Poetry Terms I 2 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Surmised
Guessed
fidelity
faithful devotion
octave
eight lines
Rhyme Scheme
...
los escombros
rubble
Williams
The Farmer
DENOTATIVE
LITERAL MEANING
quatrain
4 line stanza
sojourn
to stay temporarily
los saleros
salt shakers
Dactylic
Stressed, unstressed, unstressed
Tennyson
"Break, Break, Break"
Onomatopoeia
words that imitate sounds
Diction
Authors choice of words
Speaker
voice of the author
Dimeter
Two feet per line
couplet
two consecutive rhyming lines
abnegation
noun
self-denial, renunciation, to deny oneself what you desire
Alluision
A reference to something
hyperbole
obvious and intentional exaggeration.
simile
comparison using like or as
paradox
a seemingly contradictory statement proved to be true
personification
figurative language: attributing human characteristics of feeling to non-human things
Understatement
Saying less than the truth.
Since there's no help
Michael Drayton
Emily Dickinson
There is another Sky
rhythm
the way a poem sounds
Antithesis
contrast in contiguous clauses, emphasized by parallelism in syntax
Poet
A person who writes poetry
metaphor
a direct comparision between two unlike things
Context
Words, events, or circumstances that help determine meaning.
Donald Justice
"Incident in a Rose Garden"
entwine
v.to twist something together or around something
consonance
pattern of similar consonant sounds, usually at end of the word
Assonance
The repetition of vowel sounds followed by different consonants in two or more stressed syllables.
figurative meaning
associative or connotative meaning; representational
allusion
an indirect reference to another work
single ryhme
rhyme of words with one-syllable
Tone
The writer's attitude toward his/her audience or subject.
irony
A statement, on face value straightforward enough, used in a way that means something very different (often the exact opposite) of the words spoken or written
narrative poetry
poetry that tells a story
Meter
a generally regulae pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in poetry.
mood
The emotional atmosphere of a work
"It Sifts from Leaden Sieves"
Emily Dickinson
overstatement
hyperbole, exaggeration in the service of truth
stichic
lacks formal organization or rhyme scheme
imagery
refers to words and phrases that appeal to the five senses; create a picture in your mind
Image
A concrete represntation of a sense impression, a feeling, or an idea.
Italian sonnet
also known as Petrarchan sonnet; divided into an octave, which typically rhymes abbaabba, and a sestet, which may have varying rhyme schmes, such as cdecde, cdcdcd, cdccdc; octave presents a situation, attitude, or problem that the sestet comments upon or resolves
connotation
refers to the implied or suggested meanings associated with a word beyond its dictionary definition
Simle
comparing two or more things using like or as
Ballad stanza
four line stanza with alternating eight and six syllable lines.
cinquain
the general term applied to poetic forms using a 5-line pattern
Theme
A central message or insight into life.
haiku
an epigrammatic Japanese verse form of three short lines
Sensory Details
Language that appeals to five senses.
And this grey spirit yearning in desire
To follow knowledge like a sinking star,
Beyond the utmost bound of human thought.
Ulysses
Ballad
speaking of a single tragic incident using repitition, regular rhyme and dialouge throughout
elegy
a sustained and formal poem setting forth the poet's meditations upon death or another solemn theme
highwayman
a contrast between love, life, beauty, and death
blank verse
poetry written in unrhymed iambic pentameter
Scansion
the act of analyzing poetry to determine it's meter
Shakespearean sonnet
a sonnet consisting three quatrains and a concluding couplet in iambic pentameter with the rhyme pattern abab cdcd efef gg
preposition poetry
each line begins with a preposition
pathetic fallacy
applying human emotions to an inanimate object
Internal rhyme
Rhyming words within lines. It emphasizes the flowing nature of a poem.
narrative poem
a poem that tells a story
repetition
repeated vowel sounds at the beginning of words or grammatical structures
apostrophe
addressing something nonhuman as if it were human
lyric
poem that expresses the thoughts and feelings of the speaker. adresses reader directly. does not have a plot with characters or actions
I will put choas into fourteen lines
Millay
Stanza
The division of lines that is repeated in a poem.
satire
literary tone used to ridicule or make fun of human weaknesses.
epic simile
an extended simile often running to several lines, used typically in epic poetry to intensify the heroic stature of the subject and to serve as decoration
romantic poetry
poetry that is imaginative and deals with nature, love, and adventure, but with strict metrcal patterns
Direct Metaphor
Directly compares two things with a verb such as "is"
euphemism
milder word than what you could have used; a nicer way to say something
Prose poem
not verse at all, but short compositions in prose
Hear how Timotheus' varied lays surprise,
And bid alternate passions fall and rise!
Sound and Sense
Caesura
Punctuation or a phrasal pause in the middle of a line.
symbolise
a person, place, object or an action that stands for sompthing beyond itselfsy
Limerick
a comic poem written in five lines, rhyming pattern a a b b a and having a definite pattern of rhythem.
Pun
a play on words that sound familiar for a humorous effect
figurative
writing or speech NOT meant to be taken literally; poets use figures of speech to state ideas differently
psychoanalyze
verb - to examine one's mental state, thoughts, feelings, etc...
ode
a formal lyric poem that honors a single object or idea
alliteration
use of the same consonant at the beginning of each stressed syllable in a line of verse
stressed/accented syllable
a syllable given more prominence in pronunciation than its neighbors
Cacophony
The purposeful use of harsh sounds for effect; can include using alliteration and onomatopoeia
terza rima
a three-line stanza rhymed aba, bcb, cdc,etc.
halcyon
a period in the past that was happy
paraphrase
a restatement of an ideas in such a way as to retain the meaning while changing the diction and form.
free verse
a poem which doesn't have any fixed meter rhyme or line length.
Eye rhyme
A rhyme that appears correct from the spelling, but not from the pronunciation EX: love/move or enough/through
Exact rhyme
the sound in the rhyming words are axactly the same
Cinquain Poem
A cinquain is an unrythmed poem made up of 5 lines
masculine rhyme
rhyming of words of only one syllable where the rhyming occurs on the final, stressed syllable (sky/fly)
iambic pentameter
a common meter in poetry consisting of an unrhymed line with five feet or accents, each foot containing an unaccented syllable and an accented syllable
verbal irony
character says or does one thing, but means another
oxymoron
a figure of speech by which a locution produces an incongruous, seemingly self-contradictory effect, as in "cruel kindness" or "to make haste slowly."
fixed form
a poem that can be categorized by the pattern of its lines, meter, rhythm, or stanzas
third person omniscient
a method of storytelling in which the narrator knows the thoughts and feelings of all of the characters in the story
implied metaphor
: the literal term is named and the figurative term is implied
 "My love blossoms over time"
synecdoche
a figure of speech in which a part is used for the whole or the whole for a part, the special for the general or the general for the special, as in ten sail for ten ships or a Croesus for a rich man.
End Rhyme
Rhyme that occurs at the end of two or more lines of poetry
Run-on line (enjambment)
line of poetry that does not end in punctuation, causing it to be read with, at most, a slight pause at the end.
He lacked the personal experience to comment on popular black themes in his writing
Why was Countee Cullen criticized by his peers?
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