK like they rhyme
Tactile
deals with the sense of touch.
diction
writters choice of words, particularly for clarity, effectivness, and precision
Meter
A poems rhythmical pattern. This pattern is determined by the number and arrangements of stressed syllables, or beats, in each line
rhythm
The pattern or beat of a poem.
symbolism
word, sign or object that respresents something else
allusion
reference to a famous person, place, event, or literary work
metaphor
a direct comparison without using like or as
Ode
a lyric poem with complex stanza forms
Imagery
use of language to represent sensory experiance
Structure
the pattern or organization of lines in a poem
repetition
repeated use of sounds, words, or ideas for effect and emphasis
Figurative Language
Language that conveys meanings beyond the literal meaning of words.
visual imagery
descriptive language that appeals to the sense of sight
lyric poem
short poem expressing thoughts and feelings of a single speaker
epigram
brief statement in prose or in verse
simile
comparing two things using like or as
Rhyme*
The repetition of identical or similar concluding syllables in different words, most often at the ends of lines.
Lyric
a brief, personal poem that is especially musical and filled with emotion; sonnets, odes, and elegies are types of lyrics
paradox
a statement that seems to contradict common sense and yet is perhaps true
mutes
consonant that cannot be sounded at all without a vowel, and which at the end of a syllable suddenly stops the breath. examples are b,d,k,p,q,t and c and g hard.
Connotation
What a word suggests beyond its meaning
enjambment
the continuation from one line of poetry to another without pause
Oxymoron
Is the combination of two terms ordinarily seen as opposites. For example, ''Terribly good.''
metonymy
a figure of speech which is characterized by the substitution of a term naming an object closely associated with the word in mind for the word itself.
Limerick
a kind of humorous verse of five lines, in which the first, second, and fifth lines rhyme with each other, and the third and fourth lines, which are shorter, form a rhymed couplet
White Space
The blank space between Stanzas that signifys a Stopping/Breathing spot.
onomatopoeia
the imitation or natural sound by word sound
tone/mood
the writers attitude toward his or her jubject
scansion
the process of marking lines of poetry to determine the meter; that is, marking the accented and unaccented syllables, dividing the lines into feet, identifying the most common type of foot, and noting significant variations from that pattern
falling meter
poetic meters such as trochaic and dactylic that we move or tall from a stressed to an unstressed syllable.
Understatement
saying less than one means (may exist in what one says or merely in how one says it)
Refrain
Passages that repeat in a song or poem
mood
the overall emotion created by a work of literature.
regional
when a lyric focuses on a specific climate, geography, and scenery
synecdoche
using a part of something to represent the whole thing
ballad/folk ballad
light, simple song/poem - tells a story
stanza
a group of lines that creates a unit
form
the shape or structure of a literary work
Internal Rhyme
use of rhyming words within a line
caesura
a break, esp. a sense pause, usually near the middle of a verse, and marked in scansion by a double vertical line, as in know then thyself ‖ presume not God to scan.
masculine rhyme
a rhyme occurring in words of one syllable or in an accented final syllable.
Ex: light, sight, arise, surprise.
Metaphysical Conceit
term used to describe the works of 17th century poets who used "conceits" which are unusual and surprising comparisons between very different things
end rhymes
rhymes that occur at the end of lines
personification
a figure of speech in which an animal, object, or idea is given human like qualities
Dactyl
A unit in poetic meter that shows a pattern of stressed-unstressed-unstressed. (-UU)
Ex. - This is the forest primeval.
apostrophe
A figure of speech in which a dead person, an abstract quality, or an inanimate object is addressed directly.
shakespearean sonnet
poem arranged into 3 quatrains and a couplet, typically rhymes abab cdcd efef gg
Lyric Poetry
A type of poem with highly musical verse that expresses the observations and feelings of a single speaker.
foreshadowing
the use of clues to hint at events that will occur later in the plot
slant rhyme
rhyme in which either the vowels or the consonants of stressed syllables are identical, as in eyes, light; years, yours.
folk ballad
meant to be sung and thus had regular rhythm and rhymes
iambic foot
a 2 syllable foot with the stress on the second syllable U /
end stopped
where lines stop to add pause (mark of punctuation)
line break
Where poets decide to end a line in order to emphasize a word
end rhyme
Rhymes that occur at the end of lines of poetry.
Example:
The woods are lovely, dark and deep.
But I have promises to keep,
Picture Poem
A poem written in the shape of what is being talked about.
Volta (or volte)
The "turn" in the argument or mood of a poem. In the Italian (or Petrarchan) sonnet, it usually occurs at the beginning of the concluding sestet, while in the Shakespearean sonnet it generally comes with the concluding couplet.
