Poetry Terms 57 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
countenance
face
verse
poetry
Monometer
one foot
to hit
golpear
tetrameter
four feet
trochaic pentameter
\-
lassen
to leave
adjure
to appeal to
Theme
The Central Message.
Couplet
two line stanza
Symbolism
Use of symbols
quatrain
a 4-line stanza
sestina
stanza
1: ABCDEF
2: FAEBDC
3: CFDABE
4: ECBFAD
5: DEACFB
6: BDFECA
envoy
ECA or ACE
Speaker
voice of the poem
alliteration
same beginning sound repeated
devoro, devorare, devoravi, devoratus
devour
onomatopoeia
words that imitate sounds
whitman verse
all: free verse
sonnet
traditionally 14 iambic pentameters linked by an intricate rhyme scheme
Imagery
A picture in your mind
"The Listeners"
Walter de la Mare
Iamb
Unstressed, stressed (2 beats, syllables)
guttural
produced in the throat; harsh
diverged
branched out in different directions
The Road Not Taken
Robert Frost
the author of "fog"
carl sandburg
chronology
arrangement of events in time
Spondee
Two stressed ex. Peace march
situational irony
incongruity between actual circumstances and those that would seem appropriate
Narative Poem
A story told in verse
Personification
the act of attributing human characteristics to abstract ideas etc.
Hyperbole
Boldly exaggerated statement that adds emphasis without intending to be literally true
lyric poetry
expresses speakers personal thoughts and feelings
elegy
A mournful, contemplative lyric poem written to commemorate someone who is dead, often ending in a consolation
Conceit
an elaborate and unusual comparison between two startlingly different subjects
Symbol
Roughly defined as something that means more than what it is. Something that stands in the place of another thing. A symbol can be as simple as the color red representing "stop" or as complex and culturally loaded as an eagle.
Meter
pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables
From an Essay on Criticism
Alexander Pope
narrative poetry
poetry that tells a story
PARADOX
a statement which appears to contradict itself which may, in fact, be true.
Anapest
U U / (rising)
unstressed unstressed stressed
Ballade
sophisticated French verse form of three stanzas and a refrain recurring regularly at the end of each stanza (not to be confused with the folk-poetry ballad).
metaphor
comparison of two unlike things without the words "like" or "as"
Tone
the author's attitude toward what he/she is writing about. Ex. Angry, entertained, hopeful, etc.
Connotation
feeling evoked by a certain word
Consonance
Repetition of consonant sounds within words in a line of poetry.
assonance
repeating identical or similar vowels in stressed syllables in nearby words. can kead to half rhyme
denotation
the dictionary meaning of a word
aliteration
the repetition of consonant sounds (usually initial)
Figurative Language
comparing two things to each other
simile
comparing two things using "like" or "as"
English Sonnet
Also called skakespearean sonnet, it has the following rime scheme organized into three quatrains and a concluding coupletL a b a b c d c d e f e f g g. The poem may turn--that is, shift in mood or tone--between any of the rime clusters.
Allusion
a reference to a well-known person, place, event, literacy work, work of art that the post expects the reader to recognize
lyric poem
Poetry that expresses a speaker's emotions or thoughts and does not tell a story
ernest thayer
who wrote "casey at the bat"
Scansion
Scansion is the analysis of poetry's metrical and rhythmic patterns
Stanza
a group of lines considered a unit
Iambic
most common meter in the English language has an unaccented syllable followed by an accented syllable.
diction
choice of words to fit their context
rhythm
the pattern created by the arrangement of stressed and unstressed syllables
Figure of Speech
Not literal; simile, metaphor, personification
mood
the general feeling or atmosphere of the poem
tempestuous
characterized by being like a tempest; stormy; tumultuous
Form
the structure or organization of the work that gives it unity, through arangement, rhyme scheme, number of lines, etc. EX: haiku, sonnet, ode, lyric, etc.
rime
words that contain a similar vowel sound
enjambment
The continuation of a syntactic unit from one line or couplet of a poem to the next with no pause.
Antithesis
is the matching of parallel units which contain contrastingmeanings
perfect rhyme
(type of rhyme) exact rhyme. involves sounds that are exactly the same
ex: groaned/moaned
irony
when the opposite of what you would expect occurs
Rhyme
similarity or likeness of sound in 2 words or more
shakespearian sonnet
3 quatrians and couplet, abab cdcd efef gg
direct metaphor
literal and figurative term are both named
Sensory Language
Language that appeals the the senses- Used to create pictures in your inagination
Extended Metaphor
A metaphor which is drawn-out beyond the usual word or phrase to extend throughout a stanza or an entire poem, usually by using multiple comparisons between the unlike objects or ideas.
implied metaphor
a more subtle comparison; the terms being compared are not so specifically explained
caesura
a strong phrasal pause within a line; provides emphasis
idion
a colorful expression that is not ment to be taken literally
ex.u have a green thumb
encabalgamiento
la continuación de una idea o frase en el siguiente verso
Parry
(v) to ward off (a thrust, stroke, weapon, etc) as in fencing; avert to turn aside; evade or dodge
ballad
poetry that tells a story and is usually meant to be sung
trope
a figure of speech using words in non-literal ways, such as a metaphor
echo
strong ending such as echoing a poems lead in its conclusion
satire
poking fu at someone in a cleaver way
limerick
five line poem with certain lines that rhyme (There was a man from...)
i dwell in possibility
emily dickinson
poetry is completely open and is a door to paradise; house is extended metaphor
LINE BREAKS
WHERE LINE ENDS TO CREATE A PAUSE
Synecdoche
a figure of speech in which a part represents the whole object or idea
syncope
a letter or syllable within a word is omitted
sensory words
writing or speech that appeals to one or more of the 5 senses (touch, taste, sight, sound, smell)
villanelle
a short poem of fixed form, written in tercets, usually five in number, followed by a final quatrain, all being based on two rhymes.
sesitina
six six line stanzas and a tercet 39 lines
narrative poem
poem with multiple subjects, more of a story, objective standpoint
free verse
poetry which is not written in a traditional meter but is still rhythmical. The poetry of Walt Whitman is perhaps the best-known example of free verse.
foreshadowing
the use of hints and clues to suggest what will happen later in a plot
internal rhymes
ryhmes that occur in the middle of a line
Feminine Rime
A rime with two or more syllables with stress on a syllable that isnt the last ( tur-tle & fer-tile)
female figures in Tennyson
Mariana: women are trapped; if they don't have men, they'll go crazy: "... her tears fell.. He cometh not...I am aweary, aweary I would that I were dead!" extreme depression
Ulysses: gets bored with his wife, wants to leave her, she comes second to his needs. Celebrates men's privileges, but women come second.
Lotus Eaters: The men want to be free from their wives
A poem that tells a story similar to a folk tale or legend and often has a repeated refrain. “The Rime of the Ancient Mariner” by Samuel Taylor Coleridge is an example.
Ballad
sonnet (English, Italian, Spenserian)
traditionally a poem of 14 lines of iambic pentameter linked by an intricate rhyme scheme
exact rhymes
is when the later part of the word or phrase is identical sounding to another
The Little Black Boy, William Blake
And flowers and trees and beasts and men receive
Comfort in morning, joy in the noonday.
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