Poetry Quiz 7 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
countertops
aparadores
Barren
Empty
quaint
strange, unusual
pyrrihic
u u
Tumultuous
Rough; stormy
line
a line
diction
word choice
stanzas
keeps impormation together
sonnet
14 line poem.
consonance
consonant sounds repeating
James Weldon Johnson
US
alliteration
repeated consonant sounds
blank verse
unrhymed iambic pentameter
narrative poetry
tells a story
The Bells
Edgar Allen Poe
sestet
a six line stanza
pensive
adj. in deep thought
internal rhymes
rhymes within lines
a valediction: forbidding mourning
donne
Ambiguity
Have more than one meaning/POV
Blake
politically radical, introduced the idea that things are not black and white, difficult he wrote of the lion and the lamb, everything has a creator
personification
gives human characteristics to inanimate objects
"Easy Bake"
Nikki Finney, Modern Medea
couplet
a pair of rhyming lines
symbol
anything that represents something else
Spondaic
consists of two accented syllables.
Elegy
a mournful or reflective poem
foot
unit of rhythm in verse
parallelism
when similar grammatical structures are used, repeating words/adjectives
allegory
the story represents something else. There is a literal level plus a symbolic level.
meter
a generally regular pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in poetry
poetry
kind of rhymthic, compressed language that uses figures of speech and imagery designed to appeal to our emotions and imaginations
simile
Comparison of two seemingly unlike things using the words like or as.
John Donne, Song
Cannot add another hour
allusion
reference to another piece of literature, art, history, or anything that came before
Love Song: I and Thou
Alan Dugan
irony
incongruity between what might be expected and what actually occurs
Conflict
Internal: the speaker experiences w/in single person struggle External: struggle w/an outside force nature, people, govt. ideas etc.
denotation
the basic definition or dictionary meaning of a word
"The Road Not Taken"
Robert Frost (1920)
ballad
Narrative poem written in 4-line stanzas usually meant to be sung; abcb rhyme scheme
Sonic devices
Rhyme, meter, alliteration, assonance and consonance.
Synecdoche
A part substituted for the whole
sounds
the sensation produced by stimulation of the organs of hearing by vibrations transmitted through the air or other medium.
Free Verse
Poetry that organized its lines without a meter. It may be rhymed, but it usually is not.
paradox
a statement that seems to contradict common sense and yet is perhaps true
quatrain
a stanza or poem of 4 lines
triplet
group of 3 lines with same rhyme
metonymy
substituting the name of an attribute or feature for the name of the thing itself (as in 'they counted heads')
Dactyl
a metrical foot consisting of one accented syllable followed by two unaccented syllables
caesura
a pause within a line of poetry
metaphor
direct comparison not using like or as
Sensory Language
language that appeals to sight, hearing, smell, touch, and taste
hyperbole
exaggerating something to make it seem more interesting
assonance
i see the tree in the breeze
1920s
What time period did Langston Hughes's poetry contribute to?
Tone
The attidude the speaker has while writing the poem
antithesis
a strong contrast of words, clauses, sentences or ideas that shows opposing ideas through opposing grammatical structures
 "Man proposes, God disposes"
 "Fair is foul and foul is fair"
 Using the same words in a different order to make a bold statement
Litotes
A form of understatement that asserts something is true by denying its opposite
Refrain
A sound, word, phrase, or line repeated regularly in a poem.
style
the mode of expression in language; the characteristic manner of expression of an author. Many elements contribute to style, and if a question calls for a discussion of style or of "stylistic techniques," you can discuss diction, syntax, figurative language, imagery, selection of detail, sound effects, and tone, using the ones that are appropriate.
haiku
a three- lined poem, usually 17 syllables, which presents two images in juxtaposition
onomatopoeia
using words that imitate the sound they denote
Synechdoche
part of something used to represent the whole
apostrophe
the address of an absent object, person
symbolism
using symbols/ things that stand for something else but also has meaning itself; connecting to something else within the writing
Robert Frost said "poems begin in delight and end in ???"
wisdom
bathoses
a ludicrous descent from the exalted or lofty to the commonplace; anticlimax.
villanelle
consists of 19 lines divided into six stanzas: 5 tercets and a concluding quatrain. first and third line are repeated throughout. aba rhyme scheme
rhythm
the beat in a poem; can be measured
ode
is a single, unified verse with a single purpose and dealing with a single theme
stanza
repeated grouping of 2 or more lines in a poem that often share a pattern of rhythm and rhyme
epistrophe
Repetition of the same word or group of words at the ends of successive clauses
imagery
the ability to form mental images of things or events
Plot
the ordering of the events and actions of a story, particularly towards the achievement of some particular artistic or emotional effect
understatement
saying less than what is meant for effect
similie
something that is used to compare to unrelated things with an element that's shared using like or as
Fixed Form
Poetry that is catagorized by the pattern of its lines, meter, rhythms, or stanzas. A sonnet is a fixed form of poetry because by definition it must have 14 lines. Other fixed forms include limerick, sestina, and villanelle.
theme
the central idea or thought in a literary work/ a general statement about the human condition, expressible in a sentence
rhyme
the repetition of sound and the ends of word
figurative language
writing that uses figures of speech (as opposed to literal language or that which is actual or specifically denoted) such as metaphor, irony, and simile. Figurative language uses words to mean something other than their literal meaning. "The black bat night has flown" is figurative, with the metaphor comparing night and bat. "Night is over" says the same thing without figurative language.
internal rhyme
words that rhyme with each other inside a single line
tragedy
depicts the downfall of a character or disaster
motif
a recurring element in a work (image, symbol, theme, object, or phrase)
octave
a rhythmic group of eight lines of verse
iamb
A foot of two syllables, a short followed by a long in quantitative meter, or an unstressed followed by a stressed in accentual meter, as in Come live with me and be my love.
sprung rhythm
a term created by the poet Gerard Manly Hopkins to designate a variable kind of poetic meter in which a stressed syllable may be combined with any number of unstressed syllables
ceasura
a natural pause in a line of peotry that creates emphasis
literary symbol
anything in a work that maintains its literal significance while suggesting other meanings
repetition
the repeated use of the same word or word pattern as a rhetorical device
rhyme scheme
the arrangement of how lines rhyme in a poem or stanza
Italian sonnet
a sonnet consisting of an octave with the rhyme pattern abbaabba, followed by a sestet with the rhyme pattern cdecde or cdcdcd
dramatic license
making changes to a work of literature when it is perfromed for the sales of enhancing the overall effect
Dramatic irony
when a reader is aware of something that a character isn't
END STOPPED
A LINE THAT ENDS WITH NORMAL SYNTACTIC PAUSE
enjamb
the end of a line at an unexpected or unusual place
poetic inversion
a reversal of the usual order of words to achieve some kind of emphasis
rhymed verse
consists of a verse with end rhyme and regular meter
figure of speech
not to be taken literly a way of saying onething and meaning another
doing long division, he cheats at cards, he's broken every human law
Example of personification in Macavity
A time to talk
it is about a farmer who pauses his work to talk to his friend
Why does the caged bird sing in "I know why the caged bird sings"?
It is locked up metaphorically by racism and lack freedom
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