DACTYLIC FOOT ( / u u )
three syllables--one stressed and two unstressed
John Milton, Paradise Lost, Book 12
Taught this by his example whom I now
Acknowledge my Redeemer ever blest."
glosses
shines
Parker
"Resume"
Hexameter
six feet
arrow
la flecha
spondaic pentameter
\\
lassen
to allow
host
a great number
sonnet sequence
carefully organized progression
concrete
able to be felt
bellus, bella, bellum
pretty, charming
narrative
tells an objective story
byron verse
don Juan- octavarima
Perfect Rhyme
Ending rhymes are exact.
"The Road Not Taken"
Robert Frost
VERY!
How famous was T.S. Eliot?
lattice
framework of wood or metal
Tonight I Can Write
Pablo Neruda
literal
exactly as written or spoken
feminine rhyme
rhyme over several syllables
Iambic pentameter
made up of 5 iambs
abstract diction
ideas/concepts; something you can't touch
villanelle
19 lines of iambic pentameter, consisting of 5 tercets and 1 quatrain. Has repeat/refraining lines
Allegory
story with two levels of meaning
A greek word that means "Making"
Poetry
denotation
a direct, specific meaning; the dictionary definition
Fixed Form
A traditional verse form requiring certain predetermined elements of structure--for example, a stanza pattern, set meter, or predetermined line length.
1700
about how many poems did emily dickinson write?
ballad
songlike poem that tells a story, often of betrayal, death, or loss
extended metaphor
Sustained comparison in which part/all of a poem consists of a series of related metaphors
enjamb
line that runs to the next line
Gustatory
formal name for the sense of taste
heroic couplets
two rhyming lines of iambic pentameter
who frees the demons from the "adamantine chains"?
God
Epic
a long narrative poem in elevated style presenting characters of high position in adventures related to a central heroic figure
eye-rhyme
agreement in spelling, but not in sound, of the ends of words or of lines of verse
Example:
have, grave.
Neologism
a word made up by the poet
types of rhyme
perfect rhyme, imperfect rhyme, eye rhyme, end rhyme, internal rhyme
terza rima
italian form of iamic verse consisting of eleven-syllables lines arranged in tercets, the middle line of each rhyming with the first and last lines of the following tercet
Rhyme Scheme
A regular, fixed repetition of rhyme between lines and stanzas of a poem.
lyrics poetry
focuses on the thoughts and feelings of the poet.
Step 5
Answer three questions: What is the poem about? What is the author's purpose in writing this poem? What is the main idea of this poem
cuarteto
estrofa de cuatro versos de arte mayor con rima consonante abab
Colloquial
(adj) having to do with or like conversation; conversational
dao
who uses several oxymorons in his poem "all"
Sonnet
A fourteen line poem in an iambic pentameter.
Irony of situation
discrepancy exists between the actual circumstances and those what would seem appropriate or between what one anticipates and what actually comes to pass.
PROSE POEMS
SHORT COMPOSITIONS OF PROSE THAT ASK FOR THE CONCENTRATION USUALLY GIVEN TO POETRY
volta
the "turn" in the argument or mood of a poem
anaphora
repetition of a word or phrase as the beginning of successive clauses.
Ex. There she goes. There she went. There she sits
a formal division of lines in a poem and is considered a unit
stanza
dialect
a form of language spoken by people in a particular region or group
poetic foot
a group of syllables in verse usually consisting of one accented syllable and one or two unaccented syllables associated with it. The most common type of feet are as follows:
iambic u /
trochaic / u
anapestic u u /
dactylic / u u
pyrrhic u u
spondaic / /
The following poem by Samuel Taylor Coleridge illustrates all of these feet except the pyrrhic foot:
Trochee trips from long to short.
From long to long in solemn sort
Slow Spondee stalks; strong foot! yet ill able
Ever to come up with Dactyl trisyllable.
Iambics march from short to long;
tercet
a stanza of three lines in which each line ends with the same rhyme.
visual poetry
the shape of the poem in some way contributes to the meaning or understanding or theme of the poem.
A type of meter in poetry, in which there are five iambs to a line. (The prefix penta- means “five,” as in pentagon, a geometrical figure with five sides. Meter refers to rhythmic units. There are five rhythmic units that are iambs.) Shakespeare's pla
Iambic Pentameter
discourse time
the length of time that is taken up by the telling and/or reading of the story and the sequence of events as they are presented in discourse
And what shoulder, & what art.
Could twist the sinews of thy heart?
And when thy heart began to beat,
What dread hand? & what dread feet?
What the hammer? what the chain?
In what furnace was thy brain?
What the anvil? what dread grasp
Dare its deadly terr
The Tyger by William Blake
The Little Black Boy, William Blake
"Look on the rising sun, -there God does live
And gives his light, and gives his heat away;
/ 155
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