Poetry Terms 31 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Dubious
Doubtful
idyll
shepherd
Meter
Rhythmical pattern
sestet
six lines
Couplet
2 lines
octameter
eight feet
iamb
unstressed, stressed
Dactyl
Stressed, unstressed, unstressed
rhyme
told by beat
Tenebrous
dark and gloomy
Hyperbole
An exaggerated statement
sonnet
a 14 line poem
unbidden
w/o being asked, uninvited
narrative poem
tells a story
feminine rhyme
lightning and fighting
masculine rhyme
one syllable rhyme
onomatopoeia
words that imitate sounds
consonance
the repetition of consonants
concrete language
specific and descriptive words
Personification
The attributes of human characteristics to nonhuman things (trees scream in the raging wind)
Quatrain
a stanza of four lines
organic imagery
internal feeling
ex: hunger, thirst
Diction
distinctive vocabulary choices and style of expression
euphony
agrring sounds; pleasant to hear
Rhyme Schemes
Rhymes organized in patterns
Narrator
the person telling the story
simile
indirectly compares two different things by employing the words "like", "as", or "than"
figurative language
symbolic meaning of words
metaphor
comparing two things without using "like" or "as"
rhythm
the alternation of stressed and unstressed syllables in language
Cacophony
A harsh discordant sound often mirroring the meaning of the context in which it is used
Blank Verse
unrhymed iambic pentameter with meter.
Tetrameter
verse written in 4 foot lines
rhetorical poetry
poetry using artificially eloquent language, language too high-flown for its occasion
Image
a concrete representation of sense impression, a feeling, or an idea
Who wrote "Making Things Whole"
Mark Strand
kubla khan
-samuel taylor coleridge
-addicted to opium
-wrote after opium induced dream
-not complete
narrative poetry
poetry that tells a story
elegy
a mournfal contempative lyric poem usually written to commemorate someone who has died
Assonance
the repetition of internal vowel sounds in nearby words that do not end the same
Alfred, Lord Tennyson
wrote "The Splendor Falls"
alliteration
repetition of consonant sounds (peter piper picked a peck)
IMAGERY
Figurative language used to create particular mental images.
strong emotion
shoe the reader what your feeling
Onomatopeia
Words that sound like what they make.
The Nymph's Reply To The Shepard
Raleigh-Iambic Tetrameter
"Booker T & WEB"
Dudley Randall, nursery rhyme
theme
a central message or insight to life
free verse
unrhymed verse without a consistent metrical pattern
octave
a poem or stana of eight lines
refrain
a repeated line or set of lines
TPCASTT
An easy way to analyze a poem.
epic simile
long elaborate comparison that often continues for a number of lines
situational irony
occurs when a discrepancy exists between the actual circumstances abs those that would seem appropriate
lyric
a short poem expressing a basic, personal emotion such as grief, happiness, love or melancholy
Symbol
an object or action which represents something much more than itself at a literal level
Terza Rima
A series of three-line stanzas (tercets) with a defined, "interlocking" rhyme scheme (aba, bcb, cdc,etc.). Most are written in iambic pentameter but, whatever the meter, the established meter remains the same throughout the poem. Shorter poems written in terza rima can end in a couplet.
Paradox
a statement which, upon first reading, appears to be contradictory, but upon closer reading, proves to be true.
satire
A literary work which exposes and ridicules human vices or folly. Historically perceived as tending toward didacticism, it is usually intended as a moral criticism directed against the injustice or social wrongs. It may be written with witty jocularity or with anger and bitterness.
rhyme scheme
the pattern of rhyme in a poem
scansion
the process of marking lines of poetry to show the type of feet and the number of feet they contain
Extended Metaphor
The metaphor stretches out or extends across a greater length of the poem and several connected comparisons are made
Iambic Pentameter
A common meter consisting of an unrhymed line within 5 feet or accents, each foot containing an unaccented syllable and an accented syallable
stanza
an arrangement of a certain number of lines, usually four or more, sometimes having a fixed length, meter, or rhyme scheme, forming a division of a poem.
visual imagery
words in a work that depict sight.
limerick
a very short humorous or non sensical poem
Perfect rhyme
(exact rhyme) involves sounds that are exactly the same
repetition
repeating a word or phrase within a poem.
slant rhyme
sounds are almost but not exactly alike. (home, same; worth, breath)
Dramatic Irony
When the audience knows and expects something that a character does not, often creating suspense.
e.g. If Admiral Ackbar was watching a play and the protagonist was being led into an ambush. (thumbs up if you get the reference)
cultural context
less dependent on the time period, more on culture
form
the arrangement of the words on the page
flashback
reference to an event prior to the start of the piece, or time shifts within the piece
poem
a composition in verse, esp. one that is characterized by a highly developed artistic form and by the use of heightened language and rhythm to express an intensely imaginative interpretation of the subject.
dramatic poetry
peotry in which one or more characters speak
narrative
a story told in verse form; ex: an epic
cannotation
the extra meaning of a word up and above its literal meaning
Ballad
a song or songlike poem that tells a narrative
Enjambment
a run on line continuing into the next without a grammatical break
SENSORY LANGUAGE
relates to the senses of light, touch, smell, hearing, and movement
Parallel Structure (Parallelism)
two or more similarly formed phrases placed in succession for purposes of syntactical repetition
sonnet (english or shakespearian)
a sonnet rhyming ababcdcdefefgg. Its content or structure ideally parallels the rhyme scheme, falling into three coordinate quatrains and a concluding couple
figure of speech
word or phrase that describes one thing in terms of another and is not meant to be understood on a literal level
enjabment
When one line ends without a pause and continues into the next line for its meaning.
dramatic poem
a poem which employs a dramatic form or some element or elements of dramatic techniques as a means of achieving poetic ends.
3 reasons for repitition
emphasis on important point, easier to remember, unity or structure
William Shakespeare, Sonnet 29
With what I most enjoy contented least;
t.s. eliot the waste land (1922)
April is the cruellest month
verbal irony
a figure of speech in which what is meant is the opposite of what is said
exact rhyme
words that end in same vowel sound EX: bread, dread, read
Figure of speech/figurative language
a word or phrase that describes something in a way that is not literally true, but may be true in a deeper sense
Ozymandias, Percy Bysshe Shelley
And wrinkled lip and sneer of cold command
Tell that its sculptor well those passions read
Main points of What lips my lips have kissed, and where, and why
What one has lost
"You can say/ Jazz on the South Side--/ To me it's hell/ On the South Side"
"Visitors to the Black Belt" - Langston Hughes
